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Subject: [MELUNGEON] Melungeon Indians
Date: Sat, 25 Jun 2011 07:41:46 -0400

It is not a leap to say there was absolutely contact and mixture from as early as 1520s with Spaniards, Portuguese, Africans, etc., with the Native Tribes - and that mixing resulted in 'Mixed Indians Tribes' -- meaning those Indian Tribes as early as the 1520s were carrying European and African DNA. To imply the Melungeons have no "Indian DNA" because there are no Q's is a gross injustice to the Melungeon descendants.

Douglas Summers Brown
No one knows what became of the men and the fortifications along Pardo's thousand-mile trail . Henry Savage says , "Some men were killed, some drifted back down the trail when the captain failed to return. " Others , including a fifer with his wife and children stayed and threw in their lot with their Indian hosts. Boyana himself returned to Santa Elena only to be tomahawked by an Edisto Indian.

In the Holston Valley of southwestern Virginia and of eastern Tennessee, just across the mountains from the region of Old Fort and Marion, North Carolina, is an ethnic group whose origins have aroused much speculation but who stoutly insist that they are Portuguese. They are called "Melungeons," (also Melungeans, Malungeons,") a term whose meaning is unknown. Local historians believe they are the descendants of mixed marriages between Indian women and the Spaniards who had a post near Old Fort, North Carolina. (19)

(19) - Information came from my father, historian *Lewis Preston Summers (See below). This group has been described, though somewhat inaccurately, by W.L. Worden, "Sons of the Legend," The Saturday Evening Post, Oct. 18, 1947; also, in "The Melungeons, the Mystery People of Tennessee," The Tennessee Conservationist, August, 1959. These articles were called to my attention by W. P. Grohse of Sneedville, Tenn., a student of the Melungeons' origin. A connection between these people and the "Turks" near Sumter, S.C. who may or may not have Catawba blood, has been suggested. The Melungeons are said by some to have stopped over in South Carolina enroute to Tennessee.

*Lewis Preston Summers b.1868 d.1943 m. in 1897 Annie Katherine Barbee. Lewis was the author of "Summers Histroy of Southwest Virginia." Lewis was the Abingdon Post Master from 1890-1894. He began his legal practice in 1895. He was appointed U.S. district attorney, by President Harding in 1922. He was a member of the Virginia State Bar Association and the Presbyterian Church. Summers was also chairman of the Walnut Grove Cemetery Association, Washington Co., VA. The land for this cemetery was originally owned by Robert Preston, Sr., whose wife Margaret Rhea Preston, and mother, Eleanor Fairman Preston, established the cemetery. Lewis and Annie had 7 children:

Joanne Pezzullo

Historical Melungeon Indians

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