Archiver > CARPENTER > 2000-05 > 0959799830

From: John Carpenter <>
Subject: Fingerprints
Date: Wed, 31 May 2000 12:03:50 -0700

Dear Folks,

I roll fingerprints as part of my occupation and have had the
Administration of Justice Class in the history and function of

To play it safe I checked with industry experts to offer their
comments. See two of the messages below.

Reading between the lines of Mongolian Fingerprints verses Native
American Fingerprints as an indicator of ethnics was interesting.

Professor Bruce E. Carpenter can be entertaining ... IF TRUE, You could
use this to show that the Bering Land Bridge was indeed a migration
route of Native Americans from the area of Mongolia. Interesting theory
on the use of fingerprints, but as scientific as measuring head and eye
size to determine criminality. Broad and general but not very
specific. But I am sure the Professor had his tongue in cheek on this

HOWEVER, For your information ... It appears that the "Bulls Eye" or
"whorl" fingerprint exists on about 30% of all Europeans. The incident
of these types of prints are higher in Africa and Mongolia than America.

While it is FUN to compare toes, finger prints, bushy eye brows and
physical statures. Let us take it all with a grain of salt.

One does not need to have "loop" fingerprints, bushy eye brows and to be
five foot ten inches high with brown hair to be a Carpenter.

There is enough diversity just to have an "attitude" that goes with the
name CARPENTER! :)


John R. Carpenter
La Mesa, CA

PS the "webbed toe" is common in Europe per my doctor. My mother's side
of the family (German and Austrian) has it.


Subject: Re: Ethnic Groups & FP types?
Date: Tue, 30 May 2000 18:11:27 EDT

Mr. Carpenter,

I am not a geneticist or an anthropologist, but I can offer a few
comments for your consideration.

All fingerprints can be divided into three general pattern groups:
loops, arches, and whorls. Pattern traits ARE inherited, but the
process started millions of years ago with the higher apes. The
frequency of the patterns among Caucasians is 65% loops, 30% whorls, and
5% arches.

Some ethnic groups have disproportionately larger percentages of one
pattern over the other, but no ethnic group can be identified by
fingerprint patterns alone. Mongols have a higher rate of whorls, but so
many other groups, e.g., Africans.

It would be more rational to eliminate a people's ancestral roots by
fingerprint pattern rate than it would be to conclude commonality from
shared pattern types. (For example, if the rate of whorls is Native
American people was far different from Mongols.)

In any case, it's a risky proposition which becomes cloudier with each
passing generation.

I hope this helped.

Ken Moses
Forensic Identification Services


Subject: Re: Ethnic Groups & FP types?
Date: Tue, 30 May 2000 16:16:01 -0400
From: "Terry Lindh" <>
Organization: East Shore Technologies, Inc.
To: John Carpenter <>

May 30, 2000
East Shore Technologies, Inc.

Dear John:

Been working with fingerprints for over 30 years and that's the
first I've heard of using fingerprints to substantiate the Bering Land
bridge claim. Not that I would dispute the bridge, but the fingerprint
linkage claim sounds real weak as a justification. I guess I would
ask for a definative study that compared not only native Americans
and mongolians, but compared them against Africans, Europeans,
etc as well.

Note: The Bulls eye print (whorl) exists on over 30% of European
finger images as well.

Yours truly,
Terry Lindh

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