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From: "Rhonda Houston" <>
Subject: [ACWGREY] Confederate Navy
Date: Mon, 2 Jul 2001 18:51:54 -0500




Here's what I found under css Shenandoah and its crew's list:

http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/index/GEN-NEWBIE/2001-02

http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/GEN-NEWBIE/2001-02/0981213663

GEN-NEWBIE-L Archives
From: "Rhonda Houston" <
<mailto:>>
Subject: VOT: The CSS Shenandoah Crew List At Funchal, Madeira
Date: Sat, 3 Feb 2001 09:21:03 -0600
Now I understand how I confused the CSS Alabama with the CSS Shenandoah!!
the Shenandoah was to replace the Alabama!!
BUILT IN EUROPE AS WAS THE CSS ALABAMA!! AS WELL AS THE FOLLOWING
Confederate Ships:
<http://www.csa-dixie.com/Liverpool_Dixie/cruisers.htm>;

Confederate States Ship Alabama
The 2nd Alabama, the Pampero

Confederate States Ship Florida

Confederate States Ship Shenandoah

Confederate States Ship Tallahassee

Confederate States Ship Fingal

Confederate States Ship Georgia

Confederate States Ship Georgiana

The Laird Rams

Confederate States Ram Stonewall

<http://www.csa-dixie.com/Liverpool_Dixie/alabama.htm>;

This information is from the website of Roy Rawlinson who lives in
Southport, England. About 17 miles North of Liverpool.

*********This email was for another on helping her with her Southern
Genealogy.
I'm hoping however, that she will view this:
I have found a crew's list of the CSS Shenandoah on which she said was
where her great grandfather served...
<http://www.csa-dixie.com/Liverpool_Dixie/screw.htm>;

Captain James Iredell Waddell
Lieut. William C. Whittle
Lieut. John Grimball
Lieut. S. Smith Lee
Lieut Francis T. Chew
Lieut Dabney M. Scales
Acting Master Irvine S. Bulloch
Engineer Matthew O`Brien
Engineer W. H. Codd
Engineer John Hutchinson
Engineer Ernest Mugguffeney
Surgeon C. E. Lining
Paymaster Breedlove Smith
Midshipman O. A. Brown
Midshipman John T. Mason
Asst. Surgeon F. J. McNulty
Masters Mate C. E. Hunt
Masters Mate J. T. Minor
***Masters Mate Lodge Colton (Looks like your man had been promoted!! )
Boatswain George Harwood
Carpenter J. O`Shea
Gunner J.L. Guy
Sailmaker Henry Alcott

<http://www.csa-dixie.com/Liverpool_Dixie/shenandoah.htm>;
Description of the Sea King (Shenandoah), in the North British Daily Mail,
18 August 1863


Yesterday, Messrs A. Stephen & Sons launched from their new shipbuilding
shed at Kelvinhaugh, another of their wood and iron combination ships.
This vessel is a fine steamship of about 1,200 tons, and to class A1
thirteen years at Lloyd`s
She is named the Sea King, and is, we understand, the first screw steamer
built on the principles of iron frames and wooden planking, and also the
first steamer that has been specially constructed for the China trade,
having been built with a view of competing with the fastest ships in the
trade direct from China to London, in bringing home the first teas of the
season.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
-------------------------------
The Sea King was a fully rigged ship with yards for square sails, and had
21
working sails. She had a raised forecastle, and the clipper bow stemhead
extended from the forecastle to the forecastle bulkhead. She had a poop
deck
extending about 8 feet, which contained a dining saloon, staterooms, and
captain`s and officer`s quarters. Under the poop was a well to receive the
propellor when moving under sail alone.
Her crew were housed in the topgallant forecastle, while a large deckhouse
between the fore and main masts contained rooms for her petty officers and
the galley.Her accomodation with bathrooms and toilets was up to date for
a
wooden vessel.
Between the main and mizzenmast, space was provided for the auxilliary
engine and boiler, which were surrounded by coal bunkers.
Her future armament would consist of, 4 eight inch 68 pounders, two 12
pounders, all smoothbore, and two rifled Whitworth 32 pounders.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
----------------------------------------------
In August 1863, Bulloch was in Scotland with his very able assistant, Lt.
Robert R. Carter, when he discovered a majestic ship, the Sea King,
anchored
on the River Clyde. They learned that the "beautifully modelled" and
"excellently finished ship" bore the trade mark of Alexander Stephen &
Sons,
the justly famous Clydebank shipbuilders, whose name was a guarantee of
quality and craftsmanship. They both agreed that the Sea King would make a
fine addition to the Confederate Navy, and resolved to buy her.At that
time
however, she was preparing for her maiden voyage, and was not for sale.
Bulloch and Carter were not the only ones aware of the vessel`s potential
as
a ship of war. From Glasgow, in the autumn of 1863, Thomas Dudley reported
the presence of a ship, which might easily be converted into a cruiser,
and
he relayed to Washington the rumours of the impending sale to the
Confederates.
Minister Adams informed Lord Russell that British subjects were actively
engaged in fitting out a vessel to resume the Alabama`s "dirty work"
this
was after June of 1864). Secretary Seward warned that Britain "may be held
justly responsible" for losses that the Americans sustained as a result of
the new cruiser`s depradations.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
----
After the loss of the Alabama in June 1864, the U.S. representatives in
Britain, were only to aware that Bulloch would leave no stone unturned in
his efforts to replace his beloved Alabama. Bulloch was very aware of this
interest, and secrecy and deception became even more prevalent at this
time.
Bulloch had learned his lessons well regarding the need for secrecy, and
after purchasing the Sea King, he himself refused to go antwhere near her,
and forbade the use of his name in connection with her.
Lt. William C.Whittle jr., designated second officer for the new cruiser,
was instructed by Bulloch, to take a room at Wood`s Hotel, in High
Holborn,
London under the name of W. C. Brown. He was to sit in the coffee room
there, with
"a white pocket handkerchief rove through a buttonhole in your coat and a
newspaper in your hand,"
and await the appearance of an agent who would identify himself with an
intricate array of signs and countersigns, once satisfied the agent would
then arrange to spirit the officer aboard ship "without attracting
notice."
The precautions may have been melodramatic, but they worked!
Meanwhile other Confederate agents had purchased a tender for the new
cruiser, and made the usual arrangements for a rendezvous. Known as the
Laurel, the tender was fully expected to recoup her purchase price and
make
a profit as a blockade runner.
Again the U.S. personnel took a keen interest in these activities. Dudley
told Adams that officers from the Georgia planned to sail on this little
ship, and that she had an unusually large crew. Although Dudley did have
to
admit to not having enough evidence to warrant siezure of the vessel. The
Confederates meanwhile, advertised for passengers and freight to Cuba ,
and,
with a series of carefully planned moves, ensured that the "freight"
consisted of stores and armament for the new cruiser and the "passengers"
were the officers and a few choice men for her. The Laurel carried guns
and
equipment, originally intended for the refitting of the Alabama, includin
four 55- hundredweight, 8 inch smoothbore guns, two Whitworth 32 pounders,
two 12 pounders, and a selection of small arms, ammunition, clothing and
coal.
Customs officials in Liverpool could uncover no violation of any municipal
laws, and allowed the Laurel to leave Liverpool on Sunday morning October
9th 1864, the very same day that the Sea King left London. The total cost
tfor her purchase, and for the cruise was 53,715 pounds 10 shillings and 9
pence.
Waddell specifically requested George Harwood, who had served Semmes as
chief boatswain`s mate on the Alabama, to join the crew. He felt that
Harwood was a fine seaman, an experienced "man-of-war" man, and one
calculated to be influential in a crew composed exclusively of Englishmen.
He was appointed acting boatswain, as soon as the Laurel had cleared
English
jurisdiction. The true purpose of the voyage being explained to him by
Waddell.
The Laurel reached Madeira on Sunday 16th October, and anchored in Funchal
Bay, near Loo Rock, in 16 fathoms of water, to await the Sea King. On
Monday
morning orders were given, that there were to be no communications with
the
shore, except for the purchase of coal.
On the night of Tuesday 18th October, during the first watch, a black ship
rigged vessel came in sight, close by the Funchal anchorage, and showed
her
signal lights. She steamed up and down the anchorage, but it was
impossible
for the Luarel to react to this vessel, as her papers were still with the
Portugese customs officals, and this strange black craft disappeared into
the night. Her appearance certainly caused a stir among the crew who were
on
deck, rather than in uncomfortably close apartments. The phrase "thats
her"
was heard all over the vessel.
Daylight came, and a messenger was despatched to the custom`s official,
requesting clearance. While the customs vessel approached, accompanied by
all manner of fishing smacks and bum boats seeking trade with the crew,
the
black steamer came in sight again from the North, with flags flying at her
mastheads, which were answered from the Laurel. A great cry arose from the
assembled Madeiran craft :-

"Otro Alabama" - "Another Alabama"

At the departure of the customs officials, anchor was tripped at 10am, and
the Laurel proceeded to follow her quarry, who had slowed her engines.
Through his lorgnette, Waddell read the words "Sea King - London" on her
stern in large white letters, and ordered that the Sea King be telegraphed
to follow the Laurel.
Both vessels then proceeded to the North side of the Deserters (Las
Desertas), where in a smooth sea, with a good deep anchorage, the work
could
begin. Lt William C. Whittle jr. then joined Waddell from the Sea King,
where he had been her purser. On the 19th October 1864, the Shenandoah was
commissioned into the service of the Confederate States of America, in the
lee, and on the North side of Las Desertas, with Madeira in view.
Waddell had spoken to the crew who had come out from England on the
quarterdeck, explaining the true purpose of the vessel. He described the
forthcoming dashing brilliant cruise, as he attempted to have them join
the
vessel. But only twenty three out of fifty five men were willing to sign
on,
and the majority of those for six months only. Thirty two crew were
transferred to the Laurel, and, with Confederate flag flying gracefully,
the
Shenandoah embarked on her great adventure, accompanied by cheers and
acclamations from the Laurel.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
----
The first few days of the voyage were spent turning the Shenandoah into a
fighting vessel. All stores were cleared from the deck, to allow batteries
to be mounted, and gun ports to be cut. Space was so tight that powder was
placed under tarpaulins, in Waddell`s starboard cabin. On 22nd October
1864,
four days after being commissioned, the Shenandoah`s guns were all on
their
carriages. But, as the fighting bolts and gun tackles could not be found,
they were secured fore and aft with straps.
On October 28th a vessel was sighted and quickly overhauled. she was
boarded
at 4pm, and although an American built ship, she had British owners, and
was
named the Mogul. she was released. Two days later, the Shenandoah had her
first prize. On October 30th 1864 the Shenandoah captured the bark Alina
of
Searsport. She was travelling from Newport, Wales to Buenos Ayres,
carrying
railroad iron. She was destroyed, and the next day Waddell commenced a
practise which he continued for virtually the full voyage. Five men from
the
Alina`s crew signed on for the Shenandoah. This practise enabled Waddell
to
eventually have a full complement aboard.


This thread:
*
VOT: The CSS Shenandoah Crew List At Funchal, Madeira
</th/read/GEN-NEWBIE/2001-02/0981213663> by "Rhonda Houston"
< <mailto:>>
*




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