CLAN-MACKENZIE-L ArchivesArchiver > CLAN-MACKENZIE > 2008-04 > 1208359670
From: Connie <>
Subject: [CLAN-MACKENZIE] Books listing names/descriptions of Jacobites
Date: Wed, 16 Apr 2008 08:27:50 -0700 (PDT)
The Jacobites of Angus, 1689-1746
In Two Parts
Following the Glorious Revolution, the supporters of the House of Stuart, known as Jacobites, could be found throughout the British Isles, but they were most numerous in the Highlands and North East Scotland, particularly among those of the Roman Catholic faith. The county of Angus, or Forfarshire, made a significant contribution to the Jacobite armies of 1715 and 1745. Dobson has compiled a list of about 900 persons--including not only soldiers but also civilians who lent crucial support to the rebellion and who were subsequently tried and imprisoned by the Crown. Arranged alphabetically, the entries always give the full name of the Jacobite, his occupation, and his rank, date of service and unit (if military). In many instances the entries also reveal the individual's date of birth, the names of his parents, a specific place of origin, and a wide range of destinations to which the Jacobites fled after each of the failed insurrections.
RELATED BOOKS ON THE JACOBITES
Jacobites of 1715 and 1745 North East Scotland
Jacobites of Perthshire, 1745
Highland Jacobites 1745
Jacobites of Lowland Scotland, England, Ireland, France, and Spain 1745
Jacobites of 1715 and 1745. North East Scotland
2 vols. in 1
The Jacobites were followers of the House of Stuart who, in 1715 and 1745, as well as a number of other occasions, attempted to regain the throne of Great Britain from the House of Hanover. Perhaps the most famous Jacobite insurrection began in August 1745, when Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) landed on the island of Eriskay and rallied his supporters at Glenfinnan, Scotland. Although the Jacobites of 1745 were able to penetrate as far south as Derby in England, they were ultimately defeated by the Hanoverians at the battle of Culloden, on the outskirts of Inverness.
In 1715 and again in 1745, a significant number of rebellious Scottish Jacobites could be found in the North East, an area dominated by Episcopalian landowners allied to the House of Stuart. This work identifies 2,000 North East Jacobites of 1715 and 1745, any number of whom either fled to France or were forcibly transported to the New World (to Maryland and Virginia, in particular). While the details vary, the biographical notices, in the aggregate, mention the individual's dates of birth and death, the names or number of his family members, his town of origin, where he participated in the rebellion, and what became of him after the insurrection was put down (capture, imprisonment, execution, transportation, or flight). All in all, this is an important effort at historical preservation and a source of potential clues on eighteenth-century Scottish forebears.
Jacobites of Perthshire, 1745
The reign of the House of Stuart came to an end in 1689 when the pro-Catholic monarch James VII of Scotland (James II of England) fled from London to France. In exile in Rome and Paris, adherents to the cause of the restoration, who were known as Jacobites, worked to regain the throne for the Stuarts. In Britain, Jacobite support came mainly from High Church Anglicans and Catholics and was centered in the Scottish Highlands. Since the great Scottish landowners of Perthshire were either Anglican or Catholic, Perthshire was an area to which Prince Edward Stuart looked for support in 1745, notwithstanding the unsuccessful Jacobite campaigns of 1715 and 1719. The Prince was eventually joined by Lord James Drummond, the Duke of Perth, and leaders of the Macgregor, Stuart, and Robertson clans, among others. The Jacobite campaign of 1745 culminated in the disastrous defeat at Culloden in April 1745, where a goodly portion of the Jacobites either died in a futile assault on the
superior Hanoverian position or were among the wounded who were slaughtered on orders from the British Duke of Cumberland. Many of the Scottish survivors of this Jacobite war, or their families, were ultimately exiled to the Americas.
This is the third volume of genealogical records pertaining to the Scottish Jacobites compiled by Frances McDonnell and her husband, David Dobson. Drawing on papers at the Public Record Office in London and the Scottish Record Office in Edinburgh, Frances McDonnell has amassed as much as we are likely to know about the Jacobites of Perth. Arranged in alphabetical order, upwards of 1,000 combatants are identified, at the very least, by rank, position, disposition at Culloden, and source. In addition, many of these same Jacobites are referred to by other campaigns served in, civilian occupation, physical appearance, and, where applicable, ship and date when transported to America. All of this makes for a crucial piece of genealogical scholarship on the Scottish Jacobites.
Highland Jacobites 1745
In this book, the fourth such effort by Mrs. McDonnell or her husband, David Dobson, concerning the Jacobites, the author rescues from oblivion the achievements of the rank and file of the Highland Jacobite army, part of the cannon-fodder of the ill-fated campaign of 1745-46. According to Mrs. McDonnell, "In the Highlands of Scotland, where the Clan system operated and the tradition of unquestioning loyalty to the Clan Chief was still strong, raising and holding men in support of Prince Charles Edward Stuart's bid to wrest the throne of Britain from the House of Hanover was not as troublesome as in the rest of the country." Lacking the promised support of the French government and English Jacobites, however, the Highlanders paid dearly for their loyalty to the Stuarts. In fact, the failure of the Jacobite Rebellion signalled the death spiral of the Clan system and a large-scale emigration to North America.
In the preparation of this volume, Mrs. McDonnell was able to profit from the Hanoverian government's intention to gather as much information as possible on the rebels, about whom court records, jail records, and transportation orders abound today. Drawing on records in the Public Record Office in London and the Scottish Record Office in Edinburgh, among others, she has here assembled an alphabetical register of 1,000 Highland Jacobites, giving, invariably, each person's name, rank, date(s) of service, and unit (if military), and frequently the subject's date and place of imprisonment, date and place of transportation, name of his vessel, and the place of arrival in the Americas. While these expatriates were carried to a variety of places in the New World, a disproportionate number of the Highland Jacobites are known to have disembarked in Jamaica, Barbados, Antigua, and other places in the West Indies.
Jacobites of Lowland Scotland, England, Ireland, France, And Spain 1745
The Jacobites were followers of the House of Stuart who, in 1715, 1719, and, in this case, 1745, attempted to regain the throne of Great Britain from the ruling House of Hanover. Jacobites of Lowland Scotland, England, Ireland, France, and Spain 1745 represents the fifth effort by Mrs. McDonnell or her husband, David Dobson, to preserve and make accessible the identities of the participants in the Jacobite rebellions. As the author explains in her informative Introduction, "The rebellion of 1745 is almost always referred to as if [it were] a particularly Highland affair. While the emphasis of interest has concentrated on the Highland Jacobites, there was a significant minority from south of the Highland line. . . . In the Scottish Lowlands . . . recruits came from the capital and its surrounds, forming Roy Stuarts Edinburgh Regiment. The Manchester Regiment comprised men recruited from the north of England. It marched from Manchester to Derby, and back to Carlisle, where
it formed part of the unfortunate garrison which surrendered to Cumberland. . . . The support offered by the Catholic French Court to the Jacobite cause came about through a traditional rivalry between England and France . . . . These units in the pay of France included a substantial number of volunteers from Irish and Scottish regiments. . . ."
In the preparation of this volume Mrs. McDonnell examined records in the Scottish Record Office, National Archives of Scotland, and the Scottish History Society, as well as the Public Record Office in London. The end result of her labors is the alphabetical register of 1,500 Lowland, English, Irish, French, and a handful of Spanish Jacobites assembled for this volume. In the overwhelming number of cases, the descriptions state the Jacobite's name, rank, and date(s) of service and unit (if military), and, frequently, the subject's date and place of imprisonment, date and place of transportation, name of his vessel, and the place of arrival in the Americas.
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