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From: "Merle C. Rummel" <>
Subject: Highland County Settlement II - 1820 OHIO
Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 10:45:16


This was a joint project by Glenna Blackburn, Pastor -Strait Creek Church
of the Brethren, and myself -Presented at the Southern Ohio Heritage
Festival, Camp Woodland Altars, 1997.

There are two churches still existing of the Brethren Settlement in
Highland Co Ohio of the early 1800s: Strait Creek and Marble Furnace. The
Mother Church was Dunker Ridge, just west of Sinking Spring OH (a stopping
point on the Zane Trace). Other churches surrounded the area, as the
Brethren settlement grew: Strait Creek -- just south of Sinking Spring;
May Hill --west of Dunker Ridge, maybe 6 miles; Marble Furnace - just
northwest of Peebles, in Adams County - 8 miles south of May Hill; Fall
Creek - about 10 miles due north of Dunker Ridge, north of US 50; White
Oak or Hollowtown, in western Highland County.

The discovery of a medium grade iron ore, caused the building of colonial
style Iron Furnaces at several locations in eastern Highland Co. This
included Marble Furnace in Adams Co and Hope Furnace, just east in Ross Co.
The resulting Pig Iron, was transported by ox wagons to the Paint Creek at
Bainbridge OH, and floated down Paint Creek and the Scioto River to the
Ohio River at Portsmouth. This industry existed until the discovery of the
Mesabi Range of high grade iron ore in Michigan, and ceased abruptly about
1835.

The Dunker Ridge Brethren settlement began when John Countryman, a
minister, came in from Kentucky, right after 1800. It grew rapidly when
the Furnaces were built, as the Brethren realized that the Iron Furnaces
needed endless supplies of charcoal, and the Forest needed to be cleared on
their homesteads -- giving them an income for doing the cutting and
clearing. The settlement grew to huge size, for a frontier community.

These family names are taken from the 1820 and 1830 US Census. They are
recognized as names common to Brethren families -only some of them are
known from existing records to be members of the local Brethren Churches.
------------------------------------------------------------------
MAY HILL Church
Bratton twp, Adams Co and Concord twp, Highland Co OH

Calvert: John
Coffman: Jacob (Sr/Jr)
John
Philip
Forman: David
George
John
Fry: Daniel
George
Guthrie: Henry
James
Joseph
Hart: James
Hoff/Hough: Ashford
Jacob
Payton
William
Houston: Robert
Kinzer: (first name unknown)
Lantz: Adam
Jacob
John
Long: Jared
Miller: Christian
Henry
Thomas
William
Ockerman: Daniel
Joseph
Roads/Rhoads: Jacob
Sample: David
Matthew
Simmerman/Zimmerman: George
Thompson: William

The church building was built on the Calvert farm, and still stands, but is
opened only once a year, for a reunion.
This was the home church of Landon West, father of Dan West.

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