GENEALOGY-DNA-L ArchivesArchiver > GENEALOGY-DNA > 2007-05 > 1178934328
From: "Nelda Percival" <>
Subject: Re: [DNA] E3b in Northern Ireland
Date: Fri, 11 May 2007 20:45:28 -0500
Check out these writings:
The Plantation of Ulster happened in 1611,after the flight of Earls in which
the main Ulster Gaelic chiefs, the ONeills and ODonnells fled to the
continent. The English Government has spent 9 years (1594 -1603) and a lot
of money reducing the Gaelic chiefs of Ulster to submission and they were
intent on insuring it would not have to be done again.
By 1598, Ulster was the last bastion of pure Celtic life in Ireland. The
genetics and culture of most of the rest of Ireland had mingled with Viking,
Norman and then English settlers and was a now hybrid containing cultural
components of Celtic, Viking, Norman and English origins. Ulster was largely
shielded from these changed because a) it was defended by strong clans,
particularly the O'Neills
in Tir Eoghain. b) it was furthest away from the Norman invasions which took
place on the south coast c) it was marshy and thinly-soiled and was regarded
as inferior land for conquering.
In 1609 there was an increasing hardship occasioned by the spread of a
British form of land tenure, called the feu , which had the effect of
dispossessing many farmers of their traditional lands in Scotland. These
farmers were attracted to the lands visible across the channel from the
shores of southwestern Scotland. Any Scot who had the inclination might now
take the short journey across to Ulster and there, acquire a holding of land
reputed by current Scotch Irish men to be far more fertile and productive
than any he was likely to know in his own country. In an effort to gain
control, England also in the early 1600s created a huge plantation in
Northern Ireland, by opening up an area for settlement by "true Englishmen."
Few from England took up the challenge, but it was a rare opportunity for
the poor people of the Scottish lowlands who had been traveling back and
forth anyway to improve their lot, and thousands of Scots made the move.
Only 30 miles separated the lower coast of Scotland from the coastline of
Ulster , so they didn't have far to go. By 1612 ships were traveling back
and forth with the frequency of a ferry. It should be noted here that people
in Ulster and Scotland had been interacting for many years across this small
stretch of water, the reason for this is simple, it was an easy crossing
compared to "Black Pig's Dyke"
Nelda's websites -
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|Re: [DNA] E3b in Northern Ireland by "Nelda Percival" <>|