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From: "Ricardo Costa de Oliveira" <>
Subject: [DNA] H1 mtDNA 16262T 16278T HVR1 as a genetic signature of thePortuguese maritime expansion
Date: Sat, 27 Feb 2010 18:36:06 -0300




I have the rare HVR1 16262T 16278T 16519C mtDNA belonging to haplogroup H1



Frequencies of the rare 16262T, 16278T motif in three different databases:



SMGF Brazil 1348/2 (Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina)

FTDNA 430/2 Portugal (Brazil and USA with documented genealogies to the
Ribeirinha, Terceira, Açores, Azores)

Terceira Island 18/2, Azores (total) 120/2

Mitochondrial DNA patterns in the Macaronesia islands: Variation within and
among archipelagos

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/122687703/sm002.xls?PLAC
EBO=IE.pdf



In the H1 FGS Project the next close match (without the rare 16262T) is
RY9WZ from Valladolid, Spain at the cluster Z1a, but there’s a good
distance. So that’s an old Iberian lineage

http://www.familytreedna.com/public/mtDNA_H1/default.aspx?section=mtresults



The 16262T 16278T motif seems to be related to a single woman as a founder
colonist in the Terceira Island, Azores. That’s a presumable representative
of the first Atlantic embarked European mtDNA in the 15th century and it’s
an ethnic and national genetic signature of the old Portuguese Empire.
Usually the Portuguese haplotypes are distinctively found clustered only in
the Western Iberian Portuguese speaking areas and in the main Colony of
Brazil as their big territorial expansion.



The theory of sampling obeys the principle of statistical regularity and the
16262T 16278T mtDNA genetic signature presents specific frequencies and the
haplotypes can be analyzed as a more or less regular percentage found in
diverse samples from the Azorean and Brazilian populations.



Ricardo Costa de Oliveira





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