Archiver > GENEALOGY-DNA > 2008-12 > 1228573634

From: "Ricardo Costa de Oliveira" <>
Subject: [DNA] Legends of the nomadic Iranian speaking tribes in Eurasia
Date: Sat, 6 Dec 2008 12:27:14 -0200

- England and Japan

C. Scott Littleton

Occidental College, Los Angeles

Yarnato-takeru: An "Arthurian" Hero in Japanese Tradition

“The curious similarities between the legendary Japanese hero Yamato-takeru
and King

Arthur do not appear to be merely fortuitous. We now know that between the

and the fifth centuries A.D. the folklore of both Japan and Western Europe
was influenced-

both directly and indirectly - by that of several nomadic Northeast Iranian

tribes (Sarmatians, Alans, etc.). These tribes originated in the steppes of

is today southern Russia and the Ukraine. The last surviving Northeast
Iranian speakers,

the Ossetians of the north-central Caucasus, preserve a corpus of legends
about a

hero called Batraz who closely resembles both Yamato-takeru and Arthur. It
is suggested

that Yamato-takeru, Arthur, and Batraz derive from a common Northeast


Asian Folklore Studies, Volume 54, 1995: 259-274


Manuscript of Fray Bernardo de Braga (?-1605) “Sobre a precedência do reino
de Portugal, ao reino de Nápoles”

The first king of Lusitania was Respendial (Rapantiano, Rapantianus) and
the second was Ataces (Atacces, Adax) Lusitania rex. One of the first kings
in Western Europe after the Roman Empire, the idea of a warrior king as an
Eastern Iranian cultural import in the Western Atlantic façade ?

« Rapantianus Lusitaniam a Romanis capessit , fuit « Alanus quidem et
Lusitania rex, sed breviter a suis « occisus successit Atacius, qui ultra
Lusitaniam « suum Regnum dilatavit,... «

“Resplamdiano Alanorun Regi defuncto successit Atax”.

Coimbra was the capital of the Alan Kingdom of Lusitania and the King Ataces
was killed in battle against the Visigoths. 1156 years later another
Portuguese King, successor of the Alan Kings from Lusitania, was killed
again in battle, Dom Sebastião killed in action in Alcacer Quibir, 4 of
august of 1578, in North Africa. D. Sebastião took the sword of Afonso
Henriques, the first Portuguese King from the Santa Cruz Monastery, in

The kings as warrior knights, the symbolic swords and the messianic figure
of the lost kings are common elements.

In some cases DNA and legends can travel together and they can make
difference far away from the point of origin. Kings had knights and troops
with them, perhaps some remnant elements of this DNA “gesta” can be found
nowadays in some parts of Eurasia. Rare Exotic Y DNA matching haplotypes in
the Caucasus, Iran and in Portugal can be very good candidates for this kind
of gesta in the Portuguese case:

Ricardo Costa de Oliveira

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