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Subject: [PA] History Of Little Cove I typed from a book that I have
Date: Thu, 11 Dec 2003 18:04:36 EST


HISTORY OF THE LITTLE COVE

EARLIEST SETTLERS

Early reports from a Pennsylvania source state that there were
probably a dozen or more families in the Little Cove by 1740. The writer feels
certain that this included the Konolowa Settlement, which was often included
with the Little Cove names. The earliest names uncovered by the writer by
definite, tangible evidence are such names as: Hunt, Dougherty, Herrod, Shelby,
Alexander, Polk, and others who were mentioned in the l730s. One of the Harrods
was born in the little Cove in 1738 James Harrod was born in 1742, while
another was born in 1716. Meager Harrod material studied by the writer claims that
the Harrods came to America in 1734 but tarried in the Shenandoah Valley a
short time before settling permanently in the Little Cove. Betsy Davis was born
in David Daviss Fort in 1750. Two (of her Sisters were born earlier. John
Alexander was born in 1733. Adam Alexander who was born in 1728 lived along the
Line. Members of the Shelby family were born in the little Cove in the l740’s as
well as members of other early families.

LAND DATES

The earliest land dates are 1733. Evan Shelby, Sr., took up two
or possible three plots west of the mountains in the Little Cove; however,
Hunts Cabin and Dougherty’s lick had improvements on them by this date. The Moses
Shelby Patent bears the date 1744. The writer believes that Lewis Williams had
land in the Little Cove in 1738, possibly Thomas Davis, also. William
Shepherd (of the Big Cove) was in Maryland and got a warrant for one hundred acres of
land in the little Cove July 21, 1 750. (Pa. Arch. Vol. 5 PP 452-3) Enoch
Williams secured one of the better - known warrants in 1755. The writer
believes that this land was the Lewis Williams site prior to 1750. For many warrant
dates read under early families.

EARLY WELCH NAMES

An interesting revelation of these early lines shows that the
family and given names became interchangeable after a period of years. Thus we
have John David and David John Lewis Evans and Evan Lewis. Thomas John and
John Thomas, Thomas Owen and Owen Thomas, David Owen and Owen Davis. Thomas
Martis and Martis Thomas.
LIST OF PETITIONERS 1750

The writer, and earlier writers has referred to this list many
times and will try to clarify the purpose of the petition. Many settlers had
secured land along the Temporary Line out of Maryland and others settled on the
land without permission from either colony. In Pennsylvania this was contrary
to the Indian Treaty and in 1750 the Magistrates of Cumberland County were
ordered by the Colony to expel the intruders in order to pacify the Indians. The
Justices expelled and burned the cabins in Path Valley, Sherman’s Valley, the
Aughwick (Burnt Cabins), and the Big Cove but did not proceed to the
Conolloways and the Little Cove because of the boundary dispute. The Petition of 1750
which was signed by Twenty-One settlers is recorded in Pa. Col. Rec. Vol. V pp
453 and 454. This petition states that they had not settled on their land in
contempt of the Laws of the Province of Pennsylvania nor the Governor’s
Proclamation etc. and prayed that they might be permitted to live on our respective
improvements at least until the temporary Line be extended. Following are the
names of these early’ petitioners: Joseph Coombs, John Harrod, William James,
Thomas T. Yages, Lewis Williams, Elias Stillwell, George Rees, William W. M.
Morgan, John Lloyd, Levi Moore. John Graham, William Lynn, John Messor, John
Newhouse, Rees Shelby. William O. Loften, Charles C. Wood. Henry Pierson, Andrew
Coombs, John Poolk and Thomas Huston. A large part of these names belong to
the little Cove some belonged to the Konolawa Settlements while others were on
or near the Licking Creek in southern Fulton County.

TAX LIST 1773

The writer found this list in Bedford County Records, which
referred specifically to the Little Cove Distric. The majority of early Bedford
Tax Lists simply refer to the whole of Ayr Township, which covered a large area
at first. The writer has been able to pinpoint the majority of the 1773 list
as well as the 1750 List of Petitioners. George Brown present Solomon Keefer
land, David Brown - six or seven warrents on the Licking, Henry Brewer not
quite certain many Henry Brewers, Henry Chapman near Dunn’s Gap Road east of
creek. John Coombs - Schrenker farm on the licking in Fulton County. Edward
Coombs - Read under Coombs. Lewis Davis - present McClanathan place. Henry Davis
- Near David Davis Site large landowner. Samuel Evans - near Brown on
Licking. Edward Graham - near Dunn’s Gap and Indian Spring Roads. William Harrod -
Stoner, Cook. Glenn Winters lands, John Harrod south of Williams (Cook-Stoner),
Thomas John - Ward, Pine above Stone Church, Jacob John - Gordon - Bair -
Sylvan Mill, John Martin – near McCulloh - Game Commission, Edward Martin - near
Etta Zimmerman lands, Widow (Samuel) Owen - Frank Zimmerman site, Evan Philips
- late Stoner and Frank William sites. William Smith - Flaggy Marsh - also
Spear land. David Scott - later Davis now J. C. Funk and Zimmerman, John
Zimmerman - not certain, Michael Sousley - not certain, Enoch Williams - Otis
Williams, Merle Keefer, Dugas Campbell - Read under Campbell, John Hamble - not
certain, David John - Sylvan Jacob John

INDIANS

Although settlers were on the Licking Creek in the little Cove
and southern Fulton County as early as 1730, also on the Tonoloways in southern
Fulton County, very few Indian killings were reported until the dreadful years
of 1755-56 and which continued intermittently through the Pontiac years of
1763-64. Many of these settlers came by way of the Potomac River and of course
included neighboring Maryland, but this authentic narrative mainly concerns
Pennsylvania adjacent to the Mason and Dixon line. The writer did uncover much
tradition concerning Indian affairs along the licking near Hunts Cabin and
Dougherty’s lick but will use tradition very sparingly and mention recorded facts
which can he corroborated by later Historians. In the year 1755 a terrible
outbreak of Indian atrocities engulfed the Conolloways and the Big and Little
Coves with ferocity, which was unsurpassed in any area of border conflicts. The
best-recorded accounts of Indian Conflicts are found in letters to the
Maryland Gazette also in the Pennsylvania Gazette, Colonial Records, family and D. A.
R. files, and letters from Sheriff Potter, Rev. Steele, Benjamin Chambers and
many others. From Maryland sources, Quote: ‘Shingas came to the Conolloways
and the Big Cove, killed and took about thirty persons and drove remainder
from their homes shortly before Braddock’s Defeat when Braddock was only thirty
miles from Fort Cumberland’ In like vein we read “the Indians were massacring
dozens of settlers on the Conolloways and in the Big and little Coves while
Braddock was marching on Fort Duquesne a slight thirty miles to the west.
Saturday, November 1, 1755, about one hundred Indians, Shawnees and Delawares, among
their Shingas, the Delaware King, entered the Great Cove and began murdering
the defenseless inhabitants and destroying their property. The savages divided
into two parties, one of which attacked the inhabitants of the Cove and the
other swept down on the Conolloways. Sheriff Potter reported on November 14,
1755 that of 93 families which were settled in the Coves and the Conolloways
forty-seven were either killed or taken and the rest deserted.







TAX LIST – 1791

Benjamin Williams, William Alexander, John Anderson, Arthur
Margrets, Daniel Anderson, James Balla, Adam Beam, Leonard Bivens, Frederick Coon,
Henry Chapman, John Chapmen, Christopher Coffman, William Huston, Henry Davis,
John Evans, Enoch Williams, John Irwin, George Donally, John Merryard, Abraham
Martin, Barnett Ford, Leonard Graham, Peter Humbert, Thomas Lucas, George
McCulloh, Joshua Philips, Michael Smiers, Christian Study, Christopher Swank,
George Steel, Michael Steel, John Forney, William Russell, George Free.

BUSINESS LIST – 1807

Eliphlet Smith, saw mill; Christian Study, grist Mill; Michael
Smier, saw mill; Jacob Zimmerman, distillery; Nicholas Bunn, weaver; Alexander
Bivens, distillery; Frederick Coon, Cooper; Michael Divilbiss, Jr., saw mill;
William Minor. Sr., taylor, John Davis, weaver; John Forney, distillery;
Frederick Keefer, weaver; George Ludowick. distillery; John McCulloh,
shoemaker; William Huston, Nothing Listed, Samuel Harmison, blacksmith. Jacob
Fritz, shoemaker. There were 100 horses, 136 cows, and eleven strade in Little Cove
in 1807.




FROM MARY DAVIS WARDS DIARY 1851-1864

Mary Ward was a daughter of one of the Little Cove’s early
settlers Henry Davis.

John Snider, Nov 29, 1861, 54 years. (Shot by his son in law,
Washington M????)

Frederick Divilbiss, March 22 1862, 71 years.

James Tenly, April 1, 1862 64 years.

Elizabeth Smiers, February 1862, 71 years.

Pheobe Fowler, June 1 1862, 62 years.

Martha Tawney, May 28, 55 years.

Leonard Moore, Nov 7 1859, 47 years.

Esther Mills, Feb 25 1860, 60 years.

Elizabeth Bragonier, June 15, 1859, 88 years.

Ann Shadrick, Feb 1 1860, 70 years.

Margaret Linn, Feb 1, 1860, 71 years.

John Coon, Feb 1860, 72 years.

Christian Hisinger, June 16, 1860, 72 years.

New Additions

Solomon Yeacle, Dec 23, 1857, 32 years.

Lucy Bowman, Sept 17, 1858, -------
Anthony Starliper, Nov 1, 1858, 70 years.
Jacob Marshall, Feb. 7, 1859, 82 years.
Jonathan Myers, Feb. 12, 1859, 85 years.
Michael Houck, June 22, 1859, ------
Catharine Secrist Fritz, Aug 18, 1859, 28 years.
Thomas Mardis, Dec 21, 1857, 92 years.
Elizabeth Spidel, Aug. 16, 1857, 40 years.
Othaniel Brewer, July 29, 1857, 38 years.
Adam Myers, Nov. 12, 1857, 85 years.
Martin Reichard, Nov. 20 1857, 106 years.
John McCulloh, Oct. 3, 1855, 38 years.
Thomas Bevans, July 8, 1827, ………
Anna Bevans, Jan. 20, 1852, 67 years.
Alexander Moore, Dec. 5, 1854, 75 years.
Mary Ann O’donell, Sept. 21, 1855, 41 years.
Jacob Peck, Nov. 10, 1855, 64 years.
William McCormick, April 26, 1856, ---------
Barnabas Weller, Aug. 26, 1857, 22 years.
David Shoemaker, Jan 8, 1857, 23 years.
Catharine McCurry (?), July 16 1858, 80 years.
Francis Milton, June 24, 1859, 86 years.
Catharine Blair, June 30, 1855, 65 years.
Henry Cloninger, Oct. 1 1855, 77 years.
Hannah Thomas, Oct. 10, 1855, 22 years.
Catharine Houck, May 13, 1856, 47 years.
Mary Bishop, May 1856, 92 years. (She had aided in the birth of over 300
children)
Rachel Thomas, Feb.24, 1857, 53 years
Hanna Balla, March 9, 1857, 57 years.
Catharine Myers, Nov 2, 1851, ----------
Sarah Eader (?).., Nov. 30, 1851, 70 years.
Elizabeth Brown, July 7, 1852, 80 years.
Catharine Philips, Sept. 28, 1852, 65 years.
Sarah McGrath, Oct. 23, 1859, 75 years.
Catharine Anderson, Oct. 5, 1852, 86 years.
Joshua Philips, Dec. 21, 1852, 42 years.
Thomas Balla, Jan. 11, 1853, 67 years.
Mathias Seavolt, June 26, 1853, 72 years.
Mary Mills, May. 19 1854, 46 years.
Joseph Phenicie, Aug. 17, 1854, 92 years.
Catharine Winger, Feb. 1, 1855, -------

Levi Moore, grandson of Leonard Bivans and member of one of Maryland’s old
patriarck families.

Eliza Martin, Nov. 27, 1860, 60 years.
Jacob Ford, Nov. 20, 1844, 80 years.
Susanna Ford, Feb. 22, 1855, 84 years.
Sophia Shirk, March 20, 1860, 80 years.
Elizabeth Hildebrand, March 27, 1861, 84 years.
Charity Eacleberry, March 12, 1861, 78 years.
Abraham Hull, April 7, 1861, ……..
Isari Keefer, May 24, 1861, 32 years.
Jacob Zimmerman, June 30, 1861, 51 years.
Jacob Culler, Feb. 18, 1861, --------
Eve Miller Miers, Sept. 21, 1861, --------
Elizabeth Cole, Feb.20, 1862, 40 years.
Mary Culler, March 14, 1862, 55 years.
John McCoy, 1836, ---------
Catharine Cloninger, June 24, 1862, 86 years.
Catharine Culler, Sept. 11 1862, -----------
Adam Culler, March 1, 1863, 66 years.
Federick Fritz, Sept. 28 1862, 71 years.
George Braguner, Oct. 4, 1862, 62 years.
Peter Peck, Oct. 15, 1862, 60 years.




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