Archiver > GENEALOGY-DNA > 2006-08 > 1155182897

From: ellen Levy <>
Subject: RE: [DNA] Haplogroup J2 frequency
Date: Wed, 9 Aug 2006 21:08:17 -0700 (PDT)
In-Reply-To: <01c601c6bc21$2df0db60$6401a8c0@Precision360>


First of all, the researchers did not look to the
Basque because of their high frequency of R1b or
Middle Easterners because of their E3b & J. This was
study that did not limit itself to investigating Y
data alone, but combined that data with autosomal and
mtDNA results as well. This data included the

1. 2,349 sequences of mtDNA (HVRI) from 34 samples.
2. Eleven binary markers from the Y chromosome.
3. 22 binary markers of NRY in 27 populations for a
total of 1,096 samples.
4. Five nuclear DNA loci (I cannot claim to have any
real grasp of these markers).

To obtain admixture coefficients, the researchers four
parental populations to use as proxies for prehistoric
groups, specifically (1) populations from the Near
East and Turkey; (2) the Basques as the most direct
descendants of hunter-gatherers (and yes, I have a big
problem with this assumption, but I suppose the Basque
are as good a representative as the French or English
or Dutch). The other two populations included North
Africans and North-Eastern Europeans (you apparently
were worried they weren't included in this study).

The reason the Finnish sample was excluded was because
their allele frequency was so skewed towards a
North-Eastern genetic input that it threw off the rest
of the European sample (which simply doesn't have that
great a frequency of northeastern genes). Generally,
in the European samples, 15% or less of both
Northeastern and North African genetic contributions
were found. Finland was the exception.

Ellen Coffman

--- Lawrence Mayka <> wrote:

> > From: ellen Levy [mailto:]
> > In another study, "Estimating the Impact of
> > Prehistoric Admixture on the Genome of Europeans,"
> > Isabelle Dupanloup, 2004 Mol Biol Evol
> > 21(7):1361-1372, the researchers inferred
> admixture
> > processes in the European population by examining
> Y,
> > mtDNA and autosomal data. They study found that
> the
> > "main component in the European genomes appear to
> > derive from ancestors whose features were similar
> to
> > those of modern Basques and Near Easterners, with
> > average values greater than 35% for both of these
> > parental populations...The Near Eastern
> contribution
> > is generally high, with a mean of 49.4% across
> Europe
> > (range: 20.8% for England, 79.0% in the Balkans)
> when
> > considering molecular information and 54.5% (22.2%
> in
> > England, 95.6% in Finland) when considering only
> the frquency
> > of haplotypes." The authors then excluded Finland
> because
> > more than 90% of its alleles appear to have come
> from
> > Northeast Europe and calculate the average Near
> Eastern
> > contributions at 48.3% (molecular
> > estimates) and 50.7% (frequency estimates).
> The study did not just exclude Finland, it
> effectively ignored the
> contribution of eastern Europe and beyond that, of
> western Asia. As your
> quote shows, the author shockingly asserts that all
> of Europe can be
> ascribed to 'Basques' (roughly, western European
> R1b) and 'Near Easterners'
> (roughly, Middle Eastern J and E3b).
> Ironically, the study begins by including eastern
> Europe and north African
> contributions. But later in the paper, the study
> unceremoniously drops
> those two, and instead makes the aforementioned
> shocking assertion.
> ==============================
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