Archiver > QUAKER-ROOTS > 2007-08 > 1188534273

From: Nan & George Wolf <>
Subject: [Q-R] Reasons for leaving North Carolina for OH & IN
Date: Fri, 31 Aug 2007 00:24:33 -0400

I am pasting below an excerpt from a Rubottom Family site. The
Rubottoms were the ones that documented their 34 day trip from NC to OH.
This excerpt below goes into the reasons why so many Quakers moved from NC.


Found at:

Rubottom Reminiscin'
By Dr. Danene Brown Vincent
© 1999

The Northwest Territory Calls

After the American Revolution, claims to western lands were revived.
Most of the 13 original colonies claimed that their boundaries extended
west to the Mississippi River. But because Maryland could lay no such
claim, she refused to ratify the Articles of Confederation until the land
was turned over to the federal government for developing future states. The
process of ceding these western reserves to the federal government took a
little over fifteen years.
The federal government had very little money and believed that profits
could be made through the sale of the western lands. Thus, Congress passed
the Ordinance of 1785, which provided for the division of western lands
into townships and for the auctioning of large pieces of land (townships
and sections) in the eastern states. The minimum price was $1.00 per acre.
Two years later the Ordinance of 1787 was set up as the plan of
government and political development of the territory. The first section of
the ordinance created the "Territory North West of the Ohio," commonly
known as the Northwest Territory. It was considered a temporary district
that would eventually be divided into not less than three or more than five
territories. Section Two of the ordinance put in place a three-stage
process for territorial development and eventual statehood. It also
established the territory's governmental structure. 16
The third section of the Ordinance of 1787 was, perhaps, the most
noteworthy part because it set forth a bill of rights that guaranteed the
people of the Northwest Territory freedom of religious worship,
proportional representation, the right to a jury trial, and the privileges
of common law. It also laid a basis for education, provided for just
dealings with the Indians, and prohibited slavery. 17
There were many reasons for early Quaker families to migrate to the
newly opened Northwest Territory. H. W. Beckwith best describes the
conditions which they faced:

They were men who with strong arms and stout hearts had been endeavoring
to snatch a living from the poor and stony soil of (North Carolina), and
struggling against the adverse influences of slavery, at that time existing
there. That institution interfered to a great extent with the moral and
social comforts of the citizens who were unable or unwilling to own slaves,
while the slaveholders, being the upper class, wielded such influence in
the legislature, and in the administration of public affairs, as to make it
uncomfortable and embarrassing to those who objected to it. Hence it was
natural that those freedom-loving citizens should be on the outlook for a
more congenial place of residence, and that the opening of the northwestern
territory which had been dedicated to freedom by the act of 1787, a large
exodus should take place. So we find them arriving here with all their
possessions in a wagon, happy when they had money enough to enter a piece
of land, even if they had not a cent left for future use. 18

A number of North Carolina Friends came on scouting trips to seek
available land in Indiana Territory. In 1806 John Hollowell of Wayne
County, North Carolina was credited as being the first person to enter
alone into Southern Indiana. He found a small spring and a cave that he
made his home. He returned home to North Carolina and a year later brought
his family back to Indiana.
In 1811, Jonathan Lindley led a party of thirty or more who left North
Carolina. They arrived in Indiana Territory, where they stopped at the
stockade at Half Moon Spring, near Lick Creek, in what is now Orange
County. Because of unsettled conditions and Indian unrest, they elected not
to push on to what is now Vigo County, as had been originally planned.
Instead, they remained at the Lick Creek settlement. 19, 20
The Lick Creek Monthly Meeting of Friends was set up by the West
Branch Quarterly Meeting of Ohio, and it grew rapidly. The first meetings
were held on September 25, 1813. Most of the members were received from
meetings in North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, and Ohio. 21
Abigail (Hollowell) Spivey and her children Exum, Rebecca, Abigail,
and Ephraim came to Lick Creek in Indiana with one of these early groups of
settlers. They were issued certificates of transfer on March 3, 1810 from
Contentnea Monthly Meeting in Wayne County, North Carolina to Miami Monthly
Meeting in Ohio. 22 From the Miami Monthly Meeting they transferred to the
Whitewater Monthly Meeting in Wayne County, IN, where their certificates
were endorsed for transfer to Lick Creek. 23 Exum Spivey's granddaughter,
Sarah Jane Spivey, would later marry Samuel Elisha Rubottom, grandson of
Simon Rubottom. 24

The article then gives the account of the journey that we have already

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