QUAKER-ROOTS-L ArchivesArchiver > QUAKER-ROOTS > 2010-04 > 1270234607
From: "Eleanor W. Helper" <>
Subject: Re: [Q-R] Quakers during the Reconstruction
Date: Fri, 2 Apr 2010 12:04:55 -0700 (PDT)
Thanks Sara for your inquiry. While I have nothing on your Thwaites, I have some background information on Quakers after the Civil War and some service actibities. A large numbver of Quakers went south beginning even while the Civil War was still going on to teach in special schools for the '"freedmen", aka know as former slaves--at least after the Emancipation Proclamation. Philadelphi Yearly Meeting sponsored many schools. Persons from other faiths also had projects of this kind.. I recently learned that over 200 Oberlin college students went south for this purpose.
One set of my great grandparents, Walter and Rachel Marriage, came from Canada in 1870 to run a school in Clover Depot, Virginia, along with 4 of their children and suffered many hardships and serious illness. I suspect the latter was malaria (mention of swamps and symptoms of chills & fever). In 1872 they moved to run a school in Lincolnton, N.C. In 1875 they pulled up stakes and moved to Oskaloosa, Iowa. I have not been able to find out why. They transferred to other meetings in south central Iowa and were active in various Friends' affairs. Again I do not know why they moved around so much. She died in 1897, he a bit earlier.
You might be able to find out more from Philadelphia Yearly Meeting records, some of which are housed at Haverford College Special collections in Haverford, PS
I gained much information from reading a Haverford microfilm of a newspaper, the Freedman's Friend. There were a number of letters from the marriages reporting on their activities as well as letters from the schools' superintendent about their work as well as many other teachers. It is not indexed.
--- On Fri, 4/2/10, Sara Scribner <> wrote:
From: Sara Scribner <>
Subject: [Q-R] Quakers during the Reconstruction
Date: Friday, April 2, 2010, 2:36 PM
I am researching the James Thwaite (active until his death as a Quaker) and
Edward Thwaite (disowned at his marriage in 1854) families who lived in Ohio
& Iowa and then after the Civil War moved south to Virginia and Florida
respectively. I have heard that Quakers were active in helping the
survivors of the Civil War and that some of them went south to assist that
I have wondered if James and/or Edward might have been motivated to move in
order to be of service. I have not found any kin or associates for either
man in either place. I am hoping to establish a reason for their
migration. Does anyone have any insight into this? I find the move unusual
since they had lived in the north for thirty years, and they had lived near
to each other. In Edward's case, he took up fruit growing (oranges) with
which he had no experience. Odd!
Thanks for any help you might give,
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