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From: Gary Hawley <>
Subject: [PARKER-ROOTS] Parker data
Date: Sun, 14 Oct 2001 21:49:21 -0500


Hi,

Here is more of the Parker data from the book by DeBrett Ancestry. The
formatting is not the same, but it is shown verbatim from the book.There
is more but it is mostly wills of the family of Parker brothers, George,
Robert and John that came to America in or about 1648. Of these three,
Robert went back to England circa 1658, when their civil war was over
but George stayed and I believe John did also and their descendants are
spread all over the country.

Gary


THE ANCESTRY OF THOMAS PARKER

The object of the research was to trace the ancestry of Thomas Parker
who settled in Macclesfield, Isle of Wight County, Virginia. The
information provided initially stated that he was granted land known as
Smiths Neck, near Taffon Creek, Isle of Wight County, on 18 March 1650.
He was granted this patent for the transportation to Virginia of himself
and four children: Jane, Elizabeth, Thomas and Frances. He was said to
be a brother of George Parker who settled in Accomac County, Virginia,
and tradition relates that both are said to have come from Oxfordshire,
England.
Printed sources show that there is considerable confusion over the
factual details concerning the life of Thomas Parker, who was said to
have been born in 1629 in England. At least three references have been
found and each appears to be a separate individual.

1. THOMAS PARKER died aged 56, whose will was recorded in the County
Court of Isle of Wight on 9 February 1688 referring to his wife and
seven children: John, Thomas, Frances, George, Elizabeth, Mary and Add.

2. A THOMAS PARKER also died in about 1663 as his wife was granted
administration on his state on 29 February 1663.

3. A THOMAS PARKER is also said to have died in 1695.

Thomas Parker, which one is not clear, is said to have married the widow
of Peter Montague and left two daughters,
Dorothy and Sarah, the latter of whom married James Bagnell shortly
before 1683. On 29 May 1683 there was issued to a Thomas Parker and
James Bagnall a patent for 470 acres including a patent of 380 acres
issued to him on 18 March 1650 and 50 acres which had been granted to
Peter Montague on 25 February 1638, and 40 acres for the transportation
of a negro Francis. It is not clear whether this Thomas is the one who
died in 1688 or in 1695; however, he does appear to be the same man as
the emigrant who was granted land in 1650. The emigrant cannot therefore
be the one whose widow was granted the administration in 1663. The 1683
grant is given a different explanation by the Virginia Magazine (vol. V,
1898). It is said that 50 of the 470 acres formerly belonged to Thomas
Parker with whose widow Thomas Parker, the present grantee,
intermarried, and 380 acres of which were granted to the said Thomas
Parker deceased on 18 March 1650, and which had descended to Dorothy and
Sarah, daughters of the said Thomas Parker deceased, the eldest of whom
being married did, with her husband, convey her interest to the said
Thomas Parker the grantee, her father-in-law, Thomas Parker; the other,
the younger, had lately married James Bagnall, the other grantee. This
explanation suggests that the emigrant was dead by 1683, and that there
was another Thomas Parker (presumably not his son) who married his
widow. It is clear that research needs to be carried out on original
rather than printed sources in Virginia in order to determine how many
Thomas Parkers were in Isle of Wight County in the seventeenth century.

Meanwhile, we concentrated on locating the English origins of the
emigrant, Thomas Parker, and his supposed brother, George. It was first
necessary to obtain some factual information regarding Thomas and George
in the land grants in Virginia. The following were made to Thomas:

1. 1647 November 15 300 acres, branch of Edward’s Creek, IOW County

2. 1650 March 18 380 acres near Tapley’s Creek, IOW County

3. 1669 October 30 100 acres, in Rappahannock, north of the river
IOW County (to Mr
Thomas Parker)

4. 1681 April 23 100 acres, in upper parish, Nansemond County

5. 1681 April 23 1420 acres, on south branch of
Nansemond River on Parker’s Creek left
to Thomas,
Richard and Francis by their father Richard in his will.

6. 1683 April 17 150 acres in upper parish of Nansemond

7. 1683 May 29 470 acres on south side of Tapster’s Creek, lower
parish IOW County,
discussed
above. Grant to Thomas Parker and James Bagnall

8. 1690 October 23 240 acres in Nansemond near Kingsall adjoining
the land of Thomas
Parker senior.
Grant to Thomas Jr

9. 1690 October 23 37 acres in Rappahannock on south side of the
river.

10. 1693 April 29 30 acres in Rappahannock in
Occupation Creek.

It seems unlikely that the Thomas, son of Richard Parker, is closely
related to the immigrant; however, a relationship is possible,
particularly when the fact that Nansemond and Isle of Wight counties are
adjacent is taken into account. Later research shows that is almost
certainly from the family in Warleggan in Cornwall.

The following grants of land were made to George Parker:

1. 1650 June 5 450 acres on Ockahannock Creek,
Northampton County

2. 1655 June 30 1300 acres on Onancock Creek,
Northampton County. John Parker
among the headrights
(later research shows that he was George’s brother)

3. 1661 October 20 350 acres in Pungoteague, Northampton
County.

4. 1670 October 2 50 acres Northampton County. Grant to
Major George Parker.

5. 1688 April 23 250 acres in Accomac County.

6. 1673 May 27 374 acres in Pungoteague ,
Northampton County.

7. 1663 Captain George Parker is
described as J.P. in Accomac.

>From this information it appears that there was only one George Parker
with land in both Northampton and Accomac counties. Later research will
show that he was from Southampton and had a brother, Robert, who was in
Virginia 1650-1658 and died in 1671. The folling grants were made to
Robert Parker:

1. 1649 October 5 500 acres on Nassawattock Creek,
Northampton County

2. 1660 November 3 250 acres on Great Nussawattock Creek,
Northampton County. Grant to

Mr Robert Parker

3. 1672 October 4 151 acres in Rappahannock on Mill Creek

The Robert who appears in 1672 is possibly a relative of Thomas Parker,
the emigrant. As stated above, the Richard Parker who was granted land
in Nansemond county was also possibly a relative. The following grants
were made to Richard Parker:

1. 1654 October 5 400 acres on south branch of Nansemond
river

2. 1661 October 20 350 acres on Pungoteague Creek,
Northampton county

3. 1662 March 18 Re-grant of lands granted in 1654.

4. 1669 October 28 350 acres on north James river, Henrico
county Grant to Mr Richard Parker

5. 1697 October 28 30 acres in upper parish, Surrey county

6. 1698 April 26 100 acres in Nansemond county at Hood's
Neck adjoining his father's
land, and that
where Thomas Parker (presumably his brother) live, granted
to Richard
Parker senior in 1675.

7. 1698 April 26 400 acres on south Nansemond formerly
granted to Mr Richard Parker in 1654.

8. 1675/6 February 24 100 acres in Nansemond at Hood's Neck.

9. 1670 December 20 314 acres in Surrey county on Blackwater Swamp


Because of the suggestion that Thomas Parker the emigrant was a brother
of George, research was carried out in English sources on the family of
George Parker to see if he had a brother, Thomas. A lawsuit involving
land in Accomac and Northampton counties in 1655 identifies him as
brother of Robert Parker. In a court case of 1654 he is described as
aged 28 years. A page in the parish register of Bosham, West Sussex,
describes how Robert Parker, son of George Parker, was baptised on 13
December 1621 at St Laurence Church in Southampton. He fled to Virginia
in 1650 and returned in 1658 (see Appendix 1).

This Robert Parker made his will in England in 1671 and died in 1673.
He refers to his land in Northampton county, in Accomac and the
plantation in Anduen River, all in Virginia. His father, George Parker,
made his will on 24 October 1638 (see Appendix 3), in which he refers to
his sons, Robert (later in Virginia), George (later in Virginia), John
(later in Virginia), and daughters, Anne, Elizabeth, Abigail and
Margery. There is no reference to a son Thomas. He does, however,
refer to his nieces Willmot and Mary in Cornwall - later research will
show them to be the children of his sister Elizabeth by her first
husband, Francis Rumboll. He also refers to his cousin Margery Barlow
of the City of Chichester, daughter of his uncle Captain William Parker
of Plymouth. It is thought that the husband of Margery Barlow of
Chichester could be the Ralph Barlow of Northampton county, Virginia,
who emigrated in 1649, thus giving the family in Plymouth a link with
Virginia. If Thomas Parker the emigrant was closely related to the
family in Southampton, it is clear that the closest relationship would
be as a grandson of Captain William Parker of Plymouth. For research on
this possibility see below.
The will of John Parker of Southampton was dated 31 August 1612, and
proved on 14 September 1612 (see Appendix 4). He was the father of
George Parker who died in 1639 and the grandfather of Robert, George,
and John Parker who went to Virginia. In his will he refers to his son,
George, and daughter, Elizabeth. It is unlikely that he had another son
who would have been the father of Thomas Parker. He also refers to his
two sisters, Margaret Pierce and Margery Pyke. He does not mention his
brother. Captain William Parker of Plymouth, or any other brother who
could have been the grandfather of Thomas Parker. The will of William
Parker of Plymouth was dated 16 January 1617 and proved on 4 December
1619 (see Appendix 5). He refers to his sons, Nicholas and John, and
his daughters, Wilmott, Prudence, Margery Barlowe, Mary Sheeres,
Elizabeth Bragge and Judith Peirs.
A deed dated 27 June 1661 in Virginia states that Robert Parker of
Northampton appointed his friends, George and John Norsworthy, to
collect a bill from Thomas Parker. It seems likely that this Thomas
Parker is the emigrant as the land granted in 1650 is described (by Miss
Harnett Talbot, genealogist, in 1915) as adjacent to the land of Mr
Norsworthy. If this is true, it seems likely that Robert Parker and
Thomas were related. The above research has shown that Robert (and
George) had no brother Thomas, nor did their father, George, have a
brother who could have been the father of Thomas. Their grand-father
John, however, did have a brother Captain William Parker who could have
been grandfather to Thomas. He is known to have had two sons, Nicholas
and John, who were both mentioned in his will. Either of these could be
the father of Thomas. The baptism registers for St Andrews, Plymouth,
and Stoke Damarel, which are adjacent to Plymouth, were searched from
1624 to 1633 for reference to children of John or Nicholas Parker.
However, there were no Parker entries at all. The marriage register for
SC Andrews, Plymouth was also searched for both John and Nicholas
Parker, but again no Parker entries were found. However, four children
of William Parker were found to have been baptised in the period
1581-1698:

1. Margery 1590
2. Mary 1593
3. Prudence 1595
4. William 1598

The baptisms of John and Nicholas were not found. The research so far
has not shown that John or Nicholas were not the father of Thomas, which
means that further research in the area will be necessary to continue to
try to prove that one of them was his father.
Before concentrating all our effort on this possibility, we returned to
the Parkers in Virginia. It will be remembered that there was a Richard
Parker in Nansemond county which is adjacent to Isle of Wight County.
He is almost certainly the Richard Parker who was the son of James
Parker of Trengoff in Warleggan, Cornwall, and his wife, Katherine who
was the daughter of Sir Richard Buller of Cornwall, knight. A recital
of the pedigree of the family, dated 1 September 1673 (see Appendix 6)
states that Richard was a ‘Dr of Phyzicke’ and went to Virginia. He
married a Londoner and had six children. He lived in 1673 on the St
James River in the uplands of Virginia and had been High Sheriff of the
county. His brother, George, was apprenticed to a woollen draper in
Honiton, Devon, and also went to Virginia. Remembering that Thomas
Parker, the emigrant, was thought to be the brother of George Parker,
and having proved that he was not brother of George Parker of Accomack
County, we investigated the Warleggan family to see if a Thomas was
mentioned as brother of George and Richard. The recital of the pedigree
in 1673 states that there were 21 children, but lists only 20 of them.
None of those listed is a Thomas. The Visitation of the County of
Cornwall (Appendix 7) includes the family in the entry for Parker of
Blisland and also lists 20 of the children. Once again no Thomas is
listed. It was thought possible that Thomas might have been a cousin of
Richard and George; however, the Visitation and the recital of the
pedigree state that James (father of Richard and George) had only one
brother, William, who was unmarried. James* father, William Parker of
Blisland, Archdeacon of Cornwall, had two brothers; however, one Thomas
lived in Brusholm, Co. York, and the other, Roger, was Dean of Lincoln.
Neither is known to have had any connection with Virginia. A search was
made of the parish registers of St Stephen by Saltash and Warleggan for
the twenty-first child of James Parker and his wife, Katherine; however,
the baptisms of only nineteen children were found (see Appendix 8). No
Thomas was listed.
It is therefore clear that Thomas Parker, the emigrant, was not the
brother of either George Parker the son of George Parker of Southampton,
or of George Parker the son of James Parker of Warleggan.
It is possible, however, that he was related to either of these
families:

Southampton Family
1. The 1661 deed connecting Robert Parker, John and George Norsworthy,
and Thomas Parker suggests a connection. The Norsworthys came from the
Isle of Wight (England) which lies a few miles across the water from
Southampton. Both the Norsworthys and the Parkers had links with Devon;
indeed the most likely way Thomas would be related to the Southampton
family would be through Captain William Parker of Plymouth who was a
great-uncle of Robert and George Parker of Virginia.

2. The grant of land to Thomas Parker in 1650 mentions John Mason. One
of the witnesses to the will of George Parker who died in 1639 (father
of George and Robert of Virginia) was Thomas Mason. John and Thomas
Mason were possibly connected, suggesting also that Thomas Parker had
connections with Southampton. There is also a land grant to Richard
Major of a prominent Southampton family, naming Thomas Parker as a
headright in 1642


Warleggan Family

Richard Parker settled in Nansemond which is adjacent to Isle
of Wight county. He had sons, Thomas,
Francis and Richard. Thomas Parker, the emigrant, is thought
to have had a son, Francis. The names
Richard, Thomas and Francis do not occur in the Southampton
family. On these grounds a connection
with the Warleggan family must still be considered.

There is clearly a lot more research to be done in this case. The
problem has been obscured by past confusion and hasty wrong conclusions.




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