PADAUPHI-L ArchivesArchiver > PADAUPHI > 2005-07 > 1120756330
From: "George F. Nagle" <>
Subject: RE: [PADAUPHI] Corps Badges - Civil War [Moon w/ Star]
Date: Thu, 7 Jul 2005 13:12:10 -0400
During the Civil War the corps was the next to largest military unit. Only
an "army" was larger, and there were several armies in each sides' total
A simple breakdown:
The smallest official unit was a company (although companies could be broken
down into unofficial squads for various duties at the discretion of the
company commander), consisting of about 100 men at full strength. Most
companies, as the war wore on, had considerably less than 100 men.
Twelve or so companies made up a regiment. The companies within a regiment
were lettered A through K or L (or whatever was needed) Regiments were
numbered, usually by state (i.e. 127th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry).
There were also Federal regiments, or "regular army" as opposed to the state
Four or five regiments made up a brigade, although there could be as few as
two or three regiments, or as many as seven.
>From two to four brigades constituted a division.
Two or three divisions made up a corps, with an attached artillery brigade.
Several corps constituted an army (as in The Army of the Potomac), which had
responsibility for a certain theater.
That's a basic breakdown, although there were lots of exceptions to these
George F. Nagle
From: Donna Heller Zinn [mailto:]
Sent: Thursday, July 07, 2005 12:21 PM
Subject: [PADAUPHI] Corps Badges - Civil War [Moon w/ Star]
Hello Fellow Listers:
I've just recently fun across a page in the front of Bates' History of the
Pennsylvania Volunteers [Civil War] that shows various badges for the
different Corps. I believe I may have found my answer to the posting that I
sent earlier (see below).
There is a "moon" with a star in the middle as a badge for the VII Corps.
The moons cresent points are pointed towards the bottom with the star within
the vacant space between the points of the moon. If you are interested in
seeing a scanned image of the page with some of the badges on - let me know.
This leads me to another question:
What actually is a Corps and does it differentiate from a Company and/or a
Thanks in advance! I'm not up on this military stuff - but love the
Donna Heller Zinn
" Hello Fellow Listers:
I'm helping out a gentleman named, Howard Clemm who doesn't have internet
access. I'm hoping that someone may be able to provide an answer his
He has an old picture that he is trying to identify the persons on this
picture. One of the men on the picture has an unusual Tie-Pin / Tack. He
is wearing this pin/tack in the knot of his tie - not pinned to keep it
attached to his shirt. The description of the pin is as follows:
It is a narrow cresant moon with the points - pointing towards the right. A
five pointed star is in the center of the moon and between the two points.
There appears to be no backing to the pin.
Can anyone identify this unusual pin as a religious, military or
association/organization pin? Any thoughts or suggestion will be greatly
Thanks in advance for any help!
Donna Heller Zinn of Newville, Cumberland Co., PA. "
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|RE: [PADAUPHI] Corps Badges - Civil War [Moon w/ Star] by "George F. Nagle" <>|