NEW-HAMPSHIRE-L ArchivesArchiver > NEW-HAMPSHIRE > 2007-07 > 1185215310
Subject: [NEW-HAMPSHIRE] Crosby
Date: Mon, 23 Jul 2007 14:28:30 EDT
Source: Hist. of Charlestown, NH Fort No. 4 - Saunderson
Dr. Samuel Crosby settled at Charlestown, NH l783. He was orig. from
Shrewsbury, MA. son of
Dr. Samuel Crosby Sr. and wife, Azubah (How) Crosby. They had eleven
children and he was the
2d child, b. Sept. l2, l756. He m. Dec. l9, l789 Ruth Terry dau of Benjamin
Terry and wife,
Hannah Terry of Enfield, CT. Their children:
1. Samuel Crosby b. Sep. l2, l79l m. l832 Emily Gilchrist dau of Capt. James
was b. l808
2. Louisa Crosby b. l793 d. l794
3. Henry Crosby b. Sep. 30, l794 drowned at Montpelier, VT May 20, l823.
4. Harriet Crosby b. May l6, l799 d. l802 (note, she d. just as the family
returned from the
funeral of her father.)
The pedigree of this family was furnished by George Olcott, Esq., as follows:
Simon Crosby came from ENG to Cambridge, MA thence to Billerica, MA abt l650
and died there.
His son, Simon Crosby, Jr. died at Billerica. Samuel Crosby, son of Simon
Crosby, Jr. b. abt
l700 m. Dorothy Brown of Billerica, MA removed to Shrewsbury, MA and d. abt
l750. Samuel Crosby,
Jr. son of Samuel Crosby, was b. l732 m. Azubah Howe, dau of James Howe of
Worcester, MA and
res: Winchendon, MA. Dr. Samuel Crosby was son of Samuel Crosby, Jr.
Transcribed by Janice Farnsworth
Source: History of Charlestown, NH by Rev. Henry H.
Rev. Jaazaniah Crosby became the second pastor of the
church at Charlestown, NH and the first pastor of the
South parish society.
He was descended from Symon Crosby and his wife, Anne,
who came to America in the ship Susan & Ellen and settled
at Cambridge, MA, where he died, leaving a widow who
afterwards married Rev. John Thomson of Braintree.
(note: Torrey p.193 has Simon Crosby and wife, Anna/Anne
(Brigham) m. (2) Rev. William Thompson ca 1641.)
Simon Crosby son of the above, b. 1637 who married
Rachel Brackett the line of descent of the subject of
this memoir is traced as follows: Joseph, 2nd son of
Simon, b. July 5, 1669 m. Sarah French in 1691; William
Crosby, 4th child of Joseph b. 1697 m. Hannah Ross.
Jaazaniah, 5th child of William Crosby, b. at Ashby,
Oct 7th, 1728 and brought up at Billerica, MA married and
had a son Jaazaniah b. 1753 who married Elizabeth Gibson
of Pepperell, MA and was the father of Rev. Dr. Jaazaniah
The parents of Dr. Crosby were of humble circumstances
which will be seen from the following fragment of auto-
biography in his own handwriting:
"I was born in Cockermouth, N.H., afterward called Hebron
on the 3d day of April, 1780. The place of my birth was
a wilderness except a small clearing near my father's
farm and my early residence was a log hut, erected in
this clearing for the benefit of a cow, though never in-
habited by that animal, before it was occupied by the
writer. When my father moved to the above mentioned
wilderness, his whole property consisted of twenty-five
dollars, an axe and the clothes he wore. He lost the
avails of about three years labor by the failure of what
was called continental money. Till I was of the age of
fourteen years, we, nine in family, resided in a house
having one room only, whose dimensions were eighteen
feet by twelve; a log house with one window only, con-
sisting of four squares of window glass. The chimney
was very large, capable of receiving wood of the length
of four feet. It was built of rough stone to the height
of five or six feet and continued with rough boards.
These would sometimes take fire and some of us would
climb the stony part and extinguish it by throwing water.
More light was conveyed into the room from this large
chimney, than from the dim little window. The building
was shingled with spruce bark, confined by poles, which
were secured at the end by withes. In the garret (attic)
were two or three sleeping places where we were some-
times lulled to sleep by the pattering of rain upon the
bark, almost in contact with us. We removed from that
hut in the autumn and the next winter the wind took
possession of the roof, carried it a considerable dist-
ance and almost demolished the residue of the building.
My father's life was a peculiarly laborious one. In the
first summer of his residence in the wilderness, he was
accustomed, during the season of hay-making to walk to
Plymouth, eight miles distant, guided by marked trees,
carry his scythe, perform his day's work, and then re-
turn home with a half bushel of grain as compensation
for his labor. Owing, at a certain time, a small debt
in Plymouth, he carried thither, on his back, a bag of
grain; and found that by leaving his hat, he could pay
the whole debt. He left it, and walked home bare-headed
and declared that day to have been the happiest in his
life. After his family became large, he was always in
debt, though not to a large amount. Of course he was
always in trouble as an "honest debtor" must be when he
can look forward to no means of relief.
Here, it is to be regretted ends Dr. Crosby's account of
himself, and his biography is continued from other sources
from which we gather the following facts:
He worked until he was eighteen years of age, upon a farm,
during which period he had not the privilege of attending
school more than a year and a half; and to enjoy this,
he had to go a distance of two miles. But he had a
decided passion for acquiring knowledge which led him
to determine that he would obtain an education by sur-
mounting all the difficulties which might be in his
way. This decision being made, he set out, at the age
of eighteen for the Academy at Exeter and walked the
whole distance, which was eight miles; and such was his
self-denial and the economy which he practiced, that he
paid the entire expenses of his journey, with three and
nine pence; which was the sum of 62-l/2 cents. He
studied at Exeter two years on a charity foundation, and
in 1800 entered Harvard College, where during his whole
course he lived in the family of a lady who gave him
board. His other expenses were met, partly by appropri-
ations from a college fund for indigent students, and
partly by writing in the office of the Clerk of the
Immediately on graduating in 1804 he returned to Exeter
Academy as an assistant teacher, where he remained a year;
when he began the study of theology under Rev. Dr. Apple-
ton, then of Hampton, but afterwards President of
Bowdoin College. Not having as yet sufficient funds for
self-support in this position, he availed himself of a
fund at Exeter for indigent young men in their prepara-
tion for the ministry. Soon after commencing his theo-
logical studies he became discouraged and thought he had
mistaken his vocation; but on consultation with Rev. Dr.
Buckminister of Portsmouth was advised to proceed. He
was licensed to preach by the Piscataqua Association on
the 11th of May 1808; Dr. Buckminister acting as scribe
and writing the certificate of his licensure. He preach-
ed his first sermon at Greenland in 1809, he preached at
Lyndeborough, three or four months where he received a
call for settlement which was accepted. He subsequently
preached three or four months as a candidate in Freeport
Maine and received a call to settle there but declined.
His next preaching was at Charlestown, NH where it was
received with great approval and he was installed over
the Church and South Parish Society.
He was possessed of naturally amiable qualities, clear
perceptive powers which gave him an almost immediate
insight into the characters of those with whom he met;
and a remarkable ability of adapting himself without the
loss of dignity to the company he was in, caused him
everywhere to be received with manifestations of the
kindest regard. Everyone became attached to him and all
were glad to see him or meet him and they never failed
to receive a pleasant smile and kindly word.
Rev. Dr. Crosby m. April 13, 1811, at Wolfborough, NH
Ann Rust Parker who died Dec. 9, 1813. He m. (2) Nov.
14, 1814, at Westminster, VT Huldah Robinson Sage who
died April 9, 1835; he m. (3) Nov 20, 1838, at Brookline
MA, Elizabeth Allen. His children were:
1. Ann Parker Crosby b. at Charlestown, NH Dec 6, 1813
m. Rev. Cazneau Palfrey, D. D. on May 30, 1838
1. Henry Palfrey b. at Grafton, MA 1839 m. Mary
Durfee Lovejoy at Bradford, MA 1872
2. Mary Walker Palfrey b. 1840
3. Rebecca Salsbury Palfrey b. at Barnstable MA
May 9, 1844 m. David N. Utter of Belfast, ME
on Sept. 16, 1872.
2. Edward Crosby b. Dec 3, 1815 m. (1) 1839 Mary A.
Nichols at Walpole, NH.
1. Walter F. b. at Cambridge 1865
2. Robert b. at Cambridge 1871
Mary (Nichols) Crosby died 1845 and Edward Crosby
m. (2) Eliza A. Nichols of Walpole, NH in 1846.
3. Samuel Nichols Crosby b. 1847
4. Annie E. Crosby b. 1852
5. Edward H. Crosby b. 1856
3. Sibil Crosby b. May 3, 1817 d. 1817.
4. William Crosby b. 1818 m. Mary E. Bowles at Roxbury,
MA Sept. 9, 1845.
1. Mary H. Crosby b. 1846 m. Thomas Minns Ware at
Roxbury, MA on Nov 16, 1872
1. Thomas M. Ware b. 1873
2. Sarah Ware b. 1875
2. William Sage Crosby b. 1848 grad Harvard 1870
M.D. and M.M.S., 1874 and died at Littleton
N.H. April 6, 1875.
3. Henry Bartlett Crosby b. 1850
4. Benjamin Lincoln Crosby b. 1852
5. Catharine Lincoln Crosby b. 1864.
5. James Crosby b. 1820 m. at Charlestown, NH 1863
Mary Pierpont b. June 22, 1869
1. James Allen Crosby b. 1864
2. Mary Pierpont Crosby b. 1869
6. Samuel Trevett Crosby b. 1822 m. Sarah E. Lincoln
at Hingham, MA June 6, 1848
1. Elizabeth Lincoln Crosby b. 1849
2. Clara Crosby b. 1853 m. Frederic E. Bryant
at Hingham 1873.
1. Eugene Lincoln Bryant b. 1874
2. Ethel May Bryant b. 1876
3. Samuel Trevett Crosby Jr. b. 1856
4. Helen Baylies Crosby b. 1862
7. Elizabeth Guild Crosby b. 1827 m. Rev. William J.
Bridge at Charlestown, NH 1850.
1. Elizabeth Crosby Bridge b. at East Lexington
2. William Bridge b. at East Lexington 1853 d.
at Bedford, MA 1854.
3. Ann Palfrey Bridge b. at Bedford, MA 1854.
4. James Crosby Bridge b. at Dublin, NH 1857
5. Henry Whitney Bridge b. at Dublin, NH 1858
6. William F. Bridge b. at Dublin, NH 1861
7. Josiah Bridge b. at Dublin, NH 1862
8. Herbert Sage Bridge b. at Dublin 1865
9. Katharine Bridge b. at Peterboro Village,
Smithfield, NH 1868
10. Walter Guild Bridge b. at Peterboro Village,
8. Clarissa Sage Crosby b. 1829 m. Dr. Edward Gilchrist
at Charlestown, NH July 12, 1856.
9. Sylvester Sage Crosby b. Sept. 1, 1831 m. (1) Eliza-
beth Capelle at Charlestown, NH 1855. She died 1874
at Cambridge, MA and he m. (2) Mehitabel Ackers at
Brooline, MA Sept. 15, 1875
Dr. Crosby was buried at Charlestown, NH where his
funeral service was Jan. 3, 1865. Rev. Livingston Stone
and Rev. William O. White offered the prayers. A
memorial of marble was placed on the south side of the
South Parish Church at Charlestown containing the follow-
Rev. Jaazaniah Crosby, D. D.
Born Hebron, N.H. April 3, 1780
Graduated Harvard College 1804
Ordained Pastor of the First Church 1810
Died in its ministry December 30, 1864
"Surviving most of the members of his original Parish,
yet he renewed the circle of his friendship in his ad-
vancing years and his parishioners with other friends
have united to erect this memorial of his worth and of
The wisdom that is from above is first pure then peace-
able. How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of
him that published peace.
Transcribed by Janice Farnsworth
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