Archiver > BLACKWELL > 2007-06 > 1182137106

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Subject: Re: [BLACKWELL] Blackwell history:Oklahoma Meigs,Tn
Date: Mon, 18 Jun 2007 03:25:06 -0000

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Author: SViehweg
Surnames: Blackwell, Bush, Bushyhead, McClain, McLain
Classification: queries

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Aloha! The following was derived from my research files. I descend from George and his 2nd wife, Jennetta (McClain). It should be noted here that George's first wifes maiden name does need clarified/verified as the recorded marriage info show her as "Bush". I also have found where Washington (George was noted as being known as "Wash") Blackwell and family were enumerated in 1840 in Benton Co., MO which present day Hickory Co., MO was derived from. In that enumeration, there is a female aged 30-40 [1800-1810]. Enumerated two dwellings over is brother Joseph Blackwell. I am no longer working on my genealogy projects on a regular basis, so maybe by posting this info here will lead the many researchers of this family name to a common ancestor.

Notes by Vern Jordan:
Individual biographical text for George Washington BLACKWELL
ADMINISTRATIVE & GUARDIAN BONDS, 1846-1866 Hickory Co., MO, MO/Misc pg 47 George W. Blackwell appointed Curator of George M Blackwell & John J 'Blackwell.' Sec, Thomas Davis & Peter Thrig, 7 Dec 1859. (3:147) These two sons of George Washington Blackwell needed a Curator for the estate of their mother Jenetta McClain when she died as they were minors and they had an estate from the death of their grandfather their mother having died in October of the same year. While the one son is shown as George McClain Blackwell here and in some other entries on the will of George Washington Blackwell Sr. [vj notes in sons file will dated 11 Oct 1866 -sv-] his name was shown thus, " My son George Washington Blackwell " when Sr. said what he was to get from his will I think McClain as a middle name was just a nickname Jr. used over time and he was really named Washington as a middle name. RESIDENCES: Tn. Until Approx 1830 to 1839 and I think the latter probably right but he could have !
went to MO early in 1830's alone or with his brother Joseph, Hickory Co. Mo. 1830 to 39 on. All five of his children by Nancy Bushyhead were born in TN with Sarah being the last one in 1832. OCCUPATION: Merchant & Farmer MISC: Cherokee War 1836-1837 ? 1830 East Tn. census shows a George Blackwell age 20 to 30 yrs., a female child under 5 yrs., one female 20 to 30 years old living in Roane Co. Tn. Tn. military records show a George W. Blackwell in Capt. Vernon's Co. of Smith's 1st Reg. 2nd Brigade, Tn. Mounted Inf. as a Pvt. during the Cherokee War. Joined at Decatur, Meigs Co. Tn. 25 Jun 1836 for 12 months, got out 12 Apr 1837 at Decatur, Tn. Will probated Hickory Co. Mo. 1867. On 4 Oct 1850 Hickory Co. Mo. Dist. # 37 & 1860 Census. Blackwell - Whelchel store page 58 Wilson's History of Hickory Co. 1907. Alma Blackwell Carlstrom, Phyllis Carlstrom Diener. Death cert. of eldest son shows Nancy Bushyhead as mother. Family tradition says Nancy died on the Trail of Tears. Sta!
rr does not show this marriage or the children. Due to the way Starr l
ists Nancy's husbands, it appears this was probably marriage # 3 and the final one for Nancy but the five listings of a Nancy Bushyhead found and none are shown as being our Nancy. The marriage would have been about 1819 as the ages of the five children that family tradition and their known information says Nancy had were 1820, 1826, 1829, 1831 and 1832, all born in what is now Meigs county TN. Eldest son's death cert. says he had lived in Hickory county 75 years when he died 16 Nov 1910. Nancy is not known as having been in Missouri at anytime unless it was while she was on the Trail of Tears and died supposedly in Sep 1839 at probably Cape Gerardeau, MO. If the 75 year figure is true, son Samuel would have arrived in Hickory county about 1834 which is about the time George Washington Blackwell started showing up on records of that area. George W. Blackwell and Charles M. Whelchel were keeping store on the S.E. corner Lot 1, Block 4, in Hermitage in 1865. During the Civil !
War, a band of guerillas came through and took him prisoner. After about three days he came back to town. He had $1500 in the pocket of his old coat. He had looked so poor in his old clothes, they had not even searched him.

Notes by Mary K. Nowlin:
There is a W Geo Blackwell who served in the War of 1812, Pvt.- in Col. Edwin Booth & Capt. John Lewis, East Tenn. Mil. He married in Rhea Co. and lived there. My Strother Blackwell and a Geo. W. Blackwell served in the same unit. James served in Col Edwin Booth, Capt. George Wintons's , E. Tn Mil, transferred to Capt John Sutton's Co. George W. married Nancy Bush or Bushyhead. I believe he went to Missouri. Our Strother went to Henderson Co., TN between 1820 and 1830. I have not ordered George W.'s or James military record or to see if they received a pension or bounty land. Strother and Washington (sometimes George W.) appear on the Tax rolls of Capt. Samuel McDaniel's Co. for 1821; 1822; 1823. At this point Strother does not appear again on the Rhea Co. tax list, but George is there through 1828.
Compilers [sv] Notes / Records:
* Addtional research in progress.
Fannin County, GA Heritage
George Washington Blackwell was born 1794 in Hiwassee Valley, Tennessee and died May 8, 1867 in Hermitage, MO (Hickory County). He was married to Nancy Bushyhead who was born on an Indian reservation in Tennessee. It appears they had 5 children, all born in Meigs County, Tennessee. Samuel, 7-22-1820 & Mary, 1824 & William, 1830 & Sarah, 1834 & Dorcas, unknown. It is possible that Nancy died on the Trail of Tears because the 1850-1860 census from Missouri indicates the birth of two more children, George in 1849 and John in 1855. His second wife's name was Jenetta McLain. This information was found in a book of Fannin County, Georgia Heritage and comes from George Blackwell's will as well as the census. There is also a picture in the book of The Reverend Robert Bushyhead taken in 1988 at the 150th Anniversary of the Trail of Tears.
Note: Meigs county was formed from Rhea county 1836 [sv]

Tennessee became a state in 1796. The territorial census schedules and the 1800 census were lost or destroyed. The 1810 census of Tennessee was also lost, except for Grainger and Rutherford counties.

War of 1812 Service Records
Ref: National Archives and Records Administration. Index to the Compiled Military Service Records for the Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the War of 1812 M602, 234 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration.
Rank - Induction: PRIVATE
Rank - Discharge: PRIVATE
Roll Box: 18
Roll Exct: 602
Rank - Induction: PRIVATE
Rank - Discharge: PRIVATE
Roll Box: 18
Roll Exct: 602
Note: * Given name should read as Strother. Refer to previous notes by Ms. Nowlin.
The following from State of Tennessee Archives:
DESIGNATION: 5th Regiment of East Tennessee Militia
DATES: November 1814 - May 1815
MEN MOSTLY FROM: Knox, Blount, Sevier, Anderson, Bledsoe, Hawkins, Rhea, and Roane Counties
CAPTAINS: Alexander Biggs, John Lewis, Wilson Maples, Richard Marshall, John McKamy, John Porter, Miles Vernon, John Sharp, John Slatton, Samuel Thompson, George Winton
Along with the Fourth Regiment of Colonel Samuel Bayless and Colonel William Johnson's Third Regiment, this regiment was part of the division under the command of Major General William Carroll. These units were sent to the vicinity of Mobile to protect that region from Indian and/or British offensive activities. The regiment was organized at Knoxville and their line of march took them to Lookout Mountain (present-day Chattanooga), to Fort Strother, and finally to Mobile. Many of the men may have been stationed at Camp Mandeville, a military post located outside of Mobile. Most of the companies were dismissed at Mobile at the end of the war.

'A Compendium of Rhea and Meigs Counties, Tennessee 1808 Through 1850' page 31: Rhea County Marriages, George W. Blackwell To Nancy Bush, 19 October 1819; Samuel Gamble Bondsman. [Have copy -sv-]. Also noted a George W. Blackwell was bondsman for a William Adams in 1831. Uncertain of the relationship of this Adams to the William Adams who married a gr. daughter, Dorcas Blackwell.

The below census through 1840 indicates this is our George Washington Blackwell family. According to age range, the individual below would have been born between 1800-1810. Also see later census.

1820 - Unable to locate in census.
Note: No schedules are known to exist for Alabama, Arkansas Territory and Missouri Territory. There was a partial loss for Tennessee, with the eastern counties lost, including Rhea and Washington. It should also be noted that bordering Roane county is also in eastern TN.

1830 Roane Co., TN
Name: Blackwill, George [as indexed by source] Township: Not Stated County: Roane State: Tennessee Year: 1830 Roll: 180 Page: 44. Census taker notes: "Roane County, north of the Tennessee River".
George Blackwell
Free White Males
20-30: 1 [1800-1810]
Free White Females
Under 5: 1; 20-30: 1
Note: It should be noted here in the same enumeration is a David Blackwell 1750-1760, Hugh Blackwell 1800-1810 and a Betsey Blackwell 1790-1800. Uncertain of the relationship of these Blackwells to ours. There is also a George Blackwell listed in the 1830 census for Lincoln Co., TN. This George is listed betw. age 30-40 [1790-1800] as is a woman in the household. There is also 2 males listed under age 5. Another George Blackwell is listed in Gibson county. This George is listed betw. age 60-70 [1750-1760] with a female aged 40-50, and two others aged 10-15. There may be other children in this household, but is uncertain due to the image quality of census source. There was no Wash or Washington Blackwell indexed as enumerated.

It should be noted here that the pages from "Volunteer Soldiers In The Cherokee War, 1836-1839" include the following Blackwell men in Vernon's Co. 1 TN MTD INF: Blackwell, GEORGE W., James M., Jeab, Jeremiah M. & Nathan. Another entry is noted Vernon's Co. Lindsay's RGT TN MTD; Blackwell, Joseph D. or B. [exactly as noted-sv]. Refer to above notes by Vern Jordan.

Another volunteer research contact notes that in Rhea Co. Tennessee, a George Washington Blackwell and Nancy Bush were listed on the Muster Removal list of 1836. She was not listed as "Bushyhead". This is a MILITARY Muster Roll of the SOLDIERS who participated in the Cherokee removal and did not contain any reference to the wives of these soldiers. Refer to the above mentioned pages from "Volunteer Soldiers In The Cherokee War, 1836-1839". The copy of pages received by me [sv] listing these individuals only list the soldiers name, rank, unit and company notes.

Another volunteer research contact notes there is a George B Blackwell that is on the payroll for detachment #12 led by Peter Hildebrand. This George was paid as a Wagoner for this detachment on the Removal. They departed the eastern territory on 11/8/1838 and they arrived in the western territory on 3/25/1839. There is no mention of any wife or family. Is this an additional removal list than noted above? Need source.

The following 1840 census info needs to be verified if this is our George Washington Blackwell family. Living two dwellings over is a Joseph Blackwell, who is a known brother to George. Hickory County was formed from Benton & Polk Counties in 1845. According to the below info, there is a women in the household born betw. 1800-1810, so possibly George's wife Nancy did make it to MO and did not die until 1840 or after. Another family researcher states that on an application to be recognized by the Cherokee Nation, Samuel states his mother died at the home of George's brother, Joseph. He also states that his father was commonly called "Wash" by his neighbors. See file for son Samuel. The obituary for a daughter, Sarah Elizabeth, reads that she was a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wash Blackwell, obviously "Wash" short for Washington.

1840 Montgomery, Benton Co., MO
Name: Washington Blackwell Township: Montgomery County: Benton State: Missouri
Pg. 57
Washington Blackwell
Free White Males:
5-10: 2, 10-15: 1, 20-30: 1, 30-40: 1 [1800-1810]
Free White Females:
Under 5: 1, 5-10: 2, 10-15: 1, 30-40: 1 [1800-1810]
Note: By 1840, family researchers have only five children listed as being born. Uncertain who the additional three individuals may be.

Family researchers note that George and Jennetta McClain wed 1848 in Hickory county. Source not mentioned. No record found. History states fire took a tragic toll in Hickory County during the 19th century, destroying two courthouses and many records. First courts met in homes. The history of the early courthouses is not clear. Goodspeed's History of Hickory, Polk, Cedar, Dade and Barton Counties, 1889, describes the first courthouse a 1-1/2-story building built during 1847 at the southeast corner of the square. Fire destroyed the courthouse in 1852.

1850 Hickory Co., Distr. 37, MO
Oct. 4, 1850 Pg. 60
222 222
Blackwell, George W. age 56 [abt. 1794] male Occ: farmer Prop: -- b: TN
-- Jenetta age 26 [abt. 1824] female Occ: none b: SC
-- George Mc. age 1 male b: MO

1860 Hermitage, Hickory Co., MO
Jun. 27, 1860 Pg. 45
313 313
George W. Blackwell age 66 male white Occ: farmer Prop/Pers: 830/499 b: VA
-- George M. age 12 male white b: MO
-- John age 6 male white b: MO
Charles M. Whelchell age 32 male white Occ: labourer Prop/Pers: 160/107 b: IN
-- Sarah E. age 26 female white b: TN
-- Charles M. age 13 male white b: MO
Note: Daughter Sarah Whelchel and family also listed.

B. B. Ihrig, History of Hickory County, Missouri. The Printery, 1970
p. 158 The Towns - Wilson & Ihrig
John C. Dollarhide kept a saloon in town at the same place in 1859-60 and sold out to Alex. Hall. The Donnell boys, Thomas, and another one, built the firt business house on the southeast corner of Lot 1, Block 4, and GEORGE W. BLACKWELL, Sr., and Charles M. Welchel were keeping store there in 1865; it stands there yet. Mr. Dorman built a store house where the first courthouse stood, after it burned. The houses where C.M. Bentley lives was built by Georg B. Alexander two or three years before the Civil War. William M. Dorman, the father of Williamson E. Dorman, bought the lot and built a log house where Mrs. Minnie McCaslin now lives, about 1848, on Block 1, and that log house is now a part of the residence that stands there.

Notes by Vern Jordan:
Individual biographical text for Nancy BUSHYHEAD
RESIDENCES: Mouse Creek, Cherokee Nation East until 1839 It appears there were at least five women named Nancy Bushyhead. All the information found for a Nancy Bushyhead, is listed below. It is not possible to determine which one gets which bit of information with the data that I have found so I have not tried to assign it to any individual one. As best as can be determined, by various things handed down in family tradition and the birth dates of the children of her and George Washington Blackwell, that she just about had to have been born around 1800, and is therefore older than the eldest child listed for Bushyhead and Nancy Foreman by Emmet Starr, which is Jesse Bushyhead born in 1804. He does have a Nancy listed as the next child after Jesse but no birth date is listed for her. Carselowey estimates her birth as 1810. History and genealogy of the Cherokee by Emmet Starr. page 350, 367. Old Cherokee Families, Notes of Dr. Emmet Starr, Vol. 3, Grant, by Hampton and Baker!
page 4. Death cert. of Samuel S. Blackwell, eldest son of George Washington Blackwell had Nancy Bushyhead listed as mother. In all of Starr's books, he shows Nancy as child # 4 of Bushyhead and Nancy Forman. Starr does not show this marriage to George Washington Blackwell or the children but shows married to John Walker first then Lewis Hildebrand on page 4 of Vol. 3, the notes in Vol. 3 refers to note E283 on page 205 of Vol. 1 which states "Emily Meigs, the first wife of John Walker, was a niece of Return Johnathan Meigs, John Walker died August 22, 1834. His widow ( I think the widow he is talking about here is Nancy Bushyhead as he shows that she married John after Emily vjj... ) afterwards married Lewis Hildebrand. She died enroute west in Missouri in 1839". This is not correct or something is wrong as Aunt Nan Bushyhead ( All of this data about Nancy Bushyhead being the wife of Walker is all data found on the life of Aunt Nancy Bushyhead, daughter of Rev. Jesse Bushy!
head and other historical writings found by the author. She was much y
ounger than our Nancy Bushyhead Blackwell and her data is pretty well documented) lived in Tahlequah for several years and died there in 1927 at age 63. Nancy Bushyhead Blackwell is the Nancy that died on the Trail of Tears in 1839 in Missouri. (In another paper, (State v. Foreman, 116 Tenn. 256-370) in the James Foreman Trial after he killed "Chief Jack Walker, son of Major John Walker in the History of Walker Valley, now in Bradley County, TN which was the old home of this Walker family, that his full name was John Osment Walker Jr. and he was married to Emily Meigs, granddaughter of the famous Return Jonathan Meigs, in 1824 and also took an Indian wife named Nancy Bushyhead, who lived with her father, the Reverend Jesse Bushyhead, a prominent Baptist minister and interperter, about one mile west of the Walker Home. Both wives are named as beneficiaries in his will probated in McMinn County in 1834. Family tradition says that Nancy Bushyhead Blackwell was the mother of !
the first five children of our George Washington Blackwell. Cherokee Emigration Rolls 1817-1835 lists Nancy Bushyhead # 153, of Mouse Creek, Tn., age 10 to under 25 and one male child under 10 years old signed up for removal to west of the Mississippi river on 6 Dec 1833. See Note X1. She took commutation (took pay and was to pay her own way to the Cherokee Nation West) rather than gov. transportation. A Jane Blackwell, age 10 to under 25, # 154, of Mouse Creek signed up the same day taking gov. transportation. It looks like Jane and Nancy were probably living together at that time. Elsewhere, page 417 of Cherokee History and Genealogy by Emmet Starr Jane is shown as Emily Jane Clark. Her genealogy is shown as: 1. Ghi-goo-ie Ross, full blood of the Bird Clan & William Shorey; 2 Annie Shorey & John McDonald; 3. Mary McDonald, called Molly, 1 Nov. 1770 - 5 Oct. 1808 Scotland & Daniel Ross, 1760 Southernshire Scotland, died 22 May 1830; 4. Annie Ross & William Nave; 5. Mary An!
n Nave & John Clark & Flea Smith; 6. Emily Jane Clark md. #1, Thomas R
oss, #2, John Blackwell, #3, Willis Battles. This must be the Jane Blackwell listed here. The evidence is fairly strong for indicating some connection between John Blackwell and our George Washington and Joseph Blackwell. Probably a brother, father or uncle No record has been found of Nancy arriving in the west. Jane Blackwell arrived in the new country on May 16, 1834 with the Lt. J.W. Harris group. Parents of Nancy Bushyhead has not been proven but all Bushyhead's originated with John Stuart when the Cherokee gave him that name. Fam. sheet from Mildred Tuley had wedding of George Washington Blackwell as 18 Oct 1819 in Rhea Co. TN. She also said that Nancy died on the Trail of Tears. Also that she found a note that Nancy was the daughter of Dennis Bushyhead but not proven and that they had moved to Missouri before the main body on the trail. Tuley family sheet shows the Nancy that was the dau. of Bushyhead married # 1. John Walker and # 2. Lewis Hildebrand. I think Starr sh!
owed thesame thing. No record of a marriage to George Washington Blackwell. Old and New Cherokee Indian Families, Genealogy of, By George Bell Sr. 1972. Bell shows same marriage data as above. Lists birthdate as ca. 1810. Shows name as Nancy (Nannie) Bushyhead 5/16 Cherokee. Due to the known birth dates and ages of the male members of the Bushyhead family at about the time Nancy was probably born, it is felt by me that this Nancy is the one that was the spouse of George Washington Blackwell and by whom he had his first five children. I feel it was probably after she had been married to John Walker and Lewis Hildebrand if that was ever the case but I sort of doubt that our Nancy ever married the other two men at all. It may not have been a recognized marriage, thus accounting for Emmet Starr not listing it or any of their children. Dennis Bushyhead could not have been her father as he was born long after her and I feel he was her nephew.
Note: If this is the proper Nancy Bushyhead that married George Washington Blackwell then this listed male child under 10 would have to be William F. (Dock) Blackwell as he was the only male child under 10 in 1835 as he was born in TN in 1831. Notice there are no other children listed for Nancy at that time in this Roll but we know that she had five at that time. There is some indication that Samuel was already in Hickory at that time because he is known to have lived with the family of his uncle Joseph and aunt Esther Blythe Blackwell from early age and also on his death certificate was shown to have lived at the house where he died in 1910 for 75 years at the time of his death. I have never been able to find any mention from the Joseph line or any other of where family tradition says where the three female children of George Wash and Nancy Bushyhead Blackwell spent their younger years after Nancy died, only that the two boys, Samuel and William both lived with their uncle !
and aunt Joseph and Esther. All born in TN, there was Mary 1826, Dorcas 1829, and Sarah 1832. I do not know where the other two girls were married but Sarah was married in Moniteau County, MO. There was a large well to do plantation, named Burrwood near Pleasant Green in Cooper county, MO that was established in 1820 that was the home of a Walker family, unknown of their affiliation with our family but one descendant of this Walker family later married James Butler Bushyhead the son of Chief Dennis Wolf Bushyhead and lived there. I have no proof but suspect this may have been where the three daughters of Nancy Bushyhead and George Wash spent their early lives. In the era of the 1830's and 40's around Hickory Co., there was not very many ammenities for rearing girls without a mother and George Wash did not remarry until about 1848. The road from Springfield to Boonesville ran through Hickory county and Pleasante Green and was the main road running south and west of Missouri!
at that time.
Compilers [sv] Notes / Records:
* Addtional research in progress.
Descendants of George and Nancy (Bushyhead) Blackwell claim that Nancy died on the Trail of Tears about 1839, but historical information on a Nancy "Otahki" Bushyhead that died on the Trail of Tears, does not mention the surname of Blackwell. According from what is recorded, she 1st married a Walker and died as a Hildebrand. Addt'l sources list Nancy (Nannie?) Bushyhead as the daughter of John Oo-Notota Bushyhead [Cherokee language for Bushyhead ~ u no da ti] and Nancy Foreman. Family states that Nancy's son Samuel's death certificate from MO lists his father as George Washington Blackwell and his mother as Nancy Bushyhead. Samuel Blackwell's (1820-1910) death certificate lists his mother's place of birth as the Tenn. Reservation. Another family researcher states that on an application to recognized by the Cherokee Nation, Samuel states his mother died at the home of George's brother, Joseph. See 1840 census listed in husband George's file.

Mahalo and Many Thanks to Those Who Shared So Much,
Sybil A. (Layton) Viehweg

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