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Subject: [MCINTOSH] Death of Patsy McIntosh
Date: Wed, 02 Apr 2008 02:48:14 -0000

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Author: maryachtrh
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Appears in "The Ravia Herald" 22 August 1908, Ravia, Johnston County, Oklahoma


Patsy McIntosh, Wealthiest Negro Woman in Oklahoma, is Dead

Muskogee, Oklahoma, August 24

The filing of the will of the late Patsy McIntosh, the wealthiest negro woman of the State, has developed some very interesting conditions that she imposed concerning her estate and the manner of her burial. Also a feature of the treaty between the Creek Indians and the United States government made in 1866, that very few people know about.

Whem Patsy died she left written instructions as to her burial. She instructed her executor, Thomas . Owen, to see to it that all of her friends and relatives were invited to her funeral. She was not to be buried for four days after her death. In the meantime meals were to be provided for all her relatives and friends at her house, those who came from the country were to have their teams fed, and none of them was to have one item of expense while they were there. She instructed the undertaker that when she was taken to the grave that the funeral procession should return to the city from the cemetery in the same order that it had gone out. It was expressly forbidden that the hearse leave the grave until the services were over, and when it did so it was to heard the procession homeward, all the carriages were to follow in line and the horses were not to be driven out of a walk.

Shen she died a chamois skin bag was found buckled on the calf of her leg, and in this bag there were $750. She always carried a large amount of cash about with her, and yet her executor found that she at many times carried the largest time deposit of any customer the bank had. He further found when he took an inventory of the estate, that while she was worth $75,000 and had much valuable city property and land, she did not owe a cent to anyone. She left all of her property to two daughters, both of them married. She had $12,000 in cash on deposit at her bank when she died.

This property grew out of a right she acquired in the Creek Nation under the treaty of 1886 which provided that all slaves of Indians who had been set free by Lincoln's proclamation should share in the land the same as an Indian, and that all other negroes who should come to Indian Territory within six months thereafter should also acquire such rights. She came in under this clause. She acquired a large tract of land on which a part of Muskogee later builded. She held some of this property and improved it. The rest she held until it became very valuable and sold. The Creeks to this day bitterly resent the clause in the treaty, forced on them by the government, which permitted negroes to share their land.

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