Freepages-Help-L ArchivesArchiver > Freepages-Help > 2002-08 > 1029768654
From: Jim Kyle <>
Subject: Re: [FreeHelp] Validator
Date: Mon, 19 Aug 2002 09:50:54 -0500
References: <3D60C78A.680E87C0@YAHOO.com> <002601c24711$0388ac60$a0baacce@joe>
At 06:09 AM 8/19/02, Charles Mayfield wrote:
>1. What is utf-8 character encoding?
>2. How do I "check ... the character encoding indication" of my files?
Sorry I can't give you much help with the second question; "utf-8" is the
official name for what Microsoft and others call "Unicode" and it's a code
that uses 16 bits rather than 7 to represent each character to make it
possible to represent languages with more than 256 distinct characters in
their alphabets. If you examine your source file using a hex editor you'll
see that every other byte is all zeroes; the ASCII code forms the first 128
elements of the utf-8 code, with the added byte set to all zeroes.
However the problem in your page probably isn't the character coding as
such. At least I couldn't find any non-utf-8 characters around line 45. If
you look closely at your page with a browser that doesn't compensate for
errors (i.e. most anything except MSIE) you'll find a small hollow
rectangle appearing just above your "comment" label. Look at the source in
this area (which IS line 45) and you'll find two rows within your table
that don't have their closing <./td><./tr> tags. There's a <.p> tag where
the first missing tag should be, followed by CR/LF pairs. Apparently these
structural errors are confusing things badly and causing the rectangle
(normal indication of a non-ASCII character, by Windows) and the validator
error. Try fixing them and re-submitting it...
-- Jim Kyle
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