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Archiver > GEN-MEDIEVAL > 2004-08 > 1091836729


From: (david hughes)
Subject: TURKS, KHAZARS, & CUMANS
Date: 6 Aug 2004 16:58:49 -0700


This genealogy of the Turkish Assena Dynasty is based primarily on two
sources, which are (a) Formhals' chart "Royal Race of Deuman", and (b)
a chart by Mommaerts posted on the net. The genealogies reconstructed
by Formhals and Mommaerts differ. Here I have hopefully successfully
harmonized their conflicting genealogical data. For example Mommaerts
identifies Iski Khan [Irksi Khan] with Buman's son Kara Kola Khan, but
this throws the chronology out of whack; thus, I follow Formhals
identification of Iski Khan [Irksi Khan] with Buman's brother Istami,
which works out chronologically. Though I follow Formhals rather than
Mommaerts on that particular identification; on another identification
I follow Mommaerts rather than Formhals, which is where Formhals
makes Kushu Mukan Kagan to be a brother of Bumen, but this cannot be
correct, and, therefore, here I follow Mommaerts in making Kushu Mukan
Kagan to be Buman's son. This is more sound chronologically. Too,
Formhals only gives Bumen one son, whereas in nearly every source I
have seen Bumen's offspring is referred to as "sons" [plural, i.e.,
more than one son]. The ancestry of the Ottomans from the Assena
Dynasty is based on the identification of Torak Han in the traditional
Ottomon pedigree with Turug in Formhals' chart, which works out
chronologically. However, if Torak Han and Turug were different
persons then they would have to be contemporaries, nevertheless, when
one considers that the traditional Ottomon pedigree includes names
found in the Assena Dynasty genealogy [e.g. Baz Kagan], one may
assume that whoever drew-up the traditional Ottomon pedigree was
influenced by the Assena Dynasty genealogy. Too, it is known that the
Ottomans wanted to distant themselves from the Assena Dynasty and
wanted a unique pedigree. This is evident where the traditional
Ottomon pedigree diverges at a certain point from where it is proceeds
to trace descent from Adam and Eve.

--------------------------------------------------------------------
TURKS, KHAZARS, & CUMANS

PART 1: TURKISH CHIEFS

00. Liu Tsugu (d398)
issue:
a. Ashinha
398-43301. Ashinha (Ashina), Duke of Liang 396/8; King of Liang 400/6
(d433), eponym of the Assena clan
issue:
a. Apangpu
b. Ichichni Shihtu, father of Asyana Shad, father of Ay Uzhru, 1st
King of Uighurs (487-508)
c. Notuliu
433-46102. Apangpu
issue:
a. Hsien I
b. Pusun
c. Kulapan
d. Liangu
e. Wangu Sun, father of Ahingu, Benatru, & Wangu
f. Duku, father of Duku Tasien
461-490 03. Hsien I
issue:
a. Hsien II
b. Mengen Kaghan
c. Lilipan (dau), wife of Khuganye XIV, Hunnish Emperor of Asia
490-49104. Pusun
491-49605. Kulapan
496-51106. Liangu
511-52107. Hsien II
521-52308. Mengen Kaghan
issue: Tuwu "Tayehu"
523-54609. Tuwu "Tayehu" [T'u-u Mengen Tsugu]
issue:
a. Bumin, reck'd "1st" king (below)
b. Istami
c. Dardo
---------------------------------------------------------------------
PART 2: TURKISH KINGS/KHANS

546-55301. Bumin (Tumen) Khan, reck'd "1st" King of Turks 552
= Changlo, dau of Xi-Wei Wen-Ti, Emperor of China (535-552)
issue:
a. Kholo (Kara Kola)
b. Kushu Mukan
c. Toubo (Tapo Khan)
XXX 55302. Kholo (Kelou) (Kara Kola) (Qara Khan) [Kok-Khan]
issue:
a. Yandu Muchu Kagan
b. Bagha Yshbar Khan
c. Cur Bagha
d. Kiuli Tegin, father of Assena Jabghu, father of Yasir Bulsa Kapan,
father of Chuja Jabgu (d644), father of Khuli Chuja, the ancestor of
Li-Chin Chung (d808), father of Khehi (d847), father of Shih-Hsin
[Li-Kwoh Chang] (d878), father of Kieh Yong, "Blon" of East Turks 878,
Prince of Ch'in [China] 894 (d908), father of Huang Tsung, 109th
Emperor of China 923-926
e. Angsu Tegin [Yang-Su Tu-Liu], father of (a) Nivar Kagan, (b)
Zhangar, & (c) Basyu Tegin
553-57203. Kushu Mukan (Mugan; Myhan) Khan [Djigin]
issue:
a. Apa Qapan
b. dau, 3rd wife of Khusru I (Khosroe), Shah of Persia (d579)
c. dau, wife of Kao-Tsu Wu-Ti Pei-Chou, Emperor of China (d578)
572-57304. Istami Khan [Silizibul; Sinjibul] [Irksi Khan] [Iski Khan]
issue:
a. Taspar Arslan Khan
b. Shetu Efu Yabgu [Shapolo I]
c. [K]Hulagu Khan
d. Anghis Yabghu (d590)
e. Tardu[sh] [II] Khan
f. dau, 1st wife of Khusru I (Khosroe), Shah of Persia (d579)
XXX 57305. Yandu Muchu Kagan
573-5766A. Toubo (Tapo Khan) (To-Pei)
issue:
a. Amrak Jotan Kagan
573-5766B. Dardo [Sukhaili] (Tardu)
issue:
a. Tarruk Khan
b. Togrul, father of (x) Qara Khoran Turk, father of (a) Nishu Kutlo,
(b) Khilash Kagan [Shaporo V], (c) Irbis Kagan, (d) Bagadur [II], (e)
Ilviro Shaporo Khagan
XXX 57607. Amrak Jotan Kagan [Amro Khan]
576-57808. Taspar Arslan
578-58109. Apa Qapan (Apoukia Kagan) [Dizabul]
issue:
a. Danao Tegin (d638)
b. Assena Tegin, father of Assena Tegin, father of Assena Tegin,
father of Ghora Jabgu [Shapolo VII]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
great-kings [khans] of Eastern Turks

581-58710A Bagha Yshbar Khan
issue:
a. Tunga (Tuhan) Tegin
587-58811A Cur Bagha
588-59012A Tunga [Tuhan] Tegin
issue:
a. Qimin Qagan
590-59713A Nivar Kagan [Neri Khan]
= [name], Khazarite princess, descended from Karadach, Khazar-King
(450), descended from Khozarig, 1st Khazar-King (date)
issue:
a. Pio-She Tegin, kld 589
b. Nikul Chula
c. Shifkwi [II] (Shih-Kuei)
d. Tong Yabghu Khan, aka Ziebel, Khazar-King
e. Moho Shad
---------------------------------------------------------------------
issue of Moho Shad (above):
a. Yshbar Tolis Shad
b. Shapolo V [Tongngo]
c. Nichu Kapan [Hilipi Khan]
d. Kian Shad, father of (a) Pihotu Khan & (b) Irbis Shegui Khan
e. Kieyue Khan [Puli Shad], Khazar King (640)
----------------------------------------------------------------------
issue of Kieyue Khan [Puli Shad] (above):
a. Ashena Holo [Shapolo VI]
b. Khalge Kaghan [Harbis II], Khazar-King (650)
----------------------------------------------------------------------
597-59914A Zhangar
issue:
a. Bagatur [I] Kiuliuq
599-60315A Nikul Chula
issue:
a. Nipo Taman Khan [Hsien III]
b. Kiue Tatu [Kwuope Kaghan]
XXX 60316A Basyu Tegin [Boshir Teguin]
603-60917A Qimin Qagan [Chi-Min] [Koran Kagan]
609-61518A Nipo Taman Khan [Hsien III], dep (d618)
615-61819A Shifkwi II [Shih-Kuei] Qagan
618-62720A Tong Yabghu Khan, aka Zeibel, King of Khazars, founds
another Khazarite dynasty
XXX 62721A Bagatur [I] Kiuliuq
issue:
a. Ilvi Shifkwi Khan
627-63222A Ilvi Khan [Tili Khan] [Ipipolo] [Shaporo IV]
a. Symo Khan
632-63923A Kiue Tatu [Kwoupe Khan], King of Third-Part Turks
632-63923C Yiwu Khan, King of Third-Part Turks
632-63923D Yshbar Tolis Shad, King of Third-Part Turks
XXX 63924A Shapolo V [Tongngo] Khan
issue:
a. Ikilishe [Mohotu]
639-64025A Nichu Kagan [Hilipi Khan], dep (d653)
XXX 64026A Ikilishe [Mohotu] Khan
640-64127A Pihotu Khan
641-64428A Symo Khan
XXX 64429A Shifkwi III (Shekwei) Khan
644-64730A Irbis Shegui Khan
647-65131A Ashena Holo [Shapolo VI] Khan
651-65332A Ilvi Shifkwi Khan
653-65733A Ghora Jabgu [Shaporo VII], dep
issue:
a. Mishe
--------------------------------------------------------------------
see 34C (below)
--------------------------------------------------------------------
anti-kings:
657-66434A Mishe, anti-king [in exile]
issue:
a. Yong Khan
664-67735A Tiyun Shehu
677-69336A Yong Khan, anti-king [in exile]
issue:
a. Suizi
693-69437A Suizi, anti-king [in exile], dep
---------------------------------------------------------------------
great-kings [khans] of Western Turks

581-58710B Shabolo [I] Khan [Shetu Efu Wabgu]
issue:
a. Rudan [Buli Khan]
XXX 58711B Rudan [Buli Khan]
587-58812B [K]Hulagu [Chulo Khan]
issue:
a. Tulan
b. Tateu
588-59813B Tulan [Dolan Khan] [Yong Yulu] [Tidin]
= Yang-Ling, dau of Sui-Wenti, Emperor of China
issue:
a. Shipi
b. Chulo
c. Xieli
598-59914B Tardu[sh] [II]
599-60315B Tateu [Datou Khan] [Bogiu Tardush Kagan], dep
issue:
a. Duli I [Tuli] Khan
XXX 60316B Nili Khan
603-60917B Duli I [Tuli] Khan
609-61918B Shipi [Shih-Pi] [Dugi Shibir Khan]
issue:
a. Duli II [Tuli]
b. Sirin (dau), wife of Khusru II [Khosroe], Shah of Persia (d627/8)
619-62019B Chulo [Tchu-Lo] [Hesan] Kagan, dep & ex
issue:
a. Oghuz Ghuzz [Ochir Tegin], father of (a) Wen Tchuen Assete, (b)
Nichofu, & (c) Baz Kagan
620-62920B Xieli (Khieli) [Hsieh-Li] [Kat Il-Khan Tugbir]
issue:
a. Tupi Khan
b. Bilghe [Szelipi] Khan
c. Hopo Khan
XXX 62921B Tupi Khan
629-63022B Schehu Khan
grandson of (10C) Tarruk Khan (below)
630-63123B Duli II [Toli] Khan
issue:
a. Dudu Ghologur Khan

631-63324B Telige Tegin [Irbis Bolun Yabgu Kagan]
grandson of 10C (below)
issue:
a. Kari Khan, father of (1) Mizif, 1st King of Turkish Khanate of
Tu'chueh [now China's Xinjiang province] 657-679, father of (2) Yuan
Chin Khan, King 679-697
b. Aldo Yabghu Khan (d645), father of (3) Buchin, King 697-?, father
of (4) Khusere Khan, King ?-703
c. Kayi, father of Ochir, father of (5) Wuchile [Utuhele] Khan, King
703-706, father of (6) Sokho, King 706-711, & (7) Mecho, King 711-716,
father of (8) Sughlu, King 716-738, father of (9) Tu-Ho Khan, King
738-739, & (10) Mo-Ho Khan, King 739-744, deposed by the Chinese.

XXX 63325B Nishu Kutlo
great-grandson of 6B (above)
son of Qara Khoran Turk, son of Togrul, bro of (10C) Tarruk Khan, the
sons of (6B) Dardo (Tardu)
633-63926B Dude Ghologur Khan, King of Third Turks, dep
633-63926W Khilash [Shaporo V], King of Western Turks
633-63926E Bagadur [II] [Khu-Moe-Khe], King of Eastern Turks
639-64127W Irbis Kagan [Huo Hsien], King of Western Turks
issue:
a. Torak Han [Turug]
639-64127E Ilviro Shaporo [VI] Kagan [Yasbar Jabghu], King of Eastern
Turks
issue:
a. Sirba (640/1), father of (34B) Buzhe
641-64428B Torak Han (Turuk), dep (d656)
issue:
a. Ay Kutluq
XXX 64429B Ay Kutlug Khan, dep (d685)
issue:
a. Qimin Tur
644-64630B Bilghe [Szelipi] Khan
issue:
a. Hollyg Yshbar
b. Jenchu Suibir
646-64831B Hollyg Yshbar
648-65332B Jenchu Suibir
653-66433B Hopo [Ho-Pei] (Chebi; Khepi) Khan
-----------------------------------------------------------
see 34C (below)
----------------------------------------------------------
descent-line to Osman, who gave name to the Turkish Ottomon Dynasty
01. Torak Han [Turug] (28B), King of Turks 641-4 dep (d656), id. with
same name in Ottoman pedigree
02. Ay Kutlug (29B), King of Turks 644 dep (d685)
03. Qimin Tor (35B), King of Turks 667-671 dep (d724)
04. Yasak (d768)
05. Tur Temur (790)
06. Kara Khan (820)
07. Sungur (d865)
08. Bulgay (d906)
09. Turac Ortuk (d947)
10. Bulshi Khan (d974)
11. Sakur (d991), whose bro Sharu was ancestor of the kings of the
European Cumans
12. Kara Batur (d1012)
13. Togrul Khan (d1058)
14. Ay Kutluq (d1097)
15. Beg Temur (d1165)
16. Kizil Bughe (d1183)
17. Qia Alp (d1212) [ancestor of another Turkish dynasty]
18. Suleyman Sah (d1236)
19. Ertugrul (d1281)
20. Osman (d1326), who gave the dynasty its name "Ottoman"
-------------------------------------------------------------------
anti-kings:
664-66734B Buzhe
issue:
a. Duzhi [II]
667-67135B Qimin Tur [Cemen Dur], dep (d724)
issue:
a. Yasak [Isaac] (d768), father of Tur Temur, father of (a) Gazi Neli
Khan, (b) Bilge Kul, & (c) Kara Khan
671-67936B Duzhi [II]
issue:
a. Hushelo
679-68237B Hushelo
issue:
a. Kibu Chur
682-XXX38B Kibu Chur
-------------------------------------------------------------
great-kings [khans] of Third Turks

581-59810C Tarruk Khan
son of Dardo [Tardu], bro of Istami & Bumin
issue:
a. Shabolo II
b. Saba (d598), father of (22B) Schehu Khan & (24B) Telige Khan
XXX 59811C Shabolo [II]
598-59912C Shifkwi [I]
--------------------------------------------------------------
Turkish Khanate re-united: Turkestan

657/664-679 34C Wen Tchuen Assete, King of Turkestan
son of Oghuz Ghuzz [Ochir Tegin], son of (19B) Chulo Hesan Kagan
(above)
issue:
a. Qutlugh Khan
b. Bakor Kapagan Khan
c. Zieghu
679-68135C Nichofu [Nishu Beg]
issue:
a. Funian
681-68236C Funian
XXX 68237C Baz Kagan
issue:
a. Toghu Che
XXX 68238C Toghu Che, dep (d715)
XXX 68239C Pisutu, queen
682-69140C Qutluq [Kutlugh Teris] [Ilteres Idat] Khan
issue:
a. Bilghe [Mogilian] Khan
b. Yollug Khan
c. Tengri Kul
691-71641C Bakor Kapagan Khan [Mercho]
issue:
a. Fugiyu Bogi [Inal Khan]
XXX 71642C Fugiyu Bogi [Inal Khan]
716-73143C Bilghe Khan [Mogilian]
= Khatun
issue:
a. Igen Khan
b. Duzhi [Tengri] Khan
c. Koto Khan
d. Teih Shih [Kiethi Khan]
e. Ozmis Khan
f. Talo (dau), wife of [unsure]
731-73544C Igen Khan
735-73945C Yollug Khan
739-74246C Tengri Kul [Kul Tegin] [Kull Khan]
XXX 74247C Duzhi Khan [Tengri II]
issue:
a. Yuchu (dau), wife of (53C) Ghora Kagan (below)
742-74348C Koto [Ku-Tu] [Siuan] Khan
issue:
a. dau, wife of [unsure]
XXX 74349C Tieh Shih [Kiethi Khan]
743-74450C Ozmis[h] Khan
= Priset, regent 744-745, dau of Hazer, King of Beks (d737), son of
Tarmach, King of Beks (725), son of Alp, King of Beks (700)
issue:
a. Pomei
744-74551C Pomei [Pei-Mei] (Baimei) Khan, dep
745-74852C Etimis [El-Itmish Qutlugh Bilge] Khan, in exile
745-74852D Basmil Khan, rebel king
son of Utibeg, son of Zieghu, bro of (39C) Qutluq Khan & (40C) Bakor
Kapagan Khan
issue:
a. Ghora Kagan
748-77053C Ghora Kagan, dep, in exile [last one]
[note: his 6th great-grandson was Seljuk]
= Yuchu, dau of (46C) Duzhi (above), or his bro (47C) Siuan [Koto
Khan]
issue:
a. Elterish, Prince of Basmils (770)
b. Kerekuci Hoci
-------------------------------------
descent-line to Seljuk, who gave name to the Turkish Seljuk Dynasty:
30. Ghora Kagan, (53C) King of Turks (above)
31. Kerekuci Hoci, bro of Elterish, Prince of Basmils (770)
32. Toksurmu Ilci
33. Lokman Ucoko
34. Bayindir [Ertugrul] Khan, King of Turks
35. Qiniq Qagan [Kiniq Khagan], bro of Kamgu Kagan & Kazan Yabgu
36. Shaghri Beg [Tschaghri "Bek"]
37. Duqaq [Tuquq] "Iron-Bow"
38. Seljuk [Sarjuq], founded new Turkish dynasty (985)
------------------------------------------------------
KHAZAR KINGS/KHANS

618-62701. Ziebel, founded new Khazar dynasty, id. with Turkish Khan
Tong Yabghu Khan
issue:
a. Harbis [I]
627-?02. Harbis [I] [Irbis]
= Epiphania, dau of Heraclius, Byzantine Emperor
issue:
a. Anastasia (dau)
= Khalge Kagan [Harbis II]
(640)03. Kieyue Khan
issue:
a. Khalge Kagan
b. Ashena Holo, father of Kaban Kagan, Khazar King
(650)04. Khalge Kagan [Harbis II]
= Anastasia, dau of Harbis [I], Khazar King (above)
issue:
a. Ibuzir Glavan
b. Theodora (dau)
= Justinian II, Byzantine Emperor
(670)05. Kaban Kagan
690-71506. Ibuzir Glavan
issue:
a. Barjik
715-73107. Barjik
issue:
a. Bulan Sabriel
b. Bihar [Bizar]
(740)08. Bulan Sabriel
issue:
a. Bagatur
(750)09. Bihar [Bizar]
issue:
a. Tzitzak [Chichak] [Irene], wife of Constantine V, Byzantine Emperor
(760)10. Bagatur
issue:
a. Obadiah
b. Hanukkah
c. Zebulun
786-80911. Obadiah
issue:
a. Hezekiah
809-?12. Hezekiah
issue:
a. Manasseh I
XXX13. Manasseh I
XXX14. Hanukkah
issue:
a. Yitzchak
XXX15. Yitzchak
issue:
a. Manasseh II
XXX16. Zebulun
issue:
a. son [name], father of Zachary, rival king
XXX17. Manasseh II
issue:
a. Nisi
(860)X. Zachary, rival king
XXX18. Nisi
issue:
a. Aaron I
(900)19. Aaron I
issue:
a. Menahem
b. Benjamin
(910)20. Menahem
(925)21. Benjamin
issue:
a. Aaron II
(940)22. Aaron II
issue:
a. Hakan Yusuf [Joseph]
945-96523. Hakan Yusuf [Joseph]
issue:
a. David
965-96924. David, dep by Russians, d in exile at Taman 986/8
issue:
a. George Tzula
(986/8)25. George Tzula, anti-king at Kerch, defeated in battle,
captured, and taken prisoner by Russians 1016 [last one]
---------------------------------------------------------
CUMAN KINGS/KHANS

01. Torak Han [Turug] (28B), King of Turks 641-4 dep (d656), id. with
same name in Ottoman pedigree
02. Ay Kutlug (29B), King of Turks 644 dep (d685)
03. Qimin Tor (35B), King of Turks 667-671 dep (d724)
04. Yasak (d768)
05. Tur Temur (790)
06. Kara Khan (820)
07. Sungur (d865)
08. Bulgay (d906)
09. Turac Ortuk (d947)
10. Bulshi Khan (d974)
11. Sharu, whose bro Sakur (d991), was an ancestor of the Turkish
Ottoman Sultans
12. Kurkulu
issue:
a. Skal Khan
b. Asep Khan (below)
13. Asep Khan (d1082), bro of Skal Khan (d1060)
14. Tugor (d1096)
15. Bonyak (d1111)
16. Otrok
17. Aepak (d1120)
issue:
a. Sotan (1140)
b. Begluk (1150)(below)
c. Kozel (1160)
18. Begluk
19. Kobyak (d1183)
20. Konchak
21. Kotyan [Kuthen] (d1223)
issue:
a. Bachma
b. Elizabet (dau), wife of King Stephen V of Hungary, ancestors of
EUROPEAN & BRITISH ROYALTY
22. Bachma (d1237), ancestor of Pulad Beg, King of Cumans (1389),
father of Tasha Timur, King of Cumans 1406-7 dep
---------------------------------------------------------
compiled by David Hughes


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