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Subject: Fwd: [Melungeon-L] Genealogy: Early Indian Traders
Date: Fri, 26 Jun 1998 10:58:44 EDT


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Tom Thomason recently made a trip to the FHL in Salt Lake. Among his several
communiques, appears the forwarded missive on early traders and consequent
mixed-ethnic progeny. I am, here, adding information about the "Stewart,"
a.k.a., "Stuart" progenitor of the "Bushyhead" line. Bushyhead descendants
play a role in N. AL GUNTER descendancy, though I know of NO MELUNGEON [a.k.a,
TRI-ethnic component], to date, among early descendants of the line.

George, have you sustained your interest in early traders? If so, this might
be of interest to you.

Ann, this involves the "Gunter's Landing" segment of the extended Gunter
family & I thought might interest you as a component of the Marshall Co., AL
group.

Gale, this is just one more notch in the belt of what appears to be
"legitimate" [sans fanciful elaboration] early encounters leading to mixed-
ethnic population pockets. Though none of the early traders but the "Stewart"
reference is immediately recognizeable to me, at any rate, he IS familiar to
me, but only in the context of Cherokee Indians:

Capt. John Stuart - Englishman, b. early 1700's Scotland. Was
capt. British Army sent to British Fort London, TN Riv. in TN. He
m. Susannah Emory in TN, and he d. Feb 21, 1779, Pensacola,
FL - bur. UNK.
=
Susannah (Emory) Stuart - 1/4 Cherokee, b. ca 1751 in Cherokee
Nation East, TN. Her m1: Capt. John Stuart.
m2: Richard Fields, Sr.
m3: Joseph Martin, Jr.
Susannah d. Cherokee Nation East. She was a dau/o William Emory,
an Englishmen, and Mary (Grant) Emory, 1/2 Cherokee.
Capt. John and Susannah were parents of one son who was 1/8 Cherokee:
1 - Bushyhead (Stuart), m. Nannie Foreman. He was
b.
Cherokee Nation East,TN and his Cherokee name
was Oo-no-du-tu. Like his father, he had a
bushy head
of curly blond hair and his Indian friends
called him
Bushyhead so his ch. were known as Bushyhead
instead
of Stuart.

Bushyhead (Stuart) - 1/8 Cherokee, b. c1777 in TN m. Nancy (Nannie)
Foreman c1803, Cherokee Nation East, TN. Bushyhead was a 1/2 bro.
Judge John Martin. Nancy (Nannie) Bushyhead - 1/2 Cherokee, b. ca
1783 in Cherokee Nation East, was a dau/o John Anthony and Susie
Foreman. They were parents of seven ch. who were 5/16 Cherokees.
1 - Rev. Jesse Bushyhead, b. Sep 1804, TN m. Elliza Wilkerson
2 - Isaac Bushyhead, b. c1806 in TN m1 Catherine Ratliff; m2 Ghigau
Snaker.
He d. Aug 7, 1843, Saline Dist., Cherokee Nation, IT.
3 - George Bushyhead, b. c1808 in TN m. Guwohida Stofel.
4 - Nancy (Nannie) Bushyhead, b. c1810 in TN m1 John Walker, m2 Lewis
Hildebrand.
5 - Susan C. Bushyhead, b. c1812 TN. m1 Ezekiel Lyons, m2 L. P.
Harris.
6 - Jacob Bushyhead, b. c1814 in TN. m1 Nancy (Nannie) McDaniel; m2
Elizabeth Romine.
7 - Charles Bushyhead, b. c1816 TN. m1 Pauline Starr, dau/o James,
Sr. &
Susie (Maugh) Starr. His m2 was Sallie Miller (nee McCoy)

Rev. Jesse Bushyhead - 5/16 Cherokee, b. Sept 1804 TN m Eliza
Wilkerson
in TN. He d. July 17, 1844 in Going Snake Dist., Cerokee Nation, IT
and was
bur. in the Old Baptist Mission Cemetery, north of Westville, Adair
Co., OK.
He was a son of Bushyhead (Stuart) and Nancy (Foreman) Bushyhead.
=
Eliza (Wilkerson) Bushyhead - 1/2 Cherokee, dau/o Edward Wilkerson, a
white man and "Coo-ta-ya" a full-blood Cherokee.
ch:
1 - Jane (Jennie) Bushyhead, b. c1824 TN m. Richard Drew.
2- Chief Dennis Wolf Bushyhead, 13/32 Cherokee, b. Mar 18,
1826, TN.
m1 Elizabeth Alabama Adair nee Schrimsher, b. c1837 in AL.
She
was a dau/o Martin Matthew and Elizabeth Hunt (BETSY
GUNTER)
Schrimsher. His m2 was to Eloise Perry Butler. He d. Feb
4, 1898
at Tahlequah, Tahlequah Dist., Cherokee Nation and was
bur. in the
City Cem. in Tahlequah, Cherokee Co., OK. Dennis Wolf
Bushyhead
was Cherokee national treasurer from 1871 to 1879. He was
Principal
chief of the Cherokee Nation from 1879 to 1887.
3 - Daniel Colston Bushyhead, b. c1828 in TN. m Amanda McCoy,
a
dau of Daniel, Jr. and Margaret (Wolf) McCoy.
4 - Charlotte Bushyhead, b. Nov 21, 1830 in TN m. George
Washington
Mayes, Sr.
5 - Edward Wilkerson Bushyhead, b. c1832 in TN. m. Helen
Nichills nee
Corey.
6 - Caroline Elizabeth Bushyhead, b. March 17, 1834 in TN m.
Aug 28,
1876 in Going Snake Dist., Cherokee Nation, IT to William
Robert
Quarles. He was b. Dec 12, 1842 in Cobb Co., GA.
7 - Eliza Missouri Bushyhead, b. Jan 3, 1839 on Trail of Tears
from GA
to Cherokee Nation West in IT. Her m1 was to David Rowe
Vann, d.
early. He was son/o Joseph & Eliz. (Rowe) Vann. Her m2
was to
Bluford West Alberty in Sep 1871. He was s/o Moses, 1st
and
Sarah (Wright) Alberty.
8 - Jesse Bushyhead, Jr. b. Dec 26, 1841 in Going Snake Dist.,
Cherokee
Nation, IT. He d. Jan 1, 1868 near Westville, Going Snake
Dist.
Cherokee Nation and was bur in the Old Baptist Mission
Cem., north
of Westville, Adair Co., OK.
9 - Nancy (Nannie) Sarah Bushyhead, b. c1843 in Going Snake
Dist.,
Cherokee Nation. m. Dr. Felix Hurd McNair, s/o James Vann
and
Eliza (Childers) McNair. She d. at Tahlequah, and was
bur. in the
City Cem. in Tahlequah, Cherokee Co., OK. No dates on
headstone.

[Ref.: George Morrison Bell, Sr.: Genealogy of "Old and New Cherokee
Indian
Families" 1972]

* * * * * * * * * * *
*

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Subject: Fwd: [Melungeon-L] Genealogy: Early Indian Traders
Date: Thu, 25 Jun 1998 23:36:47 EDT
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I am forwarding the following message as it has some of the names that we have
been interested in. Tom

In a message dated 98-06-25 21:10:16 EDT, writes:

<< I am reposting this. After it went through the deformatting wringer even I
couldn't read it:
The following is information from Alan Vance Briceland's Westward from
Virginia: The Exploration of the Virginia-Carolina Frontier 1650-1710.
Briceland's thesis is that there was very little exploration beyond the
southeastern frontier of the Virginia colony (then the Blackwater River)
before 1650. After the Lederer expedition in 1670, Virginians began trading
with the Saponi and Occoneechee Indians. Trade was sporadic until about
1680. Then trade gradually expanded, reaching further and further into the
interior. By 1712, the traders' destination was the Catawba, living on the
river of that name south of present-day Charlotte, N.C. Then trade went
even further, reaching the Creeks and Cherokee. The following are names of
traders and where they operated from Briceland's book:

pp. 124-25: Thomas Batts, Robert Fallam, Thomas Wood, and Jack Weston make
an expedition to the west with assistance from the Saponi. A "Portyghee"
employee of Abraham Wood at Fort Henry (now Petersburg) is living at Sapon
(located in the hairpin bend of the Staunton River near Charlotte Court
House).

p. 148: Joseph Hatcher, Henry Hatcher, Benjamin Bullington trading with the
Occaneechee 1671-1674.

p. 175: Robert Hicks, David Crawley, and 50 tributary Indians go to
trade with the Tuscarora 1713

John Stewart, a Virginian of Scottish descent trading among the Catawba
1701.

Massey, a Yorkshireman, trading with the Indians 1701.

Indian traders who gave bond to trade in Carolina 1711:
William Dettypoole, Thomas Edwards, and Henry Tally
David Crawley, John Evans, and Richard Jones
Richard and George Smith
Nathan Evans
Robert Hicks (from Woods' Settlement, i.e., modern Petersburg)

p.176: Nathaniel Urvin (may hae been associated with Hicks)
George Fountain, a free black active in the Tuscarora trade

Large investors in the Indian trade (about 1704) were William Byrd II,
John and Robert Bolling, John Evans, Robert Mumford, and Peter,
Thomas,and Richard Jones. Most were residents of Prince George County, the
northen terminus of the Occaneechee (Trading) Path.

p. 177: residents of Surry charged with illegal trading with the
Tuscarora: James Lundy, Chalres Kimball, William Kimball, Thomas Reeves,
Jacob Colson.

p. 180: John Lawson (1700-01) reports that Carolina traders are living
withthe Indian tribes 2-3 years at a time, taking Indian wives.

p. 182-83: Lawson's is only contemporary personal account of life of the
traders, states that Indians supplies traders with "intimate female
companionship"
p. 187: Virginia governor 1704 reports 56 are involved in Indian trade.

p. 188: John Fontaine, John Davis, and Hubert, a black, are trading with
Tuscarora 1704.

p. 189: Tom Blunt, King of the Tuscarora

This only deals with the trade from Virginia. The Virginians' commercial
rivals operated out of Charleston, South Carolina, but got involved in the
trade somewhat later than 1680. We can infer that there could have been a
substantial number of mixed offspring by 1715.
>>

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Subject: [Melungeon-L] Genealogy: Early Indian Traders
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I am reposting this. After it went through the deformatting wringer even I
couldn't read it:
The following is information from Alan Vance Briceland's Westward from
Virginia: The Exploration of the Virginia-Carolina Frontier 1650-1710.
Briceland's thesis is that there was very little exploration beyond the
southeastern frontier of the Virginia colony (then the Blackwater River)
before 1650. After the Lederer expedition in 1670, Virginians began trading
with the Saponi and Occoneechee Indians. Trade was sporadic until about
1680. Then trade gradually expanded, reaching further and further into the
interior. By 1712, the traders' destination was the Catawba, living on the
river of that name south of present-day Charlotte, N.C. Then trade went
even further, reaching the Creeks and Cherokee. The following are names of
traders and where they operated from Briceland's book:

pp. 124-25: Thomas Batts, Robert Fallam, Thomas Wood, and Jack Weston make
an expedition to the west with assistance from the Saponi. A "Portyghee"
employee of Abraham Wood at Fort Henry (now Petersburg) is living at Sapon
(located in the hairpin bend of the Staunton River near Charlotte Court
House).

p. 148: Joseph Hatcher, Henry Hatcher, Benjamin Bullington trading with the
Occaneechee 1671-1674.

p. 175: Robert Hicks, David Crawley, and 50 tributary Indians go to
trade with the Tuscarora 1713

John Stewart, a Virginian of Scottish descent trading among the Catawba
1701.

Massey, a Yorkshireman, trading with the Indians 1701.

Indian traders who gave bond to trade in Carolina 1711:
William Dettypoole, Thomas Edwards, and Henry Tally
David Crawley, John Evans, and Richard Jones
Richard and George Smith
Nathan Evans
Robert Hicks (from Woods' Settlement, i.e., modern Petersburg)

p.176: Nathaniel Urvin (may hae been associated with Hicks)
George Fountain, a free black active in the Tuscarora trade

Large investors in the Indian trade (about 1704) were William Byrd II,
John and Robert Bolling, John Evans, Robert Mumford, and Peter,
Thomas,and Richard Jones. Most were residents of Prince George County, the
northen terminus of the Occaneechee (Trading) Path.

p. 177: residents of Surry charged with illegal trading with the
Tuscarora: James Lundy, Chalres Kimball, William Kimball, Thomas Reeves,
Jacob Colson.

p. 180: John Lawson (1700-01) reports that Carolina traders are living
withthe Indian tribes 2-3 years at a time, taking Indian wives.

p. 182-83: Lawson's is only contemporary personal account of life of the
traders, states that Indians supplies traders with "intimate female
companionship"
p. 187: Virginia governor 1704 reports 56 are involved in Indian trade.

p. 188: John Fontaine, John Davis, and Hubert, a black, are trading with
Tuscarora 1704.

p. 189: Tom Blunt, King of the Tuscarora

This only deals with the trade from Virginia. The Virginians' commercial
rivals operated out of Charleston, South Carolina, but got involved in the
trade somewhat later than 1680. We can infer that there could have been a
substantial number of mixed offspring by 1715.

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