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From: Gail Collins <>
Subject: Ups & Downs-Jan1902-Commentary
Date: Tue, 27 Feb 2001 12:47:56 -0500


COMMENTARY - accompanying Name Lists are in BHC Vol 76

UPS & DOWNS with Almanac for 1902
Vol VIIJANUARY 1, 1902No. 2

Liverpool Series - on film c/o Brian Rolfe, Ottawa
Brian Rolfe <>
- photo copy of this issue c/o
Gail Collins <

AFTER TWENTY YEARS (pg 4)
* we can look back over the records estimating the results accomplished
and the value & success of the movement as an agency for social
improvement, Imperial development, and Christian philanthropy
* 12,131 have begun life in Canada under Dr. B’s auspices
* it has advanced from stage to stage in spite of all obstacles & opposition,
in the face of no little harsh prejudice & unfriendly criticism

EARLY BEGINNINGS (pg 4)
* 640 sent thru other Agencies before 1882
* Aug 1882, 51 boys left London under Mr Fielder, Gov'r of Boys’ Home
* by an arrangement with Dr Stephenson, of the Methodist Children’s
Homes, this party was received & distributed from the Home at Hamilton,
Dr & Mrs Evans in charge
* Autumn 1882 first Canadian Distributing Home opened at Toronto at
corner of Front & Windsor Streets
* 1883 party of 100 boys received at Toronto Home
* one month later 75 girls under Miss Emily Morecroft, who remained to
distribute the party, and afterwards to visit the new arrivals in their
homes

HAZEL BRAE (pg 5)
* 1884, large, beautifully-situated house on the outskirts of Peterborough
purchased by Mr. (now Senator) George A Cox, & placed at Dr B’s disposal
* Home has for many years past been used for girls only
* first intended to make it headquarters for distribution of both boys & girls
* Toronto Home on Front St closed
* Hazel Brae opened May 15 with 2 boys
* later in Summer the 1st party of girls arrived in charge of Mr & Mrs
Edward Duff, Sup’t & Matron

TORONTO HEADQUARTERS (pg 5-6)
* 1885-86 two good sized parties of boys and 2 of girls received &
distributed - total end of 1886 - 1,442
* became apparent that for the boys, a better distributing point was required
* re-establish a Toronto branch Sept 1886 on Farley Ave

THE MANITOBA FARM HOME (pg 6)
* 1887 2 large detachments of boys, small party of girls followed in Autumn
* Dr B visited during the Summer & decided to finally carry out the scheme
for
establishment in Manitoba of a large Industrial Farm for training of big
lads 17
to 20 years of age
* young fellows drafted from Youths’ Labour House would be employed
for 12 months under a binding agreement - would be paid wages at stated
rate per month, cost of outfit & passage deducted from amount of earnings
* E A Struthers, manager of Farm Home near Russell, Manitoba
* 1888 Spring Party (49 lads) first detatchment to Farm Home
* to date 1,200 lads passed thru the Institution

BOARDING OUT(pg 7)
* 1891 commenced Boarding-Out System, Mr Gaunt in charge
* up to 1891, 12 recognized limit of age, very few boys sent out under 14
* boys 7, 8 or 9 would now be sent to carefully selected country homes &
remain until self-supporting - they would more quickly & naturally adapt
* system begun as an experiment with a few little lads sent out in late
Autumn 1891
* Muskoka district foster-homes chosen, a “nursery-ground” for our little
colonists
* last 12 years, over 2000 children provided for in this way

UPS & DOWNS * 1895 received permission to publish
* Frank Vipond severed connection Dec 1897
* William T James (“Dick Whittington”) took over

WINNIPEG HOME (pg 8-9)
* 1 Nov 1896 Branch Home opened as centre of distribution
* additional outlet for boys 12 & 13 from Muskoka foster-homes
* Manitoba & North-West Territories great demand for such boys
* Mr & Mrs David White, Sup’t & Matron
* last 5 years, over 1000 boys admitted & placed out
* demand in Manitoba & Western Provinces has far exceeded the supply
* Mr Struthers, General Director
** MALCOLM E DAVIS (BHC), Secretarial Dept, assisted by Miss Betts
* Mrs White, housekeeping & domestic departments
* Mr White & now J W Heap, Visitors (Inspectors)

OPPOSITION & UNPOPULARITY (pg 9-10)
* 1897 Ontario Legislature forced to pass an Act for regulation/suppression
of work of child immigration
* chief opponents are leaders of Socialist, so called Labour Party who
dominate the trades unions
* we are unpopular with both non-British & non-Protestant sections of the
community
* after passing thru somewhat troubled waters of 1896 & 1897 our work
has since enjoyed comparatively smooth sailing
* our numbers for the 4 years following 1897 have been respectively
613, 647, 931 and 1,013

METHODS & RESULTS (pg 11-12)
* correspondence amounting to something over 50,000 letters a year
* annual gathering of boys at Toronto Home during week of Exhibition in Sept
* Christmas Excursion to England of our old boys
* our large Savings Bank system which we act as bankers to nearly 2,000
depositiors
* our arrangements for assisting boys to bring out relatives from England
* awarding prizes - silver medal
* Colonization Scheme assisting older boys to start homesteads in North-West

MONTHLY PUBLICATION (pg 12-13)
* we propose to renew monthly publication of Ups & Downs instead of
only once in 3 months
* a most unprofitable speculation
* send home every month an expense requisition to Messrs. Carter, Clay &
Lintott, Accountants of the Homes
* we shudder at the sum for “publication & printing”
* deficiency in revenue made up from Homes in England

OUR ALMANAC (pg 13)
* Motto for the Year: “Be Sober, Be Vigilant”
* gives short Bible verse for each day

A Christmas Carol - poem by William T James (pg 14)

LINES FROM LIVERPOOL (pg 15-16)
Photo of Mr & Mrs D G Cole, Superintendent, Ever-Open Door,
142a Islington, Liverpool
* would arrive Riverside Station from London
* board an Allan or Dominion liner at Prince’s Landing Stage
* some lads may have walked the Dock Road at night when the Test House
at Belmont Road was not available
* among these night wanderers are some few lads who have been to Canada,
and
foolishly returned on a cattle boat from Montreal, Boston or Portland,
who now
hang around the Liverpool docks, hoping to get a chance of reaching Can
again.
* I have just met the lads who have come over by the Allan liner, Tunisian,
to spend their Christmas & New Year holiday in England

STATEMENT OF WORK AT THE LIVERPOOL BRANCH (pg 16)
from date of opening, Jan 1892 to Sep 1901
Applications for Admission 6 949
Cases personally investigated 3 373
Admitted to Branch 2 829
Permanently 942
Restored to friends or helped 1 671
Other Institutions or dealt with 2 817
Free Meals supplied139 048
Free Lodgings provided 45 281

OUR TWENTIETH YEAR’S EMIGRATION WORK - A B Owen
* young immigrants of past year (1901) have crossed in 5 detachments
* first left England on Mar 21, numbering 242 boys and 15 outsiders, the
official description of parties who have not been inmates of the Homes,
comprising chiefly relatives of boys in Can who have advanced their
emigration expenses.
* party recruited from Youths’ Labour House, the Boys’ Home, Leopold
House, Shepherd House and Mittendorf House
* meet at Epsom, Stepney Causeway, busses & brakes are loaded
* band accompanied us
* train to leave Paddington at 9:10 - Great Western Railway
* grand march past - band leading the smallest boys, the big lads from
Labour
House, 30 in number, bringing up the rear
* 2 assistants, Mr Shepherd making his second trip, & Nurse Carter, being
transferred from Felixstowe to Hazel Brae
* children had been vaccinated
* 3:00 p.m embarked Tunisian, passed medical exams & scrutiny of
Dominion Gov’t Agent
* Captain Vipond still master - Liverpool to Portland
* boys party had whole forward part of the ship - were quartered in large,
airy compartment heated by steam & lighted with electricity, with tiers of
berths against the sides & the long dining tables in the centre, washroom &
pantry (wonderfully contrasting to the cramped spaces & hammocks slung
over tables, oil lamps, limited appliances for washing, tin plate/cup,
always
rusty and generally leaking) things have marvellously changed for the
better in
accomodation of steerage passengers or third-class as they are now called
* Labour House youths were berthed in a compartment to themselves
(RUNCHMAN (BHC) made efficient & energetic sergeant-major and his
company behaved themselves remarkably well)
* process of private interviewing or “signing” as the boys call it goes on
at all
available intervals between meals, services, parades & washings. We
have to get
some personal knowledge of each boy & find out if he has friends in
Canada he
wishes to be near, what his ideas are in regard to his future, what
training &
experience he has had in the past, to form our opinion what he is fitted
for,
selecting locations & choosing the boys for boarding-out in
foster-homes, older
boys for placing in situations & the small detachment for the Winnipeg
Home
* arrive Portland harbour 11 a.m. Sat, March 30
* 3 hour delay because wharves were all occupied
* everything in readiness for various officials, medical officer of the
port, medical
officer of the State, US quarantine officers, alien officers, Customs
officers,
railway agent, baggage-master, etc
* Grand Trunk provided tourist cars from Portland to Toronto & before
midnight
boys safely housed in familiar quarters at 214 Farley Avenue.
* next day devoted to bathing, changing of clothes, medical exams by
Dr Moorhouse
* next morning final distribution of boys for situations, small detachments
going off on all the early trains - North, South, East & West
* Mr Griffith travelled to St. Thomas with large contingent destined to
Southern Divison
* other detachments were consigned to care of conductors of various trains
* following day Mr Gaunt left for the North with little boarders for Muskoa

* THIRD PARTY, 340 boys left on Numidian July 18
(largest detachment which had ever crossed the Atlantic - photo)
* boys of all ages 5 to 19, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Channel Islands,
France,
Germany, West Indies, Australia & US
* Mr Miles, Canada clerk in general office
* Mr Byrne, Agent of Ont Gov’t inspected the boys 2 days before leaving
* Mr W Barwick, assistant
* Mr Godfrey’s first trip to Canada
* berthed on “Orlop deck, only light they enjoyed was that effused by small
allowance of oil lamps
* left Irish coast on Friday, July 19 afternoon
* reached wharf at Quebec 5:30 p.m. Mon, 29 July
* one of the longest trips we have made
* on first evening of voyage we gather in cash assets of the party, and
before we land we hand back each capitalist who entrusted us with his
wealth the equivalent value in Canadian curency, calculated on the basis of
a cent for a halfpenny. Copper is the principal medium of exchange in
these transactions, although 2½d is redeemed by a five-cent piece, 5d. by a
ten-cent ditto, and those whose wealth attains to a shilling and a
halfpenny
are introduced for the time to the Canadian “quarter.”
* list of applications came to us with the mail tender at Rimouski
* Mr Struthers & Mr White greeted us to take charge of the section of the
party who were destined for Manitoba
* Mr Griffith met us at Montreal & left with small party of boys whose
destination were on the line of Can Atlantic Railway
* we parted with boys at several points on the journey between Montreal &

Toronto where we had arranged for their being met at Brockville, Napanee
and
various other junction points
* 6 p.m. pulled into Union Station at Toronto, omnibuses convey to Farley Ave
* Mr Gaunt went North with big consignment for boarding-out in Muskoka
* Miss Kennedy acted as conductor to boys going West on Grand Trunk
* Mr Davis left with big contingent to Southern Division
* boys for other trains were taken in charge by different conductors

FIFTH PARTY - September Consignment 188 boys, 102 girls

* total over 1000 for the year
* there were not half enough to supply the applicants

HOME CHAT (pg 43
Employers do not always accept before the agreement is finally signed.
This has been especially the case during he past season, as we have felt
justified, under the present conditions of demand for every kind of labour
and increase of wages, to open our mouths a little wider than in the past.
Our farmer friends are not always pleased to respond to our enlarged ideas
on the subject of terms, and we are constantly being reminded of this boy
and that placed two or three years ago for who so much less wages was
asked or whose term of service was so much longer. We make a rule,
however, to stick to our price, and having fixed what we consider a fair
wage and reasonable conditions of employment, to insist upon the
agreement being signed or the boy sent back. The latter alternatively rarely
comes to pass, and, as a rule those of our clients who are tightest at a
bargain, having relieved their consciences by upbraiding us for the
extravagance of our demands, sign the agreement in the end.

Letter from Trooper Joseph Aston, Heidelberg, South Africa (pg 45)
...Well, we have been in quite a few scraps with the Boers during the last
few days, and on Sep 12 we lost a man... and a second was shot but
escaped otherwise unhurt. It was a pretty exciting time for a while ...We
are now stationed out on the veldt, about 20 miles from any town or
village, and have not seen a white woman for nearly 3 months. The natives
out here go almost naked, and only wear a skin of a sheep or goat, and
they are all decorated with brass rings & fancy work. .... Yesterday two
Boer commanders came into our camp with the white flag, and wanted to
surrender on conditions that they got their own terms; but our captain did
not accept them, so today they led them out of the camp blindfolded; so,
no doubt, they will be coming back some night to attack us. ....

MANITOBA FARM NOTES (pg 58)

Johnny Karn of Virden, Manitoba, 14 was sent for by the Reception
Committee at Winnipeg, in order that he might be presented to their Royal
Highnesses the Duke & Duchess of Cornwall & York, upon the occasion
of the royal tour.

... compare the prospects of a boy who is 18, who can go out and secure
practically a free gift of 160 acres of land, one-fourth of a square mile -
capable of producing in one crop four thousand bushels of wheat ...

....We believe our Manitoba youth can raise produce of greater value in
one year from his free grant homestead than the man with the antiquated
instrument on his rented & impoverished land could produce in five ...

Winnipeg Free Press - article to show the advancement made by Manitoba
during the last 30 years
* 30 years ago only means of transporting merchandise was either by steamer
or Red River cart - these carried 600 - 800 pounds of grain
* average wheat-patch 30 years ago did not exceed 5 acres
* Today instances of men having a 1000 acres of grain are abundant.
* population upon Confederation did not exceed 10,000 - not 10% white
* today quarter of a million contented, prosperous & enterprising people

GENERAL ORDER NO 280
* approval was noted on faces of staff & lads at Industrial Farm at evening
church parade, Nov 22, 1901
* beginning Saturday, Nov 23, Reveille will sound at 6 o’clock, Breakfast
Bugle 6:45, Turn to work 7:30

Summer rising hour is 5 o’clock

BBB - Barnardo Brass Band (pg 65)
* is still in great demand
* attended Russell Agricultural Show on Oct 2
* winter engagement with Russell Rink Association, skating & curling rink

THE BARNARDO OLD BOYS’ SOCIETY (pg 67)
A Letter from Dr B to the Secretary, Nov 8 1901
* Honorary Presidentship, Dr B contributes money order for $50
*Alfred B Owen, Vice-President

A G SMITH, Secretary-Treasurer (BOBS)
* receive numerous enquiries re insurance, sick benefits, etc
* our membership is steadily growing; but any experimenting along these lines,
at the present time, would be unwise.
* the officers & executive have various matters under consideration
* with our present rate of growth, we shall eventually be in a position to
submit a plan

James Webb, President sends greetings to BOBS
* if you should at any time meet one of our boys, don’t forget to ask if
they belong to the BOBS
* send to the Secretary for application form


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