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From: "Arthur H. Laube" <>
Subject: Ohio Bowsers and Brethren Friends 1800, Part III of III
Date: Fri, 06 Feb 1998 16:47:07 -0500


Bibliography and a Few Explanatory Notes Part III of III

(1) The 1798 arrival date of Barbara Bowser Bowman is from a History of
Montgomery County. We report her as the first Bowser, without any
reservation, because there is no hint of any earlier Bowser in the
records we have searched. David had been asked to build a mill for
"....parties who had preceded him." Probably an early group of Brethren

- by asking David Bowman to come they were adding to their numbers and
getting a miller. Dried corn and wheat grains before they are ground
are not very useful, but after the miller finished his work and the
baker his, our ancestors deeply appreciated and understood why Jesus
taught us to be thankful for our daily bread.
Much of the background in this account is speculative. We do not know
the route of this party - except the History of Montgomery County says
they drifted down the river on rudely constructed rafts. Many other
historical accounts describe the Nemacolin Trail as the well traveled
route leading to Yohogania River where rafts and large canoes were
reportedly built. This was the heart of the Monongahela Rye country and

the mountain men shipped many a cask down the rivers to the profitable
southern markets, such as New Orleans. The biggest rush of settlers was
in the spring, soon after the ice had melted and the peak of the spring
flood was past.
Of course the History of Montgomery County, like most early histories
of Ohio, was written almost a hundred years after the fact. These
historians obtained details such as "rudely constructed rafts" and the
date of 1798 from descendants who still lived in the area. However, the

known facts do support this choice of the river route. Colonel Zane had

marked a bridal trail from near present day Wheeling, across Ohio to
Maysville on the Ohio River, crossing the Scioto at Chilicothe, but for
many years, Zane's trail was difficult and dangerous, used primarily by
horsemen. Single travelers and small groups were likely to be robbed.
It would be a year or so before the first wagon made it all the way to
the Scioto. From Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society, Vol. 19.
Reminiscences of a Pioneer, Thomas Rogers, 1871. Page 209, 213.
We believe Barbara and David are recorded as arriving in 1798 because
David Bowman was well known in Montgomery County and some of his
descendants were still around when the history was written and they
could pass on this date from family remembrances. Other Bowsers are
known to be in Ohio, along the Ohio River, a few years later and we
believe they may have also been in this first party but for one reason
or another they are not mentioned in the histories.
Other researchers, Bill Slabaugh I believe, found that Daniel and Anna
May (Waggoner) Bowser came to Ohio in about 1805. Genealogical Society
Chapter of Ohio Genealogical Society, Vol 15 issue 4, April 1986. The
OGS reports that: Daniel was a carpenter and craftsman who attended the
German Baptist Brethren Church.
(2) Research of Charles Martin and Don Bowman is the source of the
Bowser/Bowman data and the other Bowsers of Montgomery and Warren
County. Supplemented by the 1804 and 1812 Tax List of Jefferson
Township, Montgomery County, Ohio. The party may have been led by
others, but later David Bowman is a recognized leader in his church and
community and he most likely was the leader of this party.
Daniel Bowser lived in Frankstown Township; before 1787 it was part of

Bedford, then Frankstown became part of Huntingdon County and since 1846

it has been part of Blair County. Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania tax
lists for 1795, 1796 and 1797 list Daniel Bowser. He is not in
Pennsylvania in 1800 and seems to have gone to Ohio.
The 1804 Tax List of Jefferson Township, Montgomery County, Ohio,
lists Daniel Bowser Sr. and two of his sons, Daniel Jr. and Henry.
That is they are living near Don Bowman; a third son, Philip is in
Madison Township. By 1812 Daniel's s two younger sons George and
William are also old enough to be taxed in Jefferson Township.
Apparently Daniel the father brought his entire family with his
son-in-law David Bowman. Henry married Mary Bowman. She was probably
David's sister.
(3)Jacob was the son of Samuel Bowser of Paradise Township, York County

. Samuel was a son of Mathias Jr., son of Mathias Bowser Sr. That is
Samuel and Daniel Sr are brothers - according to the research of Charles

Martin and Don Bowman.* Jacob seems to have come with the Bowman/Bowser

party in 1798. Later he is listed in the 1812 tax list and he bought
land in Warren County, Ohio in 1814; he died in 1849.
(4) The research of Charles Martin and Don Bowman and Ohio census and
tax records of about 1800. History of Warren County. page 904: the
Proud family.
(5) Some researchers call this Henry, "Hagerstown Henry." Sam has
identified from Faust and Brumbaugh's "Lists of Swiss Emigrants in the
Eighteenth Century to the American Colonies," page 184, a Henry Buser
of Ziefen, who arrived with a family in 1771. Wife, Verena Waldner
(probably Walter over here) with sons Henry, Johannes and Hans Jacob.
Jacob b. Oct.27, 1765. And Kelly thinks this Henry is Hagerstown Henry
and that his description fits her Henry. This is work in progress, and
it may be that there is no room in the family of Henry who arrived in
1771 for our Jacob.
We have found nothing to indicate that either Henry Bowser or John
Bausser were Brethren (although two women who may be Henry's daughters
married Boyer men- the Boyer family were well known Brethren).
One might say that since the Cumberland Gap/Hagerstown area was on one
of the most popular routes to Ohio, one should not be surprized to find

such an agglomeration of Cumberland Gap/Hagerstown area Brethren in
Hopewell Township, along Jonathan Creek. Their coming together was
coincidence and nothing more. Maybe, some of the surnames are
coincidence, but even today Hopewell Township is remote. It is not
someplace one just happens to visit. It seems more likely that this
movement of Brethren from the Cumberland Gap/Hagerstown area to Hopewell

Township was not just coincidence. Rather it was the result of a well
organized move with help from existing Maryland, Brethren congregations.

John Bausser (died 1792) is identified by different names in various
legal documents and he did not know how to sign his own name. Sam
Bowser has researched John Bausser's origins and the limited record
available on him in this country and we use Sam's spelling of the name.
John Bausser, in his 1784 will did not name a wife or children as heirs
- it is as though they did not exist, yet Sam notes that another
document suggests John Bausser was married.* Therefore we suspect that
he had children. He may have given them their inheritance earlier or
the family may have split. It is all speculation. *Faust and
Brumbaugh's "Lists of Swiss Emigrants in the Eighteenth Century to the
American Colonies" Vol II. Page 143.
(6) The documents and assumptions made in the story of Jacob/Mary and
their son John and his wife Mary have been previously summarized in a
review published on this list November 11, 1997. The 1810 census of
Muskingum County, a new version not yet available to the public, lists
them in Salem Township, Washington County, Ohio.
Grantor: George and Lydia Nye, of Fairfield County; Grantee: John
Bowser, of Union Township, Washington County, Ohio. 217 acres; Range
16, Township 17, Section 12. (Later in Hopewell Township, Perry County,

Ohio.) SE Quarter. Vol L, page 516, dated November 10, 1814. In the
sum of $1,085
Witnesses: Cynthia De?vol and Samuel Stone At Union Township,
Washington County, Ohio. Before Loadone? Stone JP
Grantor: George Nye, of Athens County; Grantee: Jacob Bowser, of
Fairfield County. 109 acres, Range 16, Township 17, Section 12.
(Hopewell Township, Perry County, Ohio.) Part of the SW Quarter. Vol
L page 515, dated November 26, 1816. In the sum of $505.
Witnesses: Neal and Elizabeth Nye. (Neal Nye was a JP) At Athens
When John bought his quarter section from George Nye, the South half of
Section 12, Hopewell Township, was in Fairfield County. Apparently
Jacob lived on John's farm for two years then, in 1816, he bought his
109 acres from George Nye. In 1818 Hopewwll Township and the Bowser
property became part of Perry County.
(7) Lewis Nye is listed in Muskingum County Tax List of 1806. Page
013. And, Memoirs of Muskingum County. 1892. Page 357 and 358 list
him as being among the first settlers of Newton Township in 1804-1805.
He was soon surrounded by many Brethren and seems to have been a
Brethren. The Goshen Church of the Brethren is active today not far from

where Lewis Nye built his hewed-log house. Jonathan Creek runs nearby
and many who lived here were part of the Jonathan Creek Brethren
congregation.
No relationship has been established between Lewis and George Nye or any

other Nigh/Nye of Maryland and Ohio.
(8) Chillicothe land Office records list George Nye as the 1805 entryman

of the south half of section 12, described above.
(9) 1883 History of Perry County, Ohio. County History by E.H.
Colburn. Compiled by A.A. Graham. 1883. Page 399-400. A list of
"German Baptists in belief" is given, George Nye is included amongst
those Brethren who were neighbors of Peter Eversole when Peter arrived
in 1814.
(10) Ohio Marriage Records. Lydia Gardner may have been related to some

of these Gardners:
County/State Index Page # Type
Gardner, J. Washington/Ohio 060 1810 Tax List
Gardner, J. Huntingdon/Springfield Twp/ PA 017 1810 census
Gardner, John Washington/Ohio 121 1810 Tax List
Gardner, John Washington/Ohio 125 1810 Tax List
(11) Obetz, Genevieve. She is now deceased and her source is not known.

Elijah may be the E. Scofield listed below:
Township/County/State Year Type
Scofield, E. Misc/Muskingum/Ohio 1810 Tax List
Scofield, E. Misc/Muskingum/Ohio 1810 Tax List
Scofield, Elijah Allegheny/Maryland 1810
Scofield, Elnothan Fairfield/Ohio 1810 Tax List
Scofield, Jared Deerfield/Warren/Ohio 1810 Tax List
Scofield, Joseph Deerfield/Warren/Ohio 1810 Tax List
Elijah's family remained in Maryland until after the 1810 census
enumeration. Several of his children were born in Maryland before
1810. But Elijah was a horseback riding minister and he could easily
have ridden back and forth from Maryland to his friends along Jonathan
Creek; it was about 5 days each way, by horseback on Zane's Trace.
Muskingum County DAR Records of Marriage. In 1817, Rev. Elijah
Schofield, married John Roberts and Catherine Horn in Newton Township,
Muskingum County, Ohio.
Connie Beachy may add to the story of Elijah Scofield.
(12) A History of the Church of the Brethren, Northeastern Ohio. T. S.
Moherman. 1914. Page 49 - 58, Jonathan Creek Church. Courtesy of
Brethren Historical Library and Archives, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, Ill.,

60120.
(13) History of Perry County Ohio, E.H. Colburn, A.A.·Graham. Page 507

- 587, sketch of Nathan Plank. Adam Plank and family are in the 1800
census of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, but not in the 1810 census.
Adam's daughter Elizabeth married Abraham Hufford of Rush Creek
Township. The Hufford's were a well known Brethren family. By the
middle of the century the Mt. Perry Brethren church had been replaced by

two churches, "one to the east and one to the west." The one to the
east was at Goshen in Newton Township, Muskingum County and the one to
the west was at Five-Points (Zion Town) a mile or so north of Somerset,

Perry County; both churches are still active. At that time, Rush Creek

was the western edge of the congregation that attended the church at
Five-Points and there were several Hufford families living there,
although Abraham Hufford moved on west in the 1830's. *
* A History of the Church of the Brethren, Northeastern Ohio. T. S.
Moherman. 1914. Page 49 - 58, Jonathan Creek Church. Courtesy of
Brethren Historical Library and Archives, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, Ill.,

60120.
Alice Beard a descendant of Casper Hufford tells us:
Andrew Hufford was the son of Casper. Casper lived in Rockingham County,

VA, immediately before moving to Fairfield County, Ohio. Before
Rockingham County., Casper lived in Frederick County, Maryland . That's
where he was born and married.
Casper's mother was a Keim. The Hufford's and Keim's were definitely
Brethren. In one of the old newspapers of the German Baptists, there is
a tiny notice from Casper Hufford. He mentions that the recent "love
feast" (Brethren religious activity) was on his property. Afterwards, he

found that one of his horses was missing. The notice was to tell whoever

took it to return it to him.
Casper's grandfather Keim was ordered out of Germany because he was
"re-baptized" when he became a Brethren. Casper's father came to America

with his parents on the same ship that brought Alexander Mack.
Andrew moved his family to Carroll County, Indiana, in 1840.
(14) The Covers arrived along Jonathan Creek before 1820 - from census
information.
(15) History of Perry County Ohio, E.H. Colburn, A.A.·Graham. Page 399
- 400, sketch of John Eversole, a descendant of Peter. Peter has not
been proven to be son of Abraham of Maryland.
(16) A History of the Church of the Brethren, Northeastern Ohio. T. S.
Moherman.
(17) From census information, Perry county cemetery records and
marriage records.
Henry Bowser ( March 11 1814 - April 11, 1874), a grandson of Jacob and
Mary of Jonathan Creek as a widower visited Warren County in 1840 and
married Nancy Proud Coleman (Kuhlman) (1810- April 15, 1895). Nancy
was born in Ohio, the daughter of Peter and Abigail Proud, who came to
Warren County in 1805 from New Jersey. Nancy Proud married John Coleman

in 1830; he died in 1841. Henry had a three year old son and Nancy
Coleman had four children all under ten. They needed each other!
Everyone involved was Brethren. Does this marriage indicate anything
more than good communication between two Brethren communities? We think

not.
(18) John's date of birth from a family Bible in the possesion of John's

GGG_granddaughter, Gayle Mountain. John was born in Pennsylvania from
his children's statement in their 1880 census.
(19) We have only found the arrival dates of those named in the text.
There may be other Brethren who purchased land earlier.
(20) Ohio census of 1800 and tax lists, also lists of Ohio Land Company

purchases, curtsey of Muskingum County chapter of OGS..
(21) Memoirs of Muskingum County. 1892.
(22) Daniel Horn's estate settlement, and Muskingum County marriage
records.

Hal

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