Archiver > BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER > 2000-01 > 0949327984

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Subject: [BURGENLAND-NEWSLETTER-L] BB News No. 73B dtd 31 Jan 2000
Date: Mon, 31 Jan 2000 09:13:04 EST

(issued biweekly by
January 31, 2000

This third section of the 3 section newsletter has an article concerning the
Publication of the Final K & P Bezirk Book, more on Vas Megye Teklits
Nobility, a synopsis of US Immigration 1904-1906, and many URL and Member


A few days ago I received a special package from Austria. It was the 7th and
final edition of the K&P German language publications covering the villages
within each Bezirk (district) of the Burgenland. This one covered the Bezirk
of Neusiedl am See. The full title is "Der Bezirk Neusiedl am See im Wandel
der Zeit" (The District of Neusiedl am See through the ages). I had placed an
order for these books with my cousin Klaus Gerger. When I visited him in
Vienna last year, he handed me the editions I didn't have, explaining that
the last had not as yet been published.

I've mentioned these books in past newsletters. If you'd like to have
pictures of the village of your ancestors including churches, municipal
offices, gasthausen etc., get yourself a copy of the book for the Bezirk in
which your village is located. Included are brief histories of the villages
written in German. As stated, there are seven editions, one for each Bezirk.
As you may know, the Burgenland Bezirks (north to south) are Neusiedl am See,
Eisenstadt-Umgebung (Eisenstadt and surrounding areas), Mattersburg,
Oberpullendorf, Oberwart, Gssing and Jennersdorf.

Within each book are the villages (Die Gemeinden or Municipalities) and their
dependencies (Ortsteile) in alphabetic order. Those Gemeinde which include
even smaller area villages (Ortsteile) in their jurisdiction include them in
their respective sections. For instance, in Bezirk Oberwart, the Gemeinde of
Bernstein includes its Ortsteile villages of Dreihtten, Redlschlag,
Rettenbach and Stube.

Each book has a Bezirk overview, a history with pictures, a bibliography, and
comment concerning industry. Within each Gemeinde are aerial views of the
Gemeinde, the coat of arms and description, history and evolution from
earliest times to the present, more pictures, street scenes, churches,
monuments, history of the churches, items of cultural and tourist interest
(Sehenswrdigkeiten), a section called "Unsere Gemeinde" (our community) with
pictures of people, places, businesses, artists and worthy individuals. The
smaller "Ortsteile" may not have as much data as the larger villages. Like a
sign I once saw which said "in this place in the last century-absolutely
nothing happened!" Fortunately there aren't many of those in the books. A
table of contents is included. A list of the Gemeinden and their Ortsteile is
usually found around page seven although it varies by edition.

Cost per book is 396 Austrian schillings plus postage. A check for $40 will
probably cover book and postage. Write to:

Kirsner & Peternell, Spezielle Publikationen, Kapellenweg 14, 8502 Lannach,
Burgenland, Austria, Europe. Mention that you want a copy of "name of book "
(Ich mchte gern ein Kopie dem Buch "Der Bezirk (your village Bezirk) im
Wandel der Zeit". Be sure to include your name and address.

All seven books ("gesamte Burgenlandserie sammeln") can also be ordered;
however I'd write for exact price as they are heavy and postage is expensive.
If you don't know the Bezirk which includes your village, you can find it in
Albert's Village List in the BB Homepage.

These are finely made publications, hard back with glossy paper, lots of
color and well bound. They are a wonderful adjunct to any family history. You
may become so enthralled with them that you'll probably learn some German so
you can read the histories! These books don't take the place of a good local
village history, but until you find one they'll be the next best thing. While
the historical sections are not as detailed as I'd like, they are an
excellent synopsis. They also mention all of the names of the village
including Latin, German, Hungarian and Croatian. The illustrations are
outstanding. You'll feel like you're visiting the area. You couldn't buy my
seven copies at three times the price.

Teklits, and Felix Jurasits)

Fritz writes: Just back from business travel to Budapest and Tirana, I
believe I have some further material on the Teklits family.... When I
visited the Szchnyi Library, I once again checked the regional (county)
books on Hungarian nobility, available in one of the reading rooms. I noted
two small booklets which I had previously overlooked. They are both written
by the same Dr. Horvth Klmn who is the author of the book on the 1835 list
of nobles on which I had written to you in June. His other two booklets
available from the library appear to be on the 1726/27 census of nobility,
and on the 1754/55 census of nobility. Of the latter, my notes say 1774, but
in retrospect, I am pretty convinced it should read 1754, but I am not
absolutely sure.

The booklet on 1726/27 lists Gyrgy and Mikls Teklich [sic] in Szentpterfa,
and Jnos Teklics [sic] in Rohoncz (Rechnitz). The remarkable aspect is that
in both entries (for Szentpterfa and Rohoncz) the nobility reference leads
back to the same original decree of nobility, and this is the one by Rudolf
II on April 2, 1601.

The 1754/55 (or 1774?) booklet lists a Mikls Teklics in Rohoncz, and has the
following list (my amateur interpretation) in Szentpterfa: Mikls Teklics
jun.; another Mikls Teklics; Mikls Teklics sen., widower, with son Gyrgy;
Jnos Teklics, son of Gyrgy; Ferenc Teklics, widower, with sons Ferenc,
Gyrgy and Jzsef; and Adm Hertelendi.

I am transcribing the full Hungarian text below and recommend that you obtain
a translation by a person capable of the Hungarian language. The only
question I cannot resolve without revisiting the library is whether the
second book refers to the 1754/55 census as I assume, or a 1774 census as I
had noted.

1. From "Vas Vrmegye 1726/27 vi Nemessg vizsglata" by Dr. Horvth Klmn,
Szombathely, 1940:

Rohonc (Rechnitz): Teklics Jnos. Felmutatta II Rudolf ltal 1601 pr. 2-n
adomnyozott cmeres nemeslevelet, amelyet csak az 1604.vben hirdettek ki
Vas megyben.

Szentpterfa: Teklich Gyrgy s Mikls. Felmutattk II Rudolf ... [exactly
the same text as above]

2. From the same book on 1754 (or 1774?)... I did not note down the title and
year of publication.

Rohonc (Rechnitz): Teklics Mikls

Szentpterfa: ifj. Teklics Mikls; Teklics Mikls, msik; id. Teklics
Mikls zvegye fival Gyrgyel; Teklics Jnos, Gyrgy fia; Teklics Ferenc
zvegye fiaival Ferencel, Gyrgyel s Jzsefel; Hertelendi Adm.

Felix Jurasits then tranlates the Hungarian for Frank Teklits:
In reply to your email of 12/20, below is my translation:

1. "Researching the Nobles in Vas Varmegye year of 1726/27" by
Dr. Horvath Kalman, Szombathely, 1940:

John Teklits produced an emblem-impressed noble document that was given to
him by Rudolf II on April 2, 1601. This was made public in 1604 in Vas

Szentpeterfa: George and Michael Teklits produced........ the same text as

I agree with Mr. Konigshofer's translation regarding Rohonc (Rechnitz):
Teklics Miklos. etc. Wishing you a happy and joyous holiday season. Felix

UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION 1904-1905-1906 (by G. Berghold, data and quoted
excerpts [in parens] from "The Complete National Geographic on CD" for years

The 20 year period from 1890 to 1910 is very important in the history of
Burgenland area emigration. It started slowly and built up to a crescendo, at
which point government officials began to register great concern. The United
States feeling they were headed for serious social and political problems,
and the Austrians and Hungarians feeling the effect of the population drain
(some villages and farmsteads were almost completely denuded of men). Shortly
thereafter, both began to apply the brakes in the form of immigration laws
and bureaucratic restrictions.

To encapsulate these times, I searched the National Geographic magazines and
found articles written by the US Assistant Commissioner of Immigration (Z. F.
McSweeny-1904-5) and the Commissioner General of Immigration
(F.P.Sargent-1905-6. I've extracted and commented on only Austrian-Hungarian
and Slavic Immigration, although the articles address immigrants from

In his opening remarks, McSweeny states "in 1882 a circle drawn over the map
of Europe, taking in all points from which we (the US) were receiving
immigrants would have its center in the city of Paris. In 1902...its center
(would be) located in Constantinople (Istanbul)." In other words immigration
had shifted from northern to southern Europe and was to remain that way for a
number of decades. The second waves of European immigration were reaching our
shores in large numbers.

Sargent states "No migration in history is comparable to the great hordes
that have crossed the Atlantic during the past 20 years to enter our
territory. In 1905, 1,026,499 immigrants were admitted; in 1906,
1,100,735...Since June 30, 1900, 6,000,000 have been admitted, of whom
probably 5,500,000 have settled permanently...Perhaps the most striking fact
is that less than 5% of the newcomers have reached or passed the age of 45..."

"More than one-third of the immigrants (fiscal year ended June 1906),
374,708, stated they intended to stay in New York, ...198,681 asserted they
were going to Pennsylvania, ...86,539 Illinois, ...73,863 Massachusetts,
...58,415 New Jersey,...880,036 entered through New York, 62,229, Boston,
54,064 Baltimore, 23,186 Philadelphia, 6,201 Galveston and 2,051 New Orleans."

"During this fiscal year Austria contributed 111,508; Hungary 133,540;
Balkans 4,666; German Empire 37,304; Italy 273,120; Russian Empire and
Finland 215,665; England 49,491..."

"The economic conditions in Austro-Hungary are such that there is every
inducement for the peasant class to seek the prosperity which this country
offers...Seen from this side, there seems to be an unceasing war between
Bohemian and German, Croat, Pole and Hungarian, which permanently threatens
the nation's progress, while (Austrian) parliamentary efforts seem to be
limited to the playful exchange of inkpots, rules, and cuspidors between
opposing factions."

"The fertile country of central Hungary furnishes no emigrants, but further
north (and west)in the districts less favored by nature, there is an
emigration of Magyars amounting to about 23,000 a year. The Croatians and
Slovenians from the south of Austria have only commenced to come into this
country in the last 15 years, and already have colonies in southern
California and Oregon, with large numbers in the Pennsylvania mines."

"From Carniola (Slovenia), Krainers (people from the Oberkrain regions) have
been coming here for 70 years, following some Krainer missionaries who came
here and settled on the northwestern border...The whole Balkan territory is
beginning to feel the fever of emigration..."

The article is accompanied by many pictures of representative immigrants in
their national dress as seen upon landing, also pictures of Ellis Island. Two
pictures show immigrant children (detained for one reason or another)
enjoying an Ellis Island roof top playground-waving American flags while
riding in a toy truck).

IMMIGRATION DURING 1904 (same source)

"Only a few less than 10,000 landed at New York in two days in November, the
least popular season of the year for newcomers."

"The striking and significant feature of the table of immigrants for 1904 is
that the chief diminution is shown in the arrivals from Austria-Hungary,
amounting to 28,855 (dropped to 177,151), and from Italy, 37,326 (dropped to

Ability To Read and Write (same source)

Illiteracy rates, Finns from Russia, only 3%, Germans 4%, Germans from
Austria-Hungary 4%, English 1%, Irish 3%, Scandinavians 1%, Poles from Russia
36% (!), Poles from Germany and Austria Hungary 23% (!), Hebrews from Russia
23% (!), Italians 13% (as a group), south Italians 48% (!).

The articles go on to discuss the possible effects of massive unchecked
immigration on the United States and the general philosophy of whether
immigration is desirable long run. Statistics of aliens requiring social
care, numbers in mental institutions, in jails, etc. are quoted. Likewise
economic effects are discussed with the general consensus being that the
cheap labor while desirable from an economic standpoint is causing problems
among the native alien population (the last wave of immigrants-mostly German
and Irish). The same "immigrants=good or bad?" question being addressed today
was addressed 100 years ago. At that time it led to the immigration
restrictions of the 1920's and the quota system.

McSweeny writes: "The privilege of intercourse with native children and
school instruction lifts up the immigrant in the second generation to the
level of his fellows. (Ed. Note: and in the 3rd and 4th generation frequently
surpasses them!) The children of the ignorant, illiterate and once despised
German and Irish have grown up to match the native American of several
generations in brawn and brain, wit and culture, and today are working with
them, side by side, in every line of social, scientific, intellectual,
political, and mechanical endeavor."

He concludes with "There is only one Ellis Island in the world; no other
country has its mate, because none offers the inducements to the poor of the
world that we do. Let us thank God that this is so and and pray that we may
be able to keep it so, and that the twentieth century may bring to America
the fruition of all its hopes, and the standard of progress and freedom which
its history has inspired be the torch that will light the world in the same

I think the writer would have been pleased, had he lived to see the results
of the immigration that occurred in the twentieth century.

One immigration article not quoted here was written by an eminent Ivy League
member of a prestigious university-now known for its extremely liberal staff.
He advocated that we should select immigrants in the same way that we select
animals for husbandry (pedigree and desireable physical traits)-that the
massive immigration allowed the United States the unique choice of being
selective and improving the native stock by turning away those that did not
meet stringent requirements of health and mental acuity. It's remarkable that
the National Geographic published such an article even in those days, but
it's to our everlasting credit that this advice wasn't followed, at least to
the extent advocated. Of course, many immigrants were even then denied entry,
12,432 in 1906; including 2493 Hebrew, 2121 Italian, 1000 Polish and 1867
German. How many possible Einstein's, Marconi's, Chopin's and Thomas Mann's
in that lot? One picture was of a little Gypsy girl and boy waiting to be
deported (Picture title-Excluded Gypsies [sic] about to be Deported, page
333, Ntl. Geo. May 1907). I wonder what their fate was, did they survive the
return voyage and WWI only to end their lives in a WWII concentration camp?

(from Internet/URL Editor Anna Tanczos Kresh)

o LDS - Austria <http://www.ettl.co.at/mormon/>; - Church of Jesus Christ of
Latterday Saints in Austria; links to LDS Family History Libraries and
- German <http://www.ettl.co.at/mormon/deutsch/gen_gie.html>;
- English <http://www.ettl.co.at/mormon/english/gen_gy.html>;; no LDS-FHLs yet
in Burgenland (Ralph Nielsen)

Burgenland has no daily newspaper, only four weeklies. Three of them are
published in German language, one in Croatian.
(1) Burgenlndische Freiheit (BF) <http://www.bnet.at/bf>; - owned by the
Socialist Party (SP) of Burgenland, comparable to the U.S. Democratic Party;
largest circulation
(2) Burgenlndische Volkszeitung (BVZ) <paper only; not online> - owned by
the Conservative Party (VP) of Burgenland, comparable to the U.S. Republican
Party; second largest circulation
(3) Oberwarter Zeitung (OZ) <http://www.oz-net.at/>; - formerly "Oberwarther
Sonntags-Zeitung" (many emigrated Burgenlanders were subscribers in the 1920s
and 1930s); founded 1879 and owned by Dr. Wolfgang Steflitsch, attorney at
law in Oberwart, and his family; circulation 7000; see also:
OZ Queries (Verwandtensuche) <http://www.bnet.at/oz/verwandt.htm>;. (new
address, description; added link to queries)
(4) Hrvatske Novine <http://www.hrvatskenovine.at>; - published by the
Hrvatsko Stamparsko Drustvo (Croatian Press Society); homepage features some
articles in both Croatian and German; circulation: 3400.

Some commercial papers, financed by advertisments, are mailed (usually
bi-weekly) to every household in a certain area.
o Bezirksrundschau Oberwart (BRO) <http://www.bnet.co.at/bro>; - Distributed
in districts Oberwart, Gssing and Jennersdorf.
o Sd-Ost-Bildpost <http://www.bildpost.at>; - for Eastern Styria; also
distributed in Southern Burgenland (same districts as BRO).
A good source for on-line Burgenland news is also provided by the ORF
(Austrian Broadcasting Corporation) at <http://burgenland.orf.at/>;

o US Newspapers <http://www.neh.gov/preservation/usnp.html>; - The United
States Newspaper Program links you to hundreds of online newspapers, some of
which have put back issues up to 200 years old online; excellent for births,
marriages and deaths

o Censuslinks <http://www.censuslinks.com/>; - Census sites on the Internet

o MultiGen <http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/CACulman/MultiGen.htm>; -
search for your ancestor at multiple (approx. 9) resource sites at one time
(Northampton County, PA RootsWeb Mailing List)

o RootsWeb WorldConnect Project <http://worldconnect.genealogy.rootsweb.com/>;
- RootsWeb users have uploaded more than 6.2 million names of their ancestors
to the RootsWeb WorldConnect Project; online search facility; new GEDCOMs
uploaded at the rate of one million names per week.

o AudioOnDemand <http://www.wrn.org/ondemand/>; - on demand radio from
Austria, Hungary, Slovakia, the Vatican, and many more (each site offers
multiple languages)

o MultiGen <http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/CACulman/MultiGen.htm>; -
search for your ancestor at multiple (approx. 9) resource sites at one time
(Northampton County, PA RootsWeb Mailing List)

URL CHANGES (revised links/descriptions)
o IHFF Genealogie Gesellschaft mbH <http://ihff.nwy.at/index.htm/>; -
Institute for Historical Family Research, 1190 WIEN, Pantzergasse 30/8,
Austria; Genealogical research in the lands of the former Austro-Hungarian
Monarchy; Guide to Archives and Parish-Registers (Austria, Czech & Slovak
Republics, Hungary, Slovenian Republic, Croatia, Galicia & Bukovina) (new
address - Ralph Nielsen)

o Landesverband Burgenland Tourismus
<http://www.burgenland-tourism.at/index.asp>; - Burgenland Tourism; excellent
information on Burgenland provinces; click Regionen for calendar of events in
the villages; links to hotels and inns
<http://www.burgenland-tourism.at/activity.asp?menu3=2>; (link to hotels and
inns - Fritz Knigshofer)

o Vorfahren von Konrad Unger <http://members.xoom.com/kunger>; - Genealogical
site from Konrad Unger, a teacher who lives in Wallern, Northern Burgenland;
good site for Wallern; mirror site <http://welcome.to/k.unger>; (new address -
Konrad Unger)

o Austrian Press and Information Service <http://www.austria.org/>; - many
Austrian links including general and tourist information, visa regulations,
business and economy, culture and science; link to Radio Austria (revised


Newsletters (Dec. 31, 1999) to the following were undeliverable-they are
removed from the distribution list:

Mary Carmody; (); Bridgeton, MO. POHL, BLASZMANN, MAX,
WO"DL, EBER, BADER, BINDER, GELLEMANN. Hungarian villages Agfalva (Agendorf),
Balf (Wolf), and Harka. Johann Pohl emigrated in 1907, coming directly to St.
Louis. His wife Elisabet Bader Pohl and their 3 children emigrated in 1911.

Susan Chimento, (); Brookline, N.H. GRAF, FASSL,
UNGER. Litzelsdorf, possibly Kemeten, Worterberg. Settled in Buffalo and
Rochester, N.Y.

Elizabeth Schrettner Duley; (); Woodbridge, VA. SCHRETTNER,
URBAN, Jakabhaza, Hungary. GERBAVSITS, HACKER, ROSICS, Sulz.

Marcey Fletcher; (); St. Paul MN. Mother BRTH from
FLEISCHHACKER, Pamhagen. Frank Broth settled in St. Paul, MN. John Broth
settled in Parksten, SD.

Ralph Hess, ; Toowoomba, Queensland, AUSTRALIA; HESS,
Eisenstadt [Kismarton]; FLASCHNER, Eisenstadt. New York & LA USA, London UK,
Melbourne & Toowoomba AUSTRALIA.

Edward F Ifkovits; (); Anderson, SC. IFKOVITS
(Ivkovits, Ifkovitz, Ifkowitch), Kroatisch Tschantschendorf; PANNY(Pany,
Pani),Tobaj, BODISH, (Bodisch, Boditsch), Neustift; GAMMER, Gerersdorf;
Steingraben. All settled in the Lehigh Valley in PA (Northampton, Nazareth,
Coplay,Egypt).(Ed. Note-we have another Edward Ifkovits)

William Frank Imre; (); MILAN TN. Michael IMRE, father came to
Chicago in 1923 from Willersdorf. Mother Marie ULREICH, from Willersdorf or
Bad Tatzmannsdorf about the same time.

Dennis Leidl; (); St. Albert, Alberta, Canada. LEIDL:
Johann (John) (Born 1859) - Bubendorf - Settled in Fingle, North Dakota USA
(1887) - immigrated to Pascal, Saskatchewan, Canada in 1909.
REINHOFER:Elizabeth (Born 1861) - Bubendorf - Settled in Fingle, North Dakota
USA (1887) - immigrated to Pascal also.

Mark Lukitsch; (); Londonderry, NH. LUKITSCH, HIRTENFELDER,
PIELECKI, KALWA. Jennersdorf, Wolfau, Riedlingsdorf, Oberwart,
Grosspetersdorf and Wien (Vienna). Grandparents emigrated to St. Louis,
Missouri around 1920.

George Mandl; ();Pittsburgh, PA . MANDL; St, Martin a. d.
Raab to .Pittsburgh, PA. ZOTTER; McKeesport, PA. Buzet / Buzett / Buzetti -
Kramarovci / Slovenia.

Heidi M. Raab, (), Waupun, Wisconsin. RAAB, ECKER, HUBER,
PFEIFFER. Neckenmarkt, (Bezirk Oberpullendorf) Burgenland; Fertorakos
(Kroisbach), Hungary. Settled Menasha, Wisconsin on or before 1858.

Kendall Simon, ; Arlington, TX. UNGER, Wolfau; SAUFNAUER,
Gross Petersdorf. Settled in St. Louis, MO.

Christine Steiner, Albuquerque, NM, STEINER,
Neustift bei Gussing (Ujtelep), emigrated to Allentown, PA, and later
settled in St. Louis, MO.

Bob & Margie Uhlemeyer; (); Wyandotte, OK. LUDWIG
Nieznanowice, parish of Rudolphsheim (Slovakia?), Grodnau, Goberling
(district of Oberwart) These people moved to the USA and settled in St.
Louis, Missouri.

Ralph Wuscher; () Puyallup WA; Researching WUSCHER,
Henndorf (Gemeinde Jennersdorf). Grandfather Frank settled in Seattle area
and Great Uncle Tony (Anthony?) settled north of St. Louis MO in 1908.

Robert Zecker, (); Philadelphia, Pa. ZECHER, Deutsch
Jahrndorf. Settled in Pusztavam (Ondod), Fejer megye, Hungary, then Passaic,
N.J. ZECHMEISTER, Zurndorf. Settled in Pusztavam, Fejer megye, then Passaic,
N.J.FARKAS, Ragendorf (Rajka.) Settled in Pustavam, Fejer megye, then
Passaic, N.J.BERYDOLT, Deutsch Jahrndorf. Settled in Pusztavam, Fejer megye.
MAIDLINGER, Ragendorf (Rajka) and Deutsch Jahrndorf. Settled in Pusztavam,
Fejer megye. ZOELLER, Strass-Sommerein (Hegyeshalom.) KOPP, Strass-Sommerein
(Hegyeshalom.) WODAL (VODAL), Ragendorf (Rajka.) Settled in Pusztavam, Fejer
megye. CREUTZ, Zurndorf. PINTER, Zurndorf. MACHER, Zurndorf. Settled in
Pusztavam, Fejer megye. WURM, Carlburg (Rusovce) and Ragendorf (Rajka.)
Settled in Pusztavam, Fejer megye. RUNZRETRS, Carlburg (Rusovce) and
Ragendorf (Rajka.) GIBICZ (GIEBITZ, KUEBITZ), Ragendorf (Rajka.) Settled in
Pusztavam, Fejer megye.

From: (Carla Herbert). I changed my email from
to .

>From Viktor Schranz
My old email was . My new email is

From: (Tom Wurm)
My email address has changed. My new address is .

End of Newsletter.

BURGENLAND BUNCH STAFF Coordinator & Editor Newsletter>
(Gerald J. Berghold; Winchester, VA )
Burgenland Editor> (Albert Schuch; Vienna &
Kleinpetersdorf, Austria)
Home Page Editor> (Hap Anderson)
Internet/URL Editor> (Anna Tanczos Kresh; Butler,PA)

Contributing Editors:
Austro/Hungarian Research>(Fritz Knigshofer)
Burgenland Lake Corner Research> (Dale Knebel)
Chicago Burgenland Enclave> (Tom Glatz)
Croatian Burgenland> (Frank Teklits)
Home Page village lists> (Bill Rudy)
Judaic Burgenland> (Maureen Tighe-Brown)
Western Hungary-Bakony Region> (Ernest Chrisbacher)
Western US BB Members-Research> (Bob Unger)
WorldGenWeb -Austria, RootsWeb Liason-Burgenland > (Charles
Wardell, Austria)

BB ARCHIVES>(can be reached from Home Page hyperlinks)



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