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From: "Susie Zada" <>
Subject: AHRR Margaret Brown JOHNSTON personal records
Date: Thu, 16 Mar 2000 21:09:54 +1100


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RECORD TITLE Margaret Brown Johnston: personal records
DATE RANGE 1848-1855
SERIES Birthday book containing manuscript verse written by her
family and friends in Scotland, 1848-1854 (1 vol.). Diary
describing her voyage to Australia aboard the Hurricane,
marriage, residence at Ballarat, Vic., and subsequent
witnessing of some events before and after the affray at
the Eureka Stockade, April 1854-March 1855 (1 vol.).
HISTORICAL CONTEXT Margaret Brown Howden was born in Duns, Scotland, in
1831, the third daughter of Francis and Sophia Howden.
In May 1854 she departed Scotland bound for Melbourne
where she was to marry James Johnston (1826-1885), a
young assistant gold commissioner at Ballarat. Johnston
had migrated from Scotland to Australia in 1852 and was
the nephew of George Johnston (1764-1823) who, in 1808,
had played a major role in the arrest and deposition of
Governor Bligh. Margaret Brown Howden and James Johnston
were married on Wednesday 9 August 1854 just seven days
after she had disembarked from the Hurricane. By 5
September the Johnstons had returned to Ballarat and had
taken up residence at the Camp Hill compound. James
Johnston was involved in the events leading up to the
revolt at Eureka and, with Gold Commissioner Robert
William Rede, was a member of the court that tried
publican J.F. Bentley and found him not guilty of the
murder of miner James Scobie. When relations between the
officials and miners worsened, Margaret Brown Johnston,
together with the other women left the camp. She
departed on 22 November but had returned to Camp Hill
compound by 3 December 1854, the day of the Eureka
affray.
NAMES Howden, Margaret Brown (later Johnston); Johnston,
Margaret Brown (nee Howden); Johnston, James; Rede,
Robert William
PLACES Ballarat, Vic.; Geelong, Vic.; Melbourne; Buninyong,
Vic.; Meredith, Vic.; St Kilda, Vic.; Hobson's Bay, Vic.;
Richmond, Vic.; Ashby, Vic.; Camp Hill, Vic.
DESCRIPTORS gold mining; gold diggings; diaries and journals - women;
clothing; weddings; gold miners; diaries and journals -
shipboard; Scottish migrants; Eureka Stockade; Culloden
Castle, hotel; Hurricane, ship; Bedford Hotel, Melbourne
ACCESS Normal access: contact Mrs Ellen Campbell, 7 Fowler Ave,
Bexley North, NSW 2207

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