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From: "Robin S. Whitney" <>
Subject: [POLK-L] CARTLIDGE and POLK Family History
Date: Tue, 5 Aug 2003 16:18:15 -0700
References: <41200382562406@earthlink.net>

Dear John and POLK Folk,
Here is a article with references reprinted from the Knox County Indiana
Society that gives a history of the CARTLIDGE and POLK Families and their
relationship to the early history of PA, especially Philadelphia. It is
reprinted on-line at www.cartar.com by Christie Ann (Hill) Russell (the CAR
of car-tar). THANK YOU, Christie! On her web-site are pictures of the
headstones of Edmund
CARTLEDGE I and his wife Mary NEED CARTLEDGE, the grandparents of Christian
CARTLIDGE POLKE. John, this answers your question about Christians
gives more detail about the location of Hickory Tavern for Louise and
explains about the will of Edmund
CARTLEDGE II and why Charles had to appear in court per my earlier message.

Christian Cartledge, wife of Charles Polke, Indian Trader of the Potomac
Christie Ann (Hill) Russell

The original text of this article appeared in the Knox County Indiana
Genealogical Society quarterly publication, The Northwest Trail Tracer, Vol.
XVIV, Number 1, March 1998. It was revised February, 2001.

Of interest to descendants of Charles Polke, the Indian Trader, is research
that has brought to light the identity of his wife, Christian. From the
original Register of Marriages, First Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia,
1701-1746, pg. 8, Department of History Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)
Philadelphia, comes the marriage record dated, 8-4-1734,1 Charles Pulcke and
Christian Cartlidge.. Rev. Jedediah Andrews was the minister at that time.
The First Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia was located between Bank
Street and Market Street in what is now called the "Olde City" section. It
was surrounded by fine sycamore trees and was known as the "Buttonwood
Church".2 Credit must be given to Helen Pollock Chaney who was the first to
locate the marriage record in the Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Vol.
IX, pp. 12 and 57.3
Christian Cartledge was the daughter of Edmund and Ann (Richardson) Lane
Cartledge. Her paternal grandfather, also Edmund Cartledge,4 came from
Ridings in the county of Darby, England and settled in Upper Darby township,
Delaware County [later Chester County] Pennsylvania in 1682. He and his
wife, Mary Need, were Quakers "received on certificate from" Brake/Breath
House Monthly Meeting, County of Darby, England to Darby Monthly Meeting.5
At the time of his death in 1703, Edmund owned land in Darby and Plymouth
townships as well as Philadelphia. He is buried in the Darby Friends Burying
Ground, Darby, Chester County, Pennsylvania. He and his wife were the
parents of: John, Mary, and Edmund. John married Elizabeth Bartram and Mary
married Jacob Trego.

In 1718 both sons of Edmund and Mary Cartledge were found on tax assessment
rolls. Edmund was the collector of taxes in Chester County, Pennsylvania.
The two brothers were among the few Quakers who embarked in Indian trade.
John and Edmund Cartledge are mentioned as fur traders for James Logan. John
kept the trading post at Conestoga for James Logan. The two brothers
traveled down Little Owens and Owens Creek to what is now Stulls Ford of the
Monocacy River in Maryland, a route which became known as "Cartledges Old
Road".6 John died in 1726. By 1733, Edmund was a taxable in "Monocasie
Hundred", of Frederick County, Maryland. In 1737 he established a trading
post on 200 acres named in the deed as "Hickory Tavern" located near
Sharpsburg in present day Washington County, Maryland [formerly Frederick
Co. originally Prince George's County]. It was located between Conegochiege
and Anteatum. In 1738 he owned land at "Antietam Level", now the site of
Fort Ritchie.
Christian's mother, Ann Richardson, was the daughter of Samuel Richardson,
"the first Alderman of Philadelphia, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas,
Provincial Councillor, and with the exception of Samuel Carpenter, the
richest man in the city, owning all of the ground on the north side of
Market Street from Second Street to the Delaware River and was a Quaker. He
arrived in Philadelphia by way of Jamaica in 1687 from London. The children
of Samuel Richardson and his wife, Eleanor, were: Ann, Joseph, Mary and
Elizabeth. Ann married first Edward Lane who owned seventy-five hundred
acres on the Perkiomen River, where he built a mill and tavern and founded
St. James Episcopal Church. By him she had seven children named in his Will
dated not long before his death in March 1710. The children were: William,
Samuel, James, Elizabeth, Christian, Eleanor and Anne.7 Sometime before the
death of Ann's father, Samuel Richardson, in 1719, it is believed that
Christian Lane must have died as she is not named in her grandfather's
[Samuel Richardson's] will.8 Provisions were made for Ann's six surviving
children by Edward Lane and her three children by Edmund Cartledge. It is
probable that Ann and Edmund married by 1711-12. Assuming that Christian was
approximately eighteen when she married Charles Polke in 1734, she was
probably born about 1716 and was undoubtedly named for her deceased
Ann Richardson's only brother, Joseph, collected down to the time of his
death, the ground rents upon the property [north side of Market Street from
Second Street to the Delaware River] which had been devised to him by his
father."9 Ann's sister, Mary, married William Hudson, tanner and Mayor of
Philadelphia, her sister, Elizabeth, married Abraham Bickley, a wealthy
merchant who owned a warehouse at the Port of Philadelphia. Bickley's
warehouse on the Delaware is found on an old map of the city of
Philadelphia.10 . An excellent article entitled, "Charles Polke: Indian
Trader of the Potomac, 1703-1753, by John G. Kester, appears in the Maryland
Historical Magazine, Vol. 90, 4, Winter 1995, pgs. 447-465. In his article,
Mr. Kester describes with fresh detail the geographic movement and historic
context of Charles Polke's life as an Indian Trader in the dense untraveled
forests of Maryland. It is learned that Charles Polke and his brother,
William, probably having received an advance of their inheritance, left
Somerset County, Eastern Shore of Maryland, sometime following the death of
their mother in 1720. They went together to the vicinity of Carlisle,
Pennsylvania. By 1724-1726 Charles Polke's name appears on the tax
assessment list for Conestoga Township in Chester County Pennsylvania which
became part of Lancaster County in 1729. It is further learned that, "one of
the well established trails leading further west was the 'Conestoga Path',
an Indian trail which began near Carlisle at the Susquehannock Indian
village of Conestoga. From there it descended to the Susquehanna River, then
southwesterly through York County, Pennsylvania, and then down to Maryland,
fording the Monocacy River near Frederick and, proceeding westward along the
It was in the Indian trade that Edmund Cartledge and Charles Polke must have
met. In 1733 Edmund Cartledge was appointed a justice of the peace in
Maryland. By the time of his marriage to Christian, Charles was listed as an
Indian trader in Maryland. When Edmund Cartledge died in 1740, [Col] Thomas
Cresap was named the administrator of his will. For a year the
administrators were seeking Charles Polke who was thought to be in
possession of some of the effects of the deceased, Edmund Cartledge. Charles
appeared to testify in court on May 12, 1741 stating the only effects in his
possession were an old saddle and old gun which had been brought to his
house after the death of the deceased. Two witnesses supported the claims of
Charles and the case was discontinued.
Charles Polke was one of the petitioners seeking the creation of Frederick
County Maryland through a division of Prince George's County October 16,
1742. George Washington, a youth of fifteen, was in the company of surveyors
for Lord Fairfax, when he recorded in his journal his over night stop at
Charles Polke's on March 20, 1749:
Sonday 20th finding y. River not much abated we in y. Evening Swam our
horses over and carried them to Charles Polks in Maryland for pasturage til
y. next morning. Monday 21st We sent over in a Canoe and travell'd up
Maryland side all y. Day in a Continued Rain to Collo Cresaps right against
y. mouth of y. South Branch about 40 miles from Polks I believe y. Worst
Road that ever was trod by Man or Beast.12
Charles Polke was appointed to oversee construction of a road from
Fifteen-Mile Creek to Great Tonoloway Creek and was appointed three years
later a constable for Linton Hundred of Frederick County Maryland. During
many absences when Charles was away on his trading expeditions, Christian
was left to carry on the business at the Trading Post, give directions to
travelers passing through, and manage a household of young children. Diary
entries made by Moravian missionaries and other travelers describe the North
Bend trading post location [now Hancock, Maryland] as a busy and at times
rowdy establishment.13
In the spring of 1753, Charles Polke died leaving Christian and six minor
children aged seven to seventeen. Named as executors of his Will were his
wife, Christian, and Ralph Matson probably a neighbor. Due to the remote
location, hostile conditions, and the fact that Christian was left alone
with six minor children to raise, it is believed that Christian and Ralph
Matson married by 1754. During the French and Indian War which began in
1755, attacks were made on frontier families by Indians being stirred up by
the French to discourage the settling of the western waters. The Maryland
Gazzette, Annapolis March 11, 1756 gave an account of an Indian raid
reported from Frederick County:
"Thursday, 4 March 1756: Two boys near Lawrence Wilson's in Frederick
County, were killed and scalped by the Indians. A son of Mr. Lynn's was
found killed and scalped. Mr. Lynn and three more of his family are missing.
Ralph Matson's house, about a half a mile from Stoddert's Fort, was burnt on
Tuesday last week. Some sheep which were in a pen near the house, the
Indians flung in the fire alive, others they killed and some they scalped.
On the 11th of March 1756, a letter from Isaac Baker at Conocochegue says
that on their march to Toonaloways, about 5 miles this side of Stoddert's
Fort, they found John Myers' house in flames. Up the road they found Mr.
Hynes, killed and scalped. Ralph Matson's house, within a mile of Stoddert's
Fort, was burnt down. Stoddert's Fort was on alert for being attacked. They
then went to Combes' Fort where there were two men trying to protect over
forty women and children...The people at Combes' Fort intend leaving there
and going to Stoddert's Fort".14

A sworn statement at Linton Hundred December 2, 1765 by Thomas Polk, one of
Christian's sons, names Christian Matson in the household of Ralph Matson. A
deed in Washington Co., Maryland dated 3 March 1779--Christian Matson and
Edmond Polk (Christian's son) to George Brent 100 acres along Potomac River-
L250. This would indicate she had later married Ralph Matson after the death
of Charles Polke.
Ralph Matson may have had a son named Ralph from a previous marriage or he
and Christian may have had a son who was so named as a brother by Thomas
Polke in his Will in Nelson Co. Ky. dated Sept. 15, 1804. Thomas Polke left
"to brothers Edmond and Charles Polke; Ralph Matson and sister, Sarah Piety,
five shilling each".15

It is not known when or where Christian died or is buried. Her sons,
Charles, the Indian Fighter, Thomas, Edmund, and daughter, Sarah Piety
[Sarah had married Austin Piety] as well as some of the Matsons migrated on
flatboats down the Ohio River to Kentucky settling in that state and moving
into Indiana.
In the Revolutionary War, Captain Charles Polke, Thomas Polke, and Ralph
Matson are listed among the men who served under General George Rogers Clark
's Illinois Regiment of Virginia from what is now Kentucky.16 Captain
Charles Polke and Thomas Polke served in a company of Militia Commanded by
Col. William Lewis. Captain Charles Pollock was issued a black horse with
the brand "CP" for 20 days in the 1782 expedition against the Indians. Ralph
Matson served in the Jefferson County, Virginia (later the state of
Kentucky), Militia under the command of Capt. Aquilla Whitaker, May-June and
Oct.-Nov. 1782.
In January 1784, Jefferson County Virginia (Kentucky)was divided into two
distinct counties by the Salt River and the part lying south of the said
river was called Nelson. In Nelson County, Virginia Minute Book Records,
years 1785-1787, " CHARLES POLKE gent be appointed to take the list of
tythables within the bounds of his Militia Company."17 By 1792 Nelson
County, Kentucky included all or part of the present Kentucky counties of
Nelson, Marion, Larue, Hardin, Breckinridge, Hancock, Daviess, Ohio,
Grayson, Taylor, Meade, Henderson, McLean, Butler, Edmonson, Adair, Hart,
Green, Casey, Anderson, Spencer, Bullitt. Nelson County Tax Records
1792-1794 from Gabriel Cox District show that during that time Charles
Polke, Sr. paid taxes on as many as 6 horses, 14 head of cattle, 440 acres;
Sarah Piety 2 cattle; Edmund Polke 5 horses, 19 cattle, 500 acres; Thomas
Polke 4 blacks [slaves], 5 horses, 27 cattle, 200 acres; Thomas Piety 6
horses, 27 cattle, 200 acres; Charles Polke, Jr. 1 horse, 13 cattle, 140
acres; Thomas Polke, Jr. 2 horses.18
The descendants of Charles and Christian (Cartledge) Polk continued to press
westward with successive generations as pioneers founding new settlements on
the Frontier.

1. Until 1752, the calendar year began with March; therefore the date of
their marriage [8th month, 4th day] was October 4, 1734.
2. History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884, Vol II, by J. Thomas Scharf and
Thompson Westcott, 1884, pgs. 1263-1264.
3. Helen Pollock Chaney letter, January 13, 1977, Rochester, New York, on
file in the Genealogy Division, Indiana State Library, MS. Pam. 929.2, P No.
1. The Pennsylvania Archives record of marriages spells the groom's name as
"Pulke" and Christian's name as Christine.
4. In this branch of the Polk family, Edmund/Edmond is frequently found as a
given name among the men and Christian/Christiana/Christina among the women.
A 5th great granddaughter to Christian Cartledge and 6th great granddaughter
to Ann Richardson, this researcher's parents shared this tradition when they
chose to name their daughter Christie Ann.
5. Index to [Pennsylvania] Quaker Meeting Records, Vol. 2, part 12, William
Wade Hinshaw, Darby Monthly Meeting established in 1682 [Upper Darby
Township, Darby], Delaware County by Chester Monthly Meeting., pg 40.
6. Grace L. Tracey and John P. Dern, Pioneers of Old Monocacy, The Early
Settlement of Frederick County, Maryland 1721-1743, Genealogical Publishing
Co. Inc, Baltimore 1987, pg.13-14.
7. From an article by Rev. A.J. Barrow, Rector, St. James P.E. Church at
Evansburg, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, October 28, 1894 in Pennsylvania
Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 19, 1895, pgs 87-91.
8. From an article by Hon. Samuel W. Pennypacker entitled "Joseph Richardson
's Road", in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 35, 1911,
pgs. 41-50.
9. "Joseph Richardson's Road", Pennypacker;
10. "A Plan of the City of Philadelphia, the Capital of Pennsylvania" by
Benjamin Easburn, Surveyor General: 1776. London. The Polk Warehouse/Wharf
today would be located where Pier 2North is found.
11. Kester, Charles Polke
12. T.J.C Williams, History of Frederick County Maryland, Vol. I, 1910, pg.
21, also found in The Diaries of George Washington 1748-1799, edited by John
C. Fitzpatrick, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, 1925..
13. Kester, Charles Polke, Indian Trader of the Potomac, pgs.450-452.
14. Williams, History of Frederick County Maryland, Vol. 2.
15. Helen M. Sole, Polkes In Maryland & Kentucky, Northwest Trail Tracer,
March 1992 , pg. 7-9. His will dated Sept 15, 1804 and proved 9 Nov 1807,
Nelson Co. Ky (Bk A-1014) .

----- Original Message -----
From: "John Polk" <>
To: <>
Sent: Tuesday, August 05, 2003 12:00 AM
Subject: Re: [POLK-L] Re: Hanthornss Rest

> Robin -
> Who was Edmund Cartlidge I if Christian Cartlidge was the daughter of
> Edmund Cartlidge II? I did know there were three generations of them.
> JP
> > [Original Message]
> > From: Robin S. Whitney <>
> > To: <>
> > Date: 8/3/2003 7:07:46 PM
> > Subject: Re: [POLK-L] Re: Hanthornss Rest
> >
> > Yes, John. But this is Edmund CARTLIDGE III and his wife Elizabeth
> > KIBBE/KEBLE CARTLIDGE, married 09 Dec 1743, Prince Frederick Parrish,
> He
> > was the son of Edmund and Anne RICHARDSON CARTLIDGE and brother of
> > Christiana CARTLIDGE POLKE. The father, Edmund Jr, died c. 1740, Prince
> > Georges Co., MD. Charles POLKE was named in his will. I can't find my
> record
> > right now but there was some problem with the will and Charles and he
> > appear in court regarding it.
> >
> > At one time I was trying to find information on a John POLK that lived
> > the same general area of Georgia as Edmund CARTLIDGE III thinking that
> > may be the son of Charles and Christiana POLKE and had moved south with
> his
> > Uncle. The prevailing opinion is that John POLKE died during the Rev
> I
> > am looking for proof of either possibility.
> >
> > I believe this Hickory Tavern in MD was owned by Edmund Cartlidge and
> willed
> > to Edmund, III. and I think the road was Monocacy Wagon Road. From the
> book,
> > "Monocacy and Catoctin", VOL II C.E.Schildknecht, Editor, page 199:
> >
> > " A more northern route westward was soon described. The November 1729
> court
> > of Prince Georges County ordered the laying out of a wagon road from
> > Catoctin Mountain to the Monocacy Wagon Road Ford near Thomas Beatty's
> home
> > (Hughes Ford, east of Frederick). ......A still older road in the
> > area was the Cartlidge Old Road, used by Indian Traders Edmund and John
> > Cartlidge. It ran from Briggs Ford on Monocacy (west of later
> Walkersville),
> > passing near later Thurmont, and along Owens Creek in Eyler's Valley,
> where
> > traces of it are still evident near the Methodist Chapel. The Cartlidge
> Old
> > Road continued through South Mountain to the Antietam area and later
> > Waynesboro."
> >
> > There is also an incorrect note in the same book on page 627 confusing
> > Edmund, Jr. and son Edmund III and wife Elizabeth.:
> >
> > In 1732 the Quaker trader with the Indians, Edmund Cartlidge (age 46),
> > his trading post near Sharpsburg, and he was named a Justice of the
> of
> > Prince Georges County. After the French and Indian Wars he and wife
> > Elizabeth moved to near Augusta, Georgia."
> >
> > The first Edmund is the father, the later the son. In 1732 Edmund the
> > father, born 06 Jan 1690, was 42 when he married his second wife Ann
> > HENDRICKS. He died c. 1740.
> >
> > ----- Original Message -----
> > From: "John Polk" <>
> > To: <>
> > Sent: Sunday, August 03, 2003 2:33 PM
> > Subject: RE: [POLK-L] Re: Hanthornss Rest
> >
> >
> > > Robin -
> > >
> > > Were you aware Edmond Cartlidge headed South to North Carolina, and
> ended
> > > up in Georgia by 1762? I found a couple of items in the Frederick
> County
> > > MD Land Records, Liber G&H Abstracts, 1761-63, by Patricia Abelard
> > > Anderson, as follows:
> > >
> > > p.301 (of Liber G&H), Power of Attorney recorded 15 March 1763, "I
> Edmond
> > > Cartlidge of Georgia, District of Augusta, St. Paul Parish, appoint my
> > > friends Isaac Baker and John Perin of Frederick County, my lawful
> > attorneys
> > > ..." (for sale of tract Hickory Tavern, originally patented 10 Nov
> 1738),
> > > signed 20 December 1762
> > >
> > > p.530-31, 11 July 1763, deed dated 15 August 1757 recorded; Edmond
> > > Cartlidge of North Carolina, and wife Elizabeth, sale of tract Hickory
> > > Tavern, 200 acres, located between Garrison Spring and the wagon road;
> to
> > > Joseph Chapline for 200 pounds, current money of MD;
> > >
> > > p.534-5, 11 July 1763 recorded deed of confirmation, dated 22 June
> > > for sale of tract Hickory Tavern; same details as before.
> > >
> > > JP
> > >
> > >
> > > --- John Polk
> > > --- Havre de Grace MD
> > > ---
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > ==== POLK Mailing List ====
> > > Feel free to post the data you find on POLK
> > > in your research. Census, bible, wills, marriages,
> > > deaths, cemetery, deeds, tax lists, and other
> > > useful data. You might help a cousin who needs it.
> > > Questions about this list? Feel free to contact
> > > the listowner for help at:
> > > <>
> > >
> --- John Polk
> --- Havre de Grace MD
> ---
> ==== POLK Mailing List ====
> Where to send messages to the list.....

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