ACADIAN-CAJUN-L ArchivesArchiver > ACADIAN-CAJUN > 2000-01 > 0948979547
From: "Lucie M. Consentino" <>
Subject: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND FOUNDERS
Date: Thu, 27 Jan 2000 08:25:47 -0500
Hi Everybody - I promised to post Part II of my information on the Prince
Edward Island Founders on Monday but I've been busy preparing to speak at
the Immigrant Archives this evening. Nonetheless, I have finally finished
posting this information to my web site and I share it with you this
morning. Instead of doing a part II, I am posting *all*l of the information
again as I have made additions and corrections with the Stephen White's
Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles Acadiens. Enjoy! Lucie
PS - All additions and/or corrections accepted. :o)
Prince Edward History and Pioneers
Just as Nova Scotia has its Evangeline Trail that will take you to all of
the Acadian villages and spots along the way, Prince Edward Island has an
area called La Région Évangeline/The Evangeline Region.
This region of Prince Edward Island has been able over the years to maintain
its French identity largely due to the French-speaking people of this area.
Surnames found here are: Arsenault, Bernard, Caissie, Cormier, Gallant,
Gaudet, Poirier, Richard and other family Acadian names. The first
Acadians arrived in Acadia, now Nova Scotia in the 17th century. Later,
some went to Prince Edward Island between 1720 and 1758.
This region of Prince Edward Island was settled in 1812 by Acadian
Ancestors who had first pioneered settlements near Malpèque Bay on the north
shore of the island. These first pioneers formed the parishes of La
Roche/Egmont Bay and Le Grand Ruisseau/Mont-Carmel.
Though The Evangeline Region was settled in 1812, Acadians were actually
present on the island as early as 1720 when the first Acadian families came
here from Nova Scotia. They joined a few hundred settlers who had come from
France earlier in the year. With the arrival of all these people, many
settlements sprung up. Among them: Havre-Saint-Pierre, Malpèque,
Pointe-Prime, Port-Lajoie and Tracadie.
The Acadians who went to Prince Edward Island from what became Nova Scotia
had been living in places like Port-Royal, Grand-Pré, Pisiquid/Windsor,
Cobequid/Truro and Beaubassin near what we know today as Amherst. The
numbers of Acadians who moved to the Island was many. Between 1748 and 1752,
the population increased from 735 to 2,223. More sought refuge in 1755 when
the Deportation began in Nova Scotia. However, in 1758, this island fell to
the British who then proceded to deport the inhabitants to France. At that
time, the population had grown to 5,000. In spite of this, it seems that
approximately 2,000 Acadians escaped through the woods or went to the
Sixty-one Acadian families had settled on the island in 1828. Though they
numbered sixty-one families, there were only 8 different family names: 32
Arsenaults, 15 Gallants, 4 Richards, 3 Bernards, 3 Poriers, 2 Downings, 1
Aucoin and 1 Cormier. They formed a close family community. Today, the
Downing name is no more to be found here but other names like Barrieau,
Caissie, Gaudet, LeClair and Maddix abound.
Some of the pioneer families of the Evangeline Region:
ARSENAULT - Pierre Arsenault was born in France about 1650. He is the first
ancestor of the Arsenaults in North America. He arrived in Acadia about
1671, settled in Port-Royal and moved to Beaubassin. He married twice: 1.
Marguerite Dugas about 1675. She was the daughter of Abraham and Marguerite
Doucet. 2. Marie Guérin sometime before the Census of 1686. She was the
daughter of François and Anne Blanchard.
In 1728, his son Piere, from his first marriage, married Marie-Anne Boudreau
about 1697. She was the daughter of Jean and Marguerite Bourgeois. Their
grandson Charles married Cécile Breau about 1722. She was the daughter of
Antoine and Marguerite Babin. Both these ancestors settled on Malpèque Bay
with their families. Later came other family members. In 1752, there were 14
Arsenault families living on Ile St-Jean.
AUCOIN/WEDGE - Aucoin/Wedge families go back to Martin Aucoin. He was born
in France about 1651. Arriving in Acadia about 1680, he first settled in
Beaubassin and then in Grand-Pré. It is there that he married Marie Gaudet
about 1673. She was the daughter of Denis Gaudet and Martine Gauthier to
Jean Gaudet and unknown spouse.
Martin Aucoin's grandson, Jean Aucoin, born about 1748, and his wife Rosalie
Bernard, are the ancestors of all the Aucoin/Wedge families on Prince Edward
Island They were married about 1780 at Malpèque. Jean was the son of Jean
and Marguerite Pitre. His father was the son of Martin and Marie Gaudet to
Martin and Marie Sallé. At this time, I have no lineage for Rosalie but when
I do, I will add it to this post. Jean and his parents were deported to
Pennsylvania in 1755. When he went to Ile St-Jean, he met and married.
Eleven of their twelve children settled at Mont-Carmel.
In 1790, Jean Aucoin signed his name John Wedge on a petition. Today, the
name of Wedge is very common on the Island than Aucoin.
BARRIAULT/Barrieau - Nicolas Barrieau is the first ancestor of all the
Barrieaus of Acadia. He was born in France about 1648. About 1682 he married
Martine Hébert daughter of Étienne Hébert and Marie Gaudet. They later
settled in Pisiquid/Windsor. Their son Pierre and his wife Véronique
Girouard married about 1730. She was the daughter of Pierre and Marie
Doiron. They went to Ile St-Jean about 1750 but they were deported to France
in 1758. Pierre's son Olivier came from France in 1774 and settled in
Carleton, Québec on the Gaspé Peninsula.
The Barrieau descendants come from the line of Charles, Olivier's grandson.
Charles was born in Carleton in 1796. His parents then went to
Saint-Louis-de-Kent, N.B., where Charles married Marguerite Robichaud. After
his wife died in 1829, Charles moved to Ile St-Jean and lived in
Maximeville. He remarried to Agnès Mazerolle in 1843. She was from the
village of Brae in Lot 10.
BERNARD - The Bernards of Acadie are descendants of René Bernard and
Madeleine Doucet. They married about 1689. She was the daughter of Pierre
and Henriette Pelletret. René is listed in the census records for Beaubassin
1693, 1698, 1700. As a family, they were living near Beaubassin, today
Amherst, Nova Scotia.
The marriage of Joseph Bernard to Marguerite Arsenault on January 1st after
the census of 1752, was the second marriage for both of them. He was the
widower of Marie-Josèphe Gaudet who he married about 1729. She was the
daughter of Claude Gaudet and Marguerite Blou. Marguerite was the widow of
Pierre Poirier who she had married 3 February 1740 at Beaubassin. Pierre
Poirier was the son of Louis and Cécile Mignot. Marguerite's parents were
Charles Arseneau and Françoise Mirande to Pierre and Marie Guérin.
Joseph and Marguerite were part of the group of refugees in Chaleur Bay
during the Deportation. They later settled in Malpèque. All of the Bernard
ancestors on the Island descend from Joseph and Marguarite (I have found her
listed in the Historical Guidebook as Natalie?).
CAISSIE - Roger dit Jean Caissie/Quessy/Kuessy was born in Ireland about
1648. He is the first ancestor of the Caissie descendants of Acadia.
Marrying Marie-Françoise Poirier about 1668, they settled in Beaubassin.
Marie-Françoise was the daughter of Jean and Jeanne Chebrat. Some Cassie
family members were deported to the New England Colonies in 1755 as well as
to France while others were able to escape.
Mathias Caissie, born about 1811 in Richibuctou, New Brunswick, was the
first of the Caissie ancestors to settle in Egmont Bay. Arriving about 1831
with his wife Marguerite Arsenault, he would be joined about 1840 when his
father's first cousin, Jean Caissie arrived with his second wife, Madeleine
Boucher and family. Jean was born about 1802 in Grande-Digue, New Brunswick.
CORMIER - Robert Cormier and Marie Péraud were married about 1635. They
arrived at St-Pierre/St. Peter's, Cape Breton, about 1644. Their son Thomas
was one of the pioneers of Beaubassin.
Thomas Cormier was born about 1636 and married Marie-Madeleine Girouard
about 1668. She was the daughter of François Girouard and Jeanne Aucoin.
The Island Cormier descendants trace their lineage back to Hilaire Cormier a
nd Angélique Gallant. (Sorry but I have no information on this couple at
this time.) First at Malpèque, they later settled at Egmont Bay.
HACHÉ (LARCHÉ) dit GALLANT - Michel Haché dit Gallant was probably the son
of Pierre and an Unknown Native woman. He was born about 1662 - his
baptismal record states that he was the son of an "Frenchman and an Eskimo".
He married Anne Cormier about 1690. She was the daughter of Thomas and
Marie-Madeleine Girouard. She was born about 1674 and died on the Island.
This couple are the ancestors of all of the Haché dit Gallants of North
Orphaned, Michel was entrusted to Michel LeNeuf de la Vallière of
Trois-Rivières, Québec. Mr. LeNeuf brought Michel with him to Acadia when he
took control of his seigneury in Beaubassin about 1676.
Michel Haché, his wife Anne Cormier and 11 of their 12 children left
Beaubassin to settle at Port-Lajoie in 1720. Most of the members of the
Haché dit Gallant family escaped deportation in 1758 by seeking refuge in
the Chaleur Bay area though one of their daughter's Marguerite drowned at
sea with three of her chidren while being deported to France. Many
eventually made it back to the Island so that in 1798, there were 12 Gallant
families in Rustico and 10 in Malpèque.
The "Hashie" family living in the Evangeline Region descend from Edouard
Haché and Adèle Richard. They were married about 1885 in Tignish. They lived
in East Bideford - Lot 12 - and then moved their family to Saint-Hubert
parish of Egmont Bay in the early 1900s. Edouard was the son of Joseph and
Anna Haché. He was born near Bathurst, New Brunswick.
GAUDET - Born about 1575, Jean Gaudet is the ancestor of the many Gaudet
descendants. His first wife is unknown but with her they were the parents of
Françoise who married Daniel LeBlanc, Denis who married Martine Gauthier and
Marie who married Étienne Hébert. It is believe his first marriage too place
about 1622 in France. He married a second time to Nicole Colleson about 1652
in Port-Royal. They had one son, Jean who married Françoise Comeau.
A fifth generation grandson, Joseph dit Chaculot Gaudet, is the ancestor of
all of the Island Gaudet descendants. Born in Beaubassin about 1740, he
managed to escape the Deportation. He married Marie-Blanche Bourque on 02
August 1763 before Joseph Goguen while in exile. They had their marriage
blessed in Miquelon 7 June 1766. Marie-Blanche was the daughter of Michel
Bourque and Marguerite-Josèphe Bourgeois.
Records show that they were in Halivax, Nova Scotia; the French Island of
Miquelon; Cocagne and Jolicoeur, New Brunswick; and Malpèque, Isle St-Jean
about 1784. They left Malpèque to go to Tignish and then to Miscouche. The
Evangeline Region Gaudets who settled there in the 19th century came from
LECLAIR - The LeClairs of Prince Edward Island descend from Pierre LeClair
who ws born about 1749 in Yvignac near Saint-Malo, France. Twice married,
each of his wives were Acadians who had been born on Isle Saint-Jean. First
he married Anne Comeau on the Island of Saint-Pierre. His second marriage in
France was to Rose Belliveau. They lived at Miquelon which is off the west
coast of Newfoundland. When the French Revolution began in 1798, the left
this location and about 1793, settled in Rustico, Isle St-Jean. LeClair
descendants of Egmont Bay come from two of Pierre's grandsons: Sylvestre
LeClair who married Lucille Arsenault in 1839 and Jérôme LeClair who married
Cécile Gallant about 1868.
MADDIX - Maddix - often pronounced Maddec - is Irish. James Maddix was born
in Ireland about 1795. By 1820, he was living in the Egmont area. Anne
MacDougall was his first wife. After her death, he became a part of the
Acadian community when he married Scholastique (Colostie) Arsenault in 1851.
The Maddis family on the Island descend from this second marriage. James
Maddix died in Egmont Bay about 1875.
POIRIER/PERRY - Jean Poirier born about 1654 and married to Jeanne Chebrat
about 1647 in France, as well as his nephew Michel Poirier born about 1667
who married Marie Chiasson about 1692 (daughter of Guyon and Jeanne
Bernard), were the first Poiriers in Acadia. Two of Jean's children settled
in Beaubassin as did his nephew Michel and his wife.
Several Poirier families were deported to the New England Colonies in 1755
while others became refugees in the Chaleur Bay vicinity. Still others
managed to stay in the Beaubassin area. A few of these families fiannly
settled on the Island. In 1798, there were 6 Poirier families living in
Malpèque. It seems that some of these families had been living on the Island
prior to the Deportation of Isle St-Jean in 1758.
Many Islanders bear the name of Perry - the anglicized version of Poirier
that was already in use in 1790.
RICHARD - Michel Richard dit Sansoucy was born in France about 1630
according to the Déclarations de Belle-Ile-en-Mer. He married Madeleine
Blanchard, daughter of Jean and Radegonde Lambert, about 1656 in Port-Royal
(DBIM). After Madeleine's death between 1678-1684, Michel married Jeanne
Babin, daugher of Antoine and Marie Mercier, about 1683. (This Marie Mercier
was the daughter of Françoise Gaudet and Unknown Mercier. Françoise married
Daniel LeBlanc in Port-Royal, the first LeBlanc ancestor.)
Alexandre Richard born about 1695, married Marie-Madeleine Thibodeau about
1724. She was the daughter of Jean and Marguerite Hébert. Alexandre was the
son of Martin Richard and Marguerite Bourg and the grandson of Michel and
Madeleine Blanchard. Alexandre and Marie-Madeleine left Beaubassin and
settled in Malpèque about 1741. During the Deporation, this family also went
to Chaleur Bay, including Alexandre's grandsons Joseph and Charles Richard.
These two brothers married two sisters by the names of Rosalie and Marie
Poirier. In 1780, they returned to Malpèque.
Mont-Carmel parish counts five of the children of Charles and Marie
Poirier's children among the founding families of the parish.
Sources: Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles Acadiennes by Stephen A.
White, Genealogist, Moncton University, Moncton, New Brunswick.
Census records and the Déclarations de Belle-Ile-en-Mer accessible on this
Facts excerpted from Historical Guidebook of the Evangeline Region - Prince
Edward Island Canada by Georges Arsenault. ISBN 2-9804117-1-x
Georges Arsenault, 1998 - 65 Ambrose Street, Charlottetown, Prince Edward
Island - C13P8, Canada.
Lucie LeBlanc Consentino
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