Archiver > GENEALOGY-DNA > 2006-02 > 1140131079

From: "Robert Hughes" <>
Subject: Re: [DNA] slaves from Mozambique
Date: Thu, 16 Feb 2006 18:04:39 -0500

Hello Mary Jo,

African slaves tended to be dispersed depending to the nationality of the
slave trader. For example, English traders would carry slaves from the west
coast of Africa to the Caribbean for processing and then to my home state of
South Carolina. Probably the largest slave port on the east coast was SC,
but individual traders would pick up slaves and deliver them up and down the
east coast.

French traders would carry slaves to New Orleans, another slave port in
the south. The French also carried slaves to their Caribbean sugar
plantations and to South America mines.

Slaves shipped from Mozambique, on the east coast of Africa, tended to go
east instead of west. The French would carry Mozambique slaves to their
sugar plantations around the Indian Ocean. The Arab slave traders would take
their Mozambique slaves to the Mid East. The Portuguese are probably
responsible for carrying the majority of Mozambique slaves to the west, i.e.
to South America for work in the mines and plantations there.

One clue to where a slave might end up was in the skills they possessed.
First generation slaves with Rice or Cotton growing experience were sought
after in the south. Second or third generation slaves on plantations,
businesses etc might be taught house carpentry, stonework/brick masonry or
ship building. Carpenters could end up anywhere. Its said that slaves
built the walls of Wall Street. In fact, its thought that 20 percent of the
population of colonial New York was slaves. Leslie Harris of Emory
University says that per individual, more New Yorkers owned slaves than
antebellum southern whites.

If you are interested in slave records in SC, you might try contacting
the South Carolina Historical Society in Charleston, SC. Their website is at or e-mail at
If they cant answer your questions, they might be able to point you in the
right direction.
Mind you, they do charge a fee. I dont think they have any records on the
Mozambique slave trade but they have some of the best researchers in town.

I try to first query the South Carolina Room at the Charleston Public
They are free, generally quicker to respond and have been very helpful in
the past.

Regards, Robert

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