COLSON-L ArchivesArchiver > COLSON > 1999-03 > 0921280767
From: "John and Barbara Turner" <>
Subject: Re: [COLSON-L] Indian Traders
Date: Fri, 12 Mar 1999 17:19:27 -0600
Hi John , Could you check to see if there are any Turners listed as Indian
Traders. We have an ancestor Richard Turner b.1805 in TN and he married a
Cherokee woman and went to AR. We need to find out who his parents were.
From: John M. Norwood <>
Date: Friday, March 12, 1999 4:30 PM
Subject: [COLSON-L] Indian Traders
>Cindy Goad's reference to Col. Byrd, Mumford, Welsh Settlement, Joseph
>Colson, etc. reminded me of this article:
>Richard A. Colbert, "James Logan Colbert of the Chickasaws: the man and
>the myth," The N. C. Gen. Soc Jour. Vol. XX. May 94.
>>From this article, we have the following:
>Jacob Colson - son of John Colson, the Scott - Indian trader
> Joseph Colson m. Mary Turbeville, daughter of Richard
>Turbeville; will 1737 in Brunswick Co., VA - Indian trader
> Daniel Colson
> Mary Colson
> Abraham Colson - Indian trader
> Jacob Colson
> Winnie Colson
>I have copied various selections herein:
> Using the names of "Licenced Indian traders," a list of Virginia,
>North and South Carolina traders was created. A partial list includes
>Robert LONG, Charles HICKS, John BROWN, William GILCHRIST, Abraham
>COLSON, James ANDERSON, William KEMP, James MOORE, Richard HYDE, John
>SIMS, William WILLIAMS, and John PETTIGREW.
> One of James COLBERT's "hirelings" was Richard HYDE, listed above.
>His father, also known as Richard HYDE, had also been employed by
>COLBERT as a packhorseman. The elder HYDE was a former pirate and member
>of Blackbeard's gang. HYDE quit his life of piracy when Edward TEACH
>(Blackbeard) was killed in 1718.
> Further research revealed a number of Chickasaw Indian traders lived
>along the Pee Dee River during the "off-season" at a settlement called
>Sandy Bluff (in present-day Marion County, South Carolina). According to
>Harvey Toliver COOK, several North Carolina and Virginia "squatters"
>lived at Sandy Bluff since the early 1730s and a substantial community
>had evolved by 1734.
> William BYRD made reference to the Pee Dee River in his "History of
>the Dividing Line" when describing the Indian Trading Path which crossed
>the northwest section of present-day Warren County in North Carolina on
>its way "to the Catawbas and other southern Indians." According to BYRD,
>the Pee Dee was a place "where the traders commonly lie for some days,
>to recruit their horses' flesh as well as to recover their own spirits."
> Sandy Bluff was farther down the Pee Dee than the "usual" rest stop
>for traders. At first, it was occupied by only a few of the Chickasaw
>woodsman before they proceeded to Virginia and North Carolina. Most, if
>not all, of these woodsman had Indian wives and half-breed children in
>the Chickasaw towns they traded in.
> One of the first families to live at Sandy Bluff was the TURBEVILLEs.
>North Carolina records show that between 1713 and 1726, the TURBEVILLES
>had lives on the Occoneechee Neck of the Morattuck (Roanoke) River (in
>present-day Northampton County). In May of 1726, William and Walter
>TURBEVILLE moved to Plumbtree Island (now called Mush Island in Halifax
>County). Their father, Richard TURDEVILLE, had died six months earlier.
>On 4 December 1725 the elder TURBEVILLE had written his last will and
>testament. An abstract of his will reads:
> Wife Anne TURBAVELL plantation where I now live for her
>lifetime. Eldest son John TURBAVELL plantation and land where
>Jacob COLSON now lives on the west side of Reedy Run. Second son
>Frances TURBAVELL 100 acres on the south side of the
>Maratuck River in a survey of land bought of John Lax (X). Third
>son William TURBAVELL land where he now lives, to be divided
>from the Piney Meadow across the survey. Fourth son Walter
>TURBAVELL plantation where I now live after his mother's death.
>Daughter Elizabeth TURBAVELL cows and caves, etc. less than one
>year after the death of her mother. Grandson Daniel COLSON and
>granddaughter Mary COLSON cow and calf each, to be paid them
>when they are twenty-one.
> Richard TURBELILLE's will was witnessed by John HOGG, Richard
>CURETON, and John HATCHER. All three lived on the Roanoke River near
>Occoneechee Neck and Plumbtree Island.
> The Reverend Mr. Gregg also mentioned other families that lived at
>Sandy Bluff. He recorded that "about this period William COLT and
>Abraham COLSON settled on the east side of the river. Below the Welsh
> Abraham COLSON, on the other hand, was related to the TURBEVILLEs.
>Like the TURBEVILLEs, the COLSONs had lived on the Occoneechee Neck and
>later moved to Plumbtree Island on the Morrattuck (Roanoke) River in the
>early 1720s. Jacob Colson, the man in Richard TURBEVILLE's will who
>lived "on the west side of Reedy Run," was Abraham COLSON's grandfather.
>Virginia records show that Jacob COLSON had been an Indian trader since
>the late 1600s. Abraham's father, Joseph COLSON, had been a Chickasaw
>trader since 1721.
> In 1737, Joseph COLSON wrote his will. It is recorded in Brunswick
>County, Virginia, just north of the Virginia-North Carolina line.
> Unto my loving son Daniel COLSON the lower half of my land lying
>and being in Edgecombe presink on the south side of Roanoke at the
>mouth of Pork Creek, after my loving wife Mary COLSON's death or at
>her marriage. Also one Negro man Jeme when he comes of lawful age.
>Also my sorril horse which he is to have when his uncle
>William Colson goes to South Carolina to go with him upon,
>only Daniel COLSON must pay as much money to my executors for my
>other children as the horse and the Negro is praised
> Unto my loveing daughter Mary COLSON the upper half of my
>land afformentioned. Also one Negro woman maned Sue only she
>must pay as much money to my executord, when she comes of age.
> Unto my loveing wife Mary COLSON and three children Abraham,
>Jacob, and Winney all the rest of my estate equally.
>The will was witnessed by James BARNES, John DODD, Peter SABATEE, and
>Daniel JAGGER. It was presented in court 7 April 1737 by Mary COLSON and
>John BOUCHER. They renounced execution and Robert MUNFORD was appointed
>administrator with the will annexed.
> Four years earlier Joseph COLSON was one of the woodsmen who
>accompanied Major MUMFORD [MUNFORD] and William BYRD II on the
>expedition to "The Land of Eden."
> Like his grandfather and father, Abraham COLSON lived and traded
>among the various Indian tribes.
> In addition to the TURBAVILLEs and COLSONs, many other families that
>had previously lived on the Roanoke River moved to Sandy bluff. Among
>them were the GIBSONS, CHAVIS [CHAVERS], GOINS, [GOINGS] and SWEETS
>[SWEAT]. According to GREGG, Gideon GIBSON was one of the wealthiest men
>at Sandy Bluff. He was also a "Free Man of Color." So were the CHAVIS,
>GOINS, and SWEAT families.
>The article contains a quote from "Kegley's Virginia Frontier" by F. B.
> On the south side of the James below the mountains the frontier
>at this time was represented by the Welsh settlement on the
>Meherrin; Col. BYRD's improvements on the Roanoke above Sandy
>Creek, including the three charming islands, Sapponi,
>Occaneeche and Totero; Major MUNFORD's Quarter near-by;
>Col. BOYD's Land of Eden on the Dan and Major MAYO's Survey
>adjoining; Richard KENNON's grant on Club Creek which supplied
>farmlands for John CADWELL's Presbyterian Colony ...
> On the South eastern creeks where ... Joseph COLSON at Major
>MUMFORD's ... and Peter MICHELL, the highest inhabitant on Roanoke
>River, about six miles above the fork. Etc.
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