LAWHORN-L ArchivesArchiver > LAWHORN > 1998-07 > 0900529570
From: Debbie Hill <>
Subject: INDIAN ROLLS
Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 14:06:10 -0500
Several of you have posted privately about the Indian Rolls, maybe these
resources will be of some help to those of you who are researching your
Native American "Lawhorn's".
Good Luck, and please post your Lawhorn findings to the list, we are all
EASTERN Cherokees - Those Cherokee remaining east of the Mississippi after
the forced removal in 1838/9 (Trail of Tears). There were earlier removals,
these were VOLUNTARY.
WESTERN or Oklahoma Cherokees -
1 - Old Settler Cherokees: Those Cherokee who migrated west of the
Mississippi River before the Treaty of 1835.
2 - Emigrant Cherokee: Those Cherokees who migrated after the Treaty of
1835 including those on the forced removal.
EASTERN CHEROKEE ROLLS/CENSUSES:
The Cherokee census of 1835 or more commonly known as the Henderson Roll was
taken in the Eastern Cherokee Nation in the states of Tennessee, Georgia,
North Carolina and Northeastern Alabama. This roll is located on Roll 12 of
NARA T496 and is also indexed in Vol. I of "Cherokee Roots" by B.
Blankenship. It is listed by head of household, and breaks down the
fullbloods, 1/2 bloods, 1/4 bloods, whites, and blacks. It gives some age
info - over 16 and under 16.
1848 Mullay Roll - This was a census of over 1500 Cherokees remaining in
North Carolina after the removal of 1838. It made payments to those not
compensated by claims to the Nation in the WEST. This is indexed in Vol. I
of "Cherokee Roots" and on microfilm Roll 1 of 7RA-06.
1851 Siler Roll - This was a census of over 1900 Cherokees who were entitled
to a per capita payment pursuant to an 1850 act of Congress. This is indexed
in Vol. I of "Cherokee Roots and on microfilm Roll 1 of 7RA-06.
1852 Chapman Roll - An Eastern Cherokee Payment based on the 1851 Siler Roll.
It is listed by State, County and thereunder by family group. This roll
gives the ages of the persons, relationship to head of household, and
whethere each person is white, Cherokee or mixed. This is indexed in Vol. I
of "Cherokee Roots" and on Roll 12 of NARA T496.
1869 Swetland Roll - This was a census of those Cherokee listed by Mullay and
their heirs. It is listed by State, County and thereunder by family group.
This roll gives the ages of the persons, relationship to head of household
and has a remarks column. It is indexed in Vol. I of "Cherokee Roots" and
also available thru LDS FHC film #0847743 under North Carolina - Native
1884 Hester Roll - This roll was taken basically in North Carolina, Georgia
and Tennessee. This roll has two name columns, one for current name and one
for the true and correct spelling of the name. This roll also has a remarks
column and a column for their Cherokee name. This is on Roll 12 of NARA
M685, indexed in Vol. I of "Cherokee Roots", and available on LDS FHC film
#1666295 under Oklahoma - Native Races.
1907/10 Guion Miller Roll or the Eastern Cherokee Applications of the US
Court of Claims - This roll is compiled information of all Eastern Cherokee,
not Old Settlers, residing east or west of the Mississippi. This roll was
ordered as a result of suit won by the Eastern Cherokee in the US Court of
Claims. In order to participate, one had to be alive on May 28, 1906 and
establish themselves as a member of the Eastern Cherokee, or a descendant of,
at the time of the violated treaties. More than 45,000 applications
containing over 90,000 names were filed. Only one third or 31,000 persons
were declared eligible.
It is exceptional in the amount of info on a family that was included in the
application. The application included: English and Cherokee names, if known;
Residence; place and date of birth; name of spouse; names and birth dates of
children; names in English and Cherokee of parents; birthplace, residence in
1851, and date of death of parents; names of brothers and sisters, including
birth and death dates; names in English and Cherokee of grandparents; and
names in English and Cherokee of aunts and uncles - residence, if living or
date of death, if deceased.
These applications can be viewed on NARA M1104 rolls 1-348. Roll 1 has a copy
of the final roll and general index to all applicants. The final roll is
index by group - Eastern (Vol. I) or Western (Vol. II) in "Cherokee Roots".
The final roll and general index (Roll 1 of M1104) is also available on LDS
FHC film #0378594 under North Carolina - Native Races.
1908 Churchill Roll - This was taken for those Eastern Cherokee in North
Carolina only. It is indexed in Vol I of "Cherokee Roots" and available on
LDS FHC film #0847744 under North Carolina - Native Races.
1924 Baker Roll - This was taken for those Eastern Cherokee in North Carolina
only. It is indexed in Vol I of "Cherokee Roots" and available on LDS FHC
film #0847744/5 under North Carolina - Native Races.
WESTERN or Oklahoma Cherokee:
..from "Cherokee Roots" by Bob Blankenship
"Though it is not commonly known, western migration of the Cherokee Nation
commenced well before the removal in 1838 - known as the Trail of Tears.
By the time the Eastern Cherokee arrived in (present day) northeastern
Oklahoma in 1839, approximately 1/3 of the Cherokee Nation was already
Records of how many people, and when, moved west are limited. It is known
for a fact, that as early as the 1790's some Cherokee moved into southeastern
Missouri. It is probable that there were already Cherokee settled in the
Missouri area. Due to earthquakes and flooding in Missouri, around 1812,
most of the Cherokee moved into (present day) northwestern Arkansas.
Because of mounting political pressure, the United States entered treaties
with the Cherokee in 1817 and 1819, for the purpose of acquiring Cherokee
land in the east. Out of these treaties, the Cherokee had a choice of two
alternatives. They could either enroll to moved to the traded for land in
(present day) northwestern Arkansas or they could file for a reservation of
640 acres in the east which would revert to the state upon their death or
abandonment of the property.
By the treaty in 1828, the Cherokee ceded their lands in Arkansas (Territory)
for lands in Oklahoma (Indian Territory). There was also some incentive
for those east of the Mississippi to join the Cherokee in Oklahoma
Old Settlers Rolls:
1851 Old Settler Roll - A listing of Cherokee still living in 1851 who were
already residing in Oklahoma (Indian Territory) when the main body of
Cherokee arrived in the winter of 1839 - as a result of the Treaty of New
Echota (1835). Listed by Cherokee District and thereunder by family group.
Also, includes non-residents of the family group. It is indexed in Vol. II
of "Cherokee Roots" and on Roll 12 of NARA M685.
1896 Old Settler Payment Roll - Based on families living in the Cherokee
Nation West in 1851, is lists those Old Settlers still alive, heirs of a
deceased Old Settler, and Old Setters not found. This roll is on Rolls 1 & 2
of NARA T985.
Western Emigrant Cherokee Roll:
1852 Drennan Roll (Emigrant Cherokee Payment) - Listed by Cherokee District
and thereunder by family group. Also, contains sections called the Disputed
Roll by family group. The Disputed Roll were people who had been Old
Settlers, but were placed on this roll because of lack of evidence. It is
indexed in the Vol. II of "Cherokee Roots" and on microfilm Roll 12 of
Western Cherokee - Note #2
Western Cherokee Districts:
1 - Coo-Wee-Scoo-Wee 6 - Flint
2 - Delaware 7 - Canadian
3 - Saline 8 - Illinois
4 - Tahlequah 9 - Skin Bayou or Sequoyah
5 - Going Snake
Western Cherokee Censuses 1880-1896:
1880 Cherokee Census - The 1880 Census has 6 schedules, #1 listed all
citizens of the Cherokee Nation WEST; #2 listed orphans; #3 listed 'Not
Recognized Citizens'; #4 listed pending Citizenship applicants; #5 listed
intruders (whites, etc); #6 listed permitted Non-Citizens. The census lists
name, age, sex, read/write, married, and farm/dwelling info including
acreage. This census is arranged by Cherokee District and semi-alpha order
by first letter of last name. It is on Reg. Archive Group film 7RA07 Rolls
1-4 in Ft. Worth, TX.
1880 Lipe Roll - This is a payment roll or "Bread Money" Roll. The roll
lists the name and amount the Cherokee was paid. It is listed by Cherokee
District and thereunder by semi-alpha order by first letter of the last name.
It is on Reg. Archive Group film 7RA33 Roll 1 in Ft. Worth, TX.
1883 Cherokee Payment Roll - "Grass Money" - A per capita payment made to
Cherokee citizens from funds obtained from leasing land to the Cherokee Strip
Livestock Association. This roll gives name and age, is in semi-alpha order
by first letter of last name, and grouped by Cherokee district. It is on
Reg. Archive Group film 7RA56 Rolls 1-2 in Ft. Worth, TX.
1886 Cherokee Payment Roll - Additional "Grass Money" - It is on Reg. Archive
Group film 7RA58 Rolls 1-2 in Ft. Worth, TX.
1890 Cherokee Census - It is similar to the 1880 Census. It lists name,
native or adopted, race or nationality, age, sex, ccupation, read/write,
married and dwelling info including acreage. It is on Reg. Archive Group
film 7RA08 Rolls 1-6 in Ft. Worth, TX. Also, Schedule 1 is available on LDS
FHC under Oklahoma - Native Races Film #1666296 - Canadian District, 1666297
- Cooweescoowee (part), 1666298 - Cooweescoowee (part), Delaware, Flint and
Going Snake, 1666299 - Illinios, Saline Sequoyah, and Tahlequah (part), and
1666300 - Tahlequah (part).
Western Cherokee - Note #3
1893 Cherokee Census - Taken to use as a basis for a per capita payment for
funds received from the sale of the Cherokee Strip in 1893. Arranged by
Cherokee District and family group, age and sex. There are separate sections
in each district for Cherokee Citizens, adopted whites, Freedmen, Shawnee,
Delaware, and Creek Indians. It is on Reg. Archive Group film 7RA54 Rolls
1-2 in Ft. Worth, TX.
1894 Cherokee Strip Payment - "Starr Roll" - This is arranged by Cherokee
District and alpha by first letter of last name. It lists names in the
family group, age, and signature of peron receiving payment for family. It
is on Reg. Archive Group film 7RA38 Rolls 1-5 in Ft. Worth, TX.
1896 Cherokee Census - Arranged by Cherokee District and gives name, age,
sex, miles from voting precinct, degree of Cherokee Blood, birth place for
Natives and Adopted Citizens. It is on Reg. Archive Group film 7RA19 Roll 1
in Ft. Worth, TX.
1898-1902 Final Roll of the Five Civilized Tribes or "Dawes Roll" (with
supplemental for minor children 1902-1906):
The final result of the Dawes Commission's work was to determine the
eligibility of citizens to share in the allotment of land. For the Cherokee,
it contains the names of Cherokee Citizens who were living in the Cherokee
Nation West on September 1, 1902. The index gives roll number, names, age,
sex, degree of blood, and Census Card number. The Roll is broken down by
Cherokee By Blood, Cherokee Minors, Cherokee Freedman, Cherokee Freedman
Minors, and Cherokee Intermarried Whites.
The Census Cards contain information about one family and show the same info
as on the final rolls for each family member. It gives additional info
including residence, location of earlier rolls, names of parents, whether
parents were living or deceased, and often notations on marriages or deaths.
The Census Cards for all FCT have been reproduced on Rolls 2-93 on NARA
M1186. Roll 1 of NARA M1186 has the index to ACCEPTED Dawes applicants.
Once you obtain the Census Card number for your ancestor, go to NARA Group
M1186 and view the acutal Census Card. The Census Cards are broken down into
the sections that I listed above. To view the application packet that
accompanies the Census Card, go to NARA Group M1301 Rolls 174-399. These
application packets contain depositions by the heads of the family and other
person attesting to the validity of the applicants claim. Note: Don't
forget about the Minor Children Supplement 1902 - March 1906. These Minor
children Census Cards and application packets often contain birth aftidavits
filed by the parents. An index of the ACCEPTED Dawes Applicants for the
Cherokee Nation is listed in Vol. II of "Cherokee Roots".
I hope that these postings have helped 'shed some light' on the
rolls/censuses of the Cherokee Nations, both Eastern and Western.
Michelle in Nj
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