MOMILLER-L ArchivesArchiver > MOMILLER > 2003-10 > 1065887171
From: "DeVere Whitaker" <>
Subject: [MOMILLER-L] Fw: The Gardner, Bailey, and Allen Families
Date: Sat, 11 Oct 2003 10:46:11 -0500
The Gardner, Bailey, and Allen Families of Miller CountyHere is Peggy's
article. I don't know whether I forwarded it to the List. There has sure
been some interesting answers to Scott's query. I put them all on a disc.
- Original Message -----
From: Peggy Hake
To: DeVere Whitaker
Sent: Friday, October 10, 2003 7:19 PM
Subject: The Gardner, Bailey, and Allen Families
The Gardner, Bailey, and Allen Families of Miller County.
by Peggy Smith Hake
William W. Gardner was born circa 1765-70. Legend says he was born in
Holland, but that has not been proven. If he was born in Europe, then he
came to America as a small child and I believe his first home was in
Virginia. During that era of time, Virginia entailed all of the present
state, West Virginia, and Kentucky. This was a vast region where the
settlers had a variety of land to choose from, although the German and Dutch
peoples moved into the western sections of this undeveloped country, tilled
it, and fought for it with the same faith and stamina that had brought them
from their European homes.
As a young boy of perhaps 12 or 13 years, William fought in the American
Revolution. This war ended in 1783 and perhaps as a child he served this
country as a young American soldier. In 1798, James Garrard, Governor of
the Commonwealth of Kentucky, signed a land grant deeding 200 acres of land
in Warren County, KY to William and Elinor Gardner. It states plainly in
the grant that the land was situated south of the Green River in central
Kentucky. It is a known, historical fact that all land south of the Green
River was only given to ex-Virginia soldiers who had served in the
Revolutionary War. William's land was in Warren County (today it is Barren
County to the east because the county lines were extended in 1821). He
settled near a small stream that today still carries his name.....Gardner's
Sinking Creek. It is near Park City, Kentucky, but during William's
lifetime, this area was known as Glasgow Junction.
On this land, William and Elinor Gardner, his first wife, reared six
children. In my research, Elinor is a vague personality. I can find very
little information about her. I only know she was born in North Carolina
and was probably of German descent. There's a possibility her maiden name
was Paulding. She died c/1830-35. Nothing else is known of her life nor
her heritage. The children born to William and Elinor, all born in Barren
County, were: Richard, Jacob, Henry Paulding, Annis, Gemimah, and
Mary/Polly. Richard and Jacob married sisters, Jane and Olive Allen.
Gemimal Gardner married a brother to Jane and Olive, Joel Allen. Annis
married Daniel Spurlock; Polly married a Mr. Reynolds; and Henry Paulding
married (1) Susannah Keath (2) Elizabeth Ann Bailey. Paulding and Elizabeth
were my great, great grandparents. The Allen and Gardner families were
close neighbors in early Kentucky and there were several marriages performed
within these families.
In 1804, the Governor of Kentucky once again granted an additional 148 acres
of land to William Gardner in Barren County. In 1817, William and Elinor
sold 100 of these acres to John Brown for the sum of $6.00............During
the period of time, 1804-1842, there was much buying and selling of land
between the Gardners, Allens, and Baileys in Barren County. I have found
they were large landholders and also had many slaves during the early to mid
In 1835, William Gardner went south from his Sinking Creek farm and into the
Buck Creek are of Barren County where he acquired himself a new wife.
Elinor had died prior to 1835. His new wife was Sarah/Sally Owen, daughter
of John H. and Elizabeth (Humphrey) Owen. She was a very young girl at that
time and William was nearing the age of 65 years. Sally's father, John
Owen, was a circuit-riding Baptist preacher in the years they lived in
Kentucky. He and his wife were both natives of South Carolina. I have a
copy of the marriage license for William and Sarah.(Owen) Gardner, dated 21
February 1835. Marriages in those days had to be solemnized only after a
bond had been posted. the price amount to 50 lbs, English money, a
substantial amount for that day.
William and Sally (Owen) Gardner reared four children: Juliann b. 1837;
William Holland b. 1840; James Riley b. 1842; and Sarah A. b. 1844. In
1838, William wrote his last will and testament and had it recorded in the
Barren County courthouse. I have a copy of his will and it is priceless!
He allotted a portion of land to his three older sons, and each of his six
older children (by Elinor) were given one slave each. The remainder of his
lands, household goods, farming equipment, slaves, and his mill was awarded
to his young daughter, Juliann. Three other children were born after 1838
and they also shared in his estate, but it appears that Juliann became the
largest heir. William died in 1846 leaving Sally with four small children
to rear alone. She never remarried and lived the rest of her life on the
Sinking Creek farm. She died circa 1885. A few months earlier she had
broken her hip and she never recovered from the fall.
Sally Owen Gardner was an extraordinary and unique woman. She was
self-educated and during her lifetime, she sat down with her slaves and
taught them to read and write. This was almost unheard of in her lifetime,
but she was apparently a wonderful little lady with a generous heart.
On July 21, 1814, my great, great grandfather, Henry Paulding Gardner, was
born in Barren County, KY at the homestead on Gardner's Sinking Creek. He
was a son of William and his first wife, Elinor. In 1836, Henry Paulding
married Susannah Keath, in neighboring Edmonson County. They were parents
of two sons, William Wiley, born in 1837, and Holland born circa 1839.
Susannah died, perhaps in childbirth, leaving Henry Paulding with two small
children. It is believed Holland died as an infant, because no further
record is found for him. On August 30, 1840, Henry married Elizabeth Ann
Bailey (called Betsy), also of Barren County. She was a daughter of Julius
and Lucinda (Anderson) Bailey, who were natives of Virginia. Julius was
born c/1792; Lucinda/Lucy was born c/1793. They had moved westward and
bought land in Barren County. the first record I could find for them in
Barren County was a purchase of land they made in April 1821. This acreage
contained 174 acres, referred as "being in the barrens".
In studying past history, I learned that in the Indian language, the name
Kentucky means "this barren land". Elizabeth Ann was born in 1817, so I am
presuming she was born in Virginia and came to Kentucky with her parents at
an early age. Julius and Lucy Bailey had a large family. The names of
their children I have found on record are: Elizabeth Ann m. Henry Paulding
Gardner; Samantha m. John B. Stone; Sarah/Sally m. Tarleton B. Wheeler;
Julius Jr. m. Neoma Jones; William W. m. Patsy Lucas; Malinda m. Albert G.
Wiseman; Mary Catherine m. Joseph Hume; and Tarleton m. no record found.
Many Barren County families migrated into Miller County and settled this
land in the late 1830s and early 1840s. The following are some of the
families who left Barren County and settled in Miller County: Paulding and
Elizabeth Bailey Gardner; Julius and Lucinda Anderson Bailey; John B. and
Samantha Bailey Stone; Julius Jr. and Neoma Jones Bailey; Tarleton and Sarah
Bailey Wheeler; Joel and Gemimah Gardner Allen; Daniel and Annis Gardner
Spurlock; Merlin and Sally Bailey Shackelford (she was a sister to Julius
Bailey Sr.); Elias Allen, who later married Mary Gardner in 1843 in Miller
County; and the six orphaned children of Jacob and Olive Allen Gardner.
These six children were reared in the home of their uncle, Elias Allen. I
believe a family named Dickerson also originated from Barren County and came
to Miller County during this same time era.
When Henry Paulding (called Paulin) and Elizabeth/Betsy Gardner moved into
Missouri, they had 2 sons, William Wiley and Jacob. William, son of
Susannah Keath, was born in 1837. Jacob was born in Barren County in 1841
and was only a baby when they came to Missouri. William Wiley was born in
Barren Count at a place called Bell's Tavern. I researched the history of
Bell's Tavern and learned it was a stagecoach stop on the old, original
Louisville-Nashville road that ran directly across the county in those
years. It was near the place called Glasgow Junction.
Lucy Ann Gardner was the first of their children born in Miller County. Her
birthdate was 24 January 1843. Paulin and Betsy Gardner had seven more
children after moving to Miller County. They were: Jemima b. 1845; Henry
Paulding Jr. b. 1846; Susan E. b. 1848; Felix B. b. 1850; Mary Paradine b.
1852; John M. b. 1856; and Nellie J. b. 1859. The following are the
marriages for the children of Paulin and Betsy Gardner:
William Wiley Gardner m Louisa Wilson 1869
Jacob Gardner m. Martha Emeline Smith 1867
Lucy Ann Gardner m. William Harrison Smith 1863
Jemima Gardner m. John Setser 1866
Henry Paulding Jr. m. Mary A. Setser (sister of John Setser)
Susan E. Gardner m. James Anderson 1873
Felix B. Gardner Sarah Hume 1871
Mary Paradine Gardner m. William Clark 1881
John M. Gardner m. Mary Helton 1878
Nellie J. Gardner m. James Arendall 1879
In Miller County's history, there are quite a few items mentioned concerning
these families. In 1843, the Big Richwoods Baptist Church was formed.
Paulding/Paulin Gardner was one of the first members. Others mentioned
among the first members included Mary Gardner Allen (Mrs. Elias Allen); and
Daniel Spurlock (brother-in-law who married Annis Gardner). Later, in 1850,
five trustees were appointed to build a new church and Paulin Gardner was
one of the trustees selected. The land they agreed to purchase was a
one-acre lot in eastern Iberia. A few graves were on this lot, the earliest
being that of Elijah Dyer, dated 1841. This was the beginning of the Iberia
Cemetery. A building of hewn logs was raised on this lot and was the first
Baptist church erected in Iberia.
On February 24, 1854, the inhabitants of Congressional township school
district #13, met at the home of H. Paulin Gardner and organized the
township for school purposes. Four districts were established becoming
Elliott, Hickory Point, Mace, and Spearman school districts.
The land that was homesteaded by the Gardner families was northwest of
Iberia running from what we today know as the Gardner Branch and ran almost
all the way to the Barren Fork creek. This contained many acres.....the
present day farm of Bruce and Janis Williams was the original land and farm
that was homesteaded by Paulin and Betsy Gardner in the early 1840s. The
Bailey families settled the land on both sides of the creek running west of
Iberia that was known as Bailey's Branch. It originated near the present
day farm of Mrs.Vernon Keeth and ran northwest across Highway 42 and on
across the Gordon Groves farm and emptied into the Barren Fork.
The Gardner and Allen families were slave owners back in Barren County, KY
and they brought several of their slaves with them into Missouri. The
Baileys were non-slaveowners as far as I can determine. I found no record
of them owning slaves in Kentucky. They were involved in manufacturing and
trades in Barren County. In Millr County records in 1869, Joel Allen owned
7 slaves valued at $4000; Elias Allen had 5 valued at $1800; Isaiah Allen
had 3 valued at $2100; and Pauling Gardner owned a female slave valued at
$800. In 1862, Pauling was listed as owning 2 slaves, so he must have
acquired another Negro during the 2-year period. In his father's will,
dated 1838, William Gardner gave Pauling a woman slave named Stephanna. He
brought her into Missouri with him. The slaves at that time had no last
names and usually acquired the name of the family who owned them. In later
years, Paulin deeded Stephanna a few acres of land near his farm and she
lived the remainder of her life there. Some land, which today lies south of
the Iberia city limits, was deeded to the Allen slaves. They were using the
last name of Allen at that time. I do not know how long they lived there
because in later years, the land was owned by the Ferguson family.
William Wiley, oldest child of Paulin & Susannah (Keath) Gardner, served in
the Confederate Army during the Civil War. He enlisted as a volunteer in
October 1862 at Holly Springs, Mississippi. During the war, he was taken
prison of war near Blakely, Alabama. He was given his freedom in April
1865. William Wiley came back to Miller County where he became a
schoolteacher and educator in the schools of Miller and Maries counties.
His last months of life were spent in the Confederate Soldier's Home in
Higginsville, Missouri. He and his wife, Louisa, are buried in the Home's
cemetery. Louisa was a daughter of Joseph and Nancy Wilson of Maries
Lucy Ann Gardner, daughter of Paulin and his second wife, Betsy (Bailey),
was born in Miller County in 1843. She married my great grandfather,
William Harrison Smith of Pulaski County, MO on 1 February 1863. William
Harrison Smith was a son of John Wesley and Nancy (Stinnett) Smith who were
natives of Kentucky and Tennessee, respectively.
William and Lucy Gardner Smith were parents of 11 children, all born in
Miller County, including: William Daniel Smith b. 1863 m. Sally Harrison;
Jemima H. Smith b.1865-died in infancy; James Paulin Smith b. 1867 m. Emma
Whalen; Parthenia Minnie Smith b. 1869 m. (1) Rector Thompson (2) Paul Rees;
Felix P. Smith b. 1871 m. Fannie Fike; Jessie Rosa Smith b. 1872 m. Charles
Aust; John T. Smith b. 1875 m. Hester Smith (no kin); Jacob C. Smith b. 1878
m. (1) Lennie Sooter (2) Elizabeth Sooter; Charles E. Smith b. 1881 m. Molly
Mayfield; Henry Franklin Smith b. 1884 m. Sarah Eliza Boyd; Grace Mae Smith
b. 1886 m. (1) Henry Lollar (2) Louis May; and Myrtle Clara Smith 1889-1890.
My grandfather, Henry Franklin Smith, was the last of his family to survive
and see the modern day miracles of the atomic age and space technology. In
1975, at the age of 92, he died taking with him the knowledge of his age and
memories that could have enlightened my search of our
In June 1976, I made a trip to Barren County, KY where I spent a few days
doing research in the county's records. This county is rich in history and
folklore. There, with the assistance of another descendant of William
Gardner Sr., I was able to accumulate much info through old courthouse
records. I was fortunate to drive over this land and to walk the fields
that were homesteaded by my ancestors over 200 years ago. Gardner's Sinking
Creek is flowing across the beautiful countryside and Buck Creek is still
rushing across the fields to the south and I can only say that when I
departed from Barren County, I left part of my heart and soul down there in
the land of my ancestors. I felt a closeness to those folks whom I will
never know. It is as though I can feel what they felt; love what they
loved; and I can always identify with their trials, tribulations, and most
of all, the joys they experienced in their lives on that early frontier.
|[MOMILLER-L] Fw: The Gardner, Bailey, and Allen Families by "DeVere Whitaker" <>|