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From: "Ron" <>
Subject: [METISGEN-L] Landry
Date: Fri, 26 Oct 2001 11:26:14 -0700


Viola, Here is what it says about the Landry's name in French Canadians of
the West. Don't know if its your line but just in case -here it is:

All the best,
brenda snider

French-Canadians of the West – CD-ROM Version
By Peter Gagne -Quintin Publications
Pages 275-276

Landry, François.
A French-Canadian hunter in the service of the Pacific Fur Company,
founded by John Jacob Astor on the Columbia River in 1810. “François
Landrie”
enlisted as a milieu or MIDDLEMAN paddler at Michilimackinac in 1810 for a
period of five years, with an annual salary of 450 livres.
The overland expedition to the Columbia River, under Wilson Price Hunt,
was extremely arduous at times and low on provisions. After reaching the
Snake
River, unnecessary goods were put in nine caches near Caldron Linn
(present-day
Dry Creek Falls, Idaho) and the expedition split up into two parties, one
under
Hunt and the other under Ramsay Crooks. Landry was party of Crooks’
detachment, but fearing possible starvation, he choose to remain at a nearby
Shoshone village, along with Jean-Baptiste Turcotte and André Lachapelle.
Wearing out their welcome the next spring, the three men decided to show the
Shoshones where the caches were, in exchange for horses and food.
Grateful to their new benefactors, the Shoshone invited the three
Canadians on a buffalo hunt. After the successful hunt, however, the
Shoshone
and their guest were attacked by a band of Blackfeet Indians and forced to
leave
everything and flee back across the Rocky Mountains to their village. They
had
only returned a short while when three of their former colleagues on the
trek to
Astoria appeared in the village. Pierre Delaunay, Louis Saint-Michel and
Alexander Carson, ragged and destitute, recounted how they had been robbed
by a
band of Crow Indians after Hunt had left them to trap beaver at the
headwaters of
the Snake River the previous September. Another companion, Pierre Détayé,
had
been killed in the skirmish with the Crow.
Not long after their three former companions joined them in the Shoshone
village, Landry, Turcotte and Lachapelle met up with Astorian clerk John
Reed,
who was on his way to recover the very caches that the three had plundered.
After unearthing the two or three deposits that had not been pilfered and
delivering the contents to Donald McKenzie’s post on the Clearwater, Reed
and
the rest of his party (which now included Landry and the rest of the
stragglers at
the Shoshone village) made their way back to Astoria in October 1812.
Landry was sent with John Reed’s party to trade among the Serpents 418
tribe in present-day western Washington state in the winter of 1813-14,
along
with Gilles Leclerc and Pierre Dorion. Washington Irving notes that “In the
course of the autumn, Reed lost one man, Landry, by death,”419 but does not
give
the cause. Michel Bibaud, who edited Gabriel Franchère’s journal in 1820,
notes
that Landry died that November of scrofula.420 Pierre Delaunay walked off
and
was never seen again. The remaining members of the party were killed by
Dogrib
Indians, a band of the Shoshone. Leclerc survived long enough to warn Dorion
’s
wife Marie, who found Reed and the rest of the party – André Lachapelle and
Jean-Baptiste Turcotte – dead at their camp.
Their was another “François Landrie” who was at Astoria during the
winter of 1813-14. He was employed as a milieu by the North West Company,
having signed a one-year contract at Fort William in 1813.

Landry, Joseph.
He was a member of Sir Alexander Mackenzie’s two great expeditions –
to the Arctic Ocean in 1789 and to the Pacific Ocean in 1793. In his journal
of
the 1793 expedition, Mackenzie notes that “Joseph Landry and Charles Ducette
[sic] were with me in my former voyage.”421 During the first expedition,
Landry
accompanied the explorer from Athabasca via the Slave River, Great Slave
Lake
and Mackenzie River to the Arctic. Four years later, together with Charles
Doucette, Jacques Beauchamp, François Beaulieu, François Courtois and
Alexander Mackay, Landry was again with Mackenzie as they traveled from
Athabasca via the Peace and Parsnip Rivers to the Continental Divide,
becoming
one of the first white men to cross this point above the plateaus of the
Southwest.
A “Joseph Landrie,” possibly the same man, was employed as a milieu or
MIDDLEMAN paddler by the Pacific Fur Company at Astoria during the winter of
1813-14. His name, written “Joseph L’Andrie,” figures on a list of eight men
who arrived at Astoria on 18 January 1812 under Donald McKenzie, Robert
McLellan and John Reed. Étienne Lucier and André Vallé were also members of
this party, which had been sent ahead from Caldron Linn (see Antoine
Clappine)
to try to obtain provisions for the overland expedition. If they were
unsuccessful,
which proved to be the case, they were to continue on to Astoria, which they
reached ahead of the bulk of the expedition, which did not arrive until 15
February.

Landry, Nicolas.
An interpreter at Red Lake and Lac Seul (Ontario) for the North West
Company in 1804.

418 The Gens-des-Serpents (“Snake People”) tribe, also known as the
Shoshone. 419 Irving, Astoria, p. 493.
420 Tuberculosis of the lymph nodes in the neck.
421 Sheppe, p. 79.


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