Archiver > NFLD-ROOTS > 1999-04 > 0923788476

From: Keith Hillier <>
Subject: [Fwd: [NFLD-LAB-L] Kerleys Harbour, White Point and Georges Cove]
Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 21:24:36 -0230

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To: Barbara Mcgrath, Everett Dalton and all

Barbara had seen my reply to Everett Dalton on the subject KERLEYS
HARBOUR, etc. but had already deleted his address.
Unfortunately, I too had already deleted Everett's address.
(too quick on the delete key.
ha ha )

So in view of Barbara's obviously considerable effort to help a
fellow researcher I figured it best to post the message to the
lists. Hope you get this Everett.

Great post Barbara.


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Date: Sat, 10 Apr 1999 21:08:46 -0230
From: Barbara Mcgrath <>
Subject: Re: [NFLD-LAB-L] Kerleys Harbour, White Point and Georges Cove
To: Keith Hillier <>
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Hi Keith:
I must have deleted Everett Dalton's e-mail address. Attached documentation
was taken from the encyclopedia of Newfoundland, perhaps you can pass it along
to him for me.

Georges Cove, White Bay

(pop. 1981, 30). An unincorporated fishing settlement located on the eastern
shore of Hampden
Bay, the head of White Bay, north of Hampden and southwest of Baie Verte qqv.
The settlement
is situated on the shores of a shallow indentation with the population grouped
in two small
pockets of settlement at the feet of Mount Winifred and Mount Ella. According
to A.K.
Snelgrove (1953, pp. 132-133), marble occurred in small quantities at George
Cove Brook but
no commercial mining had taken place by the 1950s.

George's Cove

Georges Cove was first reported on the Census in 1935, with a population of
twenty-five. At
that time Phillip and Walter Brett, Thomas Jacobs and Basil, Eli and Herman
Osbourne were
listed as fishermen and lumbermen in the community (Newfoundland Directory:
1936). It is
likely that Georges Cove, like other small scattered settlements in Hampden
Bay, was originally
established as an illicit pocket of English settlement on the *French Shore qv
in the Nineteenth
Century. With the development of Riverhead (Hampden) as a lumbering centre and
port by the
Gale Brothers in 1924 and further developed by Bowaters in 1942, area residents
found employment in the logging industry. The population of Georges Cove has
never exceeded
fifty; in 1966 it dropped to a low of four residents. In 1979 it was reported
that the labour force
of six were employed in the local fishery and in Hampden. Approximately 4 ha
(10 acres) of
land was available for production which was for domestic use only (Rounder:
May, 1979).
There has been no church or school in Georges Cove which has been connected by
road to
Hampden and which depended on this larger centre for most services, including
schools and

Kerley's Harbour

(pop. 1961, 27). A resettled fishing community about 10 km southwest of Trinity
qv. The
community was likely named for an early settler named Kearley (Seary notes a
John Kearly as
resident in Trinity Bay in 1777), although it appears as Careless Harbour in
some records,
reflecting the local pronunciation of the name. Kerley's Harbour was occupied
on a seasonal
basis as an outpost of Trinity from the eighteenth century, but permanent
settlement likely dates
from the early 1800s: tradition has it that the first settlers were Jacob
Miller from Poole,
England, and John Miller from Bonaventure. Others who arrived in the early
1800s were the
Clarkes, Ivanys and Kings, all common family names of Trinity and Bonaventure.
Harbour was first recorded in the Census in 1845, with a population of 40.

Homes at Kerley's Harbour

Despite a well-protected harbour, the community was confined by the surrounding
hills with
little room for expansion. The peak population recorded for Kerley's Harbour
was 90 in 1935,
at which time the community relied heavily on the declining Labrador floater
fishery. Although
the community supported a Church of England school until 1954, it was difficult
to keep a
teacher and children often had to walk to New Bonaventure, where an Anglican
church also
served Kerley's Harbour, George's Cove and White Point. Like many other small
communities, there was little to keep younger people in Kerley's Harbour after
Although the community was connected to Trinity by road, the remaining
residents decided to
resettle in 1963, most moving to the Bonaventures, Trouty or Trinity. In 1990
the road to
Kerley's Harbour was a popular trail for visitors to the Trinity area, easily
accessible on foot
from the Anglican church at New Bonaventure.

New Bonaventure (in the encyclopedia it says " For White Point see New

(pop. 1986, 97). New Bonaventure is a fishing community on the north side of
Trinity Bay,
approximately 17 km southwest of Trinity. Like nearby Old Bonaventure qv, it
was likely an
early station used by fishermen out of Trinity. While eighteenth century
records do not
distinguish between the Bonaventures, New Bonaventure had a more exposed
harbour than Old
Bonaventure and local tradition has it that the site was used for gardens by
residents of Old
Bonaventure prior to being settled -- there is also an early cemetery at New
Bonaventure. The
Millers are said to have been the first family to have settled New Bonaventure,
which first
appears distinct from Old Bonaventure in the records of Trinity parish in 1808
when a child
was born to Samuel and Martha Miller of New Bonaventure. By 1812 John and Mary
King were
living at White Point (just west of present-day New Bonaventure). Other early
family names
include Ivany and Hyde, the latter family living at George's Cove between White
Point and New
Bonaventure. In the first Census in 1836 there were 99 inhabitants recorded. By
1845 there was
a Church of England church and in 1857 a Church of England school was
established. In 1869
there were nearly 200 people living in the area: 125 at New Bonaventure, 43 at
White Point and
27 at George's Cove. These people fished for cod locally and sold their catches
to merchants at
Trinity or through local trader Moses King. In the latter part of the
nineteenth century several
residents of New Bonaventure became involved in the Labrador fishery and the
reached over 200. The Society of United Fishermen and the Loyal Orange
Association both built
lodges in the community which, like the impressive Church of England church
built in 1912, also
served Kerley's Harbour qv and Old Bonaventure. With the precipitous decline of
the Labrador
fishery after World War I, however, the population of New Bonaventure also
declined: to 120
by 1935 and to 68 by 1945 (including George's Cove and White Point). Shortly
Confederation White Point and George's Cove were practically abandoned and the
Kings and Hydes left under the resettlement program soon thereafter. But the
early 1960s
brought a few new families from resettling communities such as British Harbour,
Ireland's Eye
and Kerley's Harbour, while the completion of a new road connecting the
Bonaventures to
Trinity assured the community of continued existence. In 1992 several homes in
Bonaventure were occupied only seasonally, as summer homes by former residents
or by
pensioners. White Point and George's Cove were abandoned and used as pasture.
family names included Hodder, Janes, Locke, McGrath, Miller and Short.

Keith Hillier wrote:

> Hi,
> There was a Kerleys Harbour in Trinity Bay. It was settled by 1845 and
> abandoned 1963.
> There was Georges Cove in St. Michaels Bay. This was a fishing station and
> had people there in 1856 and 1891.
> No mention of White Point.
> Source:book : Where Once They Stood
> Regards,
> Keith
> Everett J Dalton wrote:
> > Hello
> >
> > I cannot locate Kerleys Harbour, White Point or Georges Cove on the
> > Newfoundland map. Your help in locating these communities will be
> > greatly appreciated. I believe they were close to Bonaventure in Trinity
> > Bay.
> >
> > Everett
> >
> > No bird flies too high if it flies with its own wings.
> >
> > ==== NFLD-LAB Mailing List ====
> > NFLD-LAB List
> ==== NFLD-LAB Mailing List ====
> Helping others Help themselves - Post a Query at
> Newfoundland's Grand Banks Research Interest Forum


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