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From: "Jenny & Gwylym Baldwin" <>
Subject: [NZ] 1841 Agreement with New Zealand Company Nelson Settlement
Date: Sat, 25 Nov 2006 16:22:46 +1100


I thought some may be interested in the following agreement between my ggg grandfather James GRAHAM and the New Zealand Company. James GRAHAM arrived in Nelson aboard the 'Whitby'. The wives and families - what were left of them - mostly arrived on the 'Lloyd's.

The original document is now at Nelson Museum Ref BETT 247 UMS.

MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT, made the 19th day of April One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-one, Between Captain Arthur Wakefield, on behalf of the New Zealand Company, of the one part, and James Graham, of Edinburgh of the other part.

1. It is agreed that the said James Graham shall proceed to New Zealand in the service of the said Company, and shall remain in such service for the term of two years from the date of sailing from England for the Colony.

2. The said James Graham shall receive the sum of twenty eight shillings per week, to be paid weekly by the said Company in the Colony : it is however agreed, that one half of the said sum of twenty eight shillings per week shall be allotted for the use of the wife and family of the said James Graham until the period of their embarkation for New Zealand, which is expected to take place in August next : such allowance to be paid weekly at the Company's Office in London*. *Or remitted to the family as the case may be.

3. Upon the arrival of the ship at New Zealand, the Company shall supply rations to the said James Graham for which the sum of one shilling per day shall be deducted by the Company from the aforesaid twenty eight shillings per week, without reference to the cost of provisions in the settlement.

4. It is agreed that the wages to be paid to the said James Graham shall increase, or decrease, in proportion to the current price of labour in the settlement, so long as the said James Graham shall remain in the Company's service. PROVIDED ALWAYS, that the rate per week shall in no case be less than the said sum of twenty eight shillings per week.

5. The Company shall have the power of making a deduction in case of misconduct or neglect of duty on the part of the said James Graham such deduction not to exceed five shillings per week : and also, in case the said James Graham shall absent himself from work without the permission of the Company's Agent, or other officer duly authorized by him, the Company shall have the power to deduct a sum in proportion to the time during which the said James Graham shall have so absented himself. PROVIDED ALWAYS, that all such deductions shall be settled by not less than three of the Company's Officers, (of whom the Company's Agent to be one) in the presence of the said James Graham.

6. The Company shall further have the power of discharging the said James Graham from their service without notice, in case of drunkenness, disobedience of orders, or other bad conduct. PROVIDED ALWAYS, that such discharge shall not take place without the consent of at least three of the Company's Officers, of whom the Company's Agent shall be one.

In Witness whereof the parties above-named have hereunto set their hands the day and year first above written. Witness D * Dowling (signature) and the signatures of James Graham and Arthur Wakefield.



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