GEN-MEDIEVAL-L ArchivesArchiver > GEN-MEDIEVAL > 2014-03 > 1394309866
From: Brad Dubbs <>
Subject: Part III: Hen IV to Jane Vaughan PA - some orig. MS sources in Walesfor Nannau & Vaughan generations
Date: Sat, 8 Mar 2014 12:17:46 -0800 (PST)
Part 3 covers the last generations ending with Jane Vaughan of Pennsylvania --
9. Catherine Nanney m Robert Vaughan, antiquary
10. Jane Vaughan m. Robert Owen, "the Quaker"
See Parts 1 and 2 for the previous generations.
Note: I have inserted references from the Nannau MS at Bangor University and Peniarth MS at the Nat. Lib. of Wales (NLW), into the Nannau and Vaughan generations below as outlined by the Welsh pedigree for Nannau, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Wales (PACF), p 200 and Hengwrt pedigree PACF p 201. In brackets, I have added date ranges from the PACF pedigrees for each generation. For the Nannau MS, I rely for the most part on the catalogue entry for each MS prepared by Thomas Richards in 1936.
9. Catherine Nanney, [PACF "nat 1594, ob 1622-23"], m Robert Vaughan, of Hengwrt, the antiquary [1592-1667]
Griffith Nanney's daughter was Catherine Nanney according to the pedigree in PACF. I have not discovered in my reading the source for the dates given for Catherines birth and death in PACF.
One rough clue to when she was born is the birth of her brother Hugh Nanney "the younger." Nannau MS no. 246, describes when Griffith's son and heir Hugh the younger is no longer a minor. Hugh the elder, Griffith, and his son and heir, Hugh the younger, appear in a deed of mortgage dated September 26, 1608. The entry for this MS notes that there is also "a memorandum on the dorse of this MS that says that Hugh the younger was not 21 years of age at the [original date of the] signing and sealing, but that he was [21 years old] on October 24, 1609." So it appears that Catherines brother Hugh Nanney was born in 1588. PACF shows Catherine's brother Hugh the younger born in 1588, her sister Ann born in 1591, Catherine in 1594, and brother William in 1600.
Though Robert Vaughan appears in a few of the Nannau MS, I will first mention one of the sources I most frequently see (and from what I have been able to find, except for a pedigree, this is the often the only source provided) for this generation and that is Peniarth MS 287 and 288 at the National Library of Wales (NLW). Before visiting the NLW, I found a high level description of these MS in the Report of Manuscripts in the Welsh Language (RMW), vol. 1, pt p 1102-1104.
Peniarth 287 is book of pedigrees compiled by in in the handwriting of Robert Vaughan, "the antiquary. According to the RMW discussion, Peniarth 288, based on W.W.E Wynn's reading of it, is Robert Vaughan's son Griffith's copy of Peniarth 287. [RMW makes the case by noting that Pen. 288 is in Griffith Vaughan's hand and the margin notes Griffith makes in Pen. 287 referring to Pen. 288, correspond to the right page in Pen. 288.] RMW then says that Robert Vaughan's children are listed unmarried on Peniarth 287, folio or page 408 and that his son Griffith's Vaughan's Peniarth 288, p 404 provides us with all the marriages of Robert Vaughan's children.
Once at the NLW, I requested the films for the above Peniarth MS (originals are not provided but the film that is provided is projected not on a screen but on a glossy white surface which made it difficult to read in places). My reading of the image of Peniarth MS 288, p 404 at the top lines up well with PACF Hengwrt, p 201 and shows:
"Robert Vy[cha]n ap Howel = Catrin v[er]ch [daughter of] Gruff[ydd] Nanney esq[uire]"
These NLW MS Peniarth 287 and 288 pedigrees seem to be the primary source for Robert Vaughan's marriage to Jane, daughter of Griffith Nanney. In reading about Vaughan, I became aware potentially another source. There was a dispute between Robert Vaughan and the Nanneys that was described briefly in JMHRS, vol. p24 (1949) and I decided to look at the one or two of the original Nannau MS cited in a footnote on p 24 for the dispute to see if Vaughan's wife Catherine appeared. The Nannau MS catalogue entries for the dispute regarding diversion of a stream of water follow:
-- Nannau MS no. 370: [no date] "Interrogatories ministered by Hugh Nanney, infant [to be read as "the younger" or minor?] and the two Ann Nanneys, defendants to examine witnesses against Robert Vaughan, the elder, Howel Vaughan and Robert Vaughan the younger [the later two appear as sons of Robert Vaughan in PACF p 201].
-- Nannau MS no. 375: [1657/8] "This answer was taken upon the oaths [of] the said def[enda]nts Anne Nanney the elder, widow, and Anne Nanney the younger, widow, the mother and guardian to the said defend[an]t Hugh Nanney at the dwelling of William ap Elisse in Dolgelley....the 14th day of Jan., 1657[/8] before is the Commissioners subscribed, William Nan[ney], William P ??, Robert O[wen], Griffith Vau[ghan]." [Richards note here says that the elder Anne Nanney of Corsygedol was the widow of Hugh Nanney (d.1647), and the younger Anne Nanney of Dolwgwyn (aka Mary in PACF p 200) was the widow of Griffith, son of Hugh (d. 1647) and Anne the elder; Hugh Nanney, infant died 1676].
I found a document from the web in the UK archives catalogue for documents in Kew that seems to be related to this case and it mentions Robert Vaughan's wife. This document appears to have the same names as Nannau MS no. 370 and a date 1657 which is within a year or so of the date in MS no. 375. The key difference though seems to be that this C6/137/119 document includes the name of Robert Vaughan's wife Catherine Nanney now "Katherine Vaughan his wife:"
-- C6/137/119 Vaughan vs. Nanney
Plaintiffs: Robert Vaughan, Katherine Vaughan his wife, Howell Vaughan, and Robert Vaughan
Defendants: Howell Nanney, Anne Nanney and Anne Nanney
Subject: Property in Nanney, [Nannau] Merionethshire
Type: Bill, answer
I may have also found Catherine's name mentioned in an original of Nannau MS no. 370 (catalogued above), but I had difficulty looking at the original in Bangor. There could be quite a few family references for someone who can read the MS original (or the iPad image in my possession). I can however see in a place at the beginning of MS no. 370 where the following phrase appears with Catherine's name: "...to examine the witnesses against Robert Vaughan the elder, [esqr?] Catherine his wife Howell Vaughan and Robert Vaughan the younger..." These names, except for Catherine, are identical to those in the catalogue entry for no. 370 above. The editor Richards for reasons that may include a need to shorten the entries, did not include Robert Vaughan's wife in his MS no. 370 description. At any rate, Catherine is mentioned in this original manuscript as well as in C6/137/119 above.
Catherine is said in PACF to have died in in January 1622/23 [possibly a missprint for 1662/63?] but given her name in the documents in the dispute above, if indeed this is our Catherine, she appears to still be alive in the late 1650s.
In the entry for no. 380, Richards says, we have some "interesting family references" such as the year (1639) that Robert Vaughan's father Howel died:
-- Nannau MS 380: "to the Lord Commissioners of the Great Seal (2 May, 1659) by Robert the elder, ....against Hugh Nanney of Doluwcheogryd, [the widows and Hugh, a minor, are not residing at Nannau?] for diverting a watercourse...that supplied Vaughan's estate...."
Both the DNB and the article by E.D. Jones "Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt" JMHRS, vol. pp 21-30 (1949) discuss the Hengwrt collection he amassed but only a few biographical details. According to Jones, p 21, his birth year (Dogelley registers do not begin until 1640) is estimated by his matriculation at the age of 20 at Oriel College Oxford in 1612. Jones on p 22, citing a poem by Humphrey ap Howel [but with no poem date] says Robert's father continued to live at Gwengwraig while Robert was said by the poem to be at Hengwrt but no one knows when Robert went to live at Hengwrt but "he may have gone fairly soon after his marriage to Catherine daughter of Gruffydd Nanney."
At any rate, based on Robert Vaughan's letters, he appears to have been at Gwengraig until at least March of 1624. On page 29, Jones in the article mentioned above, has a letter from Robert Vaughan signed from Gwengraig in March, 1622/3. On p 23, he cites a NLW Helygog Deeds MS #4 that has Robert "at Gwengraig in March of 1624." Given that Robert and Catherine had eight children, PACF pedigree date for her death on January 25, 1622/23 seems unlikely. Possibly there was a miss reading during the printing process and the real date might have been 1662/63, which would align more with Catherine appearing in the dispute documents noted above in 1657.
With the marriage between Robert Vaughan and Catherine of Nannau, you might expect him to appear in a few Nannau MS documents and he does. On the other hand, Robert Vaughan was a landholder nearby and a Justice of the Peace from 1618 for several decades and may appear for reasons not related to his marrying a Nannau.
I will mention most of the Nannau MS that Robert Vaughan appears in but none of them mention his wife Catherine Nanney until the 1657 dispute with her Nanney relatives above.
-- In #277 (1615) is a bond of obligation (either of 300 or 1,000 pounds) by Howel Vaughan of Gwencraig and his son and heir Robert Vaughan to Elen Nanney. The entry notes that Elen married John Vaughan of Cargai. That would make her an aunt to Catherine, wife of Robert Vaughan the antiquary.
-- In #279 (1616) is a bond of 600 pounds by Eliss ap David ap Owen? to Hugh Nanney that had Lewis Gwyn, Robert Vaughan and others as witnesses.
-- In #323 (1633) is a bond by Hugh Nanney the younger (d. 1647), Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt and another to pay 105 pounds to Thomas Wyn of Bodfean.
An interesting document shows Robert Vaughan in a marriage indenture for his son Griffith. Thomas Allen Glenn Welsh Founders of Pennsylvania, p 57 includes a complete indenture of July 10, 1652 regarding the marriage "hereafter, with God's permission ....to be had to be solemnized" between his son Griffith and Catherine daughter of John ap Robert. It mentions Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt, Howel Vaughan of Gwengraig (likely his son) and an Edward Owen that I can't place. Lands that passed down to Robert Vaughan (including Dolmellynllyn where Griffith lived after) are mentioned and could possibly be worth a further study where he is mentioned in other documents such as the Nannau MS.
This marriage in Peniarth MS 288 p 404 that is thought to be Griffith Vaughan's seems to be written in Griffith's hand (the vertical of letter "R" John ap Robert protrudes above the letter) and in the same ink and hand as the rest of the page that includes his brothers and sister's marriages. It could be then that Peniarth MS 288 was written after this marriage in July 1652 but I am sure others have studied this and have much more experienced views on the dating of this MS.
Jones in the JMHRS, the DNB, and a number of sources provide a date that Robert Vaughan died of May 16, 1667. A note at the top of Peniarth 287, p 408 just left of the pedigree line for Robert Vaughan has a note with "Hengwrt...[N. obt?] died 16 May 1667." Peniarth 288 is Robert Vaughan's son Griffith's copy of Robert's pedigrees but its hard to tell if the handwriting matches Griffith's on the rest of the page.
In a draft of Robert's will dated May 1, 1665 ((Peniarth MS 326), he mentions his oldest son Howel, and sons Ynyr and Griffith. Robert does not mention his daughter Jane (who married Robert Owen, "Quaker") or wife Catherine who may have died before the will was drafted [PACF p 201 has Catherine's death as Jan. 25, 1662/3; I have not run across a source for this date or her birth date in PACF of Dec. 12, 1594].
10. Robert Owen m. Jane Vaughan [PACF pedigrees have no dates]
As noted in the previous generation, my reading of the image of Peniarth MS 288, p 404, at the top, lines up well with PACF Hengwrt, p 201 and shows Robert Vaughan married Jane, daughter of Griffith Nanney. Below Robert Vaughan, on Pen. 288, p 404, there are prominent lines drawn from Robert to all the children and these match up rather well with the PACF Hengwrt pedigree. For example, Robert Vaughn's son Howel is shown and son Griffith Vaughan, the author of this Peniarth 288, is shown on p 408 with his wife.
Robert Vaughan's daughter Jane appears below his sons on MS 288, p 404 as married to Robert Owen:
"Jan = Robert Owen ap Humphr[e?] Owen o[f] Doly[serre?] ["^" over the letter "a" in Jan].
The PACF Hengwrt p 201 does not give years of birth for Robert Vaughan's daughter Jane or any of the other children. These can probably be found in other sources that I am not presently aware of. One clue to when Robert Vaughan and his wife Catherine began to have children could be when his probable oldest son Howel matriculated at Oxford. According to Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714, Howel Vaughan matriculated at the age of 19 at Oriel College Oxford 24 March,1636/7, so the childbearing years, if indeed Howel was their first child, might have begun around 1618, when Robert the father was 26 years old (see: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=119395). Daughter Jane Vaughan shows up towards the bottom of the pedigrees so perhaps she was born within the next decade or so. Jane's son Griffith Owen (see below) is said to have died in the year 1717 at the age of 70, so if this is correct, she was probably at childbearing age in 1647 or before that if Griffith wasn't the oldest son.
In addition to the PACF Hengwrt pedigree, the marriage of daughter Jane to Robert Owen son of Humphrey can also be seen in another pedigree showing the marriage of Jane, daughter of Robert Vaughan to "Robert, of Dolserau" son of Humphrey Owen (PACF, p 363 "Baron Lewis Owen's" pedigree).
In that same PACF, p363 pedigree we can also see Robert Vaughan's father Howel Vaughan and his wife Margaret, daughter of Edward Owen who was the son of Lewis Owen "the Baron." The same marriage of Roberts father Howel is shown in Peniarth MS no. 288 page 403 where it reads:
"Howel Vy[cha]n = Margared vch [daugher of] Edward Owen ap Lewis ap Owen Barron".
Its a bit of a mystery, but RMW says the Peniarth MS 287, p 408 lists Robert Vaughan's children but not yet any marriages. However, the film I viewed not only showed a child Jane but also the marriage to Robert Owen: "Jan[e?] = Robert Owen of [Dolserre?]."
Its possible that RMW meant that only the children were in Robert Vaughan's hand and that his children's marriages appearing in Peniarth MS 287 p 408 were added in a later hand. It does appear that most of the spouses of the children have been added in a later hand with a different ink that appears lighter, but the marriage of Jane to Robert Owen may have been an early one because it appears in ink that is just as dark and in a hand writing that appears to be very similar to the original in Robert Vaughan's hand (e.g., the vertical stoke in Griffith's "R" and "D" generally protrude above the top of the letter; Robert Vaughan's in MS 287, p 408 do not).
Just as in the previous generation for Robert Vaughan, it is been difficult, at least in my research, to find much in terms of original sources beyond the Peniarth MS 287 and 288 pedigrees for the Robert Owen's marriage to Jane Vaughan, daughter of the antiquary. However, before my trip to Wales in April 2012, I felt fortunate to happen upon an article discussing the Peniarth MS collection of manuscripts, which had a reference to a letter by Robert Owen that indicated a possible family relationship. The article mentioned the letter as coming from Robert Vaughan's "Quaker son-in-law." (Daniel Huws, "Medieval Welsh Manuscripts" p 296 and footnote).
When in Wales, at the National Library, I had a chance to look at and image the May 1678 Robert Owen letter (NLW Wynnestay MS no. C13). In the letter to Edward Williams[?] of Glascoed, Robert Owen discusses the possible sale of the Hengwrt (now Peniarth) MS and refers to Ynyr, Robert Vaughan the antiquary's son as his brother in law: "bro: in law Ynyr." Robert Vaughan's eldest son Howel was buried in 1675, so Ynyr would have been the eldest son at the time of these negotiations for the Hengwrt papers in 1678.
If I am reading it correctly, this letter seems to help support the relationships shown in Griffith's PACF, p 201 Hengwrt pedigree showing Ynyr, as a son of Robert Vaughan and Ynyr's sister Jane, as wife of Robert Owen. Importantly, we have a location for this particular Owen (a common Welsh name) because he signs the letter as "Robert Owen of Dolserau near Dolgelley."
In another letter, Robert Owen devotes a majority of time talking about the value of the manuscripts (saying they are probably worth 1000 pounds but could be had for 300 pounds) but he also again briefly mentions Ynyr, this time referring to him as "my bro: Yynr." (NLW Wynnestay MS BOX C/70).
After returning from Wales, I stumbled upon what may be a letter from Robert Vaughan, the antiquary, to his son-in-law Robert Owen, a practicing Quaker. Here is the entry as it appears in Archaeologica Cambrensis, 4th series no. VI, (April 1871), p 123: Hengwrt 531: "Fragment of a curious Puritanical correspondence, English and Welsh, in the year 1651, and in the autograph of the antiquary, Robert Vaughan. One of the letters is addressed to " Mr. Robert Owen at Dol y Serry near Dolgelley," and is dated 1 Dec. 1651." Possibly when I have more time, I can look up the equivalent Peniarth MS number to see if the online catalog at the NLW has more information on this document.
I might note here briefly here because it is a rare occurrence, that Robert Owen does seem to appear in one Nannau MS in 1676. The writer of the Nannau MS catalogue entry is not able to identify the author of the letter but it does appear to mention the Robert Owen of this generation. The letter is from Dorothy Wynn "to my ever honored and dear sister Mrs. Katherine Nanney." In one part of the letter Dorothy, asks Mrs. Nanney to send a matter enclosed in the letter to "Mr. Owen, the Quaker."
Although Jane Vaughan is, at times, referred to as the "gateway ancestor," she and her husband Robert are said to have died within a few years of their arrival in 1684 in Pennsylvania. A brief mention of Robert and Jane Vaughan's children might be appropriate because they appear in more records in Pennsylvania.
I don't remember coming across a will for Robert or Jane or an original document that mentions any of the children that emmigrated with them to Pennsylvania. The DWB entry for Robert Owen written by Dodd, refers us to PACF p 201 for their children. The Peniarth pedigrees written by Jane's father and brother are of no help. Though we have the marriage of Robert Owen and Jane Vaughan in Peniarth MS 288 p 404, no children for them are listed.
Perhaps the testimony of John Humphrey to Robert Owen in the Radnor meeting minutes at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania (cited by Dodd and the source apparently for his at one time being governor of Beaumaris castle) mentions one or more of his children.
My particular interest is in Griffith Owen, "doctor," who died 1717 and is said to be son of Robert and Jane Owen. DWB says all of their children except Robert arrived on the ship Vine on September 17, 1684 in Philadelphia. On the list of passengers can be seen Robert Vaughan and "Jeane" along with son Lewis and so does a Griffith Owen, likely their son and his wife Sarah.
Both the DWB and DNB entries for Griffith Owen say that his father was our Robert Owen but pedigrees are among the sources listed. I have not been able to discover a consensus for an original document that shows a direct relationship, but the relationship can probably be implied by a combination of the pedigree, their names appearing on the same passenger list, and in land transactions in Pennsylvania by Owen family members.
Thomas Alen Glen, in Welsh Founders of Pennsylvania (WFP) p 82-3 describes some interesting Owen family land transactions in the early Pennsylvania colony. He notes first Edward Owen of Dolserre in the county of Merioneth [Wales], purchasing land in a deed dated 1682. Then, according to Glen, in early 1684/5, Griffith Owen is executing a purchase of over 300 acres of land in Merion from his brother Edward Owen. In addition, the deed, by Griffith and Edward Owen, according to Glen (WFP p 55) was witnessed by their father Robert Owen and brother Lewis Owen.This transaction is noted in the PACF p 201 Hengwrt pedigree that shows Griffith and his brother Edward.
Edward Owen, according to Lawmaking and Legislators of Pennsylvania (LLP), Horle, Foster, & Scheib (1991) vol. 1, was one of the parties that purchased land from Penn in 1681 (and the only one in that purchase described as "gentleman") and he arrived in Pennsylvania aboard the ship Morning Star November 20, 1683. Edward settled in Duck Creek, Newcastle County and paid a county tax there in early 1884 (LLP). He and his father Robert Owen's names appear on a deed there in 1685 (WFP p 53).
LLP has a short biography on Edward and a very detailed biography of Griffith Owen (p 576-81). The entry for Griffith makes an interesting note that, before their emmigration, in May of 1681, both Griffith and his father Robert were at a meeting of prominent Quakers with William Penn regarding a colony in Pennsylvania.
Dr. Owen died in Philadelphia in 1717. I thought I would include a line or two of Griffith Owen's last will because the PACF p 201 pedigree confuses the daughters:
"Griffith Owen of Philadelphia in Pensilvania practitioner in Physick ..... do make this my Last Will and Testament in Writing....
....I give and Bequeath all my Tract of Land in Goshen containing four hundred and forty one Acres which I bought of John Fincher as mentioned in the Deed Joyning to the Land of Robert David and to the Land of Ellis David to my four Daughters namely to Sarah Wief to Jacob Minshall To Rebecca Wife to Isaac Minshall and to Jane Wife to Jonathan Coppock deceased And to Ann Wief to John Whitpaine..."
The Quaker records are a good source for his descendants, for example, Jacob Minshall's marriage to Sarah, daughter of Griffith Owen.
Although, I don't have it in front of me, from what I recall, a fairly detailed source for Griffith Owen's wives and descendants can be found in:
-- George Englert McCracken, The Welcome Claimants: Proved, Disproved and Doubtful (Publications of the Welcome Society of Pennsylvania, no. 2) ( l970), pp. 303-308, etc.