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Archiver > CORNISH > 2011-02 > 1297992192

From: Sher Leetooze <>
Subject: Re: [CORNISH] Cornish emigrants to the US and Canada using CanadianPorts
Date: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 20:23:12 -0500
In-Reply-To: <BLU159-w1338913F4EDF5A8C9695B4A9D50@phx.gbl>

Hello List:
Just to add a little bit to Julie's helpful comments..... Many people also
went right up the St. Lawrence River to Montreal, where they took a smaller
ship to places like Trois Riviere where they would be transported by land
over the rapids that once made ship travel in that area impossible. From
there they went by lake steamer up the Great Lakes as far as Niagara where
they transferred to horse and tram that took them over the falls, then
they boarded another steamer that took them to Detroit, and on to Cleveland
and Chicago and out to Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan where
mines were opening. This sounds like a round about way to go, but it proved
to be a cheaper route than into New York and other seaboard ports in the USA.
Ontario, Canada

At 10:09 PM 16/02/2011 -0600, you wrote:

>Was just looking at a 2007 Everton's Genealogical Helper, and noticed an
>article on the Port of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
>Someone asked about people emigrating via Canada earlier, if I remember
>correctly. The article may give us a clue. Evidently, in 1847 the U.S.
>passed a law requiring 14 square feet of deck space per adult or child
>passenger and 6 1/2 feet between decks - and included a fine for captains
>not observing this law. This resulted in ships carrying fewer passengers,
>and charges almost doubled. However, in England and her possessions the
>requirement was 10 square feet of deck area, and the prices charged
>reflected that, too. It's estimated 110,000 people booked passage through
>Canadian ports as a result, even if their final destination was the U.S.
>Most of them landed at the port of Halifax. By 1876, Halifax was connected
>to the rest of Canada by rail, and many passengers took that route to
>reach their destination.
>The Canadian government didn't keep records until 1865, but what exists
>has been indexed and put online; however, you have to know the name of the
>ship or shipping line, or you'll have to search through each
>manifest. (The database is searchable by name of ship, year of arrival,
>shipping line, and port and dates of departure and arrival - NOT by
>passenger's name, but perhaps that's changed since the article was written.)
>That's a brief summary of what the article contained; if anyone's
>interested, it was in the Sept./Oct issue.
>Hope this helps someone!
>Julia Mosman, OPC for St.Austell,Charlestown, and Treverbyn
>Website at
>W. Briton newspaper transcripts at
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