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Subject: [A-REV] The (British) 44th Regiment of Foot in the American War of Independence
Date: Fri, 10 Nov 2000 23:25:24 EST


The 44th Regiment of Foot in the American War of Independence

The first hostile encounter between the British and Americans took place at
Lexington on April 19th, 1775. The 44th had been previously placed under
orders, embarking from Cork on May 12th, 1775. The Regiment was just too late
to serve in the battle of Bunker's Hill, but on July 7th formed part of the
garrison of Boston. In the same month Lieut.-Colonel James Agnew, of the
44th, was appointed to the command of the battalion of grenadier companies
and Captain Daniel Disney was gazetted as brigade major. Captain Montresor
claimed that whilst in Boston, on the occasion of a premature alarm, he
prevented two 24-pounders and an 8in. howitzer being fired into a detachment
of boats, with part of the 44th on board, lying between the British works and
Foster's mill. The corps was inspected by Lieut.General Gage on August 3rd
and was there seen by Colonel Stephen Kemble, a former officer, who described
the 44th as "a prodigious fine regiment." In January, 1776, they were
brigaded with the 38th, 43rd and 1st and 2nd Marines, under Brig.-General
John Robertson, with the alarm post at Light Dragoon Redoubt. On March 5th
the Americans commenced the construction of works on Dorchester Heights and
five regiments were ordered to embark for a night attack against them with
the bayonet, no shot to be fired. The 40th were to be conveyed in the "Good
Intent," the 44th in the "Sea Venture," 49th in the "Venus," 52nd in the
"Spy" and 55th in the "Success," the whole commanded by Brigadier-General
Jones. In the evening, however, a gale blew, which prevented the prosecution
of the effort and enabled the enemy to complete the works. As a result, next
day, March 6, it was decided to evacuate the town. (Much
more at website, below)

http://views.vcu.edu/~tcrabb/44th/hist.html


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