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Archiver > GARNETT > 1998-10 > 0907466575

From: <>
Subject: Virginia Muster Records for Thomas GARNETT
Date: Sat, 3 Oct 1998 22:02:55 EDT

On October 2, 1998, Thurmon King [] asked about the date and
contents of the earliest census records of the Jamestown colony that provides
information about Thomas GARNETT and his family.

The name of Thomas GARNETT actually appears in the Journal of the House of
Burgesses of Virginia in an entry dated Tuesday, August 3, 1619. On that
date, a complaint was brought before the House of Burgesses by Captain William
Powell against his servant, Thomas GARNETT. The entry reads as follows:

"...Captain William Powell presented to the assembly a petition to have
justice against a lewd and treacherous servant of his, who by false accusation
given up in writing to the governor sought not only to get him deposed from
his government of James City, and utterly (according to the proclamation) to
be degraded from the place and title of a Captaine, but to take his life from
him also. And so out of the said Petition sprang the order following:
Captain William Powell presented a petition to the General Assembly against
one Thomas Garnett a servant of his not only for extreme neglect of his
business, to the great loss & prejudice of the said Captaine, and for openly
and impudently abusing his House, in full sight both of Master and Mistress,
through wantonness with a woman servant of theirs, a widdowe, but also for
falsely accusing him to the Governor both of Drunkenness, & Thefte, & besides
for bringing his fellow servants to testifie on his side, wherein they justly
failed him."

Further to this Petition by William Powell, the General Assembly (and the
Governor himself giving sentence upon Thomas Garnett) that the said defendant
"should stand four days with his ears nailed to the Pillory" that is to say
from Wednesday August 4th and for likewise Thursday, Friday and Saturday next
following...and every of those four days should be publicly whipped. [Journal
of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, 1619, page 12.]

So it would appear from this that Thomas GARNETT had been a servant in the
household of Captain William Powell, and that he must have been a man of great
spirit and boldness---and quite possibly also a "troublemaker" and rogue.

The name of Thomas GARNETT appears in the Muster of the surviving Jamestown
colonists taken in January and February of 1624/25. Thomas GARNETT's
household was then living at Elizabeth Cittie and its inhabitants were
ennumerated on February 7, 1624/25. The household contained the following

Thomas GARNETT, aged 40 [came to America] in the "Swan" 1610
Elizabeth GARNETT, aged 26 in the "Neptune" in 1618
Susan GARNETT, aged 3, borne in Virginia
Ambrose GYFFITH, aged 33, in the Bona Nova [November] 1619
Joyse GYFFITH, aged 20, in the Jacob 1624

I do not know whether Ambrose and Joyse GYFFITH were related in any way to
either Thomas GARNETT or his wife Elizabeth. It is possible that Joyse and
Elizabeth may have been sisters or perhaps Ambrose GYFFITH was Elizabeth's
brother. Or they all may simply have been sharing the same accommodations and
were unrelated by blood.

A transcription of the entire Muster roll of 1624/25 can be found in a book
edited by John Camden Hotten, titled "The Original Lists of Persons of
Quality: Emigrants, Religious Exiles, Political Rebels, Serving Men Sold for a
Term of Years, Apprentices, Children Stolen, Maidens Pressed, and Others Who
Went From Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700".

This book was printed by the Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., Baltimore,
1978. The Muster list for Thomas GARNETT's household is transcribed on page
255 of this book.

The "Swan" on which Thomas GARNETT sailed to America made a total of six
voyages to the colonies between 1608 and 1624/25 [in 1608, 1609, 1610,
1620/21, 1623 and 1624/25]. All of these voyages departed from the port of
London, England with passage to Virginia.

In 1610, Lord Delaware departed London with three ships carrying 250 settlers
and provisions. The three ships were the "Starr", the "Tryall" and the

The date for Thomas GARNETT's arrival in Virginia is at a turning point in the
history of the English colony at Jamestown. In 1609, Captain John Smith had
returned to England and by 1610 the remaining settlers at Jamestown had become
discouraged. They planned to embark for England, but returned to Jamestown
when they heard of the arrival of Lord Delaware with new colonists and fresh

By going through the entire Muster of Jamestown settlers taken in 1624/25, I
have been able to assemble a list of the other surviving colonists who came to
America as passengers on the same voyage of the "Swan" in 1610 with Thomas
GARNETT. Here were some of his fellow travellers on the passage from London
to Virginia:

Richard BIGGS, age 40 in 1624/25, husband of Sarah who arrived on "Marygold"
in 1618.
Thomas BOULDINGE, age 40 in 16224/25; of Elizabeth Cittie; father of William.
John FLUDD, husband of Margett who arrived on "Supply" in 1620.
Thomas GARNETT, age 40 in 1624/25, husband of Elizabeth who arrive on
"Neptune" in 1618.
Sisley JORDAN, age 24 in 1624/25; of Jordans Jorney in Charles Cittie
Albiano LUPO, age 40 in 1624/25; husband of Elizabeth who arrived on "George"
in 1616.
Thomas STEPNEY, age 35 in 1624/25; of Elizabeth Cittie
John TAYLOR, age 34 in 1624/25; of Elizabeth Cittie
Amyte WAINE, age 30 in 1624/25

The good ship "Neptune" made a total of five trips to the American colonies
between 1618 and 1679 [in 1618 from London to Virginia; in 1624/25 from
London to Virginia; in 1639/40 from Bristol to New England; in July 1679 from
Barbados to Carolina; and in August 1679 from Barbados to Virginia].

Elizabeth GARNETT would have sailed to America on the voyage of the "Neptune"
which departed from London, England and arrived in Virginia in August of 1618.
Her fellow passengers on that particular voyage included the following

Christopher BEANE, age 40 in 1624/25; of Peirseys Hundred
Thomas BENNETT, age 38 in 1624/25; of Basses Choyse
Amias BOLTE, age 23 in 1624/25; of West & Sherley hundred in Charles Cittie
William COLE, age 26 in 1624/25; of Elizabeth Cittie
Walter COUPER, age 22 in 1624/25; servant of Captain Francis WEST of Elizabeth
Mathew EDLOW, unknown age in 1624/25; servant to Lieut. Thomas OSBORNE
Richard EVANDS, age 35 in 1624/25; of Wariscoyack
William FERRAR, age 31 in 1624/25; of Jordans Jorney in Charles Cittie
Elizabeth GARNETT, age 26 in 1624/25; wife of Thomas GARNETT of Elizabeth
Percivall IBOTTSON, age 24 in 1624/25; spouse of Elizabeth who came on "Flying
Hart" 1621
Sara JULIAN, age 25 in 1624/25; wife of William Julian who came on "Hercules"
in 1609
Francis MITCHELL, age 38 in 1624/25; of Elizabeth Cittie
Robart NEWMAN, age 25 in 1624/25; of Elizabeth Cittie
Ann OAGE, unknown age in 1624/25; wife of Thomas OAGE
Thomas PAWLETT, age 40 in 1624/25; of West & Sherley hundred in Charles Cittie
Robart SWEETE, age 42 in 1624/25; of Elizabeth Cittie
John WAINE, age 30 in 1624/25; relative of Amyte WAINE who came on "Swan" in

In 1619---the year after Elizabeth GARNETT came to Virginia on the
"Neptune"---a boat load of young women arrived to become wives of the lonely
settlers. Each settler gave the London Company 120 pounds of tobacco in
payment for his wife's passage. A similar payment may have been made by
Thomas GARNETT to bring his bride to America.

Elizabeth GARNETT was one of the fortunate colonists [and one of the few
women] who escaped the Indian massacre of 1622. Her arrival in 1618 predates
most of the other young women who came to the Jamestown settlement by at least
a year.

I have seen several genealogies of the early GARNETTs of Virginia that give
Elizabeth GARNETT's maiden name as POWELL. But I haven't found any documented
proof of it...or that Elizabeth was related in any way to the same Captain
William POWELL who was Thomas GARNETT's master.


Doug Garnett
c/o International Garnett Family Registry
by e-mail at:

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