MOTT-L Archives

Archiver > MOTT > 2004-02 > 1077383505


From: "Lisa Perry" <>
Subject: [MOTT] Motts in Colonial Virginia
Date: Sat, 21 Feb 2004 12:16:11 -0500


Greetings everyone! I have only recently begun to research the ancestry
of my Ann (Mott) Glendenning and would love to share thoughts and
information with others working the George Mott family of Virginia.



I realize that the following extracts might be 'old news' to some of the
more experienced Mott researchers but since the earliest confirmed
location of my George and his brother John is Virginia and I didn't see
this data already posted on the list, I thought I'd begin there with my
initial submission.



John and George Mott in Virginia



John and George Mott are believed to be the sons of James and Grace
(Thurgar) Mott and grandsons of Adam and Jane (Hallet) Mott. If this
George is the son of James and Grace Mott, he was christened on 20 Nov
1625 according to the Parish Register at Saffron Walden, Essex County,
England. (Courtesy of Tracy Reinhardt from the research of Mr. Waldo C.
Sprague, 1958, published in The American Genealogist, Vol. 35, p. 107,
1959, found at http://webpages.charter.net/treinhardt/ ).



John and George Mott were landowners in the Virginia Northern Neck (Old
Rappahannock, Richmond, King George County area). John is believed to
have been a bachelor but George married Elizabeth [Pigg, daughter of
John and Jane Pigg]. George and Elizabeth had four daughters: Ann
(Glendenning), Margaret (Doniphan), Elizabeth (Fossaker) and Ellen
(Shippy).





Mott Cavaliers and Pioneers



In 1934, Nell Marion Nugent authored "Cavaliers and Pioneers", a series
which contains abstracts of the earliest preserved Virginia Colony land
patents and grants. For a short but important tutorial on the colonial
headright system, please review the following summary of the book's
forewords and introductions; this information may correct previous
assumptions concerning the arrival, status or relationship of the
patentee and transported persons (headrights).



Seven years after establishing the settlement in Virginia in 1619, land
patents were granted by the London Company to "Adventurers and Planters"
from overseas and over time, to native-born Virginians and others. An
Adventurer was defined as one who 'adventured their money' but did not
personally settle the land, while Planters were defined as those who
actually went in person to live on and work the land.



Initially, land grants were of two forms: for every single share paid
into the Treasury (twelve pounds ten shillings), Adventurers were
allowed 100 acres while Planters, were allotted two shares for every
person transported. To stimulate immigration to and settlement in
Virginia, the London Company initiated a "headright" system in which any
person who paid for his own transport would be assigned 50 acres for
personal use and if he paid for the transportation of others, he would
receive 50 acres for each person transported. Found among the Colonial
headrights were freemen of all social classes, nobility, gentry, and
yeomanry, indentured servants (some of good family and connection in
England) and Negro slaves. Often, the indentured servants were bound
for a period of service with the understanding that, in return, they
would receive a parcel of land for themselves; needless to say, however,
that this agreement was sometimes abused.



Before obtaining land for the transportation of headrights, the claimant
was required to present a receipt as proof of the paid transport but
despite precautions, there was fraud. And it cannot be assumed that a
land claim for transported personals was made immediately after their
arrival; identified headrights may have actually arrived in the Colony
long before the claimant submitted his patent request. Nor can it be
assumed that the headright was an immigrant; through a voyage to England
and return, a person could acquit the cost of their passage and appear
as a headright of friends or relatives in order to obtain land.



After patenting and surveying a tract of land, the patentee was required
to settle the land within three years of the award date and pay one
shilling for every fifty acres as annual rent. If the land was not
settled during that three year period, the title would lapse and be
returned to the crown treasury. These lapses were not an immediate
concern to the crown because regardless who owned it or whether it was
settled or improved, there was revenue from the rents of Virginia lands.
The lapsed lands could then be claimed by the first person to petition
the General Court, so some Virginians were able to acquire quite large
tracts of land in a particular area. Later complaints about the
headright system indicated it did not benefit newcomers as was
originally intended but merely added available land to the extensive
holdings of established planters.





The following entries found in Cavaliers and Pioneers Vols. 1 & 2 list
some of the earliest Motts transported to Colonial Virginia. Please
note that I personally have only very limited information on Mott
brothers, John and George, but am interested in any possible Mott family
connections.



The Dec 1, 1624 land dividend received by John Bainham, a Gentleman of
Kiccoughtan, in Elizabeth City Corporation, was for 300 acres in the
Haxoms Gaole and Blunt Point area, 200 of which were due for the
transportation of four servants, to include John Mott, Sr. and John
Mott, Jr., who arrived in the George in 1621. (Vol 1, pg 4)



Fra. Mott is found listed with 37 others as transported by Peter Knight
and Baker Cutt in their Oct 13, 1653 land patent in the Potomeck
River/Chapawansick Creek area. (Vol 1, pg 282)



On July 22, 1662, Mr. Lawrence Smith of Gloster (sic) County received
600 acres for the transport of 12 persons, including Nath. Mott. (Vol 2,
pg 93)



On September 23, 1663, Jno. and George Mott received 1,200 acres on the
Rappahannock River that had been deserted by a previous patentee; the
Mott patent was awarded for the transport of 24 persons. (Vol 2, pg 21)



In the June 20, 1665 land patent received by Mr. Richard Young, Sr. in
the Waire Parish was for the transport of 34 persons, to include
Jonathan Mott. (Vol 1, 462)



Robert Taliafro (sic) and Lawrence Smith received 6,300 acres in
Rappahannock County on Mar 26, 1666, for the transport of 126 persons
which included Nathaniell Mott and James Harrison. (Vol 1, pg 548)



Mr. John and George Mott received an additional 2,500 acres in the Muddy
Creek area of Rappahannock County on September 10, 1668 for the
transport of 50 persons. Not all names were given in this entry but
some of the names listed were John, George and Ann Mott. (Vol 2, pg 53)




On October 17, 1670, John and George Mott received 15, 654 acres on the
Rappahannock River for the transport of 313 persons. (Vol 2, pg 85)



In a patent received by Hubert Petty on 25 Mar 1672, the land is
described as in Lancaster County on Morattice Creek, adjacent to land
sold to Jno. Mott by Col. Corbyn. (Vol 2, pg 105)



On November 29, 1674, Mr. James Harrison, John Bowzee and Elizabeth,
Margerett, Ann & Elin Mott, the four orphans of Mr. George Mott,
received 9019 acres on the Rappahannock River on November 29, 1674 for
the transport of 180 persons, to include Jno. Vickers. (Vol 2, pg 159)



A patent for 1260 acres in Rappahannock County was received by Thomas
Vickars (Viccars), Clerke, on Apr 10, 1678 and listed as being adjacent
to Mr. Mott's land. (Vol 2, pg 179)



Mrs. Elizabeth Banister received 1600 acres in Abington Parish, Gloster
(sic) County, on September 25, 1679 for the transport of 23 persons,
including a Samll. Mott. (Vol 2, pg 201)





I look forward to sharing more Mott information with you!



Regards, Lisa Perry







This thread: