PRATHER-L Archives

Archiver > PRATHER > 1997-04 > 0860294800


From: Lois Mauk <>
Subject: GOLD MINE OF PRATHER INFO FOUND!!!
Date: Sun, 6 Apr 1997 02:46:40 +0000


Dear Prather Friends:

Following is a very lengthy file (hope it does cause anyone any problems by
being too long). I drove up to Washington County, Indiana this afternoon
and visited the JOHN HAY CENTER. The following are notes concerning the
PRATHER surname from the extensive files of the late Mrs. Harvey Morris, who
was the Vice-Regent of the Indiana Daughters of the American Revolution in
the 1920s and was for many years the genealogy columnist for the
Indianapolis Star newspaper. These documents are from Mrs. Morris' PERSONAL
files, not from the DAR records. (BTW, there are still about a half dozen
pages left to transcribe, but my fingers are plum wore out!)

Mrs. Morris, who was a resident of Salem, Washington County, Indiana,
donated her files to the Washington County Historical Society, which is
housed with the Stevens Memorial Museum and Pioneer Village at the John Hay
Center at 307 East Market Street, Salem, Indiana 47167 (812-883-6495).

All of the following is quoted verbatim from letters and notes in Mrs.
Morris' PRATHER surname file. The transcriptionist's notes or questions are
included in {brackets}. (I typed all of this between 5 PM and 9:30 PM, so
there may be a typo or two.)

***CAVEAT***: It is certainly not my intention to stir up old mis-truths
with this data from the 1920s. The information provided herein certainly
comes with no "guarantee" of accuracy. It is provided to you as a service;
however, it is YOUR responsibility to confirm each fact presented here
before relying on this information in building your family tree.

There is a LOT of information here on a LOT of DIFFERENT Prather lines.
Frankly, there is only passing reference here to Clark County, Indiana
Prathers. In fact, most of Mrs. Morris' correspondents were from other
states. If think you'll find this interesting.

Lois Mauk

P.S. Each new record is separated from the previous one by a line of
underscoring.
___________________________________________________________________

UNDATED NOTE (circa 1927) RE THOMAS PRATHER FROM MARY NEALE BARNES:

"I received a letter from Miss Browning, Assistant Librarian at
Indianapolis, Indiana, saying that in the new lineage book, 66, p. 284, Mrs.
Charles {?}. Barnaby (Bess Robbins), National No. 65,823, Descendant of Lt.
Basil Prather; Daughter of Chandler Robbins and Bettie Prather, (A.T.),
Grand-daughter of Thomas Prather, Jr. and Charlotte Applegate,
Great-grand-daughter of Thomas Prather and Elizabeth Cox,
Great-great-grand-daughter of Basil Prather and Fannie Merriwether, his wife.
"Basil Prather, b. 1756, d. 1800, was commissioned 1st Lieutenant 1776, in
8th Pennsylvania Regiment, born in Chester Co., Kentucky.
"I understand that Thomas Prather is of Jefferson Co., Kentucky, his
obituary is given in Collins' History of Kentucky. His family was not
mentioned in it.
"Hope this might be of some help to you.

/s/ Mary Neal Barnes
{No address or date}

_________________________________________________________________

UNDATED (circa 1927) TYPEWRITTEN NOTES WITH HANDWRITTEN NOTE:

"Mrs. Morris -- I send these notes to you for what they may be worth to
straighten out the Prathers."
/s/ Mrs. A. S. (Bessie) Dolch
Attica, Indiana

PRATHER FAMILY DATA

from Biographical Record of Brown and
Clermont Counties, Ohio,
published by Hobart Publishing Co., Milford, Ohio, in 1913

Page 42:
"The Prathers came from Sheffield, England. Such is the family tradition.
They were settled in Western Maryland, however, not long after 1700. The
last sale of lands conducted by Lord Baltimore, Proprietor of Maryland, was
made at the home of Col. Thomas Prather in Frederick County, Maryland,
November 9, 1767. In 1756 'Major Prather' commanded one hundred and fifty
men in the Indian wars in Western Maryland. In 1758, 'Lieutenant Prather'
and two privates of the Maryland troops were killed by the Indians near Ft.
Duquesne.
"James Prather was a lieutenant and Thomas Prather a colonel of Maryland
troops in the Continental Army during the Revolution. They were both from
Frederick County and were active members of various Frederick County
committees organized to carry on the war. These and other annals of the
family in Maryland are found in Scharf's History of Western Maryland.
"The Ohio Prathers moved from Frederick County, Maryland, to Fleming
County, Kentucky, soon after the Revolution but crossed to the north bank of
the Ohio into Clermont County, Ohio, about 1790, the three brothers being
Enos Prather, Erasmus Prather and John Garrett Prather, originally locating
in Clermont County; but Enos removed to Piketon, in Scioto Valley, not far
from Chillicothe, about the year 1797, where some of his descendants still
reside. John Garrett Prather built what was afterwards known as "Clilo
House" on the banks of the river at {the} upper end of Clilo about 1802 and
also subdivided an addition to the city. His first wife was a PHILLIPS whom
he married in Maryland and who bore him two children but {who} died shortly
after they settled in Ohio. He afterwards married Mary Ann FEE, a widow,
whose maiden name was SARGENT, and whose brother James SARGENT was a member
of the first Constitutional Convention of Ohio."

__________________________________________________________________

UNDATED (circa 1927) TYPEWRITTEN NOTES ENTITLED

"PRATHER REVOLUTIONARY LINEAGE"

"THOMAS PRATHER (Soldier of the Revolution) born in 1762, died after 1840,
probably son of Capt. Basil Prather, of Frederick County, Maryland.
Scharf's History of Western Maryland, page 134, shows that 'Basil Prather
was made a Captain of the Revolution and Henry Prather a Lieutenant in
Frederick County, Maryland." U.S. Census of Revolutionary Soldiers drawing
pensions in 1840 shows that Thomas Prather lived at that time in Jackson
County, Indiana, with Basil Prather. This Basil Prather was undoubtedly a
son of Thomas, and this fact can be ascertained by pension records at
Washington, D.C. Have written the Pension Bureau at Washington for data on
Thomas Prather. This should show that Basil was a son and also show where
they came from or in what state and county Thomas served in the Revolution.
The 1840 Census states he was seventy-eight years old in 1840.

"BASIL PRATHER (son of Thomas) born in 1785, died in 1874, married in
Kentucky, Mary George, b. in 1784, died in 1839 in Jackson County, Indiana.
They remained in Kentucky until 1817 when they moved to Jackson County,
Indiana. After {the} death of Mrs. Mary George Prather, Basil Prather
married second a Mrs. Dobson. (See page 202, History of Morgan and Monroe
Counties, Indiana by Charles Blanchard, published in 1884.) This history
names Basil Prather's children:
I. James, born Aug. 4, 1806, in Fleming County, Kentucky
II. Susan
III. Margaret
IV. Thomas
V. Elizabeth
VI. Jane

"JAMES PRATHER, born August 4, 1806, in Fleming County, Kentucky, died after
1884, married February 6, 1824, in Jackson County, Indiana, Josephine
Hagard, born January 1, 1808. In 1834 he moved to Morgan County, Indiana,
where Mrs. Josephine Hagard Prather died August 16, 1846. On March 5, 1847,
James Prather married a second time {to} Mrs. Almira Taylor, widow of Simeon
Taylor, a native of Plymouth, Massachusetts. (See page 202, Blanchard's
History of Morgan and Monroe Counties, Indiana.) This history states that
James Prather was the parent of twelve children, two of whom died in
infancy, and names the other ten (though we do not know that this is the
order in which these children were born):

I. John
II. Martha
III. Mary
IV. Judith
V. Basil
VI. Thomas
VII. James
VIII. William
IX. Edward
X. Elizabeth

"WILLIAM PRATHER {son of James Prather, above}, born probably in Monroe
County, married Mary James. He died about 1851 or 1852, leaving his wife a
widow with five small children.

{My copy of the following page came out
blurred, but there is additional information
in the file on William's descendants.}

__________________________________________________________________

UNDATED (circa 1927) TYPEWRITTEN NOTES ENTITLED:

"PRATHER WILLS FROM MARYLAND CALENDAR OF WILLS by Cotton

"Vol. 2, page 221:

"13th December, 1771
"16th March, 1711-12
"THOMAS PRATHER, Prince George County, Maryland
"To son Aaron and his heirs, plantation, part of "Orphan's Gift" and 56A.
{acres}, part of 'Andrew' {?} at decease of wife, and personalty at 18 years.
"To son Thomas and heirs 166 A. {acres}, part of 'Sprig's Request', at 18
years and personalty at decease of his mother.
"To son John Smith (Prather) at 18 years and his 166 A. {acres}, part of
'Sprig's Request'.
"To Philip Prather and heirs 166 A. {acres}, residue of 'Sprig's Request'.
"To daughters Elinor and Rachel (Prather), personalty.
"To wife Martha, executrix, life interest in lands afsd. devised to son
Aaron and residuary legatee.
"Test: Philip Gittings, Jr., Weldon Jefferson, Jno. Banks."

"Vol. 2, page 48:

"9th May, 1704
"29th Dec. 1704
"Thomas Sprigg, Sr., Prince George County, Maryland.
"Mentions son-in-law: Thomas Prather and daughter Martha"

Vol. 2, page 258:

"27th July, 1710
"7th Dec. 1713
"Jane Smith, widow of John Smith, Prince George County.
"To sons William, Thomas and John PRATHER and to sons of Jonathan PRATER,
viz: Jonathan and Thomas, all household goods.
"To Eliza, eldest daughter of Jno. afsd., Priscilla, eldest daughter of
Wm., afsd., Mary, eldest daughter of son Jno. (so appearing in will) and to
Jane, daughter of James Mulliken.
"To son Wm., a servant, George Dunbar
"To grandchildren, Ann, Martha, Jane, Susannah, children of son Jonathan.
"To Wm., Priscilla and Margaret, children of Wm., and to Jno. and the
young. next to John, children of son John, personalty.

"Executors: Sons Wm., Thos. and Jno., afsd.
"Test: George Dunbar, Jno. Bryan, Philip Lee"

Vol. 3, page 150:

"23rd May, 1698
"29th July, 1698
"GEORGE PRATER (PRATHER), Prince George County
"To brothers William, Thomas and John, personalty.
"To sister Jane Molikin and to James Molikin and Mathew Bignall, personalty.
"Wife, Mary, executrix, and residuary legatee of estate real and personal,
including dwelling plantation "Orphan's Gift".
"Test: William PRATHER, Jno. PRATHER, Henery Butler"

Vol. 7, Page 168:

"4th Dec., 1734
"23rd March, 1735-6
"PRATHER (PRAYTER), JONATHAN, Prince George County
"To granddaughter Rachel Dorsett and heirs, dwelling, planation.
"To grandson William (son of Jonathan, deceased), grandson John Dorsett and
granddaughter Rachel Dorsett, personalty.
"To sons John and Thomas and seven daughters, viz: Elizabeth, Ann, Martha,
Jean, Susannah, Rachel and Sarah, ls {?} each
"Wife, Elizabeth, executrix.
"Test: James Crow, Edward Talbott, Francis Dorsett"

__________________________________________________________________

LETTER (circa 1927) FROM MRS. A. S. DOLCH, ATTICA, INDIANA:

"October 24, 1927

"Mrs. Harvey Morris, Vice-Regent,
Indiana Daughters of American Revolution,
Salem, Indiana

"Dear Mrs. Morris:

"PRATHER LINEAGE

"The Oct. 16th {Indianapolis} Star {newspaper} printed an answer to my
inquiry #306 which was published July 10th. This answer states that the
William Prather about whom I inquired, WAS the son of James Prather, of
Morgan County, Indiana, and refers to page 202, History of Morgan and Monroe
Counties, by Blanchard. For some months I have had the data contained in
this history, which lists the children of James and includes among them a
William; but I have had no proof that William, the son of James, was the
William Prather who married Mary James and died in 1851 or 1852, leaving his
widow with five very small children.

"The answer in the October 16th Star was signed by Dr. Ray Roberts Knight,
LaSalle Building, Minneapolis. I wrote him at once and asked what proof he
had for his statement that my William was the son of James Prather, and he
replied that he had not seen the answer as published and did not know what
part of the Prather data he sent you had been used.

"I inclose {sic} herewith the Prather lineage from the Revolutionary
soldier, Thomas Prather, down to James Prather, of Morgan County, with a son
William. I also inclose on second sheet the Prather family data handed me
by my sister-in-law's family. Since I sent my query in to you last summer,
I received from the Clerk of Monroe County Court a certified copy of
marriage certificate showing that William L. Prather and Mary James were
married there on May 14, 1843. If William was old enough to be married at
that time, he must have been the eldest son of James, as James was not
married until Feb. 6, 1824. However, James himself was less than eighteen
years old when he married, and William's son Henry Clay Prather was married
at nineteen. Early marriage evidently ran in the family.

"Do you consider this line complete enough with the information at hand to
enter application in the D.A.R. for Mrs. Mullinnix and her daughter, my
sister-in-law, Mrs. B. E. Dolch? Is there any proof in the date sent you by
Dr. Knight that our William is the same as the William, son of James. He
made that statement in the answer to my query.

"Will much appreciate your further advice.

Sincerely,

/s/ Mrs. A. S. (Bessie L.) Dolch

ATTACHED TO MRS. DOLCH'S LETTER -- UNDATED TYPEWRITTEN NOTES ENTITLED:

"PRATHER LINEAGE

"WILLIAM L. PRATHER, married in Monroe County, Indiana, May 14, 1843, Mary
James, and died about 1851 or 1852, leaving his widow with five small children:

I. Dorothy Parker (died unmarried)
II. Vina Prather, married George Houston
III. Rachel Prather, married March 1868, James T. Robertson, who was born
April 19, 1842, near Bloomington, Indiana, and had five children:
1.Otho Schuyler Robertson
2.Mary Maud Robertson
3.James William Robertson
4.Lauren {?} W. Robertson
5.Kittie B. Robertson, married Lawrence Lyons, B____ {?}, Indiana
IV. Henry Clay Prather, born May 7, 1848 (see below)
V. William Prather, married Adeline ______, died in Kansas City,
Missouri, April 1925.

"HENRY CLAY PRATHER, born May 7, 1849, probably in Monroe County, Indiana,
died Dec. 3, 1920, in Attica, Indiana. He was for a number of years Sheriff
of Owen County, Indiana. On October 1, 1868, in Monroe County, Indiana, he
married Mary O. Ashbrook, b. Sept. 6, 1849, in Owen County, Indiana, died
June 13, 1898, in Spencer, Owen County, Indiana. Their children were:

I. Estelle Prather, born in Monroe County, Indiana, married September 2,
1891, William Francis Mullinnix.
II. William Leslie Prather, born 1874, died same year.
III. Mary Jane Prather, born May 24, 1876, died October, 1881.

"ESTELLE PRATHER, born in Monroe County, Indiana, married Sept. 2, 1891.
William Francis Mullinnix, born in Owen County, Indiana, son of Dr. Maston
Greenberry and Rebecca Jane (Allen) Mullinnix. He is superintendent of
schools of Attica, Indiana, which position he has held for a long time.
They have four children:

I. Henry Maston Mullinnix, married Katharine O'Neil, is Lieutenant
Commander, U.S. Navy, San Diego, California.
II. Mary Rebecca Mullinnix, born March 7, 1895, in Fountain County,
Indiana, graduate of Indiana University, married in Attica, Indiana, October
28, 1924, Bruce Eugene Dolch, son of Edward William and Ida Catherine
(Scherer) Dolch of St. Louis, Missouri. One child: William Lee Dolch.
III. Allen Prather Mullinnix, born in Attica, Indiana, married Carson
Hushaw, daughter of William C. and Okie (Briney) Hushaw, of Attica. Allen
Mullinnix is a Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy, now stationed at San Diego,
California.
IV. Kathryne Mullinnix, graduate of Indiana University, is with the Board
of Charities at Cleveland, Ohio.

{NOTE FROM MRS. MORRIS TO MRS. DOLCH:}
"You will need to find the birth of William L. Prather, who married Mary
George.

__________________________________________________________________

SECOND ATTACHMENT FROM MRS. DOLCH (re JOHN GARRETT PRATHER):

"By his second wife, he {John Garrett Prather} had eleven children.
Through these he has a very numerous line of descendants. To this branch
belonged James Prather, the Captain of the "Magnolia", who lost his life
when that fine steamboat was destroyed by an explosion about 1870. John O.
{penciled-notation: "Olle"} Prather, James Prather, Samuel, Ignatius, Silas,
Joshua, Walter, Wesley, Nelly Ann Wall, Nancy Slye, Susanna Owens, Amelia
Tucker and Mary Ann Molen were children of the original John Garrett
Prather, etc.

"Erasmus Prather, brother of John Garrett, settled on a hill about half way
between Clilo and Felicity {Ohio}. His wife was Elizabeth McKibben, of
Scotch-Irish ancestry. Their children were Joseph, Samuel, Erasmus, Nancy,
Susannah and Louise A., Elizabeth Slye (wife of Esquire John Slye of
Lindale), Sarah Wedding and Mary Lanham. Of these, Joseph married Sarah
McKinney, Sept. 16, 1824, and to them were born Erasmus Jackson Prather,
Joseph S., Wesley Washington, John Garrett (2nd), Enos D., Ellen Goslin
(wife of Peter Goslin), Mary Goslin (wife of James J. Goslin), and Caroline
Wedding (wife of William Wedding).

"The following is copied from Vol. 60, page 85, D.A.R. Lineage books: JOHN
PRATHER (1715-1796), a patriot, took Oath of Allegiance in Prince George
County, Maryland, where he was born. He died in Montgomery County,
Maryland. He married Rachel Odle (1717-1784) and had daughter Sarah who
married Zachariah Linthicum, etc.

"The following from Scharf's History of Western Maryland, page 663:

"Montgomery County Marriages:
"Oct. 8, 1798Rachel Prather and Jacob Howard
"Feb. 5, 1799Thomas Prather and Jenny Beall

__________________________________________________________________

{MRS. MORRIS' NOTES ON BACK OF DOLCH LETTER:}
"Thomas Prather, born March 26, 1756, at Prince George, Maryland, died
after 1840, in Jackson Co., Indiana.
"Bureau of Pensions, Winfield Scott, Commissioner, Washington, D.C.:
'I have to advise you from the papers . . . Rev. claim, S. 17030, it
appears that Thomas Prather was born March 26, 1756, at Prince George,
Maryland. While residing at Mulberryfield, in North Carolina, he enlisted
in Sept. 1776, and served as a private at various times, in the N.C. Troops
under Capt. Reid and Cleveland and Cols. Holmes, Armstrong, Rutherford,
Locke, Love and Brevard, and was at the destruction of the Indian Towns on
the Hiawassee River, and served until October 1781. He was allowed pension
on his application executed October 3, 1828, while resident of Salt Creek,
Indiana. After the Rev., soldier resided in Henry Co., Virginia and Fleming
Co., Kentucky, until he moved to Jackson Co., Indiana in 1817. In Nov.
1841, a son Basil was alive and soldier was dead. No family data.

"Basil, son of Thomas, b. 1785, died 1874, m. in Kentucky to Mary George,
b. 1784, d. 1839, in Jackson Co., Indiana.
__________________________________________________________________

UNDATED (circa 1927) TYPEWRITTEN NOTES OF MRS. MORRIS:

"PRATHER FAMILY NOTES

"Copied from Representative Men of Indiana,
published in 1880

"COL. HIRAM PRATHER, of North Vernon, Indiana, was born Oct. 13, 1809, in
Clark County, Indiana. His father, one of the veterans of the War of 1812,
was William Prather, and his mother was Lettice McCarroll. In 1815, his
father moved to Jennings County, Indiana.

"He married 1834 Mary A. Huckleberry, of Charlestown, Indiana {Clark
County}. His eldest son was Allen W. Prather, in Civil War, now a lawyer in
Indianapolis; Uriah C. at Mt. Auburn where he is a physician; Alonzo S., an
attorney in Harrison, Arkansas; William B., civil engineer in Jennings
County {Indiana}; Walter S.; John Q.; Ora E., in Jackson; Mary A., m. Dr.
Light; Eliza M., m. John Keelan.

"Copied from page 554, Colonial Families of U.S., by George N. Mackensie:
BASIL WARING was born in Prince George County, Maryland, about 1717. Died
there in May, 1776; married about 1745 Elizabeth Belt, daughter of Benjamin
Belt. Their daughter, Elizabeth Waring, married a PRATHER.
__________________________________________________________________

UNDATED (circa 1927) TYPEWRITTEN NOTES OF MRS. MORRIS:

"PRATHER FAMILY NOTES

"The following copied from 'Louisville's
First Families' by Kathleen Jennings,
published in 1920

"Page 35:

"THOMAS PRATHER, born in Maryland in 1770, of English extraction, settled in
Louisville {Kentucky} as early as 1794 and became president of the Old Bank
of Kentucky which he opened in 1812. He married in 1800 Matilda Fontaine,
etc. Had two sons and four daughters, including:

"JAMES SMILEY PRATHER, married Louisa Martin

"WILLIAM PRATHER, married his first cousin, Penelope Pope, etc., etc.

"CAPT. BASIL PRATHER, born in Maryland in 1740, was an elder half-brother of
Thomas.

"The following copied from 'Kentucky Biographical Encyclopedia':

"WILLIAM VAUGHN PRATHER was born in Fleming County, Kentucky, April 29,
1839, a son of Jeremiah Prather, who died in 1856, leaving six children, of
whom Vaughn, then sixteen years old, was the eldest. Jeremiah married Lucy
Hall, daughter of Samuel Hall, of New Jersey, and settled in Mason County,
Kentucky. Jeremiah Prather moved from Berkley County, Virginia, to Mason
County, Kentucky, in 1790. William Vaughn Prather married April 29, 1869,
Lizzie Ewing, of Fleming County, Kentucky.

"Virginia Colonial Militia by Crozier, page 67:

"Thomas Prather, sergeant, Bedford County, Sept. 1758

"Virginia State Library's List of Revolutionary Soldiers includes:

"Jonathan Prather (Franklin) Pen. 2, 136
"Nathaniel Prather, I.P. D. 113
"Bazel Prather, (Capt.)
"Henry Prather, G of Nw 2, 848
"Henry Prather (Capt.)
__________________________________________________________________

LETTER FROM MRS. MORRIS TO MRS. DOLCH, dated Dec. 1, 1927:

"December 1, 1927

"Dear Mrs. Dolch-

"Your letter this morning and I have been trying for more than a week to
get you a letter, and will stop right now, and write. The past week we have
had two deaths of cousins in our family, one the mother of our Chapter
Regent, was like an older sister, as she had lived in our home nine years,
after the death of her parents.

"I made the trip to Brownstown {Indiana}, and enclosing badly typed copy of
data I found in an hour's time. You see this gives us exact date of death
and names of children. I did not have time to make through {sic} search of
deeds, for name of where-there is a Thomas of later date with wife-Hannah,
and it may be possible our Thomas wife-Hannah, but not sure. I have one of
our Chapter members trying to locate graves. The name of husband of his
dau. Nancy is not clear on the record. I think it might be a good thing for
you to write to the Recorder of Jackson County {Indiana}, did not get his
name, and ask for deed of Rev. Thomas, who died Aug. 12, 1841. Your line
seems clear to this man, I think, but I do not think this Thomas a son of
the Kentucky Basil, and just who his father is a question to be settled-A
visit to City Library at Louisville, gave me this data-

"History of the Ohio Falls Cities, and their Counties, Vol. I
1778-1882-Prather-___ o." {?} Captain Basil Prather, one of the earliest
settlers of Jefferson County {Kentucky}, born 1740 in Maryland, came of
large family of Prathers of English extraction, residing in Maryland and
Virginia. He entered a military life and when trouble with the colonies
arose, took the part of the patriots and served as Captain throughout the
War, declining pay for his service. After the War, he married Fanny
Merriweather of Kentucky and Virginia families, much younger than himself.
They lived on a farm he purchased in Beargrass district, just about the city
of Louisville. He met his first wife at a ball at the fort, which was then
situated at the old town of Jeffersonville, Indiana. He died about 1805,
much regretted for he was a man of a warm, impulsive and affectionate nature
and commanding character and ability, exceedingly handsome-six feet, three
inches tall. . . . Five children-three survived to mature life: Mary M.;
Thomas, and Martha M. . . . A younger half-brother of Capt. Basil was Thomas
Prather, a successful Louisville Merchant, for whom Prather Street {now
known as "Broadway"} was named. Many descendants.

"You see it will take a search of Court records to be sure of first
marriage as we have it to Chloe Robinson, but we do not need to go beyond
the Jackson County Thomas, I think.
__________________________________________________________________

LETTER FROM MRS. DOLCH TO MRS. MORRIS:

"July 8, 1929

"Mrs. Harvey Morris
"Salem, Indiana

"Dear Mrs. Morris:

"PRATHER FAMILY

"Referring to my letters to you of Feb. 17, 1928, and Feb. 11, 1929, I
finally went to Martinsville, Indiana, to look up the will of the James
Prather there who I thought might be the father of William Prather, who
married Mary James in Monroe County, Indiana, May 14, 1843. In the October
16, 1927, Indianapolis Star, answer #191, Dr. Knight stated that William L.
Prather, whose ancestry I was trying to locate, was the son of James
Prather, of Morgan County, Indiana. The will of this James Prather proved
this statement wrong, as James' son William was his executor and that
William was living in 1886 when the will was probated, while our William L.
Prather who married Mary James died about 1852.

"James Prather's will was dated Jan. 30, 1877, and probated in 1886, was
recorded in Will Book 2, page 239, 'Will of James Prather, SENIOR.' This
will mentioned his wife Almira, son Thomas 'afflicted and to aid him and his
support I bequeath", etc., SON WILLIAM EXECUTOR. No other children mentioned.

"This proves conclusively that William L. Prather of Monroe County was NOT
the son of James Prather, of Morgan County, and now {I} am at a loss to know
where to turn to locate the parents of William L. Prather of Monroe County.

"Yours sincerely,

/s/ Mrs. A. S. (Bessie L.) Dolch

__________________________________________________________________

HANDWRITTEN NOTES:

"D.A.R. Magazine, January 1927, p. 63:

"#12731b. Prather, James Prather. b. 31 Dec. 1795, d. 7 May 1854 and
buried in Wood Cemetery near Clilo, Ohio, was the son of John Garrett
Prather and his wife Mary Ann Sargent. F__, widow, daughter of James
Sargent, Jr. and Philena Pigman and granddaughter of James Sargent Sr. and
Eleanor Taylor. I have the Bible of John Garrett Prather. James' wife
Sophia Penn, d. 7 Dec. 1857, aged 62 years, 10 months, 23 days. These days
were copied from grave markers on Dr. Allen Wood's farm, which was formerly
owned by the Sargents. There were three John Garrett Prathers. Do you know
anything of the original one who was born 1764?

/s/ Mrs. Nellie W. Kaiper
14 Henry Court
Fort Thomas, Kentucky

__________________________________________________________________

NOTES DATED 10/16/1927 FROM RAY ROBERTS KNIGHT:

"Oct. 16, 1927:

"Genealogy Answer #191 -- PRATHER, William (306) was the son of James
Prather, born Aug. 4, 1806 in Fleming County, Kentucky, died after 1884,
married Feb. 6, 1824 in Jackson County, Indiana. Josephine Hagard, born
January 1, 1808. In 1834, he moved to Morgan County, Indiana, where his
wife died Aug. 18, 1846. On March 5, 1847, James Prather married second
Mrs. Almira Taylor, widow of Simeon Taylor, a native of Plymouth,
Massachusetts. (See page 202, Blanchard's History of Morgan and Monroe
Counties, Indiana.) Children of James Prather, two dying in infancy were
John, Martha, Mary, Judith, Basil, Thomas, James, William, Edward,
Elizabeth. (Not in order of birth, and dates not given, does not give
mother of these children, probably by first wife.)

"James Prather was the son of Basil Prather, born 1785, died 1874, married
in Kentucky. Mary George, born 1784, died in 1839 in Jackson County,
Indiana. They remained in Kentucky until 1817, when they moved to Jackson
County, Indiana. After the death of Mary George Prather, Basil married
second a Mrs. Dobson (see page 202, Blanchard History mentioned above).
Children: James, born Aug. 4, 1806, Fleming Co., Kentucky; Susan; Margaret;
Thomas; Elizabeth; Jane. Basil was the son of Thomas Prather, born 1762,
died after 1840, Revolutionary soldier, probably son of Basil, of Frederick
County, Maryland. Scharf's History of Western Maryland, page 134, shows
that Basil Prather was made a Captain of the Revolution and Henry Prather a
Lieutenant in Frederick County, Maryland. Thomas Prather -- Census 1840,
living in Jackson County, Indiana, with son Basil.

Dr. Ray Roberts Knight
LaSalle Building, Minneapolis, Minnesota
_________________________________________________________________

LETTER DATED 4/26/1928 FROM RAY ROBERTS KNIGHT, M.D. TO MRS. MORRIS:

"April 26th, 1928

"Mrs. Harvey Morris
"Salem, Indiana

"My dear Mrs. Morris:

"I have a letter from Mrs. Dorrie M. Peek, Box 240, Payoli {should be
Paoli}, Indiana. She is a descendant of Ruth Ann Prather Montgomery and
says that she has a record that Basil Prather (died 1854) and Sophia Twilley
Prather (died 1836) his wife, are buried in Washington County near Salem,
but she does not know in what cemetery. This may possibly aid you in
picking up some further details in regard to these people. The Montgomery
family records indicate that Basil and Sophia were married at
Jeffersonville, Indiana June 7, 1812 by Judge Evan Shelby, that they both
came from Maryland. The D.A.R. records list three Prathers from Western
Maryland:

James Prather (1740 to 1791)Prince George Co., Maryland
married Ann Turner

John Prather (1715 to 1796)Prince George Co., Maryland
married Rachel Odle

Zachariah Prather (1756 to 1800)Frederick, Maryland
married Jane Deakins

From the Pension Office, I have Thomas Prather, born March 26, 1756, Prince
George, Maryland. All of these living within a radius of about sixty miles,
and it is highly probable that Basil Prather was a son of one of them.

"If you can find anything that will further the aid in my search, I will
greatly appreciate it.

Very truly yours,
/s/ Ray R. Knight
__________________________________________________________________

PRATHER REVOLUTIONARY LINEAGE

"THOMAS PRATHER, born March 26, 1756, at Prince George, Maryland, died after
1840, in Jackson Co., Indiana. Bureau of Pensions, Winfield Scott,
Commissioner, Washington, D.C., wrote as follows under date of March 26,
1927: 'I have to advise you from the papers . . . Rev. claim, S. 17030, it
appears that Thomas Prather was born March 26, 1756, at Prince George,
Maryland. While residing at Mulberryfield, in North Carolina, he enlisted
in Sept. 1776, and served as a private at various times, in the N.C. Troops
under Capt. Reid and Cleveland and Cols. Holmes, Armstrong, Rutherford,
Locke, Love and Brevard, and was at the destruction of the Indian Towns on
the Hiawassee River, and served until October 1781. He was allowed pension
on his application executed October 3, 1828, while resident of Salt Creek,
Indiana. After the Rev., soldier resided in Henry Co., Virginia and Fleming
Co., Kentucky, until he moved to Jackson Co., Indiana in 1817. In Nov.
1841, a son Basil was alive and soldier was dead. No family data.

"BASIL PRATHER, son of Thomas, b. 1785, died 1874, m. in Kentucky to Mary
George, b. 1784, d. 1839, in Jackson Co., Indiana. They remained in
Kentucky until 1817, when they moved to Jackson County, Indiana. After the
death of Mrs. Mary (George) Prather, Basil Prather married second a Mrs.
Dobson. (See page 202, History of Morgan and Monroe Counties, Indiana, by
Charles Blanchard, published in 1884.) This history names Basil Prather's
children:

"James, born Aug. 4, 1806, in Fleming County, Kentucky
"Susan
"Margaret
"Thomas
"Elizabeth
"Jane

"JAMES PRATHER, born August 4, 1806, in Fleming County, Kentucky, died after
1884, married Feb. 6, 1824, in Jackson County, Indiana, Josephine Hagard,
born January 1, 1808. In 1834 he moved to Morgan County, Indiana, where
Mrs. Josephine (Hagard) Prather died August 16, 1846. On March 5, 1847,
James Prather married a second time {to} Mrs. Almira Taylor, widow of Simeon
Taylor, a native of Plymouth, Massachusetts. (See page 202, Blanchard's
History of Morgan and Monroe Counties, Indiana.) James Prather was the
parent of twelve children, two of whom died in infancy. The other ten were:

"John
"Martha
"Mary
"Judith
"Basil
"Thomas
"James
"William
"Edward
"Elizabeth

"(Note: We do not know in what order these children were born.)"
__________________________________________________________________

UNDATED (circa 1928) NOTES FROM MRS. MORRIS' FILE:

"Data from a diary and note book of personal recollections of early Indiana
Territory, written by Hiram Prather, about 1870-1875. Book {was in Sept.
1927} in the possession of Clarence D. Prather, in office of Northern
Pacific Railway, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Sent to Mrs. Morris by Dr. Ray R.
Knight, 800 LaSalle Building, Minneapolis, Minnesota-Sept. 1927.

"My father, William Prather, and Lettice McCarroll were married at
Fincastle, Virginia, 1795 and removed to North Carolina and settled in
Iredell County, where they remained until fall of 1799. Then removing to
Clark's Grant {Clark County}, near Utica, Indiana, at which place I was born
and lived until the Fall Season of 1816. I was then taken to Jennings
County, Indiana.
(Signed) Hiram Prather

"My great grandfather, Basil Prather, came from England in 1732. Was an
Episcopal Clergyman, stationed at Rockville, Maryland, by the E.P.C., at
which place my grandfather, Basil, was born and married Chloe Robinson. My
father-William-was born Aug. 17, 1766 at Rockville. My grandfather on my
mother's side, James McCarrell, was born in Scotland--came to America in
1755. My grandmother on Mother's side came from Scotland. (Margaret
McKibbin) raised near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. My mother (Lettice
McCarrell) was born Sept. 18, 1779.

"My father, William Prather, removed from Rockville, Maryland, to North
Carolina in 1780, when 14 years old. Settled with his father near Gilford
Courthouse. Married his first wife Ary Gaither in North Carolina in 1794,
who died 1795, leaving one child--Nancy Prather, who died in Clark County,
Indiana on January 10, 1832. He then taught school for several years in
Virginia. Married my mother--Lettice McCarrell, in Virginia in 1796.
Returned to North Carolina where my two oldest sisters were born. In 1799,
he removed to Clark's Grant, Indiana territory, and settled on the west bank
of the Ohio River, eight miles Northeast of the Ohio River Falls. In
October 1816, he moved from there to Jennings County, Indiana, and settled
on the South fork of the Muscatatuck Creek, where he lived until his death
on the 12th day of April, 1853.

"For twenty years before his death, he was blind. He was a devout member of
the Methodist Episcopal Church from 1807 to the day of his death. {He} was
the father of thirteen children.

"Children of William Prather, b. 1766, with their children:

1."Nancy, b. 1-14-1794, d. 1-13-1832 (daughter of Wm. and first wife Ary
Gaither); m. John Schwartz; children: Ary, Elizabeth, Abram, Uriah.

2."Ary, b. 7-18-1797, d. 5-2-1854; m. James Hilton; children: Peggy, Emily,
Lucinda, Nancy, William, Clara, Jane.

3."Cloe, b. 7-13-1799, m. Samuel Campbell; children: Marinda, Granvil,
Adda, Hannah, Jane, Sam, Mahala, Lettice, Emma.

4."John L. Prather, b. 1-29-1801, d. 2-17-1871; m. Mary Johnson; Children:
Cinthy, Hester, Cornelius, Rachel, William, Bertha.

5."Margaret, b. 4-7-1803, d. 11-11-1805, died at age of three in Clark
County, Indiana.

6."Cinthya Prather, b. 2-27-1806, d. 2-13-1834; married Henry Riggs;
children: Lettice, Sarah, William, John.

7."Rachel Prather, b. 12-25-1807, m. Rev. John T. Johnson; children:
William, Amanda, Susan, Leander.

8."Hiram Prather, b. 10-13-1809, d. 3-27-1874; m. Mary Ann Huckleberry;
children: Silas P., Allen W., Uriah C., Alonzo S., William, Leander H., Ary
E., Walter S., John I., And. H. {Andrew?}, Mary A., Eliza, Theo, Susan,
McKee Dunn.

9."Susan M. Prather, b. 8-8-1811, m. David C. Jones; children: Mariah,
Marinda, Calvin, Lettice, Serena, Maggie, Belle.

10."Polly Prather 12-18-1813, married Thos. Prather. Children: Eliza,
Lettice, William, Ary, Thomas, Belle, Mary.
11."Bertha Prather, b. 4/3/1816, married (1) William T. Zaddy. Children,
Octavus, Mary, George, Nelson. Married (2) J. W. Lane. Children, Silas,
Francenia, Thomas.

12."Lettice Prather, b. 3/18/1818. Name of husband not given. Children,
David, W. James H., Hannah, Lewis, Alfonso C., Andrew, Silas W., Eva, Ida.

13."William Prather, b. 8/17/1821, d. 11/23/1851. Wife not given.
Children John T. Bruce, Lloyd, Simpson, Hiram.

"Under authority of resolution of Congress July 15, 1776, was raised the
Eighth Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line for the defense of the Western
Frontier, to garrison the post of Presque Isle, Le Boeuf and Kittaning. The
organization rendered excellent service, including participation in the
series of actions which resulted in the surrender of Gen. Burgoyne at
Saratoga. Listed among the officers "who greatly distinguished themselves"
was Capt. Basil Prather.

"Basil Prather later moved to Kentucky, and included among his children,
was a son Thomas.

"Note -- The connection with the Hughes and Cox Families as furnished by
Bess R. Barnaby, (Mrs. C. H.), 605 E. Washington Street, Greencastle,
Indiana, granddaughter of Thomas Prather.

"Stephen Hughes, b. Feb. 12, 1687, at Cennaeven, Wales. Date of emigration
to America not known. Married Elizabeth Farleton, b. Wales, died Richmond,
Virginia, Apr. 28, 1776 in her 84th year. Children included:
1.Judith Hughes, m. Henry Cox of Powhattan Co., Virginia. Children:
a.Henry Cox
b.Dr. Richard Cox, b. Nov. 8, 1761, died Jan. 12, 1830 in Kentucky near
Louisville, married Nancy Neville Hughes, a first cousin. Farleton Cox
married Nancy Harris, moved to Clark Co., Kentucky.
2.John Hughes, b. Jan. 24, 1737, Powhatan Co., Virginia, died on
plantation on James River, 40 miles above Richmond, April 1774, married
Judith Neville, a descendant of Vic. Admiral Neville of His Majesty's Fleet.
Children:
a.John Hughes, Jr., only son, b. Powhatan Co., Virginia, Aug. 11, 1763.
When a student at Hampton Sydney College, enlisted at age of 15, and served
at Battle of Guilford Court House, and at Surrender of Cornwallis at
Yorktown, married Ann Meeyweather {sic} of Albemarle Co., Virginia, a
daughter of Col. Walter Merryweather and granddaughter of Nicholas
Merryweather. They emigrated to Kentucky near Louisville. He served in War
of Quqwbecoming, a Major.
b.Nancy Neville Hughes, b. Nov. 13, 1765, m. Richard Cox, a first
cousin. Children: Judith, single. John H. Cox, m. Nancy Merryweather.
Esther m. John Hughes, Jr. Nancy m. Richard Henry Cox. Farleton m. Lucinda
Anuse. Elizabeth m. Thomas PRATHER. Richard Henry m. Martha J. Waide.
Abner, single. Vincent, single. Jane Hughes m. George Rudy.

"Miss Eliza G. Browning, while Assistant Librarian City Librarian sent Mrs.
Bar___ {?} Charlestown, Indiana, the following data:

"Lineage Book, Vol. 66, p. 284: Mrs. Charles H. Barnaby (Bess Robbins),
{DAR} National No. 65,823. Descendant of Lt. Basil Prather, daughter of
Chandler Robbins and Bettie Prather (__.5.) {?}, granddaughter of Thomas
Prather, Jr. and Charlotte Applegate, great-granddaughter of Thomas Prather
and Elizabeth Cox, great-great-granddaughter of Basil Prather and Fannie
Merriweather, his wife. Basil Prather, b. 1756, d. 1800, was commissioned
First Lieutenant 1776 in 8th Pennsylvania Reg. Born? in Chester County,
Kentucky. I understand that Thomas Prather is of Jefferson County,
Kentucky. His obituary is given in Collins' History of Kentucky. His
family {is} not mentioned in it."
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