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From: "Annie Natalelli-Waloszek" <>
Subject: The fabulous Destiny of the Chateau of Monchy-Humières
Date: Sat, 19 Oct 2002 19:56:54 +0200


There are still a few sort of missing where descendance is presumed known by long forgotten authors, but this is the history of a
Chateau in the Oise; lost of Fringlish... I had a great time doing this, especially since it tied in so well with the de ROYE lines
I
was working on with such gusto...

8. Hugues le Grand, ancêtre des Capétiens, 932, siezes forteresse de Roye & his son, Hugues Capet , in 987 confirmes possession of
the Chateau de Roye to his grandson Herbert lV ... Hugue's daughter, BEATRICE de VERMONDOIS, m HUGUES DE GOURNAY EN BRAY... & was
heiress of HERBERT IV... but the Comté of ROYE went to HERBERT V... Ce Hugues le Grand batît apparement le Tour Rond de Monchy
Chateau, appelé alors "Villa Pierre", & qui étiat déja parmi les possessions de sa famille...à l'époque, un donjon9. Hugues Capet,
born Aft 939 died Aug 24 996 in Paris, at 56 years of age.m Adelaide of Poitiers aka Adelaide of Germany, b 945-950, m bef 969, died
1004 at 59 years of age. 987crowned King of France at Noyon, till his death in 996. buried at St. Denis, France, Adelaide of
Poitiers born aft 944. m before 969. He confirmed possession of the chateau de Roye à Herbert III de Vermandois (son of Albert I Ct
de Vermandois) qui en 990 batit l'eglise St Florent à Roye

9. HUGUES CAPET in 987 confirmes possession of the Chateau de Roye to his grandson Herbert lV,

10. Herbert lV (d 1081) Comte de Roye; son of Hugues Capet Herb's NEPHEW, HERBERT V succeeded him ...

11. Herbert V, (b bef 1061) took over government of the town & château de Roye, assuming the title 1st Comte de Roye, 1st of a
dynasty that daughtered out with Charles de Roye en 1551 ( one of the two daughters, Eleanor, m le Prince de Condé, s'attachant
ainsi les Montmorency, les Boubon, les Bourgogne, assuring an illustrious continuation). This is probably the HERBERT OR HEBARS DE
BOISE, cited by COET in his généalogy, which also mentions a number of other cousins not identifiably placed on the tree:
HERBERT OR HEBARS DE BOISE, nephew & grandson (incest on the line) of Herbert IV de Vermandois, & Ist Count of Roye mentioned in
histories; Had

12. EVERARD (charte 1195) had

13. ALBERIC m Odette/Ode (ds charte 1143)

14. ROUGUES DE ROYE m dau of RAOUL de COUDUN, &. Aquère Monchy le Perreux. La seigneurie de Monchy resta acquise à la maison de
Roye, et passa successivement à

15. RAOUL de ROYE,

16. JEAN de ROYE, épôusa Comtesse de HANGEST, fille de Jean Ier, seigneur de Hangest-en-Santerre et de Davenscourt, heritière de la
Maison de Hangest par le décés de on frère Florent, mort sans posterité.

17. MATHIEU I de ROYE(built le couvent de Monchy et fut enterré dedans; les fondements du nouveau monastère furent posés en janvier
1238. Il bâtit, au lieu dit: l'Ermitage, l'église et le couvent qu'il donna à l'ordre de Citeaux, avec la justice de Monchy.
L'évêque de Beauvais ayant approuvé l'arrangement fait par Mathieu, avec l'abbaye de Saint-Quentin, consacra l'église sous le
vocable de Sainte-Marie et érigea le couvent en ordre de Citeaux, 1242. En 1244 intervint l'usurpation par les moines d'Ourscamp et
le monastère de Monchy, par l'intervention des frères Du Pré et P. de Brioslet, qui dura 200ans jusqu'à ce que Humières rétablit
l'ordre feminin, pour placer deux de ses soeurs dedans, l'une comme abesse.)

18. Son fils, MATHIEU II, épousa, en 1ers noces, Yolande de HANGEST, fille de Jean de Hangest et de Marie de Vignemont, dont il eut:

19. MARIE DE ROYE; dame de Roye, de Guerbigny, et de Monchy; en 1374 elle épousa Alain de Mariny, neveu du connétable Daguesclia.
Devenue veuve, elle se maria à JEAN V de HANGEST, sire de Hangest & de Davencourt, grandmaitre des Arbalétiers de France, également
veuf. JEAN de HANGEST, avait une grande vénération pour les reliques de l'église de Saint-Corneille, (Compiègne) où il voulait être
inhumé. Marie fit élever dans le choeur de l'église, vis-a-vis des saintes reliques, à côté de l'Evangile, une chapelle qui prit le
nom de "Chapelle de ROYE". Marie de Roye fut enterré dans cette chapelle, ainsi que Jean de Humières et Jeanne de Hangest, les
seigneurs de Monchy le Perreux ou sur Aronde. L'église détruite, leurs gisants sont dans la musée de Vivenel, Compiègne.

20. GUY de ROYE, (fils de MATHIEU IV DE ROYE); chanoine de la Cathédrale de Noyon, puis doyen de la Collégiale de Saint-Quentin,
remplaceant son oncle Pierre; dsp

21. JEAN IV de ROYE, (fils de MATHIEU IV sgr de Roye, du Plessier et d'Aulnois) m.Jeanne de Sains, testament 1400; enterré dans le
Chapel St Anne, Ourscamp.

22. JEAN II DE HUMIERES, La seigneurie passa ensuite dans la maison de Humières, par l'alliance 19 janvier 1424, avec JEANNE
D'HANGEST DAME DE ROYE AVEC JEAN II DE HUMIERES, qui devint ainsi seigneur de Monchy

23. JEAN III DE HUMIERES, gouverneur de Péronne, Montdidier et Roye, mort en 1330, laissant dix-huit enfants.

Un écart de 200ans, entre les dates dans des différents sources, s'explique en partie par l'intervention des Guerres de Cent ans; Le
chateau de Monchy, situé prés de la rivière et défendant le passage de l'Aronde, fut pris par le Anglais, puis par les Bourguignons
en 1418, puis passa successivement aux mains des Français et des Anglais.

24. CHARLES, MARQUIS DE MONCHY tué à la prise de Ham sur les Espagnols, en 1595 par Charles de Humières qui trouve la mort à l'âge
de 28 ans; il laissa la seigneurie à sa soeur :

25. JACQUELINE DE HUMIERES, qui l'apporta en dot à

26. LOUIS II LE CREVANT, gouverneur de Ham et de Compiègne.

27. LOUIS III LE CREVANT

28. LOUIS IV DE CREVANT, maréchal de France, rebati avant 1606? le chateau fut restauré de nouveau par le marèchal d'Humières qui en
fit un séjour digne d'un prince. En effet, Louis XIII y vint en mois de mai 1608 ; Louis XIV y demeura, à plusieurs reprises,
notamment en 1666 où il resta quatre jours.En tout cas, obtint du roi Louis XIV l'érection de la terre de Monchy en duché, sous le
titre de Monchy-Humières.il eut trois soeurs religieuses dont l'une fut supérieure des Visitandines, et une fille abbesse et
réformatrice du couvent de Monchy. Ses trois fils morts jeunes sans postérité, le maréchal d'Humières obtient la survivance de sa
charge de gouverneur pour son gendre,

29. le duc Louis-François d'Aumont, époux de sa fille Julie ...qui relèvera le titre de duc d'Humières. Puis, Successivement

30. le duc Louis-Marie d'Aumont, pair de France (1748-1766), puis

31. le vicomte Mathieu Paul de Laval-Montmorency (1766-1790) héritèrent de la charge.
Tant que dure sa minorité, son père le duc Guy André de Laval exerce de fait ses fonctions de gouverneur, jusqu'en 1773.

32. Le dernier tenant du titre fut son petit-fils Mathieu-Joseph, comte de Montmorency, héritier de la charge en 1785.
(another source says Louis-Joseph)

33. Louis Antoine Armand Grammont duc de LASPARRE, living in Paris & residing permenantly at Toulouse,
since october 1788... then there was the REVOLUTION de 1789...
he made the mistake of visting relatives in Toulous for a bit too long, & a neighbor, Citoyen Clèment,
on 18 feb 1793, wen to the District of Compiègne to inform them that (governement of the Directoire),
Lasparre had émigrated, like many nobles taking flight to save their capital & their heads, in foreign lands;
The governement was on the point of seizing his property & furniture, when he returned...He died in 1795...

34. Antoine de Grammont, the father of Louis, inherited upon his son's decease sp; unfortunately, his creditors
forced him to sell the property... M Lasparre was the last seigneur de Monchy... he sold most of it to
citizen Vandermacq, resident of Versailles by a contract passed on 27 messidor, year VIII, before Me Gibé &
a collegue notaire de Paris.

The other portion of the property was sold next day, to M Jean-François Baucheron de Lavauverte, resident
of Paris... this portion included the right to dismantle, stone by stone, more than half the Chateau de Monchy,
the right wing of which the Marechal d'Humières was so proud, & the front entryway, were prey to the pioche,
to build another small château on the second portion of the lands, at Baugy... by this division, Baugy Chateau
actually had more lands, but those of Monchy retained the round tower built by Hugues the great...

It's interesting to note that among the creditors pressing M de Grammont, were a nomber of feodal promises
such as rentes to the convent of Monchy & other such... this is a bit in contradiction with their own laws annuling such
arrangements, but what the heck, for a few sacks of wheat....

The two buyers made some excellent deals & were able to sell the property a few years later & considerable profit.

35. Général Philibert Curial purchased the chateau at Monchy on 12 july 1813, with all it's furniture & artworks, as
well as additional properties of Antoine de Gramont; the sale was made by the heirs of M de Grammont,
& also by the owner of Baugy Chateau, JF Baucheron de Lavauverte, his wife & daughter, who reverted thus
some of their excess land. Curial was an ardent militairist, rewarded by Napoleon Ier just before the fall of
his empire, with a title of Count, which didnt stop him from rallying to the cause of the Bourbons... who
named Curial governor of Compiègne. But as soon as the Count of Artois, brother of Louis XVIII, returned
to power, thinking the post vacant, he named général Labord governor... & the count of Monchy left the post
gracefully. After the first "100 days" of the reign, Curial abandonned the king to follow Napoleon again,
combating heroically at Waterloo under Suchet... but the Boubons held him no grudge for his fickleness & he
conserved all his dignities, civil & military, In 1823 he served in Spain & later in the Pyrénées; he retired in
1824 & was named Inspector general of the infantry, receiving HRH Mme la Dauphine at Monchy 11 nov 1824.
he died 30 may 1829 & is buried in Paris' Père Lachaise Cemetary for the Truely Famous. He left Monchy to his
widow, Mme Marie-Clementine-Aurelie Beugnot who survived 11 more years & was immortalized by Henry
Byle in several of his works. Her three children inherited: Napoleon-Joseph Curial, pair de France, Mlle Clémentine
marie Curial wife of Léon Gabriel Leduc, Marquis de Sain-Clou, & Philibert Adolphe Curial, ancien officer de la
Marine, shared the succession, which passed into the hands of the latter.

36. Philibert Adolphe Curial, who m in 1841, Marie-Francçoise Le Pileur de Brévannes, of a family of Magistrats.
Friend of Stendhal, who wrote much of his classic "Red & Black" at Monchy Chateau,
he became mayor of Monchy in 1856, but poor luck in business made him abandon the
chateau, which he sold at auction, dispersing not only the furniture, but much of the wooden work decorating
the interior. The chateau & parc were sold in 1861 to:

37. Mr Marie Gruet de Bracquencourt & Mme Georgette-Désirée-Cecile Romieu, his wife, who resold it just
before the beginning of the Franco-Prussian war, to

38. Count Victor-François-Léonard Huyttens de Terbeck. He had the unfortunate
idea of replacing the ancient blazon of Humières on the Round tower, by a rather fantasy blazon of his own
(the three foxes) he died in 1879, in the chateau, leaving it to his second wife, Marie Anne Francois Aurelie Champeaux
& to his two children, Marie-Josèphine & Albert-Pierre Huyttens de Terbeck

After which things get fuzzy because the archives of the Civil Tribunal of Compiègne burned during the
attack on the Palais de Justice of 1940... but in 1888 a huissier, Comon, of Ressons-sur-Matz (nearby)
seized the property of the Chateau of Monchy & the nearby starchworks (between Lachelle & Baugy)

39. & it was sold to their creditor, teh Société Parisienne de Crédit et de Commerce, who sold it to

40. Mr Edouard Cahen publicity agent, chevalier de la légion d'honneur (still a big deal at the time)
who intended to restore it to it's former glory, & after restoring the grounds, also bought up all the
properties lining the road to Gournay, to enlarge the domaine, but he died in 1892 leaving the chateau
to his widow Mme Marie-Catherine Lesage, & two years later, in 1894, Georges Cahen, (his son or brother?)
& the widow, were forced to sell, to

41. Mr Jean Volsant Sylla Laraque, a naitive of Haiti.... who soon became involved in disputes with
his neighbor, M Eugene Goujon, Marquise de Thuisy, (living at the Chateau de Baugy, & allied with
the nearby communes such as Gournay) about the clearing of the river Aronde, separating the two
properties; it was a big stink for a long time, famous in the annals.. during WWI, the Chateau was
headquarters for General Fayolle, head of the 6th army. M Laraque left his property to 13 heirs by
four wives, which meant they had to liquidate, & the property was sold, including a portrait of
a nun, probably the dau of Marechal d'Humières, abbesse de Monchy, & a standing portrait of
Jehan II de Humières, whose marble mausoleum is now in the Louvre de Paris. The Chateau was
adjudged to one of the heirs,

42. Maurice Laraque for his sister Mll Alice-Anne-Marie Laraque; in 1936 it was again on the auction
block & sold to

43. M Eugene Stengel, of paris, for about 50 000$ who resold it in 1941 to

44. M Jacques Lesquendieu, Parisian perfume magnate, native of Compiègne, who wasnt interested in the
chateau, but wanted only to exploit the wood reserves in the parc... but the German occupation
totally devastated the trees in the parc... so Lesquendieu looked for a buyer again, & found

45. M Gaston Vervel, farmer contigue to the Chateau, who bit by bit, restored the devastated domaine.
apparently, it was still in this family in 1964 when Hemery wrote the history of Monchy...

46. apparently a Japonais family had it for a while, (they love french chateaux, wines, cheeses, & cuisine),
up until about 1999, creating a golf course & restaurant, which eventually was sold to another enterprise,
as mainly a :

47. Golf-course & private club; they in turn sold it to :

48. Mme Lefebvre in 2001, who transformed it into moderate rent appartments & vacation rentals;
the Golf course & parc were apparently sold separately to Mr Bourachet...
if you want rental information for your vacation in a real live piece of history,
I can maybe squeeze you in...

Enjoy,
Annie

sources:

Emile Coët, Histoire de la Village de Roye, 1880 utilsant chartes et documents originaux

Chronique de l'histoire de Roye par André Ducastel & D. Pinosa (dérivé de Coët)

Hémery dans 'Monchy-Humières, un petit village de la Vallée de l'Aronde"

"Histoire de Compiègne" (Dérivé de Hémery)

Amadée Renée " Princes Militaires de la Maison de France" 1848

Père Anselm; Histoire de la Maison de France

etc...










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