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From: "Carol Stewart" <>
Subject: Biographical Sketches Part 4
Date: Wed, 30 Oct 2002 17:41:48 -0800


Hi All,

Here is Part 4 on the Sketches.

14. Geiger, Vincent. Born in Maryland in 1823 or 1824. He is a small businessman in his hometown. He joins a company---along with
Bryarly----which was led by B. F. Washington, and they cross in 1849. In California, he first becomes a trader and a lawyer, and then
joins with Washington as coeditor of the Sacramento Democratic State Journal. He becomes heavily involved in Democratic politics in
the state and is appointed Indian agent and also is elected Democratic state chairman. He leaves the newspaper business. He kills a
man in a drunken brawl in Red Bluff and flees the state. He died in Valparaiso, Chile, in1869

15. Gould, Jane Holbrook. Born in Ohio in 1833. She is married in 1852, and leaves from Iowa for California with her husband and two
sons in 1862. They enter California by the Big Trees Route. Her husband dies five months after arrival.

16. Green, Jay. No record.

17. Hastings, Landsford W. Leaves Ohio as a twenty-three year old lawyer in 1842, when he journeys to Oregon in the party led by
Dr. Elijah White. He is chosen to replace White as captain at Fort Laramie. Leaves Oregon and travels to California in 1843. In 1844
returns to States via Mexico and in 1845 publishes his Guide. Returns overland to California in late 1845 and helps lay out town of
Sutterville (Sacramento) for Captain Sutter. Returns east in spring of 1846, opening up his Cutoff across the Salt Lake Desert. (This
is the route of the ill-fated Reed-Donner Party). Hastings, himself leads the Harlan-Young Party to California by this route and by late
1846 is a captain in Fremont's California Battalion. After the revolution, he practices law and marries, in addition to taking an active part
in the political arena. In 1863 he joins the Confederate cause with a proposal to take Arizona from the Union. After the Civil War he
promotes a scheme to settle former Confederates in Brazil, where he dies in 1870.

18. Hopkins, Sarah Winnemucca. Born about 1844 in the Humboldt Sink area. She was the granddaughter of Captain Truckee, the friend
and early guide to emigrants. She had several years of education at a convent in San Jose, California. Over the years, she had several jobs
with the U.S. Government, mostly dealing with her people, the Paiutes. In 1878, she acts as an agent for the U.S. Army, in the Bannock
Uprising, and is praised for her service. When the Paiutes are ordered off their lands to the Yakima Reservation, in Washington Territory,
Sarah begins lecturing against the bad treatment of her people, first in San Francisco and then in the East. Several prominent women take
up her cause, and she wins promises in Washington of succor. It never comes. She becomes the center of a controversy, when an Indian
agent accuses her of being a common prostitute. She travels to Montana and marries a shadowy figure named Hopkins. In 1883, she goes
east to lecture and to make an appeal to Congress. Returns, to open an Indian school in Lovelock in 1889. She begins to fail in health and
takes up gambling. She died while on a visit to her sister, in Montana in 1893.

19. Ingalls, Eleaser Stillman. No record.

20. Jefferson, T. H. Almost nothing is known of the man. He traveled to California in 1846 via the Hastings Route( the same route the Donner
Party was to use) and compiled a map of the route. The map appeared in 1849-----along with a practical accompaniment-----as a guide. He
based his map on the earlier one of Fremont, but his was drawn for day-to-day use and covered regions which Fremont had not covered. It
is considered one of the best of all the trail maps.

Will do more tomorrow. Have a great evening.
Carol Stewart

















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