Archiver > ENG-YKS-BRADFORD > 2003-03 > 1046972834

Subject: [ BRAD] Random acts of Genealogy - CHEATS & PUNISHMENT
Date: Thu, 6 Mar 2003 12:47:14 EST

Another of Carole wonder snippets..........

From: (Carole Clyde)

Hi All

A few snippets relating to sharp practice etc.,

1552 - 12th July, Three men from Skipton:
Robert JACKMAN and his brother
Richard JACKMAN were brought before the Lord Mayor and Council at York on
this date, charged with the crime of forestalling, the selling or buying of
goods before they reached the market.
Robert BECKWITH, Merchant
Richard BURDEN
Thomas MASTERS, Sadler, and
Robert NEWBIGINN, Shoemaker,
Witnessed the accused men, stop and appear to make a deal with,
James ILLERSON, a Maltman, from Pocklington, before he reached the market
with his goods.
The Lord Mayor decided the three accused men were guilty and sentenced them
to seven days imprisonment.
The Maltman, ILLERSON, was set free.

1800- October. At the Otley Sessions, in October, three great forestallers
were tried and punished, viz;
David OLIVER, of Lindley, and
Thomas WALL, of Addingham,
for forestalling wheat and shelling, each fined £20; and
Samuel WIGNALL of Keighley,
for engrossing butter.' imprisoned for one month at Wakefield and fined £40.

1553 - 14th April, A butcher named
Bernard HORNER
Was brought before the Lord Mayor and Council at York accused of putting to
sale 'corrupt and stynkynge fleshe' for which HORNER was committed to prison,
'there to remain at my Lord Maiours pleasuer' for his 'neglygens and slaknes'
in allowing the meat to be offered for sale. Two gild searchers,
Simon FOXGATE and
who failed to prevent this offence were also sent to prison for neglecting
their duty.

1858 - November 1st, the town of Bradford was this day thrown into a state of
great excitement, by the discovery that several persons had died and a great
number of others were ill from the effects of eating peppermint lozenges,
which had been sold
in the market by a person named
It appeared that HARDAKER had purchased the lozenges from
Joseph NEAL,
a wholesale confectioner in Stone Street. Mr. NEAL in the manufacture of
lozenges was in the habit lf mixing with the sugar a quantity of what is
called 'daft,' in a chemical language it would be called sulphate of lime,
and is popularly known as plaster of paris, or gypsum. Mr. NEAL sent to the
shop of
druggist, of Shipley, for some 'daft' but Mr. HODGSON was ill and a young man
in his employ named
William GODDARD,
not knowing where to find the article made enquiry of the master, who
directed him to a cask in one corner of the cellar. The young man went into
the cellar, and by mistake, insteadof supplying the applicant with 12lbs of
'daft', gave him 12lbs of arsenic.
Unfortunately the 12lbs of arsenic was mixed with 40lbs of sugar, and 4lbs
of gum into lozenges. 40lbs of lozenges were sold to HARDAKER, who sold 5lbs
retail in the Bradford market the same night. Each lozenge, it is supposed
would contain 9 and one half grains of arsenic, and as 4and one half grains
are considered to be a poisonous dose, each lozenge was sufficient to poison
two persons. As the lozenge weighed at the rate of 16 to the ounce, there
was sufficient poison distributed in the shape of lozenges by HARDAKER as
would kill nearly 2,000 reckoning 12 ounces to the pound. The consequences
therefore might have been more fearful, as it was however, the poisoning
caused about 200 others to be ill.
HODGSON, GODDARD and NEAL, were taken into custody and committed on a charge
of manslaughter. The prosecution was subsequently withdrawn as against
GODDARD and NEAL, and on HODGSON being tried on the 21st of December, at
York, he was acquitted.
All the best
Jan in Bronte Country
Co-List Admin Eng-Yorks, Bradford

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