GEN-MEDIEVAL-L ArchivesArchiver > GEN-MEDIEVAL > 2009-03 > 1237839226
From: "M.Sjostrom" <>
Subject: origin of the House of Creutz
Date: Mon, 23 Mar 2009 13:13:46 -0700 (PDT)
some observations about marriages of this local family of lower nobility in 1500s, to relate what sort of families they mingled with.
* 1 Lauri Markunpoika
Lord of Sarvilahti b. est 1470
o Marjatta Lassentytär of Gesterby
+ 2 Matias Laurinpoika of Sarvilahti, lord of Tesjoki d.c 1531
# + Anna Juhantytär of Tuorlahti, heiress of Tyysteri and Vanhakylä in Pernaja (d aft 1525)
# + Silja Engelbertintytär of Kallola, heiress of Isnäinen
+ 2 Nuutti Laurinpoika, Lord of Sarvilahti d bef 1540
# + NN (possibly a Teitti)
* 3 Matias Nuutinpoika, lord of Sarvilahti
o Benedikta Lydekentytär of Kraakku
+ 4 Martti Matinpoika, Heir of Sarvilahti d. 1574
# Kaarina Hannuntytär
* 5 Nuutti Martinpoika, heir of Sarvilahti d. 1577
# Marketta Perttulintytär
* 5 Lauri Martinpoika, lord of Sarvilahti (beheaded 30 Sep 1599)
o Marketta Arvintytär of Tyysteri and Vanhakylä
+ 6 Mattias Laurinpoika, Lord of Sarvilahti
+ 6 Erengisle Laurinpoika 'Ernesti' Creutz, Lord of Sarvilahti and Kasaritsa (d. in May 1634)
o + Kadrina Hess von Wichsdorff, heiress of Kuuskoski (d in Aug 1660)
+ 6 Hebla Laurintytär of Sarvilahti d. 1629
o + Antti Pekanpoika, 1.Lord Utter d. 1640
+ 6 Piritta Laurintytär of Sarvilahti
o + Matias (Arnonpoika) Forbes, lord of Myrskylä (d 1640)
* 5 Anna Martintytär of Sarvilahti
o + Samuli Arvinpoika of Tyysteri, lord of Vanhakylä in Pernaja
* 5 Piritta Martintytär of Sarvilahti d. 1574
o + Johannes Eerikinpoika
* 5 Benedikta Martintytär of Sarvilahti
o Martti Klaunpoika, Lord of Nummilahti d. 1605
o + Juhana von Lode (from Estonia-Livonia)
# + Piritta Laurintytär
* 3 Anna Nuutintytär of Sarvilahti
o + Jaakko Rekonpoika of Ylike
* 3 NN Nuutintytär of Sarvilahti
o + Jeppe of Koskenkylä
+ 2 Piritta Laurintytär of Sarvilahti
# + Matias Jussinpoika Teitti
+ 2 NN Laurintytär of Sarvilahti
# + Jaakko of Härkäpää
+ 2 NN Laurintytär of Sarvilahti
# + Henrikki Olavinpoika of Poitsila, lord of Norspyy and Grotila
the earliest known forefather, Lauri Markunpoika, married a woman from neighboring district, Sipoo; her name was Marketta Lassentytär, and she belonged to the family 'of Gesterby' which appears to have owned a few farms in different locations in around their district, and having belonged to the *local* upper class. There is some doubt that Marketta's father were not a nobleman. However, it seems that Marketta's mother anyway belonged to a local noble family.
1 one son, Matias Laurinpoika, was seemingly firstly and relatively successfully married to a widower of a bit higher station, namely a daughter of one leading noble house of Finland, she had a sizable inheritance. It looks like that marriage was possible for a Sarvilahti, a nobleman of only local prestige, because she was widow and no longer young.
Secondly (and better attested), Matias married a kinswoman of his first wife, also a heiress, whose parents' family however was not a leading family of the country, but rather, a wealthy regional noble family.
Neither of these marriages of Matias however left heirs.
2 another son, Nuutti Laurinpoika of Sarvilahti, married twice, and not much is known of antecedents of his wives.
The first wife (who was mother of Nuutti's heir) is thought to have been a daughter of a neighboring landowner in the same parish, a family whose nobility was questionable - they may have just been wealthy yeomen.
The name of the second wife (Piritta Laurintytär) is known, but not much else about her antecedents.
3 one of daughters, Piritta, married the son and heir of a neighboring landowner in the same parish, a family whose nobility was questionable - he may just have been a wealthy yeoman.
4 a daughter married Jaakko, seemingly a local landowner or farmer (of Härkäpää)
5 yet one daughter seems to have existed, and her marriage was to another district, a nobleman hundred kilometers to east. That family of Poitsila had held (for half a century already) the noble rank, but was also of local prominence, not much wider. They owned a good manor with land worth a couple of villages, and some shares in other properties.
The son and heir, Matias Nuutinpoika, married daughter of a nobleman from neighboring district - a noble family which had a real bunch of daughters. The lords of Kraakku were of undoubted nobility, also had some prominent ancestor, and held a pretty good local property. But it may have been the circumstance that the father-in-law had lots of daughters (from two marriages) which enabled the Sarvilahti bridegroom to have one of those daughters.
Daughters of this generation married some non-prominent, presumably neighboring, landowners or farmers.
The heir in the next generation, apparently married in succession daughters of two burgher families, presumably because of their wealth in money. Both brides appear to have been from the town of Helsinki, then a newly-established small coastal town with fledgling position towards some trade in the Baltic sea. Sarvilahti is located a bit less than hundred kilometers east from Helsinki.
In these generations, the Sarvilahti family obviously owned a ship.
In time of war, this heir is mentioned as being with his ship among those who defended the coasts.
The surviving son and heir, Lauri Martinpoika of Sarvilahti, married a granddaughter of his great-granduncle's first wife, the lords of Vanhakylä. This bride's family was a cadet branch, holding that Vanhakylä manor, but they had a relatively well-connected clan. Lords of Tyysteri were her cousins, and the family of Frille were her maternal background.
Since the bride had several siblings, her share of properties was not very big.
A daughter, Anna Martintytär, was married to the brother of her own brother's bride. Double tie with the lords of Vanhakylä, a manor in the same district.
Another daughter, Benedikta, was (first) married to member of a western-Nylandian noble family (whose crest depicted horseshoe), himself lord of Nummilahti manor. In the same province as Sarvilahti.
This lady's second marriage heralded a new era: she married a nobleman who had come from Estonia-Livonia, to serve the crown in Finland.
there, the daughter Piritta fulfilled the older family tradition: her husband, the Scot-root Matias Arnonpoika Forbes, lord of Myrskylä, was holder of a manor in their local Nylandia, the manor being located in almost a neighboring district.
Another daughter, Hebla, married to an officer who got ennobled. This was not a marriage to an old and established noble family.
The old, local tradition however was fully altered by the surviving son and heir, Erengisle Laurinpoika of Sarvilahti, who took the german-moulded surname Creutz, and adopted the german-like name 'Ernesti' for first name;
his marriage was to a foreigner widow of a 'foreign' officer, i.e Kadrina Hess von Wichsdorff, whose chief appeal was the lands (Kuuskoski and starting points of Malminkartano) she had received in neighborhood of Sarvilahti from the crown as compensation for and salaries of her late husband.
However, the eldest son of this 'foreign' marriage received the familiar name of the paternal grandfather (a lord of Sarvilahti), he became Lauri (Lauritsa).