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Subject: Tribal Chief Goingsnake
Date: Wed, 5 Mar 2003 23:59:56 EST

Tribal Chief Goingsnake

I-na-du-na-i, or in English, Going Snake was born approximately 1758 near the
present Tennessee/North Carolina boundary that meets Notteley Reservoir,
Georgia. He was known to be a great orator and political leader. He was a
tribal town Chief.

In 1814, he was among the seven hundred Cherokees who fought against the
Creeks with General Andrew Jackson at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, along
with John Ross, Sequoyah, White Path and others.

He returned to his home, "Going Snake's Town." A Cherokee community, at that
time and still today, is comprised of citizens living in homes scattered over
a wider area.

In 1808, the Cherokee Nation back east was divided into eight districts.
Going Snake was a representative from Amohee District and received one dollar
per day while serving on the National Council. At the time, Pathkiller was
the Chief, and a young man named John Ross was President of the National
Committee. In 1827, Ross was elected Chief and Going Snake was elected
Speaker of the Council.

When the Cherokees began their forced Removal, known as the Trail of Tears,
Going Snake came with the group headed by John Benge, which left on September
28, 1838.

In early January of 1839, Going Snake arrived on Ward Branch in Indian
Territory, just a few miles southwest of Cincinnati, Arkansas and about six
miles north of present Westville. It was here he built his cabin.

One of his last duties was to meet at the general convention between the
eastern and western Cherokee on the Illinois River in Tahlequah on July 12,
1839. By November, a new Speaker had been elected. The following year,
districts were divided and named in the new Cherokee Nation, and one was
named for Going Snake. When he died, he was buried in front of his cabin.

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