METISGEN-L ArchivesArchiver > METISGEN > 2002-02 > 1013412324
From: Eileen Horan <>
Subject: [METISGEN-L] Metis History ---Many different names & history of individuals
Date: Mon, 11 Feb 2002 01:27:46 -0600
here is a sample of info at this website, some surnames are spelt
incorrectly... but, the info is great!!!
for the years.....1798-1799*** bottom of above list
1798 Only 2 people claimed to be born at the Red River des Metis Settlement
The XY Company for economic reasons forbid its employees taking Indian
This is Ojibwa rock painting called Mishipeshu Agawa and is believed to be
created about this time or earlier. The north shore not far from Sault Ste.
Marie is covered with this art. As are a number of other locations. It would
appear they were painted from a canoe or from some suspension type system.
They are best observed from a boat.
Whitehead b-1798 married Jane Indian b-1800 North West Territories.
(I)-James Taylor b-1798 Orkney married Mary Inkster Metis b-1812 North West
Joseph Vandal b-1798 married Marie Charette Metis b-1805 most likely North
Bonaventure St. Arnaud b-1798 Canada married Genevieve Contre Metis b-1817
most likely North West.
Martin St Mathe b-1798 North West Territories married Angelique Letenore
Metis b-1805 most likely North West.
John James Smith b-1798 England 1st married Mary Indian b-1794, 2nd marriage
Nancy Favel b-1816 Red River Settlement.
Pierre Rivard b-1798 married Therese Metis b-1800 most likely North West.
Abraham Martin b-1798 Canada married Eupgrisine Gariepy Metis b-1825 North
Hector McKenzie b-1788 married Mary Bird Metis b-1800 most likely North
Toussaint Lessier b-1798 Canada married Josephte Lachevrotier Metis b-1815
Julien Laundry b-1798 married Josephte Metis b-1799 most likely North West.
(I)-John Inkster b-1798 Scotland married Mary Sinclair Metis b-1805 North
(I)-John Foulds b-1798 England married Mary Fidler b-1805 Red River
Thomas Fidler Metis b-1798 married Jane Kippling Metis b-1805 likely North
Kitchi Moniawinini (Great Montreal Man or Canadian) born 1798 most likely
Montreal died February 20, 1860 La Pointe, Wisconsin.
Joseph Desmarais Metis b-1798 married Cecile Dumont Metis b-1800 likely
Pierre Bonneau Metis b-1798 Red River Settlement married Louise Gariepy
Metis b-1800 Red River Settlement.
George Landmann born 1780 arrived from Quebec to Fort St. Joseph on the St.
Joseph Island where the Saint Mary's River flows into Lake Huron. The
following people had already established a settlement on the Island; John
Ogilvie, Robert Gillespie, David Mitchell, Jean Baptiste Pothier, Chiset,
Fergot, Thomas Duggan, Guillaume La Mothe, Charles Langlade Jr., and Charles
Jean Baptiste Chaboillez.
John Thompson of the North West Company while wintering on the Rogue River
abandoned his Indian wife and child attempting to assign (or sell) his
responsibilities to Demarrais. His wife however refused and returned to her
Francois Piquette born 1798 likely La Pointe, Wisconsin married June 26,
1836 La Pointe, Wisconsin Louise Atikons born 1816 likely La Pointe,
(II)-Charles Oakes Ermatinger (1776-1853, son (I)-Lawrence (Laurenz) Edward
Ermatinger (1736-1789) and Jemima Oakes; Charles married Charlotte
Kalawabide (Kattawabide/Cattoonalute/Manacowe) who died 1880. Charlotte was
daughter Kadowaubeda (Broken Tooth or DeBreche) Ojibwa of the Sandyt Lake
Village of the Ahahwauk (Loon) clan.
Margurite Marie Michina a Sallshan woman born 1798, Coeur D'Alene married
Canote Humpherville a French Metis canoeman who died 1841, they had eight
children a few of whom were baptised Colville in 1839.
St. Louis, Missouri, birth (II)-Pierre Louis Vasquez (1798-1868) son
(I)-Benito Vasquez (1738-1810) and Marie Julie Papin; married 1846 Narcissa
Joseph Dorion was hired by la Compagnie du Nord Ouest for 'servir comme
Matelot pendant trois ans', to work as a boatman.
(II)-William Dickson Metis born 1798/1801 son (I)-Robert Dickson (1768-1823)
from Mackinac and Helen Totowin. He married 1st to a Ojibwa Metis and 2nd
to a Yankton woman.
March 14, (I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) of NWC arrived at the Pembina post
and March 21 (IV)-Charles Jean Baptiste Chaboiller (Chaboillez) (1736-1808)
accompanied him to Vincent Roy's NWC post south of Pembina on the Forest
March 21, 1798 Rene Jusomme and (I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) NWC arrived
at Cadotte's house at Red Lake Falls saying his native woman is also the
daughter of a Frenchman. (I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) NWC noted the
location as 47-54-21. David meets Sheshepaskut (Sugar) the principle chief
of of the Ojibwa Tribe on the Red :Lake River.
Prairie du Chien, birth Charles Brisbois, Metis died 1847 son Michel
Brisbois (1759-1837) and Domitelle Gauthier de Verville born 1781 Prairie du
Kitchi Moniawinini (Great Montreal Man or Great Canadian Man) born 1798 died
February 20, 1860, LaPointe, Wisconsin.
Jean Baptiste Belleau born 1798 died October 3, 1843 La Pointe, Wisconsin.
(II)-James Bird born 1798 North West son (I)-James Bird born 1775 Britain,
and Mary Kelly Indian born 1777 North West territories, listed St. Andrews,
Red River census 1870. (II)-James 1st married Elizabeth b-1808, 2nd marrage
Sarah Butts Indian b-1809 North West Territories. This could be in error as
James Bird Sr arrived HBC 1788 but had children from 1781 making his birth
day closer to 1760 or we are dealing with two James Bird.
John Gulding born 1798 North West son John Gulding, listed 1870 St. Andrews,
Red River census.
Donald Gunn born 1798 Ruberts Land, census 1833 Red river.
Henry Hallett born 1798 North West, census 1838 Red River.
George Sandison born 1798 North West, census 1834 Red River. (William
B-1804, David b-1805, another William b-1806).
Detroit marriage Jean Baptiste Gignae and Marie Catherine Fare.
This was an excellent year for the North West Company and their published
trade figures were:
106,000 Beaver skins 32,000 Marten
17,000 Muskrat (Musquish) 6,000 Lynx
5,500 Fox 4,600 Otter
3,800 Wolf 2,100 Bear
1,900 Deer 1,800 Mink
1,600 Fisher 700 Elk
600 Wolverine 500 Buffalo
The cost per North West Company share averaged four thousand pounds and
dividends are four hundred pounds.
(IV)- Jean Baptiste Jr. Cadotte (1761-1818) and his wife Janette Piquette
( -1850) are living Red Lake Falls (Wisconsin) with their daughters
(V)-Marie Archange Cadotte (b-1797) and (V)- Archangle Cadotte (b-1798).
The Northwest Company did not maintain a post at Red Lake this season.
Cadotte is fluent in Latin, French, English and Ojibwa. About this time
Jean Baptiste Perrault (Perrot) records that a John Sayer Jr. had been
ordered to go to the assistance of Mr. Cadotte who is subject to allowing
himself to be overcome by drink. John Sayer Jr. a former Coureur de Bois of
Fond du Lac claimed being ill asked his old fried Jean Baptiste Perrault
(Perrot) to go in his stead, giving him a letter for Cadotte. The letter
instructed Cadotte to turn the post over to Jean Baptiste Perrault (Perrot).
It would appear that this is the beginning of a conspiracy to remove Cadotte
from the North West Company. (IV)-Jean Baptiste Cadotte Jr. (1761-1818)
remained a partner of the Company and in 1801 still held 1/46 share. In
1803 he would be expelled from the company for alleged drunkenness. He
basically represented the last of the Coureurs des Bois. Desriveres is a
signatory of the XY Company agreement of October 1798.
(IV)-Michel Cadotte (1764-1837) built a permanent post at LaPointe on a spot
known as the Old Fort. He also built posts at Lac Courtoreille, and posts
on Wisconsin, Chippeway and St Croix Rivers. His Ojibwa name is
Kechemeshane (Great Michel). The Cadotte's are doing $40,000 annual
business out of Grande Portage. Jean Baptiste Faribault reported being
robbed by the Winnebagoes at Prairie du Chien.
1798 HUDSON BAY, NORTH WEST TERRITORIES
(I)-Thomas Thomas-(2) born 1781 British Islands arrived York Factory 1794
defected to North West Company 1804, died August 2, 1868 St. Peter's Church,
Red River, took a number of country women one being Mienish Cree, Possible
second marriage Sally & third marriage about 1830 to a Jane. (Thomas Thomas
married (churched) October 8, 1834 St. John, Red River Jane an Indian both
of Red River). The third marriage could be confused with Thomas Thomas-(3).
SIX CHILDREN ARE RECORDED:
(II)-Henry Thomas born about 1799
(II)-Richard Thomas born 1800 Albany District of Hudson Bay Company died,
July 7, 1860, Little Britain, Red River married about 1823 (II)-Eleanor
Thomas born 1805.
(II)-Mary Thomas born September 29, 1804
(II)-Eleanor Thomas born 1805
(II)-Simon Thomas born 1815 North West (ID # 4679) married about 1835
(II)-John Thomas born 1819 Red River baptized August 11, 1835 and classed
himself as both native and Metis, married about 1840 and 1835 baptism lists
mother as Sally or (Gaily).
(IV)-Jean Baptiste Cadotte Jr. born 1761 of the North West Company out of La
Pointe established a trading post at the junction of the Red Lake and
Clearwaters rivers, (Minnesota). This location is now called Sportsman's
Park in Red Falls.
(I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) NWC took shelter in that post this year
during a spring snow storm. There is a high probability that Monsieur
Garneau (Gaunaux) the stray of Ste Pierre de Montmagnyborn about 1769 is
working out of this fort as his second child Francois Gourneau would be born
1800 of the Red Lake band. It is more than coincidence that the Garneau
Clans of La Point and Red Lake preceded and align with the movements of the
Cadotte clan. It would appear that Monsieur Garneau (Gaunaux) the stray
born about 1769 probably work for the Cadotte family into which his son
would marry. Charles Jean Baptiste Chaboillez (1736-1808), of Red River,
traded with Sucre a prominent Chippewa Chief from Red Lake. He normally
traded with the (III)-Jean Baptiste Cadotte (1723-1803) family at the
junction Red Lake and Clearwater Rivers, Red Lake County, Minnesota. Others
reported the Pillager (Ojibwa) Indians located on Leech Lake, Minnesota is
hunting and trading the Red River. The Maskigon, Cree, who live between
Lake of the Woods and Lake Winnipeg are also hunting and trading Red River.
The Metis from Red River began mining the salt from the salt springs between
Winnipegosis and Camperville and by 1874 the annual production of salt would
reach one thousand bushels per year. It was of poor quality and brownish in
color after processing. (I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) NWC bought two slave
Sioux women from the Mandan who are later sold to other traders. This is
noteworthy that (I)-David Thompson (1770-1857), NWC a slave trader, who was
assumed to be of a higher moral standard than most British not only condoned
but took an active part in the slave trade. (I)-David Thompson (1770-1857)
NWC met Sheshepaskut a Chief of the Red Lake Ojibwa who claimed to have
repressed the incursion of the Dakota Sioux and driven off the Village
Indians to the Missouri. The Ojibwa are aware that (I)-David Thompson
(1770-1857) NWC had visited and traded with the Mandan and these claims are
intended to discourage competition. (I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) NWC
recorded the sighting of a motley group of Indian trappers half of them
Iroquois. Part of them went up the Red Deer River and about 250 went to
Fort Augustus (Edmonton, Alberta). This year a fire in May consumed eight
Indians near Edmonton House so reports (I)-William Tomison in the field
(1760-1811) an Orkney, Factor for Hudson Bay Company.
York (Toronto) is described as a dreary, dismal place. It did not possess
the characteristics of a village, lacking church, school or business
(I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) NWC noted a large group of Indians engaged in
the fur trade, at least half of them Iroquois from Quebec. Part of them went
up the Red River and about 250 of them came up the Saskatchewan, in company
with the canoes of the Fur traders to the upper post called Fort Augustus
(Edmonton, Alberta) of the North West Company.
October 1, Roderick MacKenzie claims sending the first Winter Express Canoe
from the interior for Lake Superior this year. The canoe departed Fort
Chipewean October 1 and arrived Sault Ste Marie May 17, 1799.
1799 Only 5 people claimed to be born at the Red River des Metis Settlement
this year .
Duncan McGillivray (1770-1808) is placed in charge of Fort Rocky Mountain
(House). HBC is claimed to build Action House commanded by James Bird Sr.
in clear sight of the N.W.C. Rocky Mountain House.
Tousaint Vandry Metis b-1799 Red River Settlement marriage Marie Crebassa
Metis b-1812 Red River Settlement.
James Swain Metis b-1799 Red River Settlement married Marguerite Racette
Metis b-1810 Red River Settlement.
William Saunders b-1799 married Flora Hope Indian b-1820 North West
Jean Baptiste Morin Metis b-1799 married Francoise Bonneau Metis b-1801 most
likely North West.
John McLeod Metis b-1799 Red River Settlement married Elizabeth Swain Metis
b-1820 Red River Settlement.
Jean Baptiste Lafontaine b-1799 North West Territories 1st married Marie
Indian b-1800 most likely North West, 2nd marriage Madeleine Morin Metis
b-1800 most likely North West.
Jean Baptiste Lafontaine b-1799 Red River Settlement 1st married Louise
Gervais Metis b-1847 most likely North West daughter Basile Gervais Metis
b-1821 and Francoise Leddoux Metis b-1824 Red River Settlement, 2nd marriage
Clemence Bauvier Metis b-1851 Red River Settlement.
Louis Laferte b-1799 Canada married Agathe Carron Metis b-1814 Red River
Settlement daughter Antoine Carron b-1784 Canada and Angelique St. Germain
John Henderson b-1799 married Mary Metis b-1804 most likely North West.
Henry Hallet Jr. Metis b-1799 North West Territories married Catherine
Parenteau Metis b-1799.
(I)-George Groat b-1799 Scotland married Charlotte Spence Metis b-1809 North
Charles Gladu Metis b-1799 married Madeleine Laurin b-1804 most likely North
Thomas Forth b-1799 Scotland married Elizabeth Boucher Metis b-1800 Red
Joseph Fagnant Metis b-1799 and Hamel b-1800 likely North West.
Jean Baptiste Desjardin Metis b-1799 Red River Settlement married Marguerite
Hamelin Metis b-1819 Red River Settlement daughter Jacque Hamelin b-1771
Canada and Angelique Tourangeau b-1770
Joseph Delorne b-1799 Canada married Brigitte Villebrune Metis b-1805
daughter Louis Villebrune b-1780 Lower Canada and Marian Indian b-1785 North
John Cox b-1799 Orkney married Nancy Taylor Metis b-1818 North West
Territories daughter George Taylor b-1800 and Jane Prince Indian b-1808
North West Territories.
Joseph Defond Metis b-1799 Red River Settlement married Josephite Gesbiens
Metis b-1806 Red River Settlement.
Henry Brown b-1799 Orkney married Isabella Slater Metis b-1806 daughter
James Slater b-1777 Orkney and Mary Metis b-1780 likely North West.
Jean Baptiste Beaulieu b-1799 married Margarite Saulteaux b-1805 likely
Antoine Allary Metis born 1799 North West Territories married Suzette
Caplette Metis born 1805 Red River Settlement daughter Joseph Caplette
b-1770 Canada and Angelique Guiboche Metis b-1780
Agatha Okabegijigokwe (Landing Place Woman) born 1799 most likely Lake
Superior died December 5, 1859 La Pointe, Wisconsin.
Nicolas Descotteaux born 1799 likely La Pointe, Wisconsin married September
8, 1841 Maria Brebant born 1806 likely La Pointe, Wisconsin.
Francis Bellin (Belland) is born in Minnesota, no location given.
Joseph Robidoux (1783-1868) of St. Louis, Missouri is going up the Missouri
John Sayer Jr. replaces Joseph Duchene La Prairie or Mushkedewinn (Prairie
Man) of the Folle Avoine Department for the John Sayer Sr. and Company with
Joseph Reaume. Others suggest Joseph Reaume was placed in charge of the
Northwest Company Folle Avoine Department from 1799 to 1804.
(IV)-Charles Chaboiller (1772-1812) became a partner of the North West
Company and is assigned the Lower Red River Department.
It is noteworthy that the Hudson Bay Company still only had 498 men in North
America whereas the North West Company had 1,276. The H.B.C. had 180 on the
Hudson Bay and the N.W.C. had 903 at Grand Portage.
Maydeleine DuCharnie born 1799 Red River, North West daughter Pierre
Ducharnie, listed census 1870.
Spring, (I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) NWC stopped at Isle Las Crosse and
met Charlotte Small a Metis b-1785 daughter HBC man Patrick Small an
Irishman who had abandon his family, returning to England. They married and
Jean Baptiste DeJardiul born 1799 Red River son Jean Baptiste DeJardiul,
listed 1870 Red River census. (Possible DesJardin or LaJarde)
Superior, (Wisconsin) birth Stephen Bonga, Metis died 1889 son Pierre Bonga
(Mukdaweos) Negro, born 1780's and an Ojibwa woman of Lake Superior; married
The Grand Conclave, at Grand Portage, saw the resignation, from the North
West Company, of Alexander Mackenzie (1764-1820). He is frustrated with the
authoritarian style of Simon McTavish (1750-1804). Alexander Mackenzie
(1764-1820) had the confidence of the Nor'wester but the company is now in
the hands of Simon McTavish (1750-1804) and (I)-Joseph Frobisher
(1740-1810). Some believed this is the beginning of the decline and fall of
the company. Simon McTavish (1750-1804) had grossly underestimated the
importance of maintaining confidence with the Nor'wester as they represented
the real company. To add to their problems the Americans discovered Grand
Portage is on American soil and started charging tariff on all goods passing
through their territory. A road is being built between York and Kingston.
June 20, Detroit, birth (V)-Julia Dagneau de Quindre died January 16, 1835
Detroit daughter (IV)-Antoine Dagneau de Quindre seur De Pontchartrain
(1751-1814) and Catherine Desrivieres Lamorandiere Trottier (1757-1817);
married August 21, 1822 Detroit Charles Moran.
Alexander Mackenzie (1764-1820) retired to Scotland this year.
Simon McTavish (1750-1804) and (I)-Joseph Frobisher (1740-1810) decision to
build a canal at Sault Ste Marie on the American side is to eliminate the
portage. The 'XY' Company challenged the rights of the North West Company
to charge toll for use of this American canal. The American Government
resolved the issue by Act of Congress making Sault Ste Marie a port of entry
thereby ensuring their control over the canal. The North West Company
employed a William Munro this season for 120 pounds' wages for working the
upper Red River. Alexander Mackenzie (1764-1820) joined the 'XY' Company in
Napoleon Bonaparte made himself the Dictator of France and George Washington
died this year.
Family tradition and some historians suggest that Monsieur Garneau (Gaunaux)
the stray of Ste Pierre de Montmagny born about 1769 had acquired a Country
Wife from the Ojibwa. They say he had sent her to Quebec for some religious
education and to learn the language before he married her. (II)-James Brady
contends he ransomed a Sioux captive from the Ojibwa and sent her to Quebec
for religious education, then marriage. The records indicate two related
clans of Garneau exist in the West. One group is at Red Lake, Pembina & Red
River and the other are at Grand Pointe & Sault Ste. Marie. There are also
a few unexplained strays at Sault Ste Marie and Red River. The La Pointe
wife of Monsieur Garneau (Gaunaux) the stray of Ste Pierre de Montmagny born
about 1769, Se Gaunaux So-Way-Guay could not read or write. Additional
research may resolve some of these soft traditions and assumptions.
July 10, baptism at Michimac a (V)-Michel Cadot born September 6, 1787, died
1856 and (V)-Marguerite Cadot born December 15, 1788, died 1858 children of
(IV)-Michel Cadot (1764-1837) and a Sauteux woman Marie Madeline.
Baptism Detroit Catherine Geraud daughter Amable Gerard.
(I)-David Thompson (1770-1857) NWC and Duncan McGillivray (1770-1808)
brother William and nephew to Simon McTavish traveled the Bow River beyond
Calgary. Roderick MacKenzie (1761-1844) made a trip from Rainy Lake to Fort
Chipewyan in one month and four days using a light canoe with six men. The
Canadian Rene Jusseaume a long time resident among the Mandan of Missouri
River traded on a regular bases to the North West or Hudson Bay Posts
searching for the best trade.
Four or five families of Ottawa (Ojibwa) from Canada have settled about six
miles up the Dead River from its junction with the Red River raising corn,
potatoes and other farm produce.
Seventy eight percentage of the Hudson Bay Company are from the Orkney
Islands, Scotland (416 of 530 servants). Unknown to these people they
carried a Caucasian disease called multiple sclerosis into the prairies. MS
is believed to be a Scandinavian disease carried by the Viking to Orkney and
Shetland Islands then on to Canada. The Commandant of Fort Churchill wrote,
if a man can write his name and knows ten words of the Indian dialect we
will put him to trading with the Indians whom he has no idea how to soothe
or to intimidate.
The Northwest Company established their third post at Red Lake that lasted
1799 to 1801.
John McKay of Osnaburgh House on Lake St. Joseph reported he invited the
North West Company men to celebrate Christmas at the expense of the Hudson
Not a single Hudson Bay employee during the eighteenth century asked to
remain on Hudson Bay following his retirement from the services. These Bay
men did not consider Canada their home.
(I)-Peter Fidler (1769-1822) is unable to persuade any Indian around
Bolsover House at Meadow Lake to guide him to Lac La Biche because all the
Indians in this quarter are frightened of the Bungees (Ojibwa) there. The
Ojibwa are trading medicines from Lake Superior to the Cree and Assiniboine.
Dunbar Douglas of Selkirk died this year making his son Thomas Douglas
(1771-1820) next in line for the title Earl of Selkirk.
The Father of Cuthbert Grant (1793-1854) died at Grand Portage possibly
Robert Grant of Grant House. He had acquired a considerable wealth leaving
ample provisions for his children. William McGillivray is executor and
sends Cuthbert to Montreal and then Scotland for his education.
Philadelpha has ceased to be the capital of the United States of America.