OH-CIVIL-WAR-L ArchivesArchiver > OH-CIVIL-WAR > 2001-12 > 1009201414
Subject: [OHCW] General Israel Garrard of the 7th Ohio Cavalry
Date: 24 Dec 2001 06:44:01 -0700
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Surnames: Garrard, Ludlow, Wood
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I wanted to share this information:
Israel GARRARD (General), born 22 Oct 1825 in Cincinnati, Hamilton, OH; died 21 Sep 1901 in Frontenac, Goodhue, MN, son of Jeptha Dudley GARRARD and Sarah Bella LUDLOW. He married in May 1856 Catherine WOOD, died bef 1870.
Notes for Israel GARRARD (General)
CENSUS: 1860 US Census, Goodhue Co, Frontenac PO, #608/554, Israel is living with brother Lewis H. Garrard. Israel is an attorney. Lewis is a farmer.
1870 US Census, Goodhue Co, MN, town of Florence, Red Wing PO, #124/125, Israel is a 44 year old farmer. Value of real estate is $100,000.
1880 US Census, Goodhue Co, MN, Florence, pg 316D. Israel lives alone.
1900 US Census, Goodhue Co, MN, Florence Twp, #144/145. Israel is a 74 year old widower.
MILITARY: 'The Civil War Dictionary', by Mark M. Boatner III, pg 325, 'Union officer, Ohio. Colonel 7th OH Cavalry 18 Sept 1862; Brevet Brig Gen USV 20 Jun 1865 (war service). In the Dept of the OH he commanded 1, 2, Cavalry Corps (which means 1st brigade, 2nd division, Cavalry Corps); 2nd Division Cavalry Corps; 1, 1, Cavalry Corps; 1, Cavalry District KY 5, XXIII; Cavalry Division; and XXIII. He then led 2, 4, Cavalry Corps (Mil Div Miss).
ORGANIZATION: 30 Jun 1863 & 31 Jul 1863 per OR, the 7th OH Cav commanded by Col Israel Garrard, was part of the 3rd brigade commanded by Col August V. Kautz, part of the 1st division commanded by Brig Gen Samuel D. Sturgis (later by Brig Gen Samuel P. Carter), part of the 23rd army corps commanded by Major Gen George L. Hartsuff, part of the Dept of the OH commanded by Major Gen Ambrose E. Burnside.
In the OR, Col Israel Garrard took command of the 1st division, cavalry corps, Army of the Ohio on 11 Apr 1864. His headquarters was at Paris, KY.
28 Feb 1865 per OR, Col Israel Garrard commanded the 2nd brigade (which included the 7th OH), of the 4th division commanded by Major Gen Emory Upton, part of the cavalry corps, Military Division of the MS commanded by Major Gen James H. Wilson.
(1) CARTER's STATION, TN, 30 Dec 1862
December 1862, 'Battles and Leaders of the Civil War', Vol 4, pg 475, 'In Dec 1862 Gen Samuel P. Carter, of TN and Col T.T. Garrard, of KY, crossed the Cumberland Mountains from KY with a large force of Federal cavalry and made a raid upon the railroad in east TN, and destroyed the bridges over the Holston and Watauga rivers.' Note: I wonder if this could have been TT's cousin Israel incorrectly identified as TT. Larkin Hubbard (private in the 7th KY) states in his diary that from 1 Dec 1862 to 20 Dec 1862 he was in Memphis, TN. On the 20th he departed for Vicksburg, MS.
MT. STERLING, KY, 24 Mar 1863
DUTTON'S HILL, SOMERSET, KY, 22 March - 1 April 1863
Confederate John Pegram led a raid of a 1,550 man brigade of cavalry and a 3 gun battery into KY to collect beef catle. He made a stand on Dutton's Hill to allow 750 cattle to be taken across the Cumberland River. He was attacked by Union General Gillmore, with a force of 1,250, including Israel Garrard's 7th OH. The battle caused little damage on either side.
MONTICELLO, KY, 1 May 1863
ROCKY GAP, KY, 9 Jun 1863
BUFFINGTON ISLAND, OH, 19 Jul 1863
'The Longest Raid of the Civil War', by Lester V. Horwitz, details how Israel Garrard was involved in the chase of General John Hunt Morgan in Ohio. The raid ended with the capture of Morgan 26 July 1863.
CUMBERLAND GAP, TN 9 Sep 1863
(2)CARTER's STATION, TN, 22 Sep 1863
ZOLLICOFFER, TN, 24 Sep 1863
BLUE SPRINGS, TN, 10 Oct 1863
BATTLE OF ROGERSVILLE, TN 6 Nov 1863
This battle was a Confederate victory.
'Report of Colonel Israel Garrard, 7th OH Cavalry, commanding', Morristown, 6 Nov 1863, 'General: I was attacked this a.m. and totally defeated. I lost my guns and 2/3 of my command; rebel force not known (it was cavalry brigades of Col Giltner and Gen William E. 'Grumble' Jones), as they were continually sending their troops forward. I think the whole of the 2nd TN is lost. About 1/2 of the 7th OH cavalry is lost. The rebel cavalry was following us this side of Bull's Gap.' OR Vol XXXI, 551-66.
700 Union men were captured.
'History of the 13th Reg TN Vol Cavalry USA', by Scott and Angel, pg 108, 'The 2nd TN Mounted Inf did splendid service until captured with Col Garrard's command near Rogersville, TN, 6 Nov 1863. Those who did not escape were imprisoned...'
'TNGenWeb project Tennesseans in the Civil War, 2nd TN Vol Inf', 'The regiment (2nd TN Vol Inf USA) pursued the retreating Confederates to Abingdon, VA, and then returned to Rogersville, TN, where Col Israel Garrard, 7th OH Cavalry, was in command. On 6 Nov, Col Garrard was attacked and routed on the road outside Rogersville, came flying into camp with his men, and ordered Major Carpenter, commanding the 2nd TN, to hold the position, and then, apparently unable to rally his men, fled with them to Morristown, leaving Major Carpenter holding the bag. The regiment was surrounded and captured...
KNOXVILLE, TN, 17 Nov - 4 Dec 1863, Col Israel Garrard commanded the 1st brigade in Col Samuel P. Carter's 2nd Division of Brig Gen James M. Shackelford's Cavalry Corps, which was part of the Army of the Ohio commanded by Major Gen Ambrose E. Burnside. Confederate General James Longstreet laid seige to Knoxville.
This seige was a Union victory.
'Battles and Leaders of the Civil War', by Johnson, vol 3, pg 752, brigade losses: 5 missing.
BEAN STATION, TN, 14 Dec 1863
BLAIN's CROSS ROADS, TN, 16 Dec 1863
NEW MARKET, TN 23 Dec 1863
'The Union Cavalry in the Civil War', by Stephen Z. Starr, pg 348, discusses cavalry fighting east of Knoxville, 24 Dec 1863. '...Col Israel Garrard, making a circuit by way of Mt Horeb, was to get into postion to intercept (Confederate cavalry commander A.A. Russell) after he had been driven out of Dandridge by (Union brigade commander Archibald P. Campbell). Garrard's brigade, which was to have completed the success of the operation by intercepting Russell's retreat, was itself attacked and had to ask for help.'
DANDRIDGE, TN, 16-17 Jan 1864
FAIR GARDEN, TN, 27 Jan 1864
CYNTHIANA, KY, 11-12 Jun 1864
'The Union Cavalry in the Civil War', by Stephen Z. Starr, pg 424
Confederate raider Brig General John Hunt Morgan was attacked by Brig General Stephen Gano Burbridge, who was reinforced by Col Isreal Garrard's brigade (9th MI, 7th OH). Burbridge outnumbered Morgan 2 to 1. This was the last of Morgan's raids. Garrard quoted 'The mass of them were come up with at the (Licking River)... The River was crowded with men and horses struggling together in the deep water. Many were drowned and an opportunity was had for firing several hundred shots into them'.
This battle was a union victory.
ATLANTA, GA CAMPAIGN, 28 Jul - 2 Sep 1864, Col Israel Garrard commanded the cavalry division after it was reorganized 11 Aug 1864 (originally commanded by Major Gen George Stoneman who was captured 31 July 1864 while on a raid of the railroad supplying Atlanta), of the Army of the Ohio commanded by Major Gen John M. Shofield, which was part of the Union Army commanded by Major Gen William T. Sherman.
'Sherman's Horsemen, Union Cavalry Operations in the Atlanta Campaign', by David Evand gives a COMPREHENSIVE and riveting account. Pg 392, 'A graduate of Harvard law school who had abandoned his profession for the unfettered life of a sportsman, he suddenly found himself and his younger brother, Kenner, in command of all of Sherman's cavalry south of the Chattahoochee River.'
FRANKLIN, TN, 30 Nov 1864
NASHVILLE, TN, 15-16 Dec 1864
Col Israel Garrard commanded the 7th Ohio, part of Col Thomas J. Harrison's 1st brigade, of Brig Gen Richard W. Johnson's 6th division of the Cavalry corps commanded by Brig Gen James H. Wilson. This was part of the Union Army commanded by Major Gen George H. Thomas.
PULASKI, TN, 25 Dec 1864
PLANTERSVILLE, AL, 1 Apr 1865
SELMA, AL, 2 Apr 1865
This was part of Wilson's raid in AL and GA 22 Mar - 20 Apr 1865. Col Israel Garrard commanded the 7th OH, which was part of the 2nd brigade commanded by Brig Gen A.J. Alexander, which was part of the 4th division commanded by Brig Gen Emory Upton, which was part of the Cavlry Corps, Military Dept of the Mississippi, commanded by Major Gen James H. Wilson.
This battle was a Union victory. The Union forces defeated the Rebels commanded by Lt Gen Nathan B. Forrest.
DEATH: Death records book, pg 281, line 5, at Goodhue County Courthouse (need copy)
Children of Israel GARRARD (General) and Catherine WOOD were as follows:
2iGeorge W.2 GARRARD , born abt 1863 in NY.
Richard & Ronda Nallenweg