Archiver > GENEALOGY-DNA > 2006-08 > 1155864187

From: Jim & Marie Wilcox <>
Subject: Re: [DNA] Native Americans DNA in Europe
Date: Thu, 17 Aug 2006 21:37:05 -0500
References: <>
In-Reply-To: <>

It is well documented that Native Americans were often shipped to Europe.
See article: Human Zoos

They were brought to England, Spain and Germany. Spain was especially
interested in the aboriginal from the West Indies early on in Columbus's
time and later when Spain still owned the "Spanish Territories", i.e.,
Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, etc.
Many N.A. people were exported from Utah, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas
to Spanish silver mines in Mexico as well as laborers on sugar
plantations and ranches in the early 1800's. This included males as well
as females.
The Dutch also exported N.A. people from the New Amsterdam colonies in
the 1600's to their Caribbean interests.

See links:

I can't find the other articles but will post when I do.


Amelia wrote:
> Just as an opinion, I would hazard to guess it would be more likely that
> Native American mtDNA might have travelled that route - and less likely
> the Y-chromosome.
> At 12:10 AM 4/29/2004 -0500, you wrote:
>> I just today received a link to search passenger lists of those who came
>> from Spain to the New World and have seen instances of "mestizos" and
>> "indios" listed. It shows that Native Americans did occasionally go to
>> Spain. Could this account for some of the findings of Native American
>> DNA in Europeans? It would be interesting to know how many may have
>> ended up in Europe and the circumstances such as whether they were
>> servants or new citizens. Here is the link to the archives:
> ==============================
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