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From: "Dianna M. Fisher" <>
Subject: [BS-L] Today in History 25 February
Date: Thu, 24 Feb 2000 23:10:51 -0800

Today in History

February 25

1570 Pope Pius V issues the bull Regnans in Excelsis which excommunicates
Queen Elizabeth of England.

1601 Robert Devereux, the second Earl of Essex and former favorite of
Elizabeth I, is beheaded in the Tower of London for high treason.

1642 Dutch settlers slaughter lower Hudson Valley Indians in New
Netherland, North America, who sought refuge from Mohawk attackers.

1781 American General Nathaniel Greene crosses the Dan River on his way to
his March 15th confrontation with Lord Charles Cornwallis at Guilford Court
House, N.C.

1779 The British surrender the Illinois country to George Rogers Clark at

1791 President George Washington signs a bill creating the Bank of the
United States.

1793 The department heads of the US government met with President
Washington at his home for the first Cabinet meeting on record.

1804 Thomas Jefferson is nominated for president at the
Democratic-Republican caucus.

1831 The Polish army halts the Russian advance into their country at the
Battle of Grochow.

1836 Samuel Colt patents the first revolving barrel multi-shot firearm.

1862 Confederate troops abandon Nashville, Tenn., in the face of Grant's

1865 General Joseph E. Johnston replaces John Bell Hood as Commander of the
Confederate Army of Tennessee.

1901 United States Steel Corporation was incorporated by J.P. Morgan.

1910 The Dalai Lama flees from the Chinese and takes refuge in India.

1919 Oregon introduces the first state tax on gasoline at one cent per
gallon, to be used for road construction.

1913 The 16th Amendment to the constitution is adopted, setting the legal
basis for the income tax.

1926 Poland demands a permanent seat on the League of Nations council.

1928 Bell Labs introduces a new device to end the fluttering of the
television image.

1943 U.S. troops retake the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia, where they had been
defeated five days before.

1944 U.S. forces destroy 135 Japanese planes in Marianas and Guam.

1948 Communists seized power in Czechoslovakia.

1952 French colonial forces evacuate Hoa Binh in Indochina.

1956 Stalin is secretly disavowed by Khrushchev at a party congress.

1961 John F. Kennedy names Henry Kissinger national security adviser.

1976 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that states may ban the hiring of illegal

1986 President Ferdinand E. Marcos fled the Philippines after 20 years of
rule in the wake of a tainted election; Corazon Aquino assumed the

1991 During the Persian Gulf War, 28 Americans were killed when an Iraqi
Scud missile hit a US barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

1994 American-born Jewish settler Baruch Goldstein opened fire inside the
Tomb of the Patriarchs in the West Bank, killing 29 Muslims before he was
beaten to death by worshipers.

1999 A jury in Jasper, Texas, sentenced white supremacist John William King
to death for chaining James Byrd Junior, a black man, to a pickup truck and
dragging him to pieces.

1999 Israel's Supreme Court blocked the extradition of American teenager
Samuel Sheinbein to the US to face charges stemming from a grisly slaying
in Maryland, a move that threatened to revive a strain on US-Israeli

Born on February 25

1841 Pierre Auguste Renoir, French painter and founder of the French
Impressionist movement.

1856 Charles Lang Freer, U.S. art collector

1873 Enrico Caruso, Italian operatic lyric tenor who excelled in operas
such as Pagliacci.

1888 John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State to President Eisenhower.

1895 Rudolf von Eschwege, German fighter pilot with 20 victories in World
War I.

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