METISGEN-L ArchivesArchiver > METISGEN > 2001-10 > 1004120774
From: "Ron" <>
Subject: [METISGEN-L] Landry
Date: Fri, 26 Oct 2001 11:26:14 -0700
Viola, Here is what it says about the Landry's name in French Canadians of
the West. Don't know if its your line but just in case -here it is:
All the best,
French-Canadians of the West CD-ROM Version
By Peter Gagne -Quintin Publications
A French-Canadian hunter in the service of the Pacific Fur Company,
founded by John Jacob Astor on the Columbia River in 1810. François
enlisted as a milieu or MIDDLEMAN paddler at Michilimackinac in 1810 for a
period of five years, with an annual salary of 450 livres.
The overland expedition to the Columbia River, under Wilson Price Hunt,
was extremely arduous at times and low on provisions. After reaching the
River, unnecessary goods were put in nine caches near Caldron Linn
Dry Creek Falls, Idaho) and the expedition split up into two parties, one
Hunt and the other under Ramsay Crooks. Landry was party of Crooks
detachment, but fearing possible starvation, he choose to remain at a nearby
Shoshone village, along with Jean-Baptiste Turcotte and André Lachapelle.
Wearing out their welcome the next spring, the three men decided to show the
Shoshones where the caches were, in exchange for horses and food.
Grateful to their new benefactors, the Shoshone invited the three
Canadians on a buffalo hunt. After the successful hunt, however, the
and their guest were attacked by a band of Blackfeet Indians and forced to
everything and flee back across the Rocky Mountains to their village. They
only returned a short while when three of their former colleagues on the
Astoria appeared in the village. Pierre Delaunay, Louis Saint-Michel and
Alexander Carson, ragged and destitute, recounted how they had been robbed
band of Crow Indians after Hunt had left them to trap beaver at the
the Snake River the previous September. Another companion, Pierre Détayé,
been killed in the skirmish with the Crow.
Not long after their three former companions joined them in the Shoshone
village, Landry, Turcotte and Lachapelle met up with Astorian clerk John
who was on his way to recover the very caches that the three had plundered.
After unearthing the two or three deposits that had not been pilfered and
delivering the contents to Donald McKenzies post on the Clearwater, Reed
the rest of his party (which now included Landry and the rest of the
the Shoshone village) made their way back to Astoria in October 1812.
Landry was sent with John Reeds party to trade among the Serpents 418
tribe in present-day western Washington state in the winter of 1813-14,
with Gilles Leclerc and Pierre Dorion. Washington Irving notes that In the
course of the autumn, Reed lost one man, Landry, by death,419 but does not
the cause. Michel Bibaud, who edited Gabriel Franchères journal in 1820,
that Landry died that November of scrofula.420 Pierre Delaunay walked off
was never seen again. The remaining members of the party were killed by
Indians, a band of the Shoshone. Leclerc survived long enough to warn Dorion
wife Marie, who found Reed and the rest of the party André Lachapelle and
Jean-Baptiste Turcotte dead at their camp.
Their was another François Landrie who was at Astoria during the
winter of 1813-14. He was employed as a milieu by the North West Company,
having signed a one-year contract at Fort William in 1813.
He was a member of Sir Alexander Mackenzies two great expeditions
to the Arctic Ocean in 1789 and to the Pacific Ocean in 1793. In his journal
the 1793 expedition, Mackenzie notes that Joseph Landry and Charles Ducette
[sic] were with me in my former voyage.421 During the first expedition,
accompanied the explorer from Athabasca via the Slave River, Great Slave
and Mackenzie River to the Arctic. Four years later, together with Charles
Doucette, Jacques Beauchamp, François Beaulieu, François Courtois and
Alexander Mackay, Landry was again with Mackenzie as they traveled from
Athabasca via the Peace and Parsnip Rivers to the Continental Divide,
one of the first white men to cross this point above the plateaus of the
A Joseph Landrie, possibly the same man, was employed as a milieu or
MIDDLEMAN paddler by the Pacific Fur Company at Astoria during the winter of
1813-14. His name, written Joseph LAndrie, figures on a list of eight men
who arrived at Astoria on 18 January 1812 under Donald McKenzie, Robert
McLellan and John Reed. Étienne Lucier and André Vallé were also members of
this party, which had been sent ahead from Caldron Linn (see Antoine
to try to obtain provisions for the overland expedition. If they were
which proved to be the case, they were to continue on to Astoria, which they
reached ahead of the bulk of the expedition, which did not arrive until 15
An interpreter at Red Lake and Lac Seul (Ontario) for the North West
Company in 1804.
418 The Gens-des-Serpents (Snake People) tribe, also known as the
Shoshone. 419 Irving, Astoria, p. 493.
420 Tuberculosis of the lymph nodes in the neck.
421 Sheppe, p. 79.