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From: RBodine996< >
Subject: WHALESBOROUGH-WALESBREU OF CORNWALL
Date: 25 Feb 1999 13:20:10 GMT


The arms of this family are described as Argent, three bendlets, gules. In a
bordure, sable, eight bezants. C.S. Gilbert in his An Historical Survey of the
County of Cornwall (1820), vol. 2, p. 329 suggests that this family may have
been a branch of the family of Valletort, as the arms were also borne by that
house.

Early records record the family name as Walebreu, Walebraus, Walebras,
Walebrawuse, Walesbraus, Wallesbreu, Whalesbrew, and later as Whalesborough.

1. PHARAMUS de WALEBREU. A fine was recorded 19 Oct 1196 between Guy de
Wautam, plaintiff and Pharamus de Walebraus, tenant, regarding 1/2 knight's fee
in Tregaradoc (Tregardock in St. Teath), which Guy claimed for life against
Pharamus, as the marriage portion of Beatrice, who was his wife. Guy
quit-claimed all rights to land to Pharamus for 24 marks of silver (Cornwall
Feet of Fines, no. 3). Pharamus (Faramo, Faramus) de Walebraus first appears
in the Pipe Rolls of Michaelmas 1199 and with the exception of 1201, appears
each year until 1207 (Publications of the Pipe Roll Society, vols. 48-60,
1933-1944). He presumably died in late 1207 or early 1208. In 1213 there is a
reference to Osmunda, wife of Pharami Walebrawes in the Curia Regis Rolls
(1213-1215, p. 21) and he was clearly dead the following year when in another
fine of 28 Apr 1214 between Osemunda who was the wife of Pharamus de
Walebrawuse, plaintiff and Robert de Cardinham, tenant, by their
representatives, Osemunda claimed as her reasonable dower by the gift of
Pharamus 1/3 part of the townships of Walebrawuse (Whalesborough in
Marhamchurch), Elem (Hellan in Probus), Lameinwall (Lamanva in Budock),
Trieseder (Tresidder in St. Buryan), and Hithenho (Edno in Perran-Uthno).
Robert granted to Osemunda the manors of Walebrawuse and Lameinwal, to hold
during her life, and Osemunda quit-claimed the remainder of the premises
(Cornwall Feet of Fines, no. 39).

2. WILLIAM de WALEBRAUS. In 1228-9 and 1235-6, Willelmus de Walebreu was a
tenant in Hutheno (The Book of Fees, 1: 394, 436). It may be he or his son who
appears in a fine of 18 Nov 1269 between John de Trejagu, plaintiff and William
de Walebraus, tenant, regarding 1 messuage and 1 plowland in Skuyek (Skewjack
in Sennen). John quit-claimed all rights to William for 30 marks of silver
(Cornwall Feet of Fines, no. 237). On 2 Feb 1277 he had protection until
Midsummer to go to Wales on the King's service (Cal. Patent Rolls, 1272-81, p.
191) and on 15 June 1278 had protection until Christmas going to Santiago
(ibid., p. 269). He was dead 13 Nov 1285 when Hudno was held by the heir of
William de Walesbreu (IPM of Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, CIPM, 3: no. 604, p.
476).

3. MARCUS (Marcide, Marci) de WALLESBREU. As Marke le Walebreus he
witnessed a deed in 1287/8 (Calendar of Ancient Deeds, 5: no. 10487). Dead by
3 Jan 1301 when John le Brun presented to the church of St. Mawgan by reason of
the custody of the land and heir of Mark de Whalesbrewe belonging to the King
through the death of Edmund, Earl of Cornwall (Cal. Patent Rolls, 1292-1301, p.
561).

i. JOHN de WALESBREUS. Dead by 1288-1293 when his brother William came
under the wardship of William Bottreux.

ii. Sir WILLIAM de WALESBRAUS. See following.

4. Sir WILLIAM de WALESBRAUS. Born c1288. In 1302 William Bottreux brought
Writ of Wardship against Roger Carminow and demanded William, the brother and
heir of John de Whalesboro. Roger replied "William whilst your ward married
our daughter." Bottreux said, "William de Whalesboro was only 5 years old
then, and under 14 now" (Year Book of Edward I, A.D. 1302). He was of age 21
Apr 1309 when Stephen de Bello Prato died holding a 3 acre meadow of William de
Whalesbreus in socage and by service of rendering 1d. yearly (CIPM, 5: no.
122). On 11/13 Feb 1312, William de Whalesbrew granted to John de Carmynow the
manor of Udnow and the advowson of the Church of St. Piran for the life of the
said William (Trigg, 3: 51). Carminow presented to St. Perran-Uthno on 11 Dec
1312 (Reg. Bishop Stapledon, p. 257) and in Feb 1313 regranted the manor and
advowson back to William de Whalesbury and Johanna his wife (Trigg, 3: 51).
William presented to the church of St. Mawgan-in-Kerrier on 25 Dec 1317 and 31
Oct 1324 (Reg. Bishop Stapledon, p. 255). He died in 1328 and and is named by
Risdon with his arms as "Willelmus Whalisburgh de Whalesburgh, knight, Gules,
three bandlets argent on a bordure sable, nine bezants" (Notebook of Tristram
Risdon, p. 211). As a child of 5, he was married c1293 to Joan (Johanna),
daughter of Sir Roger de Carminow, who was Knight of the Shire for Cornwall in
1300 and 1302 and who died in 1308 leaving his son, Oliver, as his heir
(Knights of Edward I, 1: 183). In a fine of 10 May 1321, Joan, wife of William
de Walesbreu was called a sibling of Oliver de Carminow (Cornwall Feet of
Fines, no. 458). In another fine of 13 Oct 1333 she is called Joan, who was
the wife of William de Walesbreu (ibid., no. 528). As Joan, relict of William
de Whalesbreu, she presented to St. Mawnan-in-Kerrier 23 Feb 1347 and 6 Nov
1348, but apparently died soon after when Sir John de Whalesbreu made the next
presentation on 6 Aug 1349 (Reg. of Bishop Grandisson, p. 1365, 1368, 1406).

5. Sir JOHN de WALESBREU. Born 1314-1316. John, Earl of Cornwall presented
on 2 May 1335 to St. Mawgan-in-Kerrier, in place of John de Walesbreu, who was
still a minor (Reg. of Bishop Grandisson, p. 1309), but in the 1337 caption of
seizin of the Duchy of Cornwall, John de Walesbreu was holding 3 knights fees
in an illegible location and 1 fee in Hutno, for which he is required to do
castle guard and all other services in proportion to his holdings (DCRS, NS,
17: 6, 7). Johannes de Whalisbreu, miles (knight), was Knight of the Shire for
Cornwall at the Parliaments of 7 June 1344 and 23 Sep 1353 (Returns of
Members of Parliament, p. 138, 153). In 1346, Johanne de Walesbreu held
Laimaylwen and Lancarf "since his father William formerly held it" (quod
Willelmus pater suus prius tenuit). (Feudal Aids, 1: 214). Presented to the
church of St. Perran-Uthno on 17 July 1348, 19 June 1349, 10 Jan 1361/2 and to
St. Mawnan-in-Kerrier 6 Aug 1349, 3 Apr 1350, 7 Dec 1361, 4 Mar 1361/2, and 22
June 1381 (Reg. of Bishop Grandisson, pp. 1367, 1392, 1472, 1396, 1406, 1470,
1478; Reg. of Bishop Brantyngham, p. 70). It was likely he who appears as Sir
John Walesborough on the Roll of Edward III bearing arms "gules, three bandlets
a bordure engrailed sable." Sir John died before 6 July 1382, leaving the
manors of Udnou, Walesbrewe (Whalesborough), Treros, Langkerf (Lancarffe),
Lamelwen (Lamellion) and Elwen and their advowsons to his widow, Margaret for
life should she not remarry (Cal. Patent Rolls, 1381-5, p. 194). However, she
did marry again, to Philip Trethosa, and a dispute over the wardship of the
lands and heir ensued.

i. JOHN WHALESBOROUGH. See following.
ii. BENEDICT WHALESBOROUGH (WALESBREU). Likely a son, presented
by Philip Trethose, his step-father, as Clerk to the Church of St.
Mawnan-in-Kerrier on 7 Apr 1391. (Reg. Bishop Brantyngham, p. __)

6. JOHN WHALESBOROUGH. Born c1369. His wardship was first committed to his
mother and her 2nd husband, then passed in June 1383 to William, Lord Botreaux,
with whom they remained until he proved his age in June 1391 and gained control
over his inheritance. Commissioner of Array for Cornwall in 1399, 1403 and
1405; Knight of the Shire for Cornwall in 1402; Justice of the Peace 1403-1407.
He died 10 Jan 1418 in possession of 7 manors (having acquired Tresidder) and
extensive lands in Cornwall. He married, by 1399, Joan, daughter of Sir John
Raleigh, of Nettlecombe, Somersetshire. She married 2ndly, Sir Thomas Pomeroy,
and died 1435/6. (CIPM, 20: no. 298; History of Parliament, 1386-1421, 4: 822)

i. John Whalesborough, born 1405.
ii. Robert Whalesborough.
iii. William Whalesborough.
iv. Thomas Whalesborough. Sheriff of Cornwall 1436.
v. Alice Whalesborough, m. John Fitz Rafe.
vi. Emayne Whalesborough, m. Thomas, Lord Scales.
vii. Anne Whalesborough, m. William, Lord Moleyns.
viii. Elizabeth Whalesborough, m. John Hampden.

_______________

ISABEL de WALESBREU. Called "Isabell, the daughter of Sir John Whalesborow" by
Pole in Devon, p. 422. This is cited by CP, 4: 97 (Daubeny). Per CP, 12(2):
649 she married Sir Henry de Wilington, of Umberleigh, Devonshire and Poulton,
Gloucestershire. Henry died 1349. Their children:
i. John de Wilington, born 1340, son and heir.
ii. Thomas de Wilington (Pole's Devon, p. 422)
iii. Alianore de Wilington, died 1400, m. 1359 Sir Giles Daubeny (died
1386).
(CP, 4: 97)

Since Isabel's son was born 1340, that would place her birth in or before 1320.
She was probably the daughter of John de Walesbreu (3.i.) who was dead by 1293
leaving his brother heir to the family lands. She could not have been the
daughter of John Whalesborough (5) who was a minor in 1335.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Brantyngham. The Register of Thomas de Brantyngham, Bishop of Exeter, A.D.
1370-1394. 2 vols. Exeter Episcopal Registers, vols. 6-7. London: George
Bell & Sons, 1901.

Cornwall Feet of Fines. 1195-1377. Devon and Cornwall Record Society, 1914.

CP. The Complete Peerage.

Devon. Pole, Sir William. Collections Towards a Description of the County
of Devon. London: J. Nichols, 1791.

Devon Feet of Fines. Vol. 1, 1196-1272, Devon and Cornwall Record Society,
1912; Vol. 2, 1272-1369, DCRS, 1939.

Grandisson. The Register of John de Grandisson, Bishop of Exeter
(A.D.1327-1369). 3 vols. Exeter Episcopal Registers, vols. 3-5. London:
George Bell & Sons, 1894.

History of Parliament. Roskell, J. S., Linda Clark and Carole Rawcliffe.
The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1386-1421. 4 vols. Stroud:
Alan Sutton Publishing, 1992.

Parliaments. Returns of the Members of Parliament. Part I: Parliaments of
England 1213-1702. House of Commons, 1878.

Stapledon. The Register of Walter de Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter, A.D.
1307-1326. Exeter Episcopal Registers, vol. 2. London: George Bell & Sons,
1892.

Ronny Bodine

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