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Subject: [GRANNYS-NA-PANTRY] RE: Native American names
Date: Wed, 28 Jun 2000 12:32:09 EDT


Names
Delaware is not a Native American name. Exploring the Atlantic coast north of
Jamestown in 1610, Captain Samuel Argall discovered a large bay which he
named in honor of Sir Thomas West, Third Lord de la Warr and the first
governor of the Virginia. Apparently, Governor West was unimpressed with this
honor and returned to England without ever bothering to gaze upon his
namesake. However, the name stuck. English colonists later used Delaware for
the bay, the river and the native peoples who lived there. The Delaware
called themselves Lenape translated either as "original people" or "true
men." The Swedish form was Renape. For many Algonquin, the Lenape were the
"grandfathers," a term of great respect stemming from the widespread belief
that the Lenapi were the original tribe of all Algonquin-speaking peoples,
and this often gave the Lenapi the authority to settle disputes between rival
tribes. Other names: Akotcakanea (Iroquois), Anakwanoki (Cherokee), Delua
(Delaas) (Spanish Texas), Loup (French "wolf"), Mattawa (Mathe, Mathwa)
(Nanticoke), Narwahro (Wichita), and Tcakanea (Iroquois).


Language
Algonquin with three dialects:

Munsee, Unami, and Unalactigo. Munsee was distinct from the other two and
apparently was more closely related to Mahican.
Sub-Tribes
Three divisions based on differences in dialect and location rather than any
political relationship. By 1700 the Unalactigo had been absorbed by the Unami
and in many ways the Munsee had become a separate tribe. Numbers following a
name indicate more than one village of this name, while a tribal name
indicates either a Munsee village or mixed population.

Munsee (before 1682):

"people of the stoney country" (Minassiniu, Minisink, Minsi, Moncy, Monthey,
Mundock, Muncey, Munsi, and Muncie). The northernmost group of the Lenape,
they occupied the headwaters of the Delaware River where Pennsylvania, New
Jersey, and New York meet including the Catskill Mountains on the west side
of the lower Hudson Valley. Four of the Munsee tribes were sometimes known
collectively as the Esopus (Espachomy): Catskill, Mamekoting, Waranawonkong,
and Wawarsink.
Munsee Tribes or villages:
Cashiehtunk, Catskill (Katskill), Lackawaxen (2), Macharienkonick,
Mamekoting, Marechkawieck, Meochkonck, Minisink, Mengakonia, Mohickon,
Outauninkin, Pakadasank, Papagonk, Peckwes, Schepinakonck, Shawangunk,
Waoranec, Waranawonkong, Wawarsink (Waoranecker, Warwarsing), Waywayanda,
Wildwyck, and Wysox.
Unami (Wename) (before 1682):
"people down river" occupied the northern two-thirds of New Jersey (including
Staten Island) and the adjoining portions of eastern Pennsylvania to just
south of Philadelphia.
Ahaimus, Aquackanonk, Armeomeck, Assunpink, Axion (Atsayonck, Atsayongky),
Brotherton, Calcefar, Coacquannok, Coaxen, Communipaw (Gamaoenapa), Cranbury,
Crosswick (Crossweeksung), Edgepillock (Indian Mills), Eriwonec (Armewamese,
Armewamex, Erinonec, Ermamex), Gweghkongh, Hackensack, Haverstraw
(Haverstroo), Hespatingh, Keskaechquerem, Konekotay, Lehigh
(Gachwechnagechga), Hockanetcunk, Macock, Matanakon (Matikonghy), Matovancon,
Mechgachkamic, Meggeckessou, Meletecunk (Metacunk), Momakarongk,
Mooharmowikarun, Mookwungwahoki, Mosilian (Mosinan), Muhhowekaken,
Muhkarmhukse, Muhkrentharne, Navasink, Nittabonck (Nittabakonck), Neshamini,
Neshannock, Nyack (2) (Nayack), Okehocking (Okahoki, Okanickon),
Paatquacktung, Passayunk (Passajung), Pavonia, Pemickpacka, Playwicky,
Pocopson (Poaetquissingh, Pocaupsing), Raritan (Sanhikan), Ramcock (Ancocus,
Rancocas, Rankoke, Rarncock, Remahenonc, Remkoke), Sawkin, Schuykill,
Shackamaxon, Soupnapka, Tappan, Waoranec, Weepink, Welagamika, Wickquakonick
(Wicoa), Wichquaquenscke, and Yacomanshaghking.

Unalactigo (before 1682):
"people near the ocean" inhabited both sides of the lower Delaware River
below Philadelphia including Delaware Bay in what would currently be northern
Delaware, southeast Pennsylvania, and southern New Jersey.
Amimenipaty, Assomoche, Atayonek, Big Siconese, Chikohoki (Chihohock,
Chilohoki), Cranbury, Hickory, Hopokohacking, Kahansuk, Kechemech, Little
Siconese (Chiconesseck), Manta (Mantes), Memankitonna, Minguannan
(Minguahanan, Minguarinari), Nantuxet, Naraticon (Naraticonck, Narraticong),
Quenomysing (Quineomessinque), Roymount, Sewapoo (Sewapoi), Sickoneysinck
(Siconese, Sikonessink), Tirans, and Watcessit.

Moravian Missions (1740-1837):
Beginning about 1740 near Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Moravian (United Brethren)
missionaries from Germany began to work among the Delaware. As the Lenape
moved west, the missionaries went with them. Moravian converts are sometimes
referred to in Delaware treaties with the United States as the "Christian
Indians."
Pennsylvania:
Bethlehem, Friedenshuetten, Friedenstadt, Gnadenhuetten (2), Goshgoshunk
(Munsee), Languntennenk, Lawunakhannek (Munsee), Meniolagomeka (Munsee),
Nain, Sheshequin (Munsee), and Wechquetank.
Ohio:
Captive's Town, Gnadenhuetten, Lichtenau, Salem, Schoenbrunn (Munsee)
Michigan: New Gnadenhuetten, and New Salem (Pequottink)
Indiana:
Woapimintschi
Ontario:
Moraviantown, Shoenfeldt, and Watchtower
Pennsylvania Villages (1682-1779):
Adjouquay, Alamingo, Allaquippa (Alquippa), Alleghany, Assinisink (Munsee),
Bald Eagle's Nest, Big Island, Black Leg's, Brandywine, Catawaweshink,
Cattawisa (Lappapitton's Town), Chinklacamoose (Seneca), Clistowacka,
Conemaugh, Custaloga's Town (1), Frankstown, Hickorytown (Munsee-Seneca),
Hociundoquen, Hogstown, Jacob's Cabins, Jedakne (Iroquois), John's Town
(Munsee), Kalbauvane, Kanhanghton, Katamoonchink, Kickenapawling
(Quemahoning) (Iroquois), Kindassowa, King Beaver's Town (Shinga's Old Town),
Kishakoquilla (2), Kiskemeneco, Kiskiminetas, Kittaning (Attigué) (Iroquois),
Kushkuski (Kuskuski) (Iroquois), Lawunkhannek (Seneca), Logstown (Chininqué)
(Shawnee-Mingo), Loyalhanning (Iroquois), Macharienkonck (Munsee), Macocks,
Mahusquechikoken (Munsee-Seneca), Meniolagomeka, Nescopeck (Iroquois),
Nockamixon, Nutimy's Town (Shawnee- Mahican), Ostonwackin (Cayuga-Oneida),
Paxtang (Shawnee), Pematuning, Playwickey, Pohkopophunk, Punxsutawny (Gnat
Town), Queenashawakee, Queonemysing, Sawcunk (Saukunk) (Shawnee-Mingo),
Schipston, Seven Houses, Sewickley (Shawnee-Mingo), Shamokin
(Shawnee-Iroquois-Tutelo), Shannopin, Shenango (3) (Iroquois), Sheshequin
(Seneca), Shinga's Town (1), Teedyuskung, Tioga
(Munsee-Nanticoke-Mahican-Saponi-Tutelo), Tulpehocken, Tunkannock, Venango
(Seneca-Shawnee-Wyandot-Ottawa), Walagsmika, Wekeeponall (Queen Esther's
Town), Welagameka, Wickquacoingh (Wico), Wilawane, Wyalusing
(Munsee-Iroquois), and Wyoming (Munsee-Iroquois-Shawnee-Mahican-Nanticoke).
New York Villages (1690-1779):
Alaping, Kanestio (Seneca), Kohhokking (Painted Post), Lackawanna, Oswego,
Otseningo (Iroquois-Nanticoke-Mahican), Pasigachkunk, Passycotcung, Shingiss,
and Skehandowa (Iroquois)
Ohio Villages (1740-1829):
Achsinnink (Assisink), Auglaize, Beaverstown, Big Cat's (Buckongamelas),
Bullet's Town, Chilohocki, Coshocton (Goschochgung, Koshachkink)
(Munsee-Shawnee-Seneca), Custaloga's Town (2), Grapevine Town, Greentown,
Hockhocking (Hockhogen, Hockhocken, Shinga's New Town), Hopocan, Jeromestown,
Killbuck's Town (1), Kihshanschican, Kiskominitoes, Kokosing (Owl's Town), Le
Gris, Mahoning, Mohican John's Town, Murderingtown, Muskingum, Newcomerstown
(Gekelemukpechuenk), New Hundy (Munsee), Kekelemukpechink), Newtown (3)
(Iroquois), Old Hundy (Munsee), Pipestown (3), Salt Lick, Shenango (3),
Shingastown (1), Snakestown, Sonnontio (Shawnee-Mingo), Three Legs, Tom's
Town, Tullihas (Mahican-Caughnawaga), Tuscarawas (Wyandot), White Eyes
(Coquetakeghton), White Woman, Will's Creek, and Will's Town
Indiana Villages (1770-1820):
Anderson's Town (Wapeminskink) (Munsee), Black Hawk, Buckstown
(Buckongahela's Town, Wapekommekoke), Hockingpomska's Town, Killbuck's Town
(1), Kiktheswemund, Little Munsee Town (Munsee), Outaunink (Munsee),
Tetepachksit's Town, and Woapikamikunk (Woapikamunk)


May Your Waters Run Gentle.
Little Hawk.


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